BUS COMPANIES BEGINNING WITH THE LETTER “A”
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A.B.C. COACH LINE, INC. / A.B.C. COACH LINE A November 1, 1928 newspaper article from Indianapolis, Indiana notes the sale of “certificate of convenience” from King Brothers Transportation Company to Willard Wooding, representing A.B.C. Coach Line. The bus line was between Fort Wayne and Richmond, Indiana. Apparently A.B.C. Coach Line was already running by that date. By 1946 A.B.C. Coach Line had succeeded A.B.C. Coach Line, Inc. That year the company was located at 830 Lafayette St. Ft. Wayne, Indiana and J.E. Wooding was the manager. The intercity company ran 27 buses over 369 route miles and served Richmond, Muncie, Ft. Wayne, South Bend, Indianapolis, Noblesville and Elwood, Indiana.
A. B. & W. TRANSIT COMPANY See ALEXANDRIA, BARCROFT & WASHINGTON TRANSIT COMPANY.
A. & C. BUS LINES, INC. was operating in the mid 1940s out of Charlotte, North Carolina and served Mecklenburg County.
A.R.G. BUS COMPANY On November 24, 1917 the Railroad Commission granted A.R.G. Bus Company permission to operate a passenger bus service between San Diego, California and Camp Kearny. The buses were three White trucks, having a seating capacity of eleven passengers. Eventually the company was operating between Los Angeles and San Diego, California over a regular route passing through the cities of Anaheim, Orange and Santa Ana. The company was owned and operated by E. S. Goode. By 1918 the company was operating a fleet of twenty-six buses. The June 8, 1918 edition of the Santa Ana Register from Santa Ana, California, gives some insight into the company: “It is the intention of our company to greatly increase our present equipment and we have placed an order with the Moreland Motor Truck Company for a new line of buses. These buses will be built along entirely new lines for this country, as the Moreland Company has secured Belgian patents. These buses will be a special front wheel drive. They will be fitted with ports, windows, and will have deep and luxurious upholstering.” The next chapter of the company’s history is found in a Railroad Commission report: “On January 24, 1920, it sold and transferred its business and operative rights to petitioner Oliver R. Fuller, who subsequently, on November 27, 1920, with the approval of the Railroad Commission, sold the business and rights so acquired to Motor Transit Company.” (That is to say, Fuller sold the company to himself, as he owned Motor Transit Company.) That same year Pacific Electric bought a two-thirds interest in the Motor Transit Company, the other third being bought out by The Greyhound Corporation. In 1936 Pacific Electric bought out Greyhound’s interest, and merged the Motor Transit Company Lines into other operations.
ABERDEEN MOTOR TRANSIT COMPANY (Note: The Atwood-Coffee Catalog lists this company as Motor Transit Company. Various local South Dakota histories give the name as Aberdeen Motor Transit Company.) In June 1909 Aberdeen Railway Company, Inc. was incorporated in Aberdeen, South Dakota. Former South Dakota Governor Charles Herried, one of the original eight investors, served as company president. The first streetcars rolled into service in 1910. However, the company was never profitable, and Charles Howard, another original investor, purchased the company and formed the Aberdeen Railroad Company. The nation-wide post-war economic depression in 1921 spelled the end of the company. In May 1922 the stockholders voted to dissolve the company and dispose of company assets by September 1. About midnight on July 31, 1922, the last streetcar pulled into the “car barn”. A proposal to have the city take over and operate the line was defeated at the polls in October, and that was the end of Aberdeen’s streetcars. Aberdeen Motor Transit Company began the operation of buses on the streets of Aberdeen, S. D., on Feb. 26, 1923 the same day upon which the last of the abandoned streetcar equipment was sold. Three twenty-passenger auto buses, equipped with White chassis and Brown bodies, constitute the company’s rolling stock. As to the company’s demise, there is nothing on that on the Internet. In the 1930s-1940s Aberdeen Bus Service, owned by V. Heathman, was running; this company was succeeded by Hyde Hub City Lines, which was owned by D.B. Hyde, who also owned Rapid Traction Company in Rapid City, South Dakota. In 1946 Hyde was operating 8 buses over 8 route miles. (At some point by the early 1950s the company name was changed to Hyde City Bus Company and was running 3 buses over 10 route miles.)
ABILENE-VIEW BUS LINES No information on the bus company, but Camp Barkeley was a large United States Army training installation during World War II. The base was located eleven miles southwest of Abilene, Texas near what is now Dyess Air Force Base. The badge is a single threaded post. No markings on back. 2 ½ x 2″.
ACADEMY BUS LINES In 1968 Academy Bus, Inc. was incorporated in New Jersey by Frank A. Tedesco. In 1969 Academy Bus Lines, Inc. was formed with the purchase of the New York-Keansburg, Long Branch Bus Company and its ICC Certificate. In 1989 Academy Bus Lines, Inc. acquired Asbury Park-New York Transit Corporation, adopting the subsidiary name Asbury Park Transit Lines, Inc. About this time the company aquired the Ricci Bus Company. In 1999 Academy Lines, Inc. filed an application for the acquisition by merger of its affiliate, Asbury Park Transit Lines, Inc. Asbury Park Transit Lines, Inc. was absorbed by its parent. Today the company provides local bus services in northern New Jersey, line-run services to/from New York City from points in southern and central New Jersey, and contract and charter service in the eastern United States from Boston to Miami. In 2014, Academy acquired Go Buses, which currently operates bus service between Boston and Washington, D.C. and in southern Florida. Academy Bus Lines, Inc. is currently the third-largest motorcoach operator in the United States and Canada, and the largest privately-owned bus company in the US.
ADER COACH LINES / GEORGIA STAGES, INC. / GEORGIA TRAILWAYS Ader Coach Lines was founded by Sidney H. Ader in the early 1930s in Albany, Georgia and ran a route along U.S. Highway 19 between Griffin and Thomasville, Georgia, via Albany and Americus. In 1936 he incorporated and changed the name to Georgia Stages, Inc. Here’s a bit of history on the company from a Florida Railroad Commission record: “1. Pursuant to Notice No. 533 dated November 30, 1936 this matter came on for formal hearing before the Railroad Commission of the State of Florida at its Hearing Room, Supreme Court Building, Tallahassee, Florida, on December 15, 1936. 2. The joint petition of S. H. Ader, operating as Ader Coach Lines, and of Georgia Stages, Inc., a Georgia corporation holding a charter issued by the Superior Court of Dougherty County, Georgia, and holding a Permit from the Secretary of State to do business in the State of Florida, shows that S. H. Ader, operating as Ader Coach Lines, purchased Certificate of Public Convenience and Necessity No. 94 from Bainbridge Columbus Motor Lines authorizing operation of busses between Tallahassee, Florida, and the Georgia-Florida State line via Havana, Florida and that such purchase was approved by Order No. 858 of this Commission dated the 24th day of April 1936; that S. H. Ader has organized the Georgia Stages, Inc., a Georgia corporation with a capital stock of $90,000.00 for the purpose of taking over and operating Certificate of Public Convenience and Necessity No. 194; that a certified copy of a meeting of the directors of Georgia Stages, Inc., held on November 2, 1936 in Albany, Georgia, shows that S. H. Ader was elected President of the company . . . APPROVED, DONE AND ORDERED by the Railroad Commission of the State of Florida, in session at its office in the City of Tallahassee. Florida, this 8th day of January 1937.”
In 1938 Georgia Stages, Inc. joined National Trailways Bus System under the name Georgia Trailways. The following year the company bought out Coleman Motor Lines, and its owner, R. S. Coleman, became Georgia Stages, Inc.’s traffic manager. In 1944 Georgia Stages, Inc. bought out St. Andrews Bay Transportation Company, which was also a member of the National Trailways Bus System. (The company was headquartered in Dothan, Alabama and was a subsidiary of the Atlanta & St. Andrews Bay Railway, which was known as the “Bay Line”; prior to being sold, the company had just bought out Lee’s Coach Line, which ran in Florida from Tallahassee to Panama City.) Jon Hobijn writes: “In 1946, Georgia Stages President Fred Mills changed the company name to Modern Coach Corporation, and from then on the company was known as Modern Trailways. . . . Modern Coach Corp. was acquired by Tamiami Trail Tours in 1956, extending Tamiami’s system main line to 825 miles stretching from Atlanta to Miami.”
ADDISON AUTO BUS COMPANY, INC. was formed in 1916 in New York: May 18, 1916 Addison Auto-Bus Company, Inc. applied for a certificate of convenience from the New York State Public Service Commission to operate a stage line “by auto busses in the city of Corning, to be operated between Corning and the incorporated village of Addison.” The consent of City of Corning was granted on April 10, 1916. The company was not allowed to carry passengers within the city of Addison nor Corning. The company was operating into the 1920s. Its president was C.A. Brewster.
ADIRONDACK TRANSIT LINES, INC. / ADIRONDACK TRANSIT COMPANY ADIRONDACK TRAILWAYS In researching this company in early records, one finds both Adirondack Transit Lines, Inc. and Adirondack Transit Company. In early records they seem to be one and the same company. (There is a later company named Adirondack Transit Company, which we’ll mention later.) Adirondack Transit Lines, Inc. was running in the early 1930s as an intercity company in New York. In 1936 the company joined the National Trailways System as Adirondack Trailways and, in 1939, was running the following routes: New York-Kingston-Albany-Saratoga Springs-Glen Falls-Lake George-Schroon Lake-Lake Placid-Saranac Lake. In recent times it operated between New York-Kingston-Albany-Glens Falls-Montreal, Babylon-Kingston, Newburgh-Kingston, Kingston-Saugerties-Oneonta, Binghamton-Oneonta-Albany, Albany-Utica-Syracuse, Albany-Gloversville, Glens Falls-Warrensburg-Massena, and Syracuse-Canton-Massena.
On June 4, 1937 the company received a “grandfather” certificate for its operations over routes from New York City to Weehawken, N. J. and thence to Kingston, Saugerties, Saranac Lake and Massena, N. Y. Until the opening of the Lincoln Tunnel in December 1937 the company used the ferry from Weehawken to cross the Hudson River. After the tunnel was opened it used that route in the belief that its grandfather certificate authorized such use. This brought about a suit in federal court. The company is mentioned in newspaper accounts in the 1940s. In the November 28, 1952 edition of the Times Record from Troy, New York we find this: “Transfer Hearing is scheduled by the State Public Service Commission Monday at 10 a.m, in Albany on a petition for transfer of a certificate of convenience and necessity for bus operation in the Glens Falls area from the Hudson Transportation Co., Inc., to the Adirondack Transit Lines, Inc. The first named corporation now operates buses from Glens Falls, Hudson Falls, Fort Edward, Saratoga Springs and South Glens Falls. An associated petition on which a hearing will be held relates to the application of the L.B.K. Lines, Inc., and the Hudson Transportation Lines, Inc. A third petition is made by the Hudson Transportation Co., Inc., for consent to lease a garage to the Adirondack Transit Lines, Inc.” Despite the above, in 1954 the Hudson Transportation Company was listed in MTD as an intercity line serving Glens Falls, Hudson Falls, Wilton, Saratoga Springs, Schenectady and Albany, New York running 29 buses over 68 route miles.
Interesting enough, in the 1956 edition of the MTD Adirondack Transit Company was listed as an intercity company located in Glens Falls. That company was not listed in the 1952 or 1954 editions of MTD. However, in all those editions Adirondack Transit Lines is listed as headquartered in Kingston, New York. Adirondack Trailways is still in operation.
AETNA & POPE STAGE LINE was running in 1924 out of St. Helena, California; it was owned by W.B. Twitchell.
AFFILIATED BUS TRANSIT CORPORATION was a bus operator in the borough of Queens in New York City. It operated the Q38 bus route before it was taken over by Triboro Coach Corporation.
AIR BASE – PANTEX BUS LINE Info from Wikipedia: The Pantex Plant is the primary United States nuclear weapons assembly and disassembly facility that aims to maintain the safety, security and reliability of the nation’s nuclear weapons stockpile.The facility is located on a 16,000 acre site 17 miles northeast of Amarillo, Texas. The Pantex Ordnance Plant was authorized February 24, 1942 and construction was completed on November 15, 1942 and workers from all over the U.S. flocked to Amarillo for jobs. The Air Base – Pantex Bus Line transported workers from the Amarillo Air Force Base to the Pantex Plant.
The following history was supplied by eBay member funky-retro-monkey: “PANTEX” is a plant that produces nuclear weapons. It is located near the small town of Panhandle, Texas. The Pantex Plant is also just 17 miles from Amarillo, TX. Between 1942 and 1968, Amarillo was home to the Amarillo Air Force Base. I “ASSUME” this badge is from a shuttle bus that took military personnel and Pantex employees back & forth from the base and plant. I could not find another example of this badge, or even mention of this bus line ANYWHERE online. I would “GUESS” that there were only one or two buses providing this service, and that VERY FEW of these badges were ever made. (It MAY be the only surviving example!) Note the employee number: “1”. . . Here are a few facts I found: The “Amarillo Army Air Corps Field” opened in 1942, the same year that the Pantex Plant opened. At THAT time, Pantex produced conventional bombs for World War II. After WWII, (in 1946) the base and plant were both closed. Then, in 1951, the base was reactivated – this time as “Amarillo Air Force Base”. The Pantex plant was also reopened in 1951- only at THIS time, they began producing nuclear weapons. While the Pantex Plant continues to be the nation’s primary nuclear weapons assembly facility – Amarillo A.F.B. has been closed for some 40 years now. This badge was made between 1942 and 1968.
The badge is very rare; it has two threaded posts and is made of plated and enameled metal.
AIR LINE BUS & TRANSPORTATION COMPANY was a passenger and freight transportation bus line running from Deertrail, Colorado, to the “point of intersection of the Air Line Road with the state line between Kansas and Colorado.” It operated for only 13 months, from March 25, 1927 to April 7, 1928.
AIR LINE COACHES This company was operating to Dayton, Rockwood, Harriman and Kingston, Tennessee in 1930. It lasted until July 20, 1934 when Cherokee Motor Coach Company leased the one of its routes. Also on that date the company’s certificate of operation was turned over to Frank S. Wingate, who assumed the existing operations. (Wingate owned Chattanooga Dayton Bus Line.)
AIRLINE MOTOR COACHES COMPANY, INC. / AIRLINE MOTOR TRAILWAYS The history of this company is a bit tangled, but essentially it goes back to Nacogdoches, Texas in 1924 and a former school teacher named C. D. Thomas, Sr. Beginning with a Model “T” Ford running between Corrigan and Lufkin, Thomas steadily expanded his business through a series of mergers and acquisitions with other local operators. One of those mergers included George W. Hyde, who began operating his own jitney venture in 1921. Like Thomas, Hyde also bought and sold bus routes to expand his business. How, why and when Thomas and Hyde connected is not recorded, but the result was Airline Motor Coach Company. According to one source, Airline Motor Coach Company was incorporated in 1930. The November 8, 1936 edition of the Galveston Daily News, from Galveston, Texas, makes it clear Hyde was in control of Airline Motor Coach in the early 1930s, when it was announced that Hyde was involved in the purchase of Coastal Coaches, Inc.: “Mr. Hyde, new president of the company, was formerly president and general manager of Airline Motor Coaches, which maintains service in East Texas between Houston and Shreveport, between Nacogdoches, Henderson and Shreveport and between Henderson and Tyler. He still has an interest in that company.” As noted, in the 1930s the company operated throughout East Texas. “One of the selling points for bus companies from the very beginning was that they offered service to places not covered by the passenger rail network. During [World War II], this fact, combined with the rationing of raw materials like oil and rubber, made busses the only viable means of public transportation for much of the region. In 1945, the [the company] employed over 150 people and operated busses from Houston, Texas to Shreveport, Louisiana.” In January 1942 the company bought Carroll’s Bus Line, owned by A. J. Carroll. In the 1940s the company joined Trailways as Airline Motor Trailways. In December of 1945 the Airline Motor Coaches entered into a special arrangement with Dixie-Sunshine Trailways to offer through bus service to Dallas and Beaumont. In 1946 the company operated 70 buses over 1137 route miles with C. D. Thomas as president and general manager, and George W. Hyde secretary-treasurer. That same year the company was sold for $1.5 million to Dixie Sunshine Trailways. In 1948 Dixie Sunshine Trailways was sold to Transcontinental Bus System / Continental Trailways.
AIRWAY MOTOR COACH In 1938 Airway Motor Coach Lines started business in Salt Lake City, Utah. The following year the company established service to Murray, Midvale and Sandy. In July 1944 Salt Lake City Lines, a subsidiary of Pacific City Lines, took over all streetcar and bus service in Salt Lake City. Airway Motor Coach Lines was purchased and merged into SLCL on March 1, 1946. The badge is die pressed, has one threaded post and one pin post, and measures 1 ⅞” x 2 ¾”.
AKRON TRANSPORTATION COMPANY In 1930 Akron Transportation Company succeeded Northern Ohio Power and Light Company providing public transport in Akron, Ohio. In 1969 Akron Metropolitan Regional Transit Authority (METRO) took over public transport.
ALABAMA POWER COMPANY In 1924 the company had become a subsidiary of Southeastern Power & Light Company; from 1929 it was a subsidiary of Commonwealth and Southern Corporation. The company ran streetcars in Anniston, Alabama beginning in 1913 (succeeding Anniston Electric & Gas Company). In 1932 the company discontinued streetcar service and Crescent Motors, Inc. took over their routes with buses. The company ran streetcars from 1919 until 1934 in Gadsden, Alabama. (Gadsden’s streetcars were discontinued in 1934 and Crescent Motors, Inc. took over with bus service.) From 1913 until 1928 the company ran streetcars in Huntsville, Alabama (succeeding the Huntsville Chattanooga & Birmingham Interurban Railway Light & Power Company), and, beginning in 1928-29, operated buses; in 1939 the service was taken over by Crescent Motors, Inc. In 1923 the company took over streetcar operations from Montgomery Light & Traction Company in Montgomery, Alabama; this service was discontinued in 1936 and the routes were sold to the infamous National City Lines, which abandoned streetcar service. In 1923 the company began operating streetcars in Tuscaloosa, Alabama (succeeding Tuscaloosa Railway & Utilities Company). They discontinued streetcar service in 1941 and sold out in 1947 to Druid City Transit. In 1946 Alabama Power Company is listed in the MTD operating local bus service in Birmingham, Northport and Holt, Alabama with 29 buses over 52 route miles. The badge below measures 1½” and is made of nickel and celluloid; it has a pin back and is marked “HEEREN BROS. CO. W.C. PATENTED PITTSBURG, PA”.
ALAGA COACH LINES, INC. was an interstate company operating in at least the 1930s out of Dothan, Alabama. (The name “Alaga” is an acronym for the abbreviations of the names Alabama and Georgia.) The company was owned by Mrs. Elizabeth “Bessie” Bennett Andress, and her children William Dozier Andress, Elizabeth Andreas Trawick and Dorothy Andress Dawkins. Bessie Andress’ husband, William Lee Andress, died in 1929 in an auto accident, and it was he who may have founded the company. The Andress family also owned and operated the West Florida Transportation Company, which operated in Florida and a distance of about eighteen miles in Alabama, between the Alabama-Florida State line and Dothan, Alabama. In 1941 West Florida Transportation Company was granted permission to dissolve its company and combine its routes with Alaga Coach Lines. Thereafter, Alaga Coach Lines operated between Columbus, Georgia and Panama City, Florida via Dothan, Alabama, with William D. Andress serving as vice president and general manager. In 1949 the company was bought out by Southeastern Greyhound Lines, although the company continued operating under its own name until 1950 when it was finally merged into Southeastern Greyhound.
ALAMEDA CONTRA COSTA TRANSIT DISTRICT Voters created the Alameda-Contra Costa Transit District (AC Transit) in 1956 and subsequently approved a $16,500,000 bond issue in 1959 enabling the District to buy out the failing privately owned Key System Transit Lines. In October 1960, AC Transit’s service began in the East Bay of California (opposite San Francisco) and is still running. Pin back, 2.5 inches across in the middle.
ALBANY-CORVALLIS STAGE LINE ran 11 miles from Albany to Corvallis, Oregon in 1923.
ALBRIGHT BUS LINE was founded in the early 1920s in Ellerslie, Maryland by Clifford O. Albright. He started with two touring, 7-passenger cars—a Lincoln and a Hudson. His drivers were his father, John Albright, and life-long friend Robert E. DeVore. Sometime in the 1920s he updated with two new REO Speed Wagon Buses. In 1954 the company ran 6 buses over 40 route miles. Over the years drivers included Don DeVore, Ernie DeVore, Ken See, Chink Evans, Don Bohn, Harvey Gaumer, and Red Miller. In 1958 Clifford Albright began shutting down operations. In June 1958 he petitioned the Pennsylvania Public Utilities Commission to cease operations between Cumberland, Maryland and Hyndman, Pennsylvania—a distance of some 14 miles. At that time the company was still running between Cumberland and Ellerslie. By the end of the year it had completely shut down operations.
ALBUQUERQUE BUS COMPANY ran from 1928 until 1965. Here is some information on the present day transit company in Albuquerque, N. M. : “ABQ RIDE may be celebrating a golden anniversary in 2015, but the department’s roots actually go back 87 years. That’s when the department’s forerunner, the privately-owned Albuquerque Bus Company first began service. On Jan. 1, 1928, buses that only days before had been plying the streets of Casper, Wyoming were now providing Albuquerque with regular bus service.” The badge has two threaded posts and marked “Hook Fast – Providence, R.I.” The badge measures 2 ½ x 2 ½ “.
ALDER POINT-HARRIS STAGE LINE In 1924 this company ran a bus from Alder Point (Alderpoint) to Harris, California (a distance of some 10 miles). George. N. Mathison was the owner.
ALDER POINT-HOLGLIN AUTO STAGE LINE was operating out of Alderpoint, California in 1924. It was operated by the Wilkinson brothers.
ALERT COACH LINES, an affiliate of Baumann & Sons Buses, Incorporated, and Acme Bus Corporation, began on November 30, 1966 on Long Island, NY. It had at least four lines within the county, which included a connection with the Suffolk portion of the old Utility Lines bus company.
ALEXANDRIA BAY-REDWOOD TRANSPORTATION COMPANY, INC. was organized in Alexandria Bay, New York in 1916 to replace the Redwood Trolley Line, which went bankrupt. The company went out of business on May 11, 1922.
ALEXANDRIA, BARCROFT & WASHINGTON TRANSIT COMPANY / A. B. & W. TRANSIT COMPANY This company began operation in 1921 as the Alexandria-Barcroft-Washington Rapid Transit Company and continued until February 4, 1973, when Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority (WMATA) bought the company and three other D.C. area transit operations creating the Metrobus system. The Alexandria, Barcroft and Washington Transit Company (AB&W) mainly operated along and south of Columbia Pike.
The story of the A. B. & W.’s founding is told in volume III of the Rebirth of the Old Dominion Virginia Biography (THE LEWIS PUBLISHING COMPANY CHICAGO AND NEW YORK 1929), and starts with Robert Lee May, a retired D.C. police officer living in Alexandria, Virginia: “A casual accident to the somewhat decrepit Ford automobile used by his wife led him to the train of thought that brought him to a decision to establish and operate a motor-bus line between Barcroft and Washington for the accommodation of the people of the village and those residing along the Columbia turnpike. Mr. May, with a Reo chassis, fitted up a sort of rudimentary transport that would accommodate about twenty persons when crowded, and this he placed in commission on the route, while he himself officiated as driver. The first trip was made June 27, 1921, and thus was given inception to what has become a large and important enterprise in the field of interurban motor transportation.“
The October 21, 2010 edition of the Alexandria Times, article “The dawn of public transit” picks up the story: “Columbia Pike was still a dirt road when they [Robert L. May and his wife Lulu] purchased an REO Speed Wagon, and in June 1921, Rob May drove it along Columbia Pike into Washington and back. In the third trip, he picked up his first passenger, who flagged him down for a ride and paid 15 cents to travel into the District. Business picked up quickly and with the first month the Mays had to purchase a second vehicle. A few years later, they acquired the Alexandria Motor Bus Line, which ran between Alexandria and Washington, and in 1924 had four buses serving Columbia Pike and six serving Alexandria. The newly expanded business was renamed the Alexandria, Barcroft and Washington Rapid Transit Company.” We again turn to the article in the Old Dominion Virginia Biography to pick up the story: “The year 1928 finds five motor busses in operation on the Barcroft-Washington line, and July 1, 1924, Mr. May expanded his business by establishing his line between Washington and Alexandria, five deluxe cars being operated on this line and express service provided during rush hours. Mr. May encountered opposition in the latter project, but popular sentiment was with him, as the pioneer, and he eventually gained control of the interests of his competitors and is now sole owner of the Alexandria-Barcroft-Washington Rapid Transit Company, the service of which is maintained at the best modern standard. The service of the line is used by fully 3,000,000 persons annually. It was in 1926 that Mr. May effected the organization of the Richmond-Washington Motor Coaches, Incorporated, and the deluxe service given by this admirable line between the national capital and the Virginia capital has met with unqualified popular approval and support, the while it constitutes a valuable public utility for the communities through which the line passes. Of this corporation Mr. May has been president from the beginning, and his progressive policies have been the force through which the service has been developed and perfected. Mr. May has been able to translate his thoughts into constructive action and has made an outstanding record in the domain of national motor transportation. He is chairman of the executive committee of the Virginia Motor Bus Association, at the time of this writing, in the summer of 1928, and is a member of the transportation committee of the Alexandria Chamber of Commerce. He maintains his home in Barcroft and his busses activities have contributed much to the remarkable development and progress of that place. His executive headquarters are established at 127 North Pitt Street in the City of Alexandria.”
On November 6, 1966 President Lyndon Johnson signed a bill creating the Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority (WMATA). The governors of Maryland and Virginia signed November 17 and the commissioners of the District of Columbia signed on November 22. On October 21, 1972 President Richard Nixon signed a bill authorizing WMATA to acquire the metropolitan area’s four privately owned bus companies. On January 14, 1973 WMATA purchased D.C. Transit, Inc. and WV&M Coach Co. (Washington, Virginia & Maryland Coach Company, Inc.) for $38.2 million. On February 4 WMATA purchased A. B. &W. Transit Co. for $10.7 million and WMA Transit Co. (Washington Marlboro & Annapolis Transit Company) for $4.5 million, thereby creating Metrobus system.
On January 15, 1973 the Associated Press reported: “[Metro] plans to sink $50 million into an improvement program designed to offer better service than its predecessors, which have been losing riders even as the community’s population doubled in 15 years. Metro has proclaimed ‘a promising new era,’ but for the present all the old routes and schedules will be maintained and fare will stay the same except for the 15-cent senior-citizens fare that will be extended from six to seven days a week and applied for the first time to WV&M routes. ‘Metrobus’ decals will be emblazoned on the sides of about 100 buses, and all vehicles will fly red, white, blue and black ‘Metro’ pennants; leaflets and posters will inform passengers of the public takeover — and ask for their patience.”
Below: on the left an old style badge made of brass and enamel; measures 2⅞” x 2⅜”. A newer style, to the right, is made of nickel plated brass. Single threaded post 2½” wide x 2¼” tall. Hallmarked on back. Third set of photos is of a newer badge with a single threaded post.
ALL AMERICAN BUS LINES, INC. was incorporated in September of 1935 in Delaware, although the company’s operations were located at 506 S. Wabash Ave., Chicago, Illinois. Organized by Charles F. Wren (1885-1944), All American Bus Lines was formed as a result of his Columbia Pacific Nite Coach going bankrupt in 1935. Like CPNC, All American Bus Lines ran coast-to-coast, and is noted because it was the first coast-to-coast bus line owned by a single operator. It’s 1944 schedule advertised “Buses Daily To New York Dallas Chicago Los Angeles St. Louis San Francisco” “Free Meals Free Pillows No Local Stops”. Wren died in 1944; in 1946 the company was reorganized and renamed American Buslines. Shortly after, it joined the Trailways System, where it was known as American Trailways. In 1953 the company was sold to Transcontinental Bus System/Continental Trailways.
ALLEGHENY MOTOR COACH COMPANY, INC. is mentioned in 1928 as running between Olean and Salamanca, New York. In January 1932 the company was granted a certificate of operation to run a bus line between Bradford, Pennsylvania and the New York state line.
ALLEN & REESE STAGES ran out of Sanger, California in 1924. It was owned and operated by Carl C. Allen & J. M. Reese. The company was still active in 1934.
ALLEN’S AUTO STAGE (See Missouri, Kansas & Oklahoma Coach Lines, Inc.)
ALLENTOWN & LEHIGH VALLEY TRACTION COMPANY See Lehigh Valley Transit Company.
ALLENTOWN & READING TRANSIT COMPANY / ALLENTOWN & READING TRAILWAYS There’s not much info on this company. Allentown & Reading Transit Company began operations on January 3, 1929 in Reading, Pennsylvania. By 1945 the company was headquartered in Reading, Pennsylvania and served Allentown, Reading, Bethlehem, Quakerstown, Foglesville, Fleetwood and Kutztown. Also in 1945, the company joined National Trailways as Allentown & Reading Trailways, and according to one researcher lasted in that organization until 1947. I found this notice in a September 6, 1945 newspaper: “A & R Trailways Adds 2 New Buses: Few bus companies can equal the record of the Allentown & Reading Trailways Company, Norman P. Fernon, Jr., president, which during the past eight months has added five new buses, making the grand total 24. The two latest models, valued at $14,000 each, arrived recently, and one of them was used on the first charter trip of the season, September second, to Atlantic City. The new buses, all aluminum, with a capacity of 37, are post-war equipment.” In 1954, the company was headquartered in Allentown, Pennsylvania and ran 5 buses over 39 route miles.
ALLISON AUTO EXPRESS was owned by P.C. Allison and operated from South Harvard Blv., Los Angeles, California. In 1926 the company was owned by C.E. Smith and still operating out of Los Angeles. The company was still in business in 1933.
ALMS & DOEPKE CO. is listed in the 1928-29 edition of WILLIAMS’Cincinnati Directory and ran a bus service to downtown Cincinnati, Ohio from Central Parkway and Main to 9th, to Walnut, to 4th, to Race, to 9th, to Sycamore to Central Parkway to main starting point. It was still around in 1948 when it ordered a new GM bus.
ALPAUGH-ANGIOLA STAGE LINE was owned and operated by E. T. Ryker out of Alpaugh, California in 1924.
ALPAUGH-EARLIMART AUTO LINE was operating in 1926 out of Alpaugh, California. E. T. Ryker was the owner.
ALTON TRANSPORTATION COMPANY was formed in 1927 as a bus subsidiary of Chicago & Alton Railroad. In August 1928 the company was granted a certificate to operate a motor coach line between Chicago, Illinois and St. Louis, Missouri . The October 11, 1928 edition of the Freeport Journal-Standard from Freeport, Illinois reported “Chicago & Alton railroad to permit the Chicago & Joliet Transportation company and the Illinois Traction system to purchase the Alton Transportation company, a bus line subsidiary of the C. & A.” The Centralia Evening Sentinel for Friday, May 02, 1930 reported “The commission approved the sale by the Alton Transportation Company to the Jacksonville Bus Line all of the former’s franchises and operative rights between Jacksonville and East St. Louis.”
ALTURAS-BIEBER STAGE LINE operated in 1924 between Altruas and Bieber, California. L. M. Estes was the owner.
ALTURAS & CEDARVILLE STAGE COMPANY was operating in 1924 and ran the 22 miles between Alturas and Cedarville, California.
ALTURAS-SURPRISE VALLEY STAGE LINE was operating in 1926 running between Alturas and Surprise Valley, California.
AMADOR STAGE LINES was operating in the mid 1920s out of Sacramento, California. The Schneider brothers were the owners.
AMARILLO BUS COMPANY By 1925 all streetcar service in Amarillo, Texas had ceased operations. That same year two Oklahoma City businessmen, brothers Frank and Joe Doerfler began operating a bus service in Amarillo, doing all the driving and bus maintenance themselves. Their Amarillo Bus Company schedule operated 17-hours a days, covered the majority of Amarillo and cost only 10-cents a ride. In 1926 brothers Martin and George Nussbaum moved from Wichita, Kansas and bought out the Amarillo Bus Company. The company’s major competitor was the Amarillo Traction Company, which, in 1927, secured a charter from the City to provide bus service to Amarillo. As a sideline, Amarillo Bus Company started providing tire and mechanical service to the area’s bus companies. (This would one day become the A to Z Tire & Battery Inc.) By the early 1950s the Amarillo Traction Company was out of business and the Amarillo Bus Company was operating the city’s bus system. In 1954 it was running 51 buses over 108 route miles. (Five members of the Nussbaum family were listed as company officers and managers.) Meanwhile, the Nussbaum family incorporated A to Z Tire & Battery in 1955. (Eventually, the company opened stores throughout Texas, New Mexico, Arizona, Colorado and Montana.) In November 1966 the Amarillo City Commissioners approved a plan to replace the Amarillo Bus Company with the City-operated Amarillo Transit System. The end was reported in the November 24, 1966 edition of The Amarillo Globe-Times: “H-hour is 6 a.m. and D-day is Sunday. That is when the new municipally operated operated Amarillo Transit System will take over routes and schedules of the Amarillo Bus Co. with larger, 42-passenger vehicles. After 40 years of service in Amarillo the Amarillo Bus Co. will go out of business at that time. It notified the city it could no longer operate beyond then last month and offered to sell its operation to the city for $136,000. After musing over the proposal, city commissioners decided to see what other equipment was available. They ended by purchasing 35 Southern Coaches with air conditioning from the City of Dallas rather than 32 Amarillo Bus Co. vehicles which carry 32 passengers and weigh only half as much — 10,000 pounds. Purchase price was $99.500 (FOB Amarillo). The 1955 model buses were the last to be replaced with newer vehicles by Dallas with the aid of a federal grant from the Transportation Administration of the Department of Housing and Urban Development.” Arnold Nussbauin, who was the general manager of Amarillo Bus Company, said his company has been running only three routes on Sundays; Nussbaum was asked how it felt to see his company’s long tenure come to a close. He replied: “Things look dark and gloomy. It’s like losing your right arm.“‘ The badge is nickel and has a pin back.
AMARILLO STREET RAILWAY COMPANY began operations in 1907 running streetcars in Amarillo, Texas. Its first route was transporting passengers from the suburban Glenwood addition to downtown Amarillo. In 1911 the Amarillo Traction Company opened a second street railway service running to San Jacinto Heights. The Amarillo Street Railway Company ceased business in 1920 and in July of that year the city of Amarillo took over operations. In January 1924 the city ceased operations and the system was sold for salvage. The following year Amarillo Traction Company also failed and by 1926 all street railway service had ceased. (Amarillo Traction Company began operating a bus service in Amarillo in 1927.)
AMARILLO TRACTION COMPANY, INC. According to the July 1911 issue of Electrical Review, the company was incorporated in 1911 in Amarillo, Texas by Mark Logan, W. W. Lynch and N. A. Brown, who formed the company to serve their new development called San Jacinto Heights, which lay to the west of the business district of the Amarillo. In 1924 the Amarillo Street Railway Company failed, followed the next year by the Amarillo Traction Company, thus ending all streetcar service in Amarillo. However, on March 27, 1927 W.W. Lynch obtained a obtained a charter to operate a city bus system in Amarillo. Lynch would also found the San Jacinto Bus Company, which was running 8 buses by 1938. Amarillo Traction Company’s charter was renewed in 1946, which was reported in the August 15, 1946 edition of The Amarillo Globe-Times from Amarillo, Texas: “The City of Amarillo, Texas, acting by and through the City Commission, finds that public convenience necessity require motor bus service be available to the public in said City and does hereby grant unto the Amarillo Traction Company. Inc., Amarillo, Texas, a corporation, the right and privilege to operate a motor bus system over and upon tho public streets, avenues, and other public thoroughfares of the City of Amarillo, Texas.” In 1946 the company was running 15 buses over 25 route miles. The company was out of business by 1952 and was succeeded by the Amarillo Bus Company.
AMARILLO TRANSIT SYSTEM was the successor in 1966 to the Amarillo Bus Company. The badge is made of die-pressed nickel and has two threaded posts.
AMERICAN AUTOMOBILE TRANSPORTATION COMPANY was operating in the mid 1920s between Minneapolis and St. Paul, Minnesota. In 1926 it was acquired by the Twin City Rapid Transit Company.
AMERICAN MOTOR TRANSPORTATION COMPANY See Star Auto Stage Association.
AMERICAN STAGE LINE was running in the late 1910s out of Ferndale, California. In 1919 the company advertised: “THE AMERICAN STAGE LINE Bellingham to Lynden via Ferndale is here to serve you. It is our aim now and will be in the future, to give you at all times the best of service. You can help us build up a future transportation line that will be dependable. We are here for your convenience. Any suggestion for the betterment of the service will be gladly received and considered. Remember, when traveling, THE AMERICAN STAGE LINE will serve you best.” The company is listed as operating in 1924-1925. George M. Brice was the owner/manager.
AMERICAN TRANSIT CORPORATION began in 1935 in Danville, Illinois by brothers Dominick and Peter Giacoma. After first acquiring a number of transit companies, the two brothers incorporated in 1951 as the American Transit Corporation, which was a holding company. In 1966, AMERICAN TRANSIT CORPORATION became a subsidiary of Chromalloy American Corporation.
COMPANIES OWNED BY AMERICAN TRANSIT CORPORATION DURING ITS HISTORY:
Austin Transit Corp./TX
Bee Line Transit Corp./Danville IL
Birmingham Transit Co./AL
Cairo Motor Transit Corp./IL
Cape Transit Corp./Cape Girardeau, MO
Chicago & Calumet District Transit Co. Inc./IN
Druid Transit Co. Inc./Tuscaloosa AL
Dyersburg Transit Corp./Dyersburg TN
Great Lakes Transit Corp./Detroit suburbs (1958)
Hattiesburg City Lines Inc./MS
Inter-City Transit Corp./Centralia IL
Intertown Suburban Lines Corp./Detroit suburb
Joplin Transit Corp./MO
La Salle-Peru City Lines Inc./IL
Lexington Transit Corp./KY
Lubbock Transit Corp./TX
Mississippi City Lines Inc.
Municipal Transit Lines Inc./Gulfport MS
Overlake Transit Service/Seattle suburbs
Paducah Transit Corp./KY
Pensacola Transit Inc./FL
Pontiac Transit Corp./MI
Port Arthur Transit Corp./TX
Rockford Transit Corp./IL
Shoals Transit Inc./Sheffield AL
Shreveport Transit Co./LA
South Coast Transit Corp.
Suburban Transit Corp./Dayton suburbs
Twin City Transit Corp.
Waco Transit Corp./TX
Westside Transit Lines Inc./Gretna LA
ANACORTES-MOUNT VERNON STAGE COMPANY This company was was founded in Anacortes, Washington in 1918 and was sold to brothers William and David Affleck in 1924 after the death of the owner. The brother operated the line out of Anacortes until 1948. In 1948 the line served Mt. Vernon, Sedro Woolley, Oak Harbor, Seattle, Bellingham and Olympia, Washington.
ANAHEIM TRANSIT COMPANY was running a line in the early 1920s out of Anaheim, California to the Anaheim Beef Company. In October 1921 owner Mason Brown sold a half interest to Harry D. Riley.
ANDERSON BROTHERS LINE was operating in 1923 from Nehalem to Seaside, Oregon over a 29-mile route.
ANDERSON CITY LINES, INC. was owned by the Wesson Company and took over bus operations in Anderson, Indiana in 1952 from Indiana Railroad, which was itself a division of the Wesson Company. At the time Indiana Railroad was running 27 buses over 56 route miles. In 1956 Anderson City Lines was running 26 buses over 64 route miles. (Wesson also owned and operated Muncie City Lines, Inc. and Richmond City Lines, Inc.) The February 21, 1969 edition of the Anderson Herald from Anderson, Indiana, noted that the company was closing down operations in June 1969 and reported an operational loss of $66,937. The company did cease operations in 1969. The badge measures about 2¾” x 2¾” and has two threaded posts; it was made by HOOKFAST PROVIDENCE R.I.
ANDERSON STAGE LINE was operating in the San Francisco Bay, California area in 1922.
ANDERSONS AUTO PASSENGER LINE was running in 1924 out of Randsburg, California. W. H. Anderson was listed as the owner.
ANGELO BATTILOCCHI BUS LINE was operating in West Virginia in the early 1920s; the company was still operating in 1930.
ANGELS CAMP & MURPHY’S AUTO STAGE LINE operated out of Nativo Celayo, Angels Camp, California in 1924.
ANNAPOLIS-STEWART’S POINT STAGE LINE operated in 1924 out of Annapolis, California. Edward Mitchell was the manager.
ANNISTON TRANSIT, INC. took over bus service in Anniston, Alabama in 1954 from Crescent Motors, Inc. President W. P. Acker ran 23 buses from the former offices/yard of Crescent Motors. (See Crescent Motors for more information on this company.)
ANTIETAM TRANSIT COMPANY, INC. The company was named for Antietam Creek, the famous (or infamous) Civil War battlefield. It operated a city bus line in Hagerstown, Maryland from mid 1957 when it took over public transit operations from Potomac Edison Company. The company was headed by Joseph G. Succa, who formed the company in June 1957 and was its president and principal stockholder. By the end of 1957 the company reported losses of $12,472. The company was forced to close down in March 1970 due to heavy financial losses. It’s charter service was sold to Wolf Bus Lines that same year. The badge is made of nickel-plated brass with two threaded posts and was likely made by HOOKFAST PROVIDENCE R.I., judging by the thumbnuts which are marked “HOOKFAST REG. U.S.A.”
APPALACHIAN BUS COMPANY, INC. was operating in the mid 1920s in Windom, North Carolina. Clarence Robertson was the owner. It ran from Asheville to Spruce Pine to the North Carolina-Tennessee stage line on Highway 692. It seems to be the same Appalachian Bus Company mentioned in a Kentucky Court of Appeals case filed on November 30, 1928 along with Hazard Bus Company: “The Hazard Bus Company and the Appalachian Bus Company, Inc. are corporations authorized under section 2739j-1et seq., Ky. Statutes, 1928 Supplement, to operate busses between Sassafras, Ky., and Hazard, Ky., and perhaps between other points in Perry and Knott counties. On June 15, 1928, they brought this action against 25 defendants, all of whom are appellees here. The defendants were the owners and operators of taxicabs, and the plaintiffs sought an injunction to prevent the defendants from picking up and discharging passengers at points on the route over which the plaintiffs held certificates of convenience.” I can find no further information on either company.
APPLEYARD BUS LINES / APPLEYARD BUS COMPANY / APPLEYARD’S BUS, INC. There’s not much info on this company. First of all, it seems to have used three different forms for its company title. It was a privately owned company operating before 1965 in Merrimac, Massachusetts. It is not listed in the 1950s editions of the MTD, nor in Russell’s. In 1965 the company assumed the operations of the Massachusetts Northeastern Transportation Company. By 1967 the company was located in Methuen, Massachusetts and using the name “Appleyard’s Bus, Inc.” and/or Appleyard Bus Company (according to several different local newspaper items). By 1967 it was operating a school bus service in Salem, Massachusetts. In 1970 the company was bought out by Michaud Bus Lines, Inc.: “MOTOR CARRIER OF PASSENGERS No. MC-F-10704. Authority sought for purchase by MICHAUD BUS LINES, INC., 250 Jefferson Avenue, Salem, Mass., of the operating rights and property of APPLEYARD’S BUS, INC., 7 Lowell Street, Methuen, Mass. 01844, and for acquisition by J. ALEXANDER MICHAUD, also of Salem, Mass., of control of such rights and property through the purchase. . . . Operating rights sought to be transferred: Passengers and their baggage, and newspapers, in the same vehicle with passengers, as a common carrier over regular routes, between Lawrence, Mass., and Salisbury, Mass., serving certain intermediate points, between Haverhill, Mass., and Methuen, Mass. Filed, Jan. 13, 1970.” Michaud Bus Lines was taken over in 1974 by the publically owned Merrimac Valley Regional Transit Authority.
ARCODEL SYSTEM, INC. was incorporated on October 11, 1933 in Columbus, Ohio by H.E. Haynes, D. M. Munro and K.H. Pyle. The story behind the name seems to be that several small Ohio bus companies were purchased and placed in this corporation to operate as a system, connecting Columbus, Newark, Zanesville, Woodsfield, and Marietta. Most histories mentioning this company begin with its purchase in February 1948 by Harry W. Arnold, who added it to the list of bus companies he owned—such as the Ohio Rapid Transit Company, Lake Shore Coach Company, Red Star Way and Fairlick Stages, all of which ran under Arnold’s Lake Shore System. The story was reported in the Monday, February 9, 1948 edition of the Sandusky Register from Sandusky, Ohio: “NEWARK, O., Feb. 9 (UP)—The Ohio Rapid Transit Co., Newark, has purchased the Arcodel System of inter-city bus companies connecting Columbus, Newark. Zanesville, Woodsfield, and Marietta, it was revealed today. Harry W. Arnold, president of ORT, said the purchase will extend the ORT system to Toledo and Cleveland through connections with the Lake Shore Coach Co. The ORT also owns subsidiaries in Sandusky, Newark, Mansfield, and Zanesville. Arnold said the addition of the Arcodel system is part of an expansion program financed by n $500,000 bond issue. R. L. Jacobs, general manager of the Arcodel system, will be in- charge of Arcodel operations under Mr. Arnold.” R.L. Jacobs was hired as general manager of the Arcodel System when Arnold took over the company, and D. M. Munro, one of the original incorporators, remained as traffic manager. (The Lake Shore System covered Cleveland, Toledo and Columbus, Ohio, and extend along the busiest portion of Lake Erie’s south shore and south to the Ohio River. Ohio Rapid Transit Company owned and operated Granville Motor Stages, Inc., City Rapid Transit Lines, Inc., Newark Transit, Inc., Zaneville Rapid Transit, Inc. In 1946 it ran 100 buses over 100 route miles.)
ARGUS LINE TRANSPORTATION CORPORATION was a bus operator in the borough of Queens in New York City. It operated the Q6 bus route, originally operated by Queens Bus Corporation, before it was taken over by Green Bus Lines.
ARKANSAS MOTOR COACHES, LIMITED, INC. / ARKANSAS TRAILWAYS There is a bit of conflict about the origins of this company. The first account comes from a United States Tax Court hearing dated April 30, 1957. Arkansas Motor Coaches v. Commissioner of Internal Revenue: “History of Operation and Operating Certificates. A partnership or joint venture known as Arkansas Motor Coaches, Ltd., which was the predecessor of petitioner, commenced operation as a passenger bus carrier between Memphis and Little Rock on or before September 16, 1935, and between Little Rock and Texarkana on or before September 17, 1935. Raymond Rebsamen (hereinafter referred to as Rebsamen), a wealthy and successful businessman of Little Rock, financed its operation. Its franchises, certificates, and permits were obtained in the name of Milton D. Leeper (hereinafter referred to as Leeper), doing business as Arkansas Motor Coaches, Ltd. Franchises, certificates, and permits obtained in the name of Leeper were as follows: 1. Interstate permit from the State of Tennessee dated September 16, 1935, authorizing operations as an interstate carrier in and out of Memphis, Tennessee, from West Memphis, Arkansas. 2. Letter from the Railroad Commission of the State of Texas dated October 3, 1935, advising that no Texas permit was required to operate out of a terminal located on the Texas side of Texarkana. 3. Interstate permit from the State of Arkansas dated October 8, 1935, authorizing operations as an interstate carrier between Texarkana and Memphis over U.S. Highway 67 from Texarkana to Arkadelphia, thence over Arkansas Highway 7 to Hot Springs, thence over U.S. Highway 70 to Little Rock and Memphis, Tennessee, a total distance of 315 miles. 4. Intrastate permit from State of Arkansas dated February 13, 1936, authorizing intrastate service between Texarkana and West Memphis, Arkansas, via Hot Springs and Little Rock, serving all intermediate points.”
“These franchises, certificates, and permits enabled petitioner and/or its predecessor to operate along the 315-mile route between Memphis and Texarkana. The petitioner was organized for the purpose of operating passenger buses in intrastate and interstate commerce between Texarkana and Memphis. Its authorized capital stock was 100 shares. Rebsamen and his family subscribed to 51 shares. Leeper subscribed to 49 shares. Petitioner’s corporate charter was issued on November 15, 1935; however, it did not commence business until March 14, 1937. On that date, in fulfillment of an agreement of its subscribers entered into prior to October 15, 1935, petitioner took over all of the franchises, licenses, permits, applications for permits or licenses then pending, equipment, and other assets and assumed the liabilities of Arkansas Motor Coaches, Ltd. Management. M. E. Moore, a man with about 7 years’ experience in various phases of the bus industry, was hired by petitioner’s predecessor as traffic manager in 1936, and in 1937 he became manager of the petitioner. He remained with petitioner in that capacity until 1943, when he became president of Bowen Motor Coaches of Fort Worth, Texas, which through later affiliation became the Continental Bus System. Rebsamen was not active in petitioner’s management other than in a financial capacity. Moore consulted with him with respect to the financial matters relative to the corporation and its operations.”
The second account comes from Jon’s Trailways History Corner, which is backed by D.B. “Doc” Rushing’s Greyhound history, and which states that Maurice Edwin Moore “in the late 30’s and with several other men as minor investors, purchased sixteen Flxible buses and began Arkansas Motor Coaches, Ltd., operating from Little Rock via Hot Springs to Texarkana on the Arkansas-Texas state line. They later extended the line from Little Rock to Memphis over a route which duplicated that of Missouri Pacific. By 1943, Moore had became sole owner of Arkansas Motor Coaches. . . . in 1943, Maurice E. Moore from Arkansas Motor Coaches purchased Bowen Motor Coaches for the sum of $42 million dollars cash.” The conflict between the two accounts is that in the Tax Court document, which is dated 1957, Maurice E. Moore, is not given credit for founding Arkansas Motor Coaches, nor is he ever noted as owning the company—and keep in mind that Moore gave testimony for the petitioner and is referred to as “former general manager”. So, I leave the matter there without offering an opinion. The 1939 Russell’s National Motor Coach Guide shows M. E. Moore as general manager of Arkansas Motor Coaches. In 1946 the company was running 25 buses over 632 route miles. By the 1950s the company was a member of the National Trailways Bus System; in 1953 Russell’s shows Arkansas Trailways serving Memphis, Brinkley, Little Rock, Hot Springs and Texarkana. Both Arkansas Motor Coaches and Arkansas Trailways are listed in the 1954 and 1956 MTD. According to one source, Arkansas Trailways sold out to Transcontinental Bus System / Continental Trailways in 1956. In 1956 the company was operating 31 buses over 464 route miles.
ARROW BUS LINE “During the 1950s and 1960s, Arrow Bus Lines was a local bus service that ran in the Port Credit and Cooksville areas of what is now the City of Mississauga [Ontario]. The operation started in 1955, and was owned at one time by Joe Monk who was also in the moving truck business. Arrow ended its operations following a takeover by Charterways Transportation in the fall of 1968.”
ARROW BUS LINE An article in the February 1922 issue of Bus Transportation notes that “the Arrow Line” was operating 12 Packard buses, “each of thirty-passenger capacity” and was running between Newark and Paterson, New Jersey. Interestingly, the article calls the company “the Arrow Line” while the photo it provides shows a bus with the words “Arrow Bus Line”.
ARROW BUS LINE, INC. I’m not sure if this is the right company for the badge photo: The company was owned by Frank T. Van Gonsic, Lawrence Van Gonsic and Anthony Van Gonsic and operated out of New Paltz, New York. In 1954 it ran 16 buses over 61 route miles serving Poughkeepsie and Kingston, New York.
ARROW BUS LINES was operating out of McComb, Mississippi as an intercity company. It ran a route between McComb and Hattiesburg in 1954. It was owned by McComb City Lines, which operated a local and an intercity company out of McComb with 7 buses over 80 route miles. Both companies were owned by Karey Andrews and W. I. Stones.
THE ARROW LINE, INC. This company was founded by Harry Phillips in Pittsfield, Massachusetts in 1929 with two Pierce Arrow 7-passenger sedans. His company ran a single route between Pittsfield and Albany, New York. The following year Philips moved his company base to Hartford, Connecticut and the year after expanded to serve Providence, Rhode Island and New Haven, Waterbury, Toryington and Winsted, Connecticut. In 1945 Philips sold the Connecticut division to Rene R. Dupuis for $100,000. At the time the company was running two 24-passenger FitzJohn buses over 270 route miles. (FitzJohn manufactured bus bodies which were mostly fitted to REO engines and chassis.) In 1954 the company was operating 8 buses 372 route miles and Rene R. and Bertha T. Depuis were listed as the partners. At the same time Harry Phillips and Louis Trostonoff were partners in the Providence, Rhode Island division. That company operated 2 buses over 150 route miles. In 1956 the Rhode Island division was not listed in the MTD, but the Dupuis company, now listed as operating out of East Hartford, was still running 9 buses over 200 route miles. According to one source, the company ceased business in 2000. Given its age, there are likely more than one badge for this company. The badge pictured below is a later issue made of nickel-plated brass with two threaded posts. No maker’s mark.
ARROYO SECO STAGE LINE was based in Pasadena, California. In 1918 it operated from 44 South Raymond Ave. In 1924 N. A. Webb, was listed as the owner and R. H. Chase, manager. The company address was 55 South Fair Oaks, Pasadena. In 1926 the company was owned by T.G. Gillespie.
ARUNDEL BUS LINE was operating in the 1950s in Horn Point, Best Gate, Victor Haven and Parole, Maryland.
ASBURY PARK-NEW YORK TRANSIT CORPORATION On November 26, 1920 James Rollo of Keyport, New Jersey incorporated Rollo Trucking Corporation in New York state. Three years later he began operating three motor buses between Asbury Park, New Jersey and New York. In 1925 Rollo’s company was renamed Rollo Transit Corporation. Soon after his bus subsidiary was incorporated as Asbury Park-New York Transit Corporation. In 1943 James Rollo was still running his trucking and bus companies.
According to one source, the company was acquired by Academy Bus Lines, Inc. in 1989, adopting the subsidiary name Asbury Park Transit Lines, Inc., operating out of New York City. In 1999 Academy Lines, Inc. filed an application for the acquisition by merger of its affiliate, Asbury Park Transit Lines, Inc. Asbury Park Transit Lines, Inc. was absorbed by its parent. Academy Bus Lines, Inc. is currently the third-largest motorcoach operator in the United States and Canada.
ASBURY RAPID TRANSIT SYSTEM was formed in Los Angeles, California in 1939 by F.H. Asbury when he bought out Original Stage Line, which had operated since 1913, the Studio Bus Line, operating from Hollywood to Culver City and Pasadena-Ocean Park Stage Line, which had operated since 1919. (This last company had acquired three additional companies in 1926.) The company operated bus routes in Pasadena, Burbank, San Fernando and Los Angeles. In 1946 it was operating 57 buses over 175 route miles. It was acquired in July 1954 for $150,000 by Metropolitan Coach Lines, the subsidiary bus company of Pacific Electric Railway.
ASHEVILLE-ELK MOUNTAIN BUS LINE was operating in the mid 1940s out of Asheville, North Carolina. Routes: (a) Asheville via Temp, N. C. 63 to Woodfin, via Burnsville Mill Road to top of Burnsville Hill and via Elk Mountain Road to Elk Mountain Village and mill, and return same route. (b) Asheville via N. C. 63 (or 191) to Craggy Bridge and via N. C. 191 to Elk Mountain Village, and return by same route. (c) Asheville to Leicester and beyond to Plemmon’s Store and return via N. C.
ASHVILLE-LEICESTER BUS LINE See Leicester Bus Line.
ASHEVILLE-OTEEN BUS COMPANY was operating out of Asheville, North Carolina to Oteen, N.C. over Highway No. 10 in the mid 1920s. (See also Oteen Bus Company.)
E. L. ASKIN STAGE COMPANY operated in 1924 out of Visalia, California. E.L. Askin was the owner/manager.
ASTORIA-FT STEVENS STAGE LINE ran 11 miles from Astoria to Ft. Stevens, Oregon in 1923.
ASTORIA TRANSIT COMPANY was formed in 1924 by Sherman Lovel and W. E. Young, who owned the Linnton Transit Company of Portland, Oregon. The company started with six 25-passenger Mack buses in June 1924. Two days later the streetcars stopped running in Astoria.
ATHENS-PARKERSBURG BUS COMPANY This company was located in Athens, Ohio and was owned by A. A. Campbell and P. R. McLaughlin. By 1930 the company was operating into West Virginia, which was around 80 miles away.
ATHENS-PRINCETON TRANSPORTATION COMPANY began operations on March 15, 1923 in West Virginia. The August 10, 1932 issue of the Bluefield Daily Telegraph, from Bluefield, West Virginia, has this information: “Notice is hereby given that the undersigned Athens-Princeton Transportation Company, of Athens, West Viriginia, has filed with the State Road Commission of West Virginia a petition for suspension of operation of buses between Hinton and Bluefield over certain streets State Route No. 44 and United States Highway No. 19 . . . for transportation of passengers for compensation . . . the hearing is set for 19th day of August 1932 at 10 o’clock a.m.” The company was still operating in 1934 and operated out of the Union Bus Terminal Station in Bluefield, West Virginia.
ATLANTA RAILWAY & POWER COMPANY On September 21, 1891, nearly twenty years after Atlanta’s first streetcar began service, the Atlanta & Edgewood Street Railroad Company and the Fulton County Street Railroad, along with the Atlanta Street Railway, the West End, and the Gate City were merged into the new Atlanta Consolidated Street Railway Company, led by Joel Hurt. In November of the following year, the Metropolitan was also added to the mix. The resulting system totaled over 50 miles, with some cars powered by electricity, some by steam, and some by horses and mules. In 1899, Joel Hurt’s Atlanta Consolidated changed its name to the Atlanta Railway & Power Company, indicating an intention to sell electricity for uses other than powering streetcars. The following year it purchased the Atlanta Railway Company. In September of 1901, Hurt sold his interests in the AR&P to a Boston investment firm associated with Atkinson. Early in the following year, Atkinson incorporated the Georgia Railway & Electric Company, which soon brought the AR&P, the Atlanta Rapid Transit Company, and the Georgia Electric Light Company into its fold. The badge is made of steel/nickel and has a pin on the reverse. It measures 2″ x 2⅝”
ATLANTA TRANSIT COMPANY, INC. / ATLANTA TRANSIT SYSTEM, INC. In 1871 horse-drawn streetcar began running in Atlanta, Georgia. By 1911 Georgia Railway & Power Company was operating electric streetcars. In 1929 the name was shortened to Georgia Power Company. In 1946 Georgia Power Company was running 116 passenger coaches over 303 route miles, 107 Trolley coaches over 26 route miles, and 75 buses over 123 route miles. The company stopped streetcar service in April 1949 and the system relied on trolley coaches, which had been running since 1937, and diesel buses. (Trolley coaches were phased out starting in 1963.)
In May 1950 Georgia Power Company drivers went on strike and during the five-week-long work stoppage, the company sought a buyer for its transit business. “In response to this, Atlanta businessmen Clement Evans, Granger Hansell and Inman Brandon, along with Leland Anderson of Columbus, Georgia, formed the Atlanta Transit Company and purchased the transportation properties on June 23, 1950, just over a month into the strike. More than 1,300 employees signed on to the new company and ended their strike. Anderson became the president of the ATC, and in September 1950 a Georgia Power vice president, Jackson Dick, joined to become the chairman of the board.” (Source: Wikepedia.) In 1951 Atlanta Transit Company acquired Suburban Coach Company and formed a subsidiary known as Metropolitan Transit System. In 1954 the company was running 116 buses over 105 route miles and 453 trolley coaches over 136 route miles. By 1956 the name had been changed to Atlanta Transit System, Inc. The company was taken over in 1972 by the publicly owned Metropolitan Atlanta Rapid Transit Authority, or MARTA.
The first badge measures 2″ x 1&5/8″ and is marked on the back “W & H CO.”, meaning WHITEHEAD – HOAG NEWARK NEW JERSEY.
The second badge has a single threaded post and is hallmarked on the back for BASTIAN BROS CO ROCHESTER NY. It measures 2″ tall.
ATLANTIC BUS LINE I’ve been unable to find this company in any of my reference books, nor on line. Given its age and pristine condition, it may be a salesman’s sample with a mock company name. It came in a lot with another pristine condition badge which is also untraceable to an actual bus company. Moreover, three other Atlantic Bus Line badges are known and they all have the number “3” stamped on them, which again points to a badge made for a salesman sample. The badge measures 2″ x 2¼” and has one threaded post.
ATLANTIC CITY TRANSPORTATION COMPANY ran from 1945 thru 1985. The badge has one threaded post, no markings.
ATLANTIC COAST TRANSPORTATION COMPANY began operating on June 26, 1925 in Asbury Park, New Jersey. In was bought out in 1927 by the Coast Cities Railway Company to replace their trolleys with buses.
ATLANTIC-PACIFIC STAGES See Cornhusker Stage Lines.
ATLANTIC STAGES / ATLANTIC TRAILWAYS was founded in the 1930s by J. A. Booker in Savannah, Georgia as an interstate bus company running through Georgia and Alabama. In 1945 it joined National Trailways and sold out in 1968 to Transcontinental Bus System / Continental Trailways. The badge measures about 2″ and has a single threaded post.
ATLAS MAIL & STAGE LINE / COMPANY was owned and operated by C. H. Biggs out of Napa, California in 1924. (Since the company was located on Atlas Way in Napa, one can presume that was the origin of the company name.)
ATWOOD’S GOLD LINE SERVICE / ATWOOD’S TRANSPORT LINES, INC. This company was operating 14 buses in the early 1950s in Washington, D. C. owned and operated by C.A. Atwood and C. M. Atwood. In a court case dated October 11, 1962, a description of its operating route is given: “Atwood’s Transport Lines, Inc., a corporation engaged in bus transportation between Washington, D. C., and certain points in Maryland, between Washington, D. C. and Point Lookout, Maryland, and between Washington, D. C. and the site of the United States Atomic Energy Commission near Germantown, Maryland. The plaintiff is also authorized to run buses between Jarboesville, Maryland and Piney Point, Maryland, and to carry passengers in charter operations between Washington, D. C. and Alexandria, Arlington National Cemetery and Mount Vernon, Virginia. In addition, the plaintiff has been transporting passengers in charter operations from Alexandria and Fort Belvoir, Virginia, to various unspecified points and places in the United States.“
In a September 28, 1978 article in the Washington Post, we get a glimpse into the company’s bacground: “Gray Line has applied to the Interstate Commerce Commission and the Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Commission for approval to sell its routes, 15 buses and other facilities to Atwood’s Transport Lines, which runs the Gold Line charter buses. If the sale is approved, Gold Line will take over not only Gray Line’s sightseeing tours of Washington attractions, but also is small commuter and charter operation. . . . Atwood’s Gold Line, based in Tuxedo, Md., has agreed to pay $547,500 for the Gray Line operation, according to the application for sale made to the Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Commission. Atwood is owned by the Frank Martz Coach Co. of Wilkes-Barre, Pa.” There are two badges. The early badge is for Atwood’s Transport Lines, has two threaded posts and was made by WHITEHEAD – HOAG CO. NEWARK NEW JERSEY. The second badge is for Atwood’s Gold Line Service.
AUBURN BUS COMPANY was owned and operated by brothers Shaw and Ben Benderly. There’s no info on when the company began operations, but it took over city operations in Auburn, New York starting in 1950 from the Cayuga Omni-Bus Corporation. The Tuesday, January 3, 1950 edition of the Citizen Advertiser, from Auburn, New York, gives the details: “A fleet of red and cream colored buses, owned by the Auburn Bus Company, composed of Shaw and Ben Benderly, went into action New Year’s Day and the switch from the service rendered by the Cayuga Omnibus Corporation to the new one was performed without a hitch. The Benderly brothers, who took over the franchise with a 10-year agreement for city operation, expressed pleasure at the fine way the Auburn passengers and officials have co-operated. The Auburn Bus Company has a fleet of 18 buses in operation and the Arm announced that more than 25 of the drivers of the Cayuga Omnibus Corporation have been absorbed in the change. The new bus firm houses its fleet in its recently acquired property, known as the Green Street Garage. The Cayuga Omnibus Corporation still maintains its service between Auburn and Syracuse. The Inter-urban line was not affected by the change in city operators.”
As noted in the article, the Cayuga Omni-Bus Corporation’s rural routes were unaffected by the sale of their city operation. However, by 1952 that situation had changed. In a newspaper article dated Saturday April 25, 1953 the company’s president, Harold J. Drescher, was interviewed about his request with the Public Service Commission that he be allowed to discontinue two rural bus routes, which would dissolve the company. (They were interurban service between Auburn and via Skaneateles and between Syracuse and via Onondaga Hill.) The March 12, 1954 edition of the Syracuse Post-Standard from Syracuse, New York carried this notice: “Last May the Cayuga Omnibus Co., which had operated the lines for 24 years, filed a petition with the commission asking for an order permitting it to go out of business on the ground that it was losing money.” That petition was granted in April 1954 and it sparked a bid from other companies for the abandoned routes. One of those companies was the Auburn Bus Company, which had already taken over Auburn’s city bus service by brothers Shaw and Ben Benderly. The PSC denied the petition, after which the Benderlys appealed. In March 1954 a rehearing was denied by the PSC. The other company was the Onondaga Coach Co., which applied for a permanent certificate of consent to operate the interurban bus lines between Auburn and Syracuse and Marcellus and Syracuse. (The Onondaga Coach Co. had been operating the lines on a temporary certificate since November 1, 1954.) In 1956 Auburn Bus Company was running 18 buses over 36 route miles. It went out of businss sometime after 1957. After 1959 the Auburn Transit Corporation was providing bus service to the city of Auburn, New York.
AUBURN & FOREST HILL STAGE LINE ran in 1924 out of Forest Hill, California. It was operated by M. C. Langstaff.
AUBURN-GEORGETOWN STAGE LINE was operating in 1924 out of Georgetown, California. C. W. Ganow was the manager.
AUGUSTA COACH COMPANY On November 30, 1949 Georgia Power Company sold its Augusta, Georgia public transit operations to Augusta Coach Company. The following company history is from case Nos. 81-7490, 81-7789 from the United States Court of Appeals, Eleventh Circuit dated March 7, 1983: “Prior to 1950, local bus service in Augusta was provided by the Georgia Power Company. In 1950, the Augusta Coach Company, a privately-owned corporation, purchased the service from Georgia Power and began operating local bus service under a franchise granted by the City of Augusta. Citing steady decreases in net income and working capital, Augusta Coach notified the City of Augusta in early 1973 that it intended to discontinue service. In April, 1973, the City of Augusta executed an option to purchase the assets of the Augusta Coach Company and for six months thereafter, Augusta provided operating assistance to Augusta Coach while an application for federal assistance under UMTA was prepared. By letter dated November 7, 1973, the City of Augusta purchased the assets of Augusta Coach with federal assistance and commenced local transit operations through the Augusta Transit Department on November 21, 1973.” In 1956 the company was running 43 buses over 55 route miles. The badge is solid with a pin/clasp.
AURORA CITY LINES ran city buses in Aurora, Illinois from 1940 until 1968, and succeeded Aurora-Eligin City Lines. However, both companies were owned by National City Lines, which started service in 1936, having acquired bus operations from Aurora Elgin and Fox River Electric Company. The company was succeeded by Tom-A-Hawk Transit in 1966, which was subsidized by the city. In 1971 the city-owned Aurora Transit System took over city buses.
AURORA-ELGIN CITY LINES, INC. ran buses in Elgin, Illinois from 1936 until 1940. It was owned by National City Lines, and succeeded the Aurora Elgin and Fox River Electric Company, which ran streetcars and buses from 1924 until 1936. In 1940 National City Lines changed the company’s name to Aurora City Lines, in Aurora, Illinois, and Elgin City Lines in Elgin, Illinois. Aurora City Lines was succeeded by the city subsidized Tom-A-Hawk Transit in 1966. In 1971 the city-owned Aurora Transit System took over city buses.
AURORA TRANSIT AUTHORITY I’m not sure where this badge fits in the history of Aurora, Illinois transit history. It might be one and same as the Aurora Transit System, the successor to Tom-A-Hawk Transit, which closed down in 1971. “Aurora Transit Authority” took part in a class action suit against General Motor on August 8, 1973, which seems to fit this speculation. The badge is nickel and has two threaded posts.
AURORA TRANSIT SYSTEM was owned by the city Aurora, Illinois and ran from 1971 thru 1989, succeeding Tom-A-Hawk Transit. Two threaded posts, no maker’s mark.
AUSTIN TRANSIT COMPANY ran from 1945 thru 1955 in Austin, Texas. The badge measures approx. 1 15/16″ by 2 5/16″.
AUTO LINE was founded in the 1910s by J.F. Birch; in 1920 it ran between Santa Rosa and Healdsburg, California. The company was still in business in 1922.
AUTO TRANSIT COMPANY was founded in May 1919 in Santa Cruz, California with an eight-passenger automobile than ran from the St. George Hotel in Santa Cruz to San Francisco. The fare was $2.43 “including war tax.” The company was owned by George Seidelmann and Patrick Sommers, who were sued in May 1922 by the owner of the automobile for non-payement. In December 1926 Union Traction Company sold its bus line in the City of Santa Cruz to Auto Transit Company: “In accordance with its recent authorization from the state railroad commission the Auto Transit company will take over ownership and operation of the Union Traction Twin Lakes and Capitola bus lines on Saturday, January 1. ‘We have Just completed arrangements with the Union Traction company whereby its fare tokens from its Mission street and Pacific avenue lines will be honored on our busses and tokens from our routes will be accepted likewise on Traction cars,’ announced G. K. Higgins, president of the Transit company today. President Higgins added that immediately on assuming East Side passenger carrying service his company experts will make a detailed study of bus service with a view of arranging schedules to best suit needs of the majority of patrons.” The company was taken over by the Heple Transportation Company in 1929. In May 1930 the company was sold to Pacific Greyhound Lines, Inc.
AVENUE B & EAST BROADWAY TRANSIT COMPANY, INC. operated buses in Manhattan, New York City. It was organized in 1932 to run bus routes which had been operated as streetcars by the Dry Dock, East Broadway and Battery Railroad. Although an independent company, the company coordinated its routes with those of the Third Avenue Transit Company, which became Surface Transit, Inc., and exchanged transfers with that system. In 1980 the company’s operation was taken over by the New York City Transit Authority. The badge is die-pressed nickel-plated metal and has one threaded post.
AZEVEDO’S AUTO STAGE LINE was operating in 1924 out of Half Moon Bay, California to San Mateo. William Azevedo was the owner/manager. He also operated HALF MOON BAY STAGE LINE.
BUS COMPANIES BEGINNING WITH THE LETTER “B”
BCE See B.C. ELECTRIC RAILWAY CO. / BRITISH COLUMBIA ELECTRIC RAILWAY.
BCL Not sure of this company, but it may be the Bergen County Line (New Jersey Transit commuter rail line). The badge measures approx. 2 ½” x 2 ⅜”; made by Maier-Lavaty of Chicago; two threaded posts. MORE INFO NEEDED!
B. & H. TRANSPORTATION COMPANY (“B.&H.” stood for Betts & Hazzard, which is presumably the names of the owners.) In April 1920 this company applied for and received a 15-year franchise to operate on Long Beach, California streets not serviced by the Long Beach Transportation Company. The cost was $21,000, and the city limited the company buses’ speed to 18 mph on all its routes. This excerpt from the August 1922 Bus Transportation magazine gives us a glimpse into the daily operations: “The bus drivers are kept on the same bus and the same run, two men being assigned to each bus and working twelve and six-hour shifts on alternate days. The men on the regular drivers’ list are paid 45 cents per hour, those on the extra board get 40 cents per hour and are rated for seniority the same as the regular men. Fifty drivers are kept in regular employment and about twelve are listed on the extra board.” In 1926 the company carried a total of 9,656,324 passengers. The next event of note was recorded in the December 17, 1926 edition of the Los Angeles Times: “Dec. 16. Some forty-four busses and equipment owned by the Long Beach Transportation Company, and operated for several years on the Atlantic-avenue and Fourth-street lines, were taken over today by the B. & H. Transportation Company, operators of several other bus lines in various parts of the city. The franchise of the Long Beach Transportation Company expired last midnight and was not renewed by the city. The new owners will operate the lines, with others, under special permits from the Council. Unless organized opposition develops and a referendum is demanded on the action of the Council last Friday, which voted to accept a city-wide transportation system offered by the Pacific Electric Company at a fare rate of seven cents and universal transfers, none but the busses and the street cars of the traction company will be in evidence in Long Beach soon after the first of the new year.“
After this point, there is a conflict in the histories of B.&H. and the Long Beach Transportation Company. However, since this is covered under the entry for Long Beach Transportation Company, the reader should go to that page for further info. The certainty is that on September 30, 1927 Mike Lang, owner of Lang Transportation Company, bought out B.&H. Transportation Company. (Based in Los Angeles, at that time Lang was one of California’s largest freight haulers.)
B & L TRANSPORTATION became the S&L Transportation, a bus operator in the borough of Queens in New York City. It operated the Q7 bus route before it was taken over by Green Bus Lines.
BQT See Brooklyn Queens Transit.
B + W LINES See BOSTON & WORCESTER & NEW YORK STREET RAILWAY.
BABYLON TRANSIT was an affiliated company of Inter-County Motor Coach, Inc. on Long Island, Suffolk County, N.Y. It began operations in 1937 and ceased operations in ca. 1986. At that time it was running under contract with Suffolk County Transit.
BADGER BUS LINES, INC. operated as an intercity company in the 1940s out of Madison, Wisconsin. I am uncertain if it was connected to (or the same as) The Badger Lines listed below. In 1956 the company served Monroe, Wis. and Freeport, Illinois with 4 buses running 140 route miles.
THE BADGER LINES This company was apparently based in Wisconsin. It is mentioned in the mid-1940s as a goods transportation company. However, the badge that seems to be associated with the company depicts a bus. It was not unusual for trucking companies to operate a bus subsidiary. The badge here measures 2⅝” x 2⅜”, has two threaded posts and was made by HOOKFAST PROVIDENCE R.I.
BAILEY’S PALOMAR MOUNTAIN STAGE & TRUCK LINE was operating in the mid 1920s out of San Diego, California. Milton Bailey was the owner.
BAINBRIDGE – COLUMBUS MOTOR LINES was founded in 1929-1930 by D. F. Hopson and operated between Bainbridge and Columbus, Georgia. In July 1935 it received permission from the Railroad Commission of the State of Florida to operate “interstate from the Georgia-Florida State line to Tallahassee via Hinson and Havana transporting passengers between Tallahassee and the Georgia-Florida line ultimate destination Columbus, Ga.” Interestingly, Claude Pepper, the later-to-be famous U.S. Senator and Congressman from Florida, was involved in this hearing. The company’s last listing in Russell’s Sectional Bus and Hotel Guide was in 1936. In 1937 S. H. Ader, owner and operator of Ader Coach Lines and Georgia Stages, Inc., bought the company’s certificates of operation.
J.F. BAKER AUTO LINE was running in 1924 out of Copperoplis, California. J.F. Baker was the owner/operator.
BAKER BUS LINE began operating in 1926 out of Chattanooga, Tennessee and ran to Atlanta, Georgia with its Studebaker auto-buses. It served Lafayette, Trion, Summerville, Rome, Cartersville and Marietta. One researcher believes that the company was purchased by Colonial Stages Company around 1929.
BAKER-HUNTINGTON STAGE ran from 48 miles from Baker to Huntington, Oregon in 1923.
BAKER-SPARTA STAGE was operating in 1923 from Baker to Sparta, Oregon over a 34-mile route.
BAKERSFIELD-BUTTONWILLOW AUTO STAGE LINE was running out of Union Depot in Bakersfield, California in 1922-1924. Owned and operated by Paul Derkum.
BAKERSFIELD-GLENVILLE STAGE LINE was operating in the mid 1920s out of Tulare County, California. Guy Ames was the registered contact.
BAKERSFIELD TRANSIT COMPANY “Prior to the mid-1950s, public transportation in Bakersfield was provided by a private company named the Bakersfield Transit Company (formerly the Bakersfield & Kern Electric Railway). However, yearly losses resulted in the city acquiring it in 1956, under the new name Bakersfield Transit Agency. The city made little investments in the system. Already suffering from deferred maintenance from the previous owner, the lack of investment resulted in the system sinking into further disrepair. Operating losses were also increasing. In 1973, voters approved a measure which established the Golden Empire Transit District [to] take over ownership and operation of the Bakersfield Transit Agency.“
BAKERSFIELD-WASCO-LOST HILLS STAGE LINE was running in 1922-1925 out of Bakersfield, California. It served Bakersfiled, Wasco and Lost Hills, California. P. Dal Porto was the owner/operator.
BALCER BROTHERS MOTOR COACH COMPANY / BALCER BROS. MOTOR COACH CO. was formed in Bay City, Michigan in 1921. The company was named for brothers Victor and Theodore Balcer. After the Michigan Railroad Company ceased streetcar operations in 1928, Balcer Bros. Motor Coach Co. filled the void by providing city wide bus operations. Its demise came about in 1959, as noted in the February 4, 1958 edition of the Battle Creek Enquirer from Battle Creek, Michigan: “BAY CITY This community of 70,000 today faced the possibility of no bus service after May 14. The Balcer Brothers Motor Coach Co., which operates a fleet of 36 buses, served notice to the City Commission last night that it will go out of business May 14. The reason given was steadily declining patronage and a 1957 net operating loss of $8,375. The company has lost money the past several years on the line and said its losses since 1947 totaled more than $152,000. Barney A. Balcer, general manager, said the company didn’t have the money to buy license plates to operate beyond May 14. He said that the loss of $8,375 was recorded last year despite a reduction of operating expenses of more than $40,000 from 1956 to 1957.” The end came a few months later, as noted in the September 20, 1959 edition of the Battle Creek Enquirer: “Bay City. Balcer Bros. Motor Coach Co., whose buses had operated here since 1921, pulled its vehicles off city streets in May, 1958, after rolling up a 10-year deficit of more than $152,000. Balcer had seen its passenger volume drop from a high of 7,350,000 in 1946 to just over one million in 1957, and it was going deeper in the red despite a series of fare increases. Commissioners went to the voters with a guaranteed subsidy plan. The voters overwhelmingly rejected it. Meanwhile, this city of 88,000 was without bus service of any kind.” The following year the company was succeeded by Hibblers Bay City Community Service.
BALTIMORE MOTOR COACH COMPANY. Private coach company that was running charter service in the 1930s-1940s from Baltimore, Maryland. The badge has two threaded posts.
BALTIMORE TRANSIT CO. W&S DEPT. The Baltimore Transit Company (BTCO) was a privately owned public transit operator that provided streetcar and bus service in Baltimore from 1935. The company was purchased in 1948 by National City Lines, with the last streetcar runs closed in 1963. Measures 4 ¼” x 1 ½”.
BALTIMORE TRANSIT COMPANY (BTCO) was a privately owned public transit operator that provided streetcar and bus service in Baltimore, Maryland from 1935 until 1970. In 1944 American City Lines, a holding company owned by the infamous National City Lines, gained control of BTCO and the streetcar system was gradually phased out in favor of buses—a process repeated in many places across the US and which is now known to history as the Great American Streetcar Scandal. The last streetcar ran in Baltimore in 1963. (For a detailed history of this company, see The Conversion of Baltimore’s Mass Transit System.) In 1970 BTCO was absorbed by what is now the Maryland Transit Administration. There are three badge examples known, which are shown here. The first example is a strreetcar badge with two mounting button holes on either end; it is made of nickel, or nickel-plated brass. The second example is made of brass with enamel coloring, measuring 3″ x 2 ¼” with a single threaded post and was made by BASTIAN BROS CO Rochester NY. (Note there are two variations of this badge. There is also an example made of celluloid / plastic with a pin back.) The third example is a newer design made of celluloid and/or plastic; with a pin back and measures 2″ x 2 ⅛”.
BAMBERGER TRANSPORTATION COMPANY This company’s history starts with Simon Bamberger, a German immigrant who settle in Salt Lake City. In 1891 Bamberger helped form the Great Salt Lake & Hot Springs Railway, which operated from Salt Lake City to Centerville, Bountiful, Farmington, Kaysville and Ogden, Utah. Simon Bamberger became Governor of Utah in 1916, and his son Julian became president of the railway company. On August 14, 1917 the company name was changed to the Bamberger Electric Railway. On October 6, 1926 the railway received its first bus certificate from the Utah Public Service Commission, and the Bamberger Transportation Co. was formed the following year as a subsidiary. Service was restricted over the ten miles between Salt Lake City and Centerville. Julian Bamberger sold the company to Dale Barrett, who was the general manager of Salt Lake City Lines, on July 3, 1953. Barrett changed the name to Lake Shore Motor Coach Lines, Inc. In 1954 it was running 15 buses over 76 route miles from Salt Lake City to Ogden. Currently the company runs charters out of Provo, Utah.
BANDINI AUTO BUS LINE was operating in 1924 in Bandini, California. It was owned and operated by G. W. Barnes.
BAPCHULE BUS LINE was a privately-owned bus company based in Chandler, Arizona in the 1950s. No further information.
BARKER & JOHNSON BUS LINE began operating a bus route from Whitwell to Pikeville, Tennessee in May 1925. The company sold the route on April 26, 1929 to G. K. Henard Bus Line for $7,000.
BARNARDSVILLE BUS LINE was owned/ operated by T.L. and O.M. Dillingham, which had been purchased from W.L. and P.P. Dillingham. The company was in business in the early 1940s in Barnardsville, North Carolina.
BARRY & HARRINGTON STAGE LINE was operating in the San Francisco Bay, California area in 1922.
BARTLETT BROTHERS BUS COMPANY was founded by William H. Bartlett and Ralph W. Bartlett in West Virginia in the 1920s. The company ran between Clarksburg and Grafton, West Virginia. In January 1928 one of their buses hit a bridge near Pruntytown, West Virginia, injuring passenger Viola Bailey. She was awarded damages for $17,500 in June 1930. In January 1929 the company’s permit to operate between Grafton and Fairmont was revoked.
BARTONVILLE BUS LINE In 1920 this company was granted a certificate of convenience and necessity for transporting passengers between Bartonville and the terminus of the line of the Peoria Railway Company, in Peoria, Illinois. In 1946 it served Bartonville, Peoria and Pekin, Illinois with 17 buses over 11 route miles. According to one source the company operated until 1951.
BATON ROUGE BUS COMPANY took over from the Baton Rouge Electric Co. in 1938 providing service to Baton Rouge, Louisiana. It continued until 1970. The currently service is provided by CAPITAL AREA TRANSIT SYSTEM.
BAY CITIES TRANSIT COMPANY (The following info is gleaned from the website of Santa Monica’s Big Blue Bus, the current public transit service in Santa Monica, California.) In the early 1900s, the Pacific Electric Railroad ran trolley lines between Downtown Los Angeles and neighboring cities. During a recession in 1914, a group of unemployed automobile owners began using their cars to compete with the railway in Santa Monica. These drivers charged riders five cents and were called “jitneys”, a common name at the time. In 1921, as the population of Santa Monica doubled, business boomed and the jitney drivers incorporated as Bay Cities Transit Company. H.M. Thompson was the president, J.E. Anderson was the secretary and general manager. In 1928, the City of Santa Monica launched its own bus line and over 16,000 passengers rode the new buses the first week. They chose a blue color scheme for their buses and called their service Santa Monica Municipal Bus Lines. By 1947, the regular bus rate was 10 cents, but costs kept rising and both the City of Santa Monica and the Bay Cities Transit lines were losing money. In 1950, Bay Cities Transit was bought out by Santa Monica Municipal Bus Lines, now commonly known as the Big Blue Bus. The agency’s name was officially changed to “Santa Monica’s Big Blue Bus” in 1999.
BAY CITIES TRANSPORTATION COMPANY was founded as a freight operation in 1920 in California. Within a year or so it was operating a bus service out of Ocean Park, California between Ocean Park and Venice and Santa Monica and to Sawtelle, where a National Soldiers’ Home was located.
BAY PARK-EAST ROCKAWAY BUS LINE was running in 1952 in Nassau County, New York serving East Rockaway, Bay Park, Hewlett Point, Hewlett and Lynbrook.
BAY RAPID TRANSIT COMPANY This company was founded in Monterey, California in 1922 by A.J. Mason and W.E. Spoon, who started with three Model T Ford buses. Their competition was Monterey-Carmel Bus Line, which had been running since 1918, and the Monterey & Pacific Grove Railway Company, which ran streetcars in Monterey. By running their buses parallel to the streetcar routes with a lower fare, Bay Rapid Transit seriously hurt Monterey & Pacific Grove Railway’s business; after a fire burned down the streetcar facilities, Monterey and Pacific Grove Railway ceased operating on December 5, 1923. In 1927, Bay Rapid Transit acquired the Monterey-Carmel Bus Line. In December 1930 W.E. Spoon died and one year later, on December 21, 1931, A.J. Mason and Carrie E. Spoon (the widow of W.E. Spoon), sold company to Joseph Miller. The selling price was $60,000. At that time the company was operating between Monterey and Pacific Grove and Carmel and Highland Inn via Carmel-by-the-Sea. By 1956 the company was running 15 buses over 67 route miles. The Bay Rapid Transit Company would continue operating the bus service until 1973. After that date the Monterey Peninsula Transit Joint Powers Agency took over operations and renamed the bus system Monterey Peninsula Transit. This new agency was governed by the cities of Monterey, Pacific Grove, Carmel, Del Rey Oaks and Seaside. When the city of Salinas joined the Joint Powers Agency in 1981, the name of the Agency was changed to the Monterey-Salinas Transit Joint Powers Agency. This body governs the current bus system, which is known as Monterey-Salinas Transit. This system serves a 280 square-mile area of Monterey County and Southern Santa Cruz County.
BAY SHORE STAGE COMPANY This company was operating in the late 1910s out of Oakland, California. In December 1918 the company was granted a certificate to operate a “passenger express and auto service” between Oakland and Martinez, California. In December 1919 the owner applied to the California Railroad Commission for a certificate to operate an “auto stage line” between Napa and Vallejo, California. (It was denied.) In 1920 the owner applied to the California Railroad Commission for a certificate of operation between Oakland and Martinez, California. (It was denied; since the company had already obtained such a certificate in 1918, this is confusing.) In March 1920 James B. Clark applied for approval of the Railroad Commission to transfer his operating permit to Bay Shore Stage Company, noting that he had recently purchased an interest in the company. In January 1921 the company transferred its operating permit for service between Oakland and Vallejo, via the Six-Minute Ferry, to the Western Motor Transport of Oakland, California. Presumably this was the end of Bay Shore Stage Company.
BEATTY’S FORD BUS COMPANY was operating out of Charlotte, North Carolina in 1943; it ran in Mecklenburg County on Beatty’s Ford Road and Highway 148.
BEAUMONT CITY LINES, INC. was owned by the infamous National City Lines, and succeeded Eastern Texas Electric Company in 1937, which ran streetcars in Beaumont, Texas. As was it’s habit, National City Lines killed off the streetcars and put buses into operation. (For more info on National City Lines, see the entry on this webpage.) In 1963 the Beaumont City Lines, Inc. operated 25 buses on 5 routes for 2,500 daily miles and averaged carrying 6,522 daily passengers. Beaumont City Lines ran until 1972 and was succeeded by Beaumont Transit System. The badge measures approx. 2 ½ x 2 ½” ; two threaded posts; made by Greenduck Co. Chicago.
BEAVER BUS LINES was founded in 1932 by Harry Henteleff. It first began as the St. Vital Bus Line operating a connector bus service from the end of the Winnipeg Electric Company streetcar line. In 1972, Beaver Bus Lines was sold to Winnipeg-based businessman John Fehr Sr. In the following years the company grew to include other bus properties such as Eagle Bus Lines, Fairway Coach Lines, Webb Bus Lines, Moose Jaw Coach Lines and Moose Mountain Bus Lines. Today, the company operates under two brands including Beaver Bus Lines in Winnipeg, Manitoba and Moose Mountain Bus Lines in Regina, Saskatchewan. Currently, it has 100 employees and 50 buses.
BEAVER VALLEY MOTOR COACH COMPANY / BEAVER VALLEY TRACTION COMPANY Beaver Valley Traction Company began operating in 1891 from New Brighton, Pennsylvania. On February 29, 1924 the company formed Beaver Valley Motor Coach Company as a subsidiary. This original service consisted of 2 feeder routes to the BVT rail lines. In 1933 BVT entered receivership in 1933 due to heavy ridership losses. On August 10, 1937 the remainder of the rail service for the BVT was abandoned and replaced by the BVMCCo buses. BVMCCo’s last day of operation was on January 12, 1979 and Port Authority Transit assumed operations of the Pittsburgh-Beaver Falls run on January 15, 1979. The badge is for Beaver Valley Traction Company and is made of brass; measures 1¾ ” x 1 ½ “; pin back.
BEDFORD CITY BUS CO. was granted a certificate to operate a local bus service in Bedford, Indiana in January 1929.
BEDFORD-MITCHELL MOTOR BUS CO. was an intercity company running between Bedford and Mitchell, Ind. in the mid-1920s, or thereabouts, and is mentioned in 1931.
BEECH-ASHEVILLE BUS LINE was operated by F.O. Edwards in the 1940s out of Weaverville, North Carolina. It ran along U.S. 19 between Beech and Weaverville and Asheville.
BEECH GROVE TRACTION COMPANY began operating trolleys in 1911 in Beech Grove, a suburb of Indianapolis, Indiana. In 1929 the company acquired the South Side Motor Coach Company, which was a competing bus operation. In 1937 the trolley line was discontinued.
BEECH GROVE TRANSIT COMPANY, INC. began in 1937 as the reorganized Beech Grove Traction Company. The company was sold to Indianapolis Railways and merged into the People’s Motor Coach Company in 1941.
BEEHIVE STAGES was operating in Idaho in the late 1920s. It operated a route between Pocatello-Montpelier and Pocatello-West Yellowstone. Its routes were sold to Gem State Transit Company in 1929.
NOTE: There are a number of transit companies that used the name “BEE LINE”. There was Bee Line Coach that operated out of Waco, Texas in the 1940s; Bee Line Transit Corporation in Danville, Illinois; Bee Line Transit, Inc. in Cedar Rapids, Iowa; and there are the companies listed below.
BEE LINE, INC. According to Wikepedia, “In August 9, 1921, the Orange Bus Line began service along Merrick Road from Freeport in Nassau County to Rosedale in Queens [New York] near the county border. On September 15, 1921, the route was extended west and north to the Jamaica business district. In 1922, Republic Motor Truck Company dealer Henry B. Carter sold two truck chassis fitted with bus bodies to the operators of the Orange Line. On February 13, 1922, the Orange Line ceased operations, and the buses reverted to Carter’s ownership. Carter’s new Bee-Line Bus Company operated its first bus, without a franchise, on February 19, between the Rosedale station and Jamaica. With only two buses, the route originally operated on half-hour headways. In addition to Jamaica-Rosedale service, on April 3, 1926, Bee-Line began operating service along Merrick Road between Jamaica and Freeport, Long Island, replacing the eastern portion of the Brooklyn-Freeport Line streetcar. Bee Line originally operated from 163rd Street and Jamaica Avenue in the Jamaica business district. On October 1, 1930, the Bee Line routes began terminating at the newly constructed Jamaica Union Bus Terminal near its former terminus.” The company operated bus routes in its own name, as well as serving as a holding company for several subsidiaries: Rockville Centre Bus Corp., (started 1927) Utilities Lines, Inc. (started 1926, under Bee Line since 1952), and Stage Coach Lines. The corporation was headquartered in Rockville Centre, Long Island, New York and was an intercity company that ran 74 buses and served Lynnbrook, Rockville Centre, Baldwin, Freeport, Elmont, Hampstead and Franklin Square, Long Island. (In 1933 it ran in Queens, New York City on Hillside Ave., Hollis, Jamaica-St. Albans-Cambria Heights, Merrick Road.) In 1973 all of its operations were taken over by the Metropolitan Suburban Bus Authority (operating as MTA Long Island Bus) in 1973. NOTE about the badge: I’m uncertain if the badge shown below is the correct badge for this company. I need more info. It is a die-pressed nickel-plated example with a single threaded post and a pin post. (My reason to place this badge here is that the design is identical to the badge of the Surface Transportation System and the Queens Transit Corporation, both in New York City.)
BEE LINE is a bus system serving Westchester County, New York. The system is owned by the county’s Department of Public Works and Transportation. It was founded on May 1, 1978, by the then Westchester County Department of Transportation to consolidate the bus system with thirteen private bus companies and has been given control over the buses, fare structure, routes, and services.
THE BEE LINE, INC. was not connected to the company of similar name operating out of Long Island, New York. (“The” was a part of the corporate name.) The Bee Line, Inc. was incorporated in 1952 in Keego Harbor, Michigan. In 1954 the company was running 10 buses over 220 route miles and served Pontiac, Keego Harbor, Orion, Oxford, Lansing, Walled Lake, Lapeer, Mayville, Caro, Plymouth and Ann Arbor, Michigan. In 1972 the company was running only 5 buses. There is no info after that year.
BELL & CANFIELD STAGE LINE was operating in 1924 in Lompoc, California. A.E. Canfield was the owner/operator. The company was still operating in 1929.
BELL & RECKARD STAGE LINE ran from Klamath Falls and served Chiloquin, Kirk and Ft. Klamath, Oregon in 1923.
BELLE ISLE AIRPORT BUS SERVICE I have no information on this company. I can find no mention of it on Newspapers.com, nor on the Internet. Let us know if you have info. The badge was made by HOOKFAST PROVIDENCE, R.I. and has two threaded posts. The bus design seems to date the badge to the 1950s or early 1960s.
BELVEDERE BUS & GARAGE Info on this company comes from the May 29, 1926 edition of the Sausalito News: “Deed—Bank of Sausalito to Wm. Barr and Ida, Douglas Duggan & Thorndyke, co-partners to Byron Haines. For the sum of $3,000. Personal property in Belvedere Bus and Garage business, located in Town of Belvedere, garage and transportation business.” Barr and Duggan ran a local bus line in Belvedere, California to the unincorporated City of Marin, California. The company was still running in 1929.
BELLEVILLE-ST. LOUIS COACH COMPANY In 1926 buses were substituted for street cars by the East St. Louis & Suburban Railway and in 1932 the East St. Louis and Interurban Railway discontinued service between Belleville and St. Louis largely because of competition from the Purple Swan Coach and Blue Goose Motor Coach Companies. The Belleville-St. Louis Coach Company was organized and began operations on August 30, 1933, succeeding the East St. Louis and Suburban Railway Company. In the coming years it absorbed the Purple Swan Coach and Blue Goose Coach companies and, in 1940, the St. Clair Company Bus Line, which was established in 1921 and had provided bus service throughout Southern Illinois. Belleville-St. Louis Coach Company was bought out by Bi-State Development in 1963. (NOTE: There is conflicting information regarding the acquisition of the Purple Swan Safety Coach Co. and the Blue Goose Motor Coach Company.)
BELLINGHAM TRANSIT took over bus service in Bellingham,Washington in 1961 from Saterlee Transit System. It ran until 1971 when it was taken over by Whatcom Transportation Authority. The badge measures about 1½”.
BELT LINE BUS COMPANY ran a bus service in 1931 in Chicago, Ill
BELVEDERE BUS & AUTO SERVICE F. M. Ballard and Jess Oliver, owner of this company, sold to William Barr the good will, business and franchise, etc. of the Belvedere Bus and garage at Belvedere on September 11, 1919. This is recorded in the October 1919 the Oakland Tribune recorded: “The transfer of F. M. Ballard to William Barr of his permit to operate an auto stage line between Tiburon and Belvedere [California] and intermediate points has been approved by the Railroad Commission. Ballard sold his business to Barr. He was operating under the name ‘Belvedere Bus and Auto Service’.” The bus company was operating through May 1926 in Belvedere, California. In May 1926 “William Barr, operating under the name of Belvedere Bus, has applied to the Railroad Commission for permission to sell, and Douglas Duggen for permission to purchase, a bus line operated between Belvedere, Tiburon, Alto, Tamalpais High school, and intermediate points, for the sum of $5,000.“
BELVEDERE GARDENS BUS LINES was operating in 1924 in Los Angeles, California. A. B. Dunphy was the owner/operator.
BEN HUR LINES was a bus company that ran in 1931 in Terre Haute, Ind.
BENSKIN BUS SERVICE was operating in the early 1950s in Wellborn, Kansas. It is not listed in the late 1940s-mid 1950 editions of MTD.
BEND-BURNS STAGE COMPANY ran a 208 mile route in 1923 from Bend to Burns, Oregon.
BEND-SILVERLAKE STAGE LINE was operating in 1923 from Bend to Silver Lake, Oregon over a 77-mile route.
THE BEREA BUS LINE COMPANY Lyle R. Slater and Henry W. Wilchek formed this company in 1920. It ran a city service in Berea, Ohio and served suburban Cleveland, Brook Park and West View, Ohio. By 1952 the company had one charter bus, two local buses, 15 line buses, and seven school buses. In 1956 it was operating 26 buses over 32.5 route miles. In 1968 the company sold its operations to the Cleveland Transit System for $400,000. Presumably, the below badge is from this company, although notably there is an “s” on the name “Line”. The badge has two threaded posts, and was made by HOOKFAST PROVIDENCE R.I.
BERKSHIRE MOTOR COACH LINES was an intercity company operating in the 1920s between Boston, Massachusetts and New York City on an inland route via Hartford. In the early 1930s, the company (along with the Victoria Coach Lines, Inc.) was bought out by the New England Transportation Company, Inc., which was subsidiary of New York, New Haven & Hartford Railroad Company. In 1937 The Greyhound Corporation formed the New England Greyhound Lines to take over three routes of the New England Transportation Company and its two subsidiaries – the Berkshire Motor Coach Lines and the Victoria Coach Lines – plus the Quaker Stages Company and the Old Colony Coach Lines, two independent unrelated firms. After the acquisition all these bus companies ceased to exist.
BERKSHIRE STREET RAILWAY was incorporated in 1901, and was owned by New York, New Haven & Hartford Railroad. By 1963 the company filed bankruptcy and was sold to Yellow Coach Lines. It features a single threaded post.
BERKSHIRE TRANSPORTATION COMPANY The founding of this company is mentioned in the October 1922 issue of Bus Transportation: “The Berkshire Transportation Company, of which William N. Birney is manager, began its motor bus service between Springfield and Worcester, Mass. on Aug 22. Two buses were put in operation at the start. These are Pierce-Arrow chassis fitted with steel bodies made by the Kuhlman Car Company, Cleveland, Ohio. Each has a seating capacity of twenty-five. Two other buses of the same size and type have been ordered for later delivery. Three round trips are made daily.”
BERWICK TRANSIT LINES was based in Nescopeck, Pennsylvania in the early 1920s. In 1922 it ran from Berwick to Shickshinny, PA.
BERWIND AUTO LINE operated passenger motor busses for hire between Trinidad and Vallorso, Colorado in 1927.
BESSEMER HILLSVILLE BUS CO. Incorporation Date 24th February 1949 State of Ohio. Badge has two threaded posts and made by Hookfast, Providence, R.I.
BESWICK-AGAR AUTO LINE was running in Beswick, California in 1924. H.H. Hessig was the owner/operator.
E.N. BETOURNE BUS LINE COMPANY The September 1922 edition of the National Taxicab and Motorbus Journal noted the founding of this company: “The E. N. Betourne Bus Line has recently been organized to operate motorbusses between Kankakee and points 15 to 20 miles distant along the Dixie Highway and other cities of that section of Illinois. Among the-promoters are Eugene N. Betourne, G. L. Betourne and Philip L. Boudreau.” According to the Chicago Transit & Railfan webpage, in 1932 the E. N. Betourne Bus Line “sold to Southern Limited, the only intercity bus company which would eventually be owned by National City Lines.”
BEVIANO CHARTERED SERVICE was founded by Felice Beviano in Linden, New Jersey in 1916. He stated the company started with a six-passenger open window car. The company was taken over by New Jersey Transit.
BI-STATE TRANSIT SYSTEM In 1963 all 15 public transportation providers in the St. Louis/East St. Louis area become part of publicly owned Bi-State Transit System. In 2003 – Bi-State Transit System was renamed Metro. Cloth embroidered badge.
BICKEL BUS LINES / BICKEL BUS LINE This company, or companies, go back to the 1940s and four brothers: Virgil, Lloyd, Nobel and Ben Bickel. They ran bus lines in Nebraska, Oklahoma and Kansas. The different companies appear to be independently owned. Bickel Bus Lines was operating out of Lincoln, Nebraska in 1944. It was owned by Lloyd L. Bickel of Kearney and served Kearney, Ord, Hazard, Ravenna, Rockville and Loup City. Bickel Bus Line (no “s” on “line”) ran out of Dodge City, Kansas in the early 1950s and was owned by Nobel C. Bickel. He operated an intercity company with 2 buses. Bickel Bus Lines ran out of Alva, Oklahoma and was owned by Ben W. and Edna M. Bickel. The company ran 6 buses as an intercity company, serving Alva, Medicine Lodge, Great Bend, Russell and Wichata, Kansas. It was still operating in the early 1960s. There was a Bickel Bus Lines operating out of Fort Collins, Colorado in 1981. (I’m not sure if this is connected to the above family.) The badge is made of nickel-plated brass and has two threaded posts.
BIG FOUR STAGE COMPANY was an intercity Washington state bus company that was running in the 1920s-1930s. The company was involved in a lawsuit, which stemmed from an accident outside of Olympia, Washington in October 1928. That accident also involved a bus from North Coast Lines. According to the judgement the company was owned by George L. Standring and his wife. The company was still operational in 1931.
BIG PINE & ZURICH AUTO STAGE LINE was running in 1924-1925 out of Big Pine, Inyo County, California. Owned and operated by Vernon G. Smith.
BIG RAPIDS-MT. PLEASANT BUS LINE was an intrastate bus line that ran in the 1930s in Michigan. There’s no further information on this company.
BIGI BUS LINES was founded by Ezio Bigi in ca. 1922. His service connected Bridgeville, PA with the end of the Pittsburgh Railways 42 Dormont car line. Acquired by the Port Authority Transit on March 11, 1964. (PAT is now the Port Authority of Allegheny County.)
BILOW BUS LINE was a bus operator in the borough of Queens in New York City in 1933 on Lincoln Avenue. The company was originally organized as Jamaica Bus Line. It operated the Q9 bus route before it was taken over by Green Bus Lines.
BBL BINAN BUS LINES TRANSPORT SYSTEM, INC. Biñan Bus Lines Transport System Inc., San Pedro, Philippines was located in the Province of Laguna, on the island of Luzon, about 21 miles south of Manila. The badge has two threaded posts.
BIRMINGHAM ELECTRIC COMPANY, incorporated in 1921, generated public electricity and operated streetcars and motor coaches as Birmingham’s public transit system. The Birmingham Railway, Light & Power Company had failed in 1918 amidst an inability to raise fares while facing new competition from automobiles and private jitneys. Lapses in service that winter prompted a public outcry and the company went into receivership. It re-emerged after winning concessions from the City of Birmingham, along with new segregated seating requirements. On March 31, 1921 the system was sold to the newly-organized Birmingham Electric Company. In 1946 the company was operating over 94 route miles with 99 1-man streetcars and 86 2-man streetcars. The company continued operating until June 30, 1951 when it became Birmingham Transit Company.
BIRMINGHAM RAILWAY LIGHT & POWER COMPANY operated streetcar lines and distributed natural gas and electricity to customers in Birmingham. Nat Baxter Jr, president of the Tennessee Coal, Iron & Railroad Company, assumed control of the Birmingham Railway & Electric Company from a group of other Nashville-based investors and began planning to fold it into a single utility company for the city. He arranged with shareholders of the Consolidated Electric Light Company and the Birmingham Gas Company to become part of the newly-incorporated Birmingham Railway, Light & Power Company, which was incorporated on February 23, 1898. The first transit consolidation took effect on November 5, 1900, with the electric and gas companies officially acquired on June 13, 1901. On March 31, 1921 the Birmingham Railway, Light & Power Company was sold to a newly-organized reincarnation of the Birmingham Electric Company.
BIRMINGHAM BUS COMPANY was formed in 1929 and ran a route between Birmingham and Tuscaloosa, Alabama. The next year the company was bought out by Consolidated Coach Corporation, which, in 1936, became Southeastern Greyhound Lines.
BIRMINGHAM TRANSIT COMPANY On June 30, 1951 Birmingham Electric Company, which was running streetcars, trolleybuses and buses, in Birmingham, Alabama, became the Birmingham Transit Company (the company retained the same management and employees). In 1953 the company discontinued running streetcars and trolleybuses in 1958. Birmingham Transit Company was taken over by American Transit Corporation in 1964, which operated the system until 1972 while retaining the name Birmingham Transit Company. In 1972, the Birmingham-Jefferson County Transit Authority took over public transit operations.
BISHOP MONO LAKE AUTO STAGE LINE was running out of Bishop, California in 1923-1924. It served Mammoth Camp (now Mammoth, California in Mono County). In 1923 the line charged $7.50 for the trip, which took four hours. The owners/operators were George Wilkins and L. B. Larsen.
M.S. BITTENCOURT STAGE LINE was operating in the San Francisco Bay, California area in 1922.
BLACK DIAMOND STAGES, INC. was formed in 1929. It ran buses to Ross, Melbourne, Silver Grove, Brent, Ft. Thomas and Cold Springs, Kentucky. It began operating in Cincinnati, Ohio in 1930 and was bought out by The Green Line (Cincinnati, Newport & Covington Railway) on February 14, 1940. February 1, 1959 edition of The Cincinnati Enquirer from Cincinnati, Ohio: “20 YEARS AGO In Cincinnati: A dispatch from Washington announced that the Interstate Commerce Commission had approved the Cincinnati, Newport and Covington Railway to acquire the Black Diamond Stages, Inc., Ft. Thomas, Ky., and the Dixie Traction Co., Erlanger Ky. The railway, popularly known as the Green Line operated streetcar and bus lines between Cincinnati and Northern Kentucky.”
BLACKHAWK LINE, INC. began operations in 1932-1933 offering interstate service between New York City and Boston, Massachusetts. From 1936 on the company ran a yearly deficit until December 1940 when its financial condition made the company’s collapse imminent. One of its most pressing obligations was back taxes owed to the State of Connecticut. Blackhawk made its last trip on February 5, 1941. That same year the company’s routes were sold to Quaker City Bus Company for the sum of $7,000. However, the Interstate Commerce Commission denied the transfer of Blackhawk’s routes on what amounted to a technicality. Quaker City Bus Company filed an appeal on January 14, 1942 and the ICC reopened the case. On October 13, 1942 they ruled in favor of the transfer of certificates. In 1957-1958 Quaker City Bus Company began coordinating its service with Safeway Trailways; by the end of 1958 Safeway Trailways had acquired the Quaker City Bus Co.
BLACK HAWK MOTOR TRANSIT COMPANY, INC. According to one source, this company was incorporated in 1924 in Illinois. It was an interstate company running out of Peoria, Illinois and in 1939 was serving Davenport, Iowa, Rock Island, Molene, Kewanee, Springfield, St. Louis, Galesburg, Monmouth, Burlington, Quincy, Bloomington, Champagne, Danville, Decatur, Illinois and Indianapolis, Indiana. The April 23, 1947 edition of the Freeport Journal-Standard from Freeport, Illinois, carried a story of the company’s acquisition by Greyhound: “Greyhound Acquires Black Hawk Transit Company Of Peoria The Black Hawk Motor Transit Co., of Peoria, Ill., serving major industrial and agricultural communities In Illinois and eastern Iowa, has been acquired by Illinois Greyhound Lines, Inc., it was announced today by L. R. Higgs, general traffic manager of the Greyhound company, and already has taken over actual operation of the system. The Black Hawk network includes 669 route miles, served by a fleet of 23 buses which Greyhound also acquired. The Black Hawk system includes these divisions: Freeport-Peorla; Davenport, Ia,Peoria via Kewanee; Davenport-Peoria via Qalesburg; Davenport-Springfield via Canton; Peoria-Springfield; Springfield-Champaign and Clinton-Havana, Ill. Greyhound plans to integrate services of its expanded operations with other Greyhound affiliates. . . . The acquisition of Black Hawk Transit increases Illinois Greyhound operations to 1,732 route miles.”
BLAIR’S GAP BUS LINE According to a mention in a 1946 Rotary Club history of Kingsport, Tennessee, Blair’s Gap Bus Line “began operations in 1939, operates 4 buses, employs 7 people and carries approximately 12,000 passengers monthly, running its buses to Stanley Valley and Plum Grove, Virginia.” I can find no further information on this company.
BLAIRSDEN STAGE COMPANY was operating in the mid 1920s out of Blairsden, California. Green and Green were the owners.
BLANCHESTER-CINCINNATI BUS LINE, was running in 1928 in Cincinnati, Ohio serving Walnut Hills, Hyde Park, Oakley, Madisonville, Mariemont, Plainville, Tower HIU, Terrace Park. Milford, Mulberry, Mt. Repose, Goshen, McKlndree Chapel, Wesley Chapel and Blanchester.
BLODGETT’S SIGHTSEEING TOURS was operating in the mid 1920s out of the Green Hotel in Pasadena, California. H.E. Blodgett was the owner/operator.
BLOOMINGDALE BUS LINE According to a 1946 Kingston, Tennessee Rotary Club publication, began operations in 1936, running six buses serving the environs of the city along the Bloomingdale Road. No further information.
BLOOMINGTON BUS CO. This company was founded by George Knapp in the early 1950s. It served the suburbs of Bloomington and Richfield, south of Minneapolis, Minnesota running 9 buses over 32 route miles. In 1975 it was acquired by Metropolitan Transit Commission (MTC), which is now Metro Transit. The badge is die-pressed, measures approx. 2¾” x 2¾” and has one threaded post.
BLOOMINGTON-GREENVILLE BUS ran a bus line in 1931 in Bloomington, Ind.
BLOOMINGTON-NORMAL CITY LINES ran in the metro area of Bloomington, Illinois, which also includes the city of Normal, Illinois. Part of the National City Lines, it succeeded the Illinois Power & Light Company (running from 1923 until 1936), and ran from 1936 until 1972. (National City Lines sold its interests in 1966.) The company was succeeded by the Bloomington-Normal Public Transit System.
BLUE BIRD COACH LINES began as the Blue Bird Taxicab Company, founded in Olean, New York by Joseph Magnano. In 1963, Blue Bird entered into regular intercity bus service, acquiring from Central Greyhound Lines of New York a line run service from Buffalo to Olean by way of East Aurora; a line run from Buffalo to Bradford by way of Hamburg and Salamanca; and and an Olean to Salamanca route by way of Bradford. In 1973, Blue Bird acquired Seaway Coach Lines, adding service between Erie and Scranton, including points in between the two terminals. In 1991, Blue Bird exited the line run business, with an exception of their Buffalo to Olean line run. Service from Olean to Jamestown was acquired by startup operator Imperial Coach Lines, to become later, Empire Transit Lines. Empire Transit Lines later was purchased and merged into the Coach USA network and became part of Coach USA-Erie. In 1994, the Buffalo to Olean line run went the same way, and was merged into Coach USA-Erie, at the same time as Niagara Scenic Bus Line‘s Buffalo to Jamestown line run. The badge on the left appears to be the newer of the two shown here and has two threaded posts. The badge on the right has two threaded posts.
BLUE BUS LINE In September 1922 this company operated a motorbus line between Gary and Chicago under the name of Illiana Transportation Company.
BLUE COACH COMPANY / BLUE COACH LINES was operating in the 1920s between Cincinnati, Ohio and Lexington, Kentucky. In 1929 it was merged into the newly-formed Mason & Dixon Transit, Inc., which took over several other bus companies in southern Ohio and northern Kentucky. The company continued operating under its own name. There’s not much on the Net about the company; it’s mentioned in a few court cases, and in a 1928-29 Covington, Kentucky city directory as being located at 16 Eash 6th Street, F. W. Dempsey general manager.
BLUE GOOSE LINES, INC. was one of the many companies that figure in The Greyhound Corporation’s pedigree. To make the connection, let’s first meet Ralph A.L. Bogan, one of the three original owners of the Mesaba Transportation Company, which was formed on December 17, 1915 and which would one day evolved into The Greyhound Corporation. On January 6, 1923 the Janesville Daily Gazette (from Janesville, Wisconsin) reported that Bogan, along with partner Swan Sundstrom, had bought one of Fageol Motors big buses for his Gray Motor Stage Line, which was operating in Wisconsin:
“Gray Motor Stage Line Adds $9,000 Bus Attractive Car, Well-Equipped, Makes First Run to Watertown. Because of constantly increasing business, the Gray Motor Stage Lines have added a new bus, which arrived from Oakland, Cal., Wednesday and has been put into operation, on the motor route between Janesville and Watertown, making three trips a day. The bus is designed for comfort, safety, and is attractive in appearance. Costing $8,000 at the Oakland factory of Fageol-Scott-Motors Company, and $9.000 by the time it reached here, the bus is an immense and beautiful car with a wheel-base of 218 inches and a 70-inch axle length. It has capacity for 23 people and is outfitted with leather seats, each holding four people. The interior is upholstered in brown leather, has electric lights and a heater, which, with the heavy springs, give the comfort of a railroad car. It is equipped with plate glass windows. The outside is done in light blue, with a streak of white about the body. The center of gravity is so low that it is said the bus can make a right angle corner, loaded, at 45 miles per hour, with safety. . . . The new bus has been christened the ‘Blue Goose’. It made its first run Thursday night. Others similar will be added to the line later, Swan Sundstrom, one of the partners says.”
So, Ralph Bogan used the service name “Blue Goose” as early as 1923 for his Gray Motor Stage Line.
Next, let’s meet Dr. D. B. Rushing. In his Bluehounds and Redhounds the History of Greyhound and Trailways, Dr. Rushing makes the Greyhound connection by first mentioning the Detroit United Railway Company (DURC), which formed a highway-coach subsidiary, People’s Motor Coach Company (PMC), in 1924: “During the following years the PMC Company developed an extensive bus system, mostly by the acquisition of existing smaller companies, operating along both suburban and intercity routes.” On September 17, 1928 the DURC, which filed bankruptcy and reorganized as Eastern Michigan Railways, incorporated Eastern Michigan Motorbuses, Inc. to replace the People’s Motor Coach Co. and to take over all its bus companies.
That fact is significant because back in 1924 the Detroit United Railway Company had purchased another of Ralph Bogan’s bus companies—the Detroit-Toledo Transportation Company, which, according to Dr. Rushing, had also used the “brand name, trade name, or service name of the Blue Goose Lines.” Eventually the DURC used both the name Blue Goose Lines and image of Bogan’s blue goose for its entire intercity bus system, which was controlled by the People’s Motor Coach Company, whose name was changed in 1928 to Eastern Michigan Motorbuses, Inc. (EMM). From that time on whenever one encountered the name “Eastern Michigan Motorbuses”, they saw “Blue Goose Lines” beside it!
In 1931 the Eastern Michigan Railways went into its second and final bankruptcy and reorganization. Dr. Rushing writes: “[In] 1938 The Greyhound Corporation, the umbrella Greyhound firm, bought a controlling (majority) interest in the Eastern Michigan Motorbuses under the supervision of the receivers and the court in bankruptcy. However, the federal Interstate Commerce Commission (ICC) did not at first allow Greyhound to control the EMM or to merge it into Greyhound, not until 1941, after a change in the membership (the commissioners) of the ICC. Because of the large size of the Eastern Michigan Motorbuses, its route network, and its operations, The Greyhound Corporation created a new subsidiary, named as the Great Lakes Greyhound Lines, which in 1941 took over the EMM. Thus began the Great Lakes Greyhound Lines.”
As to a badge, apparently the company used only embroidered cloth badges on their hats and uniforms.
BLUE GOOSE MOTOR COACH COMPANY, INC. was incorporated in 1925. It was acquired by the East St. Louis & Suburban Company and operated as a subsidiary in East St. Louis, Illinois. The company acquired the Red Line Motor Company in 1925 and the Herzog Motor Bus Transportation Corporation in 1927. “1932 – East St. Louis & Suburban Railway Co. discontinues remaining electric railway service, local streetcar service in East St. Louis and Belleville, and interurban service from St. Louis to Belleville and to Collinsville. Local buses serving East St. Louis and Belleville would be operated by subsidiary Blue Goose Motor Coach Co., while buses between St. Louis and Collinsville would be operated by newly formed Vandalia Bus Lines.” The following year it was replaced by Belleville-St. Louis Coach Company. (Info from: Images of America Belleville 1914 and Beyond. Belleville, Judith A., deV. Brunkow, Robert, PhD, Arndt. Charleston, South Carolina: Arcadia Publishing, 2013, and from Chicago Transit & Railfan.)
BLUE GRAY LINES A Puyallup, Washington bus company, that had the contract with the Puyallup School district to supply school transport for South Hill high school students. The Blue-Gray Lines had purchased four of the unique old Pickwick buses, two NiteCoaches and two Duplex models. In addition to getting wartime workers to and from Tacoma, these buses served the South Hill high school students to and from Puyallup High School. The badge was made by P.C. STAMP WORKS Seattle, Washington; convex shaped, it has three threaded posts; measures approx. 2 ¼” diameter.
BLUE & GRAY TRANSIT COMPANY was formed in May 1927 by Arthur Hill in Charleston, West Virginia, essentially as a holding company to buy out his own Midland Trail Transit Company and other concerns. It ran in West Virginia, Virginia, Ohio and Pennsylvania. In 1929 the company merged with Camel City Coach Company of Winston-Salem, North Carolina under the newly formed National Highway Transport Company, which was the creation of Arthur Hill and Camel City Coach Company’s owner, John Gilmer. By 1931 the National Highway Transport had ties with Greyhound and that year started using their logo and the name Atlantic Greyhound Lines.
BLUE LINE BUS COMPANY There are several bus companies that used this name. The oldest is a notice in a Frederick, Maryland newspaper for November 15, 1916 that simply mentions “Blue Line Bus Company.” Next is a group of photos from the Washington State Historical Society that date from the 1920s. This Blue Line Bus Company seems to be an intercity concern. Next is a December 7, 1938 mention of the “Blue Line Bus Co.” from British Columbia, which tells that the company will take a group of children on a ride in their new bus. And last is a Blue Line Bus Company running in Washington, D.C. in the 1970s through the 1990s.
THE BLUE LINE was owned by Martin K. Pajer and was an intercity operation based in Springfield, Massachusetts. It served Willimatic, Norwich, New London, Somers, Massachusetts and Stafford Springs, Connecticut. It ran 5 buses over 140 route miles in 1956. The badges shown below may or may not be from this company, since the word “The” is missing from the company title. The badge has two threaded posts. (Notice the different colored buses!)
THE BLUE LINE, INC. was founded by Alvin E. and William J. Irish as an intercity bus company based in Auburn, Maine. It was operating in the mid 1940s. By the mid 1950s it was located in Lewiston, Maine and served Lewiston, Auburn, Turner, Livermore, Canton, Dixfield, Rumford, Livermore Falls, Wilton and Farmington, Maine. In 1956 the company ran 10 buses over 140 route miles. I’m not sure if the below badge is the same company, since the word “The” is missing from the company title. The badge measures 2½”, is die pressed nickel-plated brass, has a single threaded post and a pin post.
BLUE LINE STAGES ran in 1927 in Boise, Idaho.
BLUE LINE STAGES, INC. operated passenger service in 1928 between Denver, Colorado and the state lines—Colorado and Wyoming and Colorado and Nebraska. A company with the same name operated in Boise, Idaho in 1928.
BLUE MOTOR COACH LINES ran routes in Illinois in the 1920s and 1930s. It became Santa Fe Trail Transportation, a bus subsidiary of the Santa Fe Railway.
BLUE MOUNTAIN STAGE COMPANY ran a 73 mile route from Canyon Sity to Burns, Oregon in 1923.
BLUE MOUNTAIN TRANSPORTATION COMPANY was an interstate company operating a bus line from Pendleton, Oregon to Lewiston, Idaho by way of Walla Walla, Washington in the late 1920s. In April 1929 the company was purchased by Union Pacific Railroad and was operated by their subsidiary, Union Pacfic Stages, Inc.
BLUE NOSE-HAPPY CAMP AUTO LINE was owned by David Drake and was operating in 1924 in Somes Bar, Siskiyou County, California.
BLUE RIBBON BUS LINE COMPANY / CORPORATION was operating between Ashland and Greenup, Kentucky in the late 1920s. The company was mentioned in a 1928 court case involving the Cannon Ball Transportation Company and Red Diamond Bus Line Company. It was headquartered in Ashland in 1946 and ran 50 buses over 212 route miles. It was owned and manager C.E. Fannin. In 1954 the company was incorporated as Blue Ribbon Bus Line Corporation and operated city bus service in both Ashland, Ky. and Ironton, Ohio and an intercity/interstate operations servicing Ironton, Portsmouth, Cincinnati, Ohio; Cattlettsburg, Ashland, Vanceburg, Maysville, Brooksville, Greenup, Germantown, Ft. Thomas, Alexandria, Covington and Newport, Kentucky. The company was running 50 buses over 387 route miles.
BLUE RIDGE LINES / BLUE RIDGE TRANSPORTATION COMPANY When the Blue Ridge Lines was bought out by The Greyhound Corporation back in 1955, a newspaper article dated August 12, from Frederick, Maryland provided some historical background: “William C. Hann, the largest operator of the local bus companies, was absorbed by the Blue Ridge Transportation Company in November 1923. Mr. Hann was hired as superintendent, and later manager of transportation for the Eastern Division. It was in 1923 that the predecessor to the present day Potomac Edison Company instituted the Blue Ridge Transportation Company to supplement its trolley service. Extended service to Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania in 1926; P.E. Company’s parent organization acquired the operations of White Star Lines, Inc. During 1930 the Company split its bus operations into two—the Eastern and Western divisions. Headquarters for Eastern were at Hagerstown, and Western division headquarters were in Pittsburgh, and later transferred to Washington, Pa. This move, together with expanding demand, necessitated coordination of operations resulting in the formation of Blue Ridge Lines in 1931. This organization brought all the bus operations under one system and formed six smaller companies into three groups: Penn Bus Company, White Star Lines, Inc. and Blue Ridge Transportation Company—all operating under the one name of Blue Ridge Lines.“
In 1922 Hagerstown & Frederick Railway became the Potomac Public Service Company (PPSC). The following year, the PPSC absorbed the Cumberland utility known as the Potomac Edison Company (PEC), which included the Cumberland & Westernport Electric Railway, and applied its name to the entire operation. In 1923 the Blue Ridge Lines, which had been created by Potomac Public Service Company that year to supplement its trolley service, was used by Potomac Edison Company to provide vital bus services over railroad routes that were no longer profitable. It ran from New York to Ohio, and South to Georgia and Florida. In 1931 PEC put together a consortium comprising the Blue Ridge Transportation Company, a corporation, White Star Lines, Inc., and Penn Bus Company, a corporation, using the trade name of, “Blue Ridge Lines” (also known as the Blue Ridge System). The back of a 1936 post card, which was postmarked Canton, Ohio and featured a Blue Ridge Lines bus, read: “Blue Ridge Lines a wide spread of territory between Cleveland, Ohio, Baltimore, Md., and Washington, D.C.” Here’s a list of some of the drivers employed by the company between 1947-1949: Louis G. Renner, Oliver E. Murphy, Richard J. West, Charles E. Miller, Jacob A. Armacost (see his memorial on our Memorial page), G. E. Cunningham, Leo E. Riffle, Charles A. Crawford, Irvin E. Byers, Walker N Jolliffe, Jr., Donald S. Thompson, Ralph E. Schroeder, Galen E. Smith and Harry R. Harp.
In 1955 the Blue Ridge Lines was located at 55 E. Washington St., Hagerstown, Maryland. It ran 134 buses over 1308 route miles and served Cleveland and Steubensville, Ohio; Pittsburgh, Washington, Uniontown and Harrisburger, PA; Morgantown and Clarksburg, W.V.; Cumberland, Hagerstown, Frederick and Baltimore, MD; Washington, D.C.; Winchester, VA; R. Paul Smith was president and A. F. McDonald, vice president & general manager. (Most of the company officers also served on the boards of the Potomac Edision Company, the Blue Ridge Transportation Company, the Penn Bus Company and White Star Lines, Inc. Moreover, these companies all shared the same physical address in Hagerstown, Maryland.)
The Blue Ridge Lines ran until 1955 when the company was acquired by The Greyhound Corporation. Most of the company’s drivers were absorbed by Greyhound without any loss of seniority or pension. (NOTE: this company was not affiliated with Blue Ridge Lines, Ltd, which was a member of Trailways. See Potomac Edison Company for an example of their badge.) The badge has a mirror finish, measures 2″ x 1¾”, was made by WHITEHEAD–HOAG CO. NEWARK N.J. and his two threaded posts. The second badge is a company safety service badge, made of brass, has a pin fastener and measures 1¼” x 1″. (This safety badge is unusual because of its fairly large size. The threaded post and nut are there to hold on the interchangeable year button.)
BLUE RIDGE TRAIL BUS LINE COMPANY was operating in the mid 1920s out of Asheville, North Carolina. It ran between Asheville to Charlotte, via Rutherfordton, Highway No. 20; Hendersonville to Bat Cave, Highway No. 28.
BLUE SAFETY COACH COMPANY ran a bus line in 1931 in Indiana Harbor, Indiana.
BLUE STAR BUS LINE was operating in the mid 1920s out of Greensboro to Charlotte, North Carolina. Marvin Farlow was the owner and lived in High Point, N. C
BLUE STAR COMPANY was a passenger bus service running in Washington State in the early 1920s. It sold out to Wolverton Auto Bus Company in March 1924.
BLUE WAY TRANSIT LINES, INC. / BLUE WAY LINES, INC. / BLUE WAY TRAILWAYS, INC. / TRAILWAYS OF NEW ENGLAND Blue Way Transit Lines, Inc. (also doing business as Blue Way Lines, Inc. and Blue Way Operators, Inc.) operated out of Boston, Massachusetts. Being registered as a business in Massachusetts on June 15, 1932, it operated between New York and Boston and between New York and various central Connecticut and Massachusetts points. Vito Rizzuto was the company president. (Note: CHICAGO TRANSIT & RAILFAN gives the company’s incorporation year as 1922; the above date came from the State of Massachusetts.) The company joined the National Trailways Bus System in 1936 as Blue Way Trailways. On November 22, 1939 the company merged Blue Way Trailways, Inc. and Blue Way Transit Lines, Inc. It was renamed in 1941 as Trailways of New England. In 1957 it was sold to Transcontinental Bus System / Continental Trailways. In 1985 Peter Pan Bus Lines bought Trailways of New England and absorbed its routes into its own system.
BLUE & WHITE BUS COMPANY, INC. was incorporated by Frank Gordon in 1922. Its original route was Bohemia to Ronkonkoma, New York. By 1924 the company was serving Sayville and Patchogue. In March 1924 Gordon purchased the garage on North Main Street in Sayville from which he had been operating his bus company: price was $10,000. In July 1926 Gordon bought out rival bus company, A. S. Still & Son Auto Bus Line. The fate of the company is found in a history of Sayville, Long Island, New York: “In March 1929, B&W stockholders voted to dispose of shares and equipment and its operation was taken over by William L. Mantha as Trustee . . . In November 1929, Bee Line Company of Rockville Center out bid two other bus companies and purchased assets of B&W, at auction in Riverhead for $ 10,000; it planned to have them operated by its subsidiary, Utility Lines.”
BLUE & WHITE LINE, INC. / PENNSYLVANIA TRAILWAYS There’s almost no information on this company on the Net. According to Chicago Transit & Railfan, it was part of the Blue & White Lines of Virginia, and was a member of the National Trailways Bus System from 1949 until 1951. I can find no records in Virginia mentioning a Blue & White Lines doing business. According to West Virginia state records, the Blue & White Lines was registered in there on September 13, 1945 with its offices in Pennsylvania. The 1954 MTD lists the Blue & White Line, Inc. headquartered in Altoona, Pennsylvania in the P.R.R. building with 35 buses running 673 route miles and serving portions of Pennsylvania and Maryland. The 1953 Russell’s Guide adds Buffalo, New York on the list of destinations. It is not listed in the 1957 MTD.
R. W. BOEHLKE BUS LINE ran an intercity bus operation in 1925 in Minnesota. The owner was R.W. Boehlke, who started with two buses running parallel to the line of the “Omaha railroad from Eau Claire to Black River Falls, and between Black River Falls and Sparta; the bus line goes over the direct highway, while the rail line goes around via Wyeville, and in order to reach Black River Falls and points north on this line from Sparta by rail, it is necessary to change at Wyeville, and likewise, in order to reach Sparta from such points.” The company was still in business in 1927.
BOISE-WINNEMUCCA STAGES became an Idaho Corporation in 1939. Its subsidiary, Northwestern Stage Lines incorporated in Idaho in 1946. It is primarily a family owned business with its roots in Boise, Idaho. The company owns twenty-eight buses. Of the twenty-eight, ten operate under the Boise-Winnemucca name, and nineteen operate under the name of Northwestern Stage Lines, which also does business as Northwestern Trailways. Daily route service is between:Boise and Spokane via Lewiston; Spokane and Seattle/Tacoma via Wenatchee Omak and Ellensburg. There are two different badges, an older badge with an old style bus, and a newer example with a newer bus. They both measures about 2½” and have two threaded posts. No maker’s mark.
BOLT HIGHWAY-WOLF LAKE TRANSIT COMPANY was in operation in the 1930s in Michigan. It connected Muskegon with Bolt Highway, Wolf Lake and Muskego, Michigan. It was around in July 1951 when it ordered a GMC bus. There is no mention of the company in the 1946 nor 1954 editions of the MTD.
THE BOND HILL AUTO SERVICE COMPANY ran buses in Cincinnati, Ohio offering a freight and passenger service between Cincinnati and Bond Hill. The incorporators were Jacob Glos, John F. Ahlers, Joseph H. Arlinghouse, Arthur Pohlman and W. E. Earls. It started business in Sept. 1912 and was defunct in April 1918.
BOOTH TRANSPORTATION LINE is listed as a bus company serving Sault Ste. Marie, Michigan in the WPA Guide to Michigan. It was around in the 1930s, but isn’t listed in the 1946 MTD, nor is there any mention of it on the Net.
BORDELON LINES, INC. / BORDELON TRAILWAYS began operating in 1934 and was headquartered at 1314 Tulane Avenue in New Orleans, Louisiana. Bordelon’s main route ran west to Baton Rouge and Alexandria. In 1945 the company was merged with Interurban Transportation Co./Interurban Trailways, based in Alexandria, and Tri-State Transit Co./Tri-State Trailways, based in Shreveport, Louisiana. The new firm was named Southern Bus Lines and used the brand name of Southern Trailways and was headed by Morgan W. Walker: “In 1949 the Transcontinental Bus System (using the brand name, trade name, or service name of the Continental Trailways) bought the relatively new (recently consolidated) Southern Bus Lines (the Southern Trailways) and renamed it as the Continental Southern Lines.” (Info from Dr. D. B. “Doc” Rushing’s Bluehounds and Redhounds the History of Greyhound and Trailways.)
BORNSCHEUER BUS COMPANY Chester Bornscheuer started a bus route along Oak Street with service between Amityville and Babylon. He started with just one bus, which he drove himself. The company was taken over by Suffolk County Transit (New York on Long Island), which began as the consolidation of numerous private bus companies. (These included the Bornscheuer Bus Company which served Amityville, Copiague, Lindenhurst, West Babylon, and Babylon.)
BORTNER BUS COMPANY, a charter/tour bus company in Sharpsville, Pennsylvania was founded in 1944 by Paul and Gertrude Bortner. Later the founders’ son, Ed Bortner added school buses, which he based in Farmingdale, N.J. In 1997 Ed Bortner sold the company to Global Passenger Services LLC.
BOSSIER-SHREVEPORT TRANSPORTATION COMPANY connected Shreveport with Bossier City, Barksdale Air Force Base. It was running in the early 1950s and the late 1960s. More info needed.
BOSTON ELEVATED RAILWAY (BERy) was founded in 1894 as a streetcar and rapid transit railroad operated on, above, and below, the streets of Boston, Massachusetts and surrounding communities. In 1897 the company acquired the West End Street Railway and merged it into its own operations. On April 11, 1936 the company began running its first trackless trolley routes; buses were soon added. In 1947 the company was succeeded by the state-run Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority (MBTA). (Info from Wikipedia article “Boston Elevated Railway.)
BOSTON & MAINE TRANSPORTATION COMPANY, INC. / B. & M, TRANS. CO. The Boston and Maine Railroad was chartered in New Hampshire on June 27, 1835, “with intentions of linking its namesake city with Portland, Maine. . . Nearly two years later it merged with the Maine, New Hampshire & Massachusetts and Boston & Portland on January 1, 1842 while retaining the Boston & Maine name.” (American-Rails.com) Like many railroads, the B. & M. began operating its own bus line as a subsidiary to compensate for loss of passenger revenue. The Boston & Maine Transportation Company was incorporated on November 15, 1924 in Boston, Massachusetts. By 1933 the company was headquartered in Portsmouth, New Hampshire, and operated almost 2½ million miles with 83 coaches. The company served Portsmouth City Lines, York Beach, Boston-Portland, Concord-Newport, Boston-Concord, Franklin-Bristol, Wakefield-Lynnfield, Dover-Durham, Exeter-Hamton, Nashua-Wilton, Northhampton-Battleboro, Lowell-Worcester, Boston-Keene, Concord City Lines, Gardner-Greenfield, Winchendon-Peterboro, Troy-Bennington and Boston-Albany. In 1946 the company was operating out of Boston and ran 122 buses. According to one source, the company joined National Trailways Bus System in 1952 and remained until 1957 when it was sold to Transcontinental Bus System / Continental Trailways. The Boston & Maine Transportation Company, Inc. was dissolved on January 10, 1979. The badge measures 1 ½” x 1 ⅜”, is made of plated brass, with a pin and locking swivel catch and is marked “S.M. SPENCER MFG. CO. & CORNHILL BOSTON MASS.”
BOSTON & WORCESTER STREET RAILWAY / BOSTON & WORCESTER & NEW YORK STREET RAILWAY / B & W LINES / THE B + W LINES The Boston & Worcester Street Railway was founded in 1903 as a subsidiary of Boston & Worcester Electric Companies, headquartered in Boston, Massachusetts, and ran between Boston and Worcester, Massachusetts. In 1924 William M. Butler was the president. In 1927 it was reorganized as the Boston & Worcester & New York Street Railway. The company began supplementing their service with buses in 1925. Buses replaced streetcars in Framington in 1925. Buses replaced streetcars in Worcester in 1945. The company’s buses were named The B & W Lines / B + W Lines. In 1956 the company ran 55 buses over 130 route miles. In 1963 the company was succeeded by the Boston-Worcester Corporation. According to CHICAGO TRANSIT & RAILFAN the company was part of the National Trailways Bus System in 1936, which was the first year of operation. I have found no information on this. There are two known badges. The first badge is plated metal and measures 1 ⅞” x 1 ¾”. The second badge is metal with two threaded posts, and has red enamel on the bottom half of the badge.
BOULDER CREEK STAGE LINE operated out of Santa Cruz, California in the 1910s and early 1920s. According to one source it succeeded the old horse-drawn stage line running between Santa Cruz and Boulder Creek, which was also named Boulder Creek Stage Line. In 1924-1925 the company was owned and operated by Amy G. Harvey.
BOUSLOG LINES, INC. ran in 1931 in Connersville, Indiana.
BOUTIN’S BUS LINES was a privately-owned company founded in the 1920s. Headquartered at 50 Merrimac St, Newburyport, Mass., it owned 5 buses and offered local service for the towns of Newbury and Newburyport. It went out of business in 1955. There are two badges presented here: older badge, on the left, is stamped “S. M. Spencer Mfg Co 8 Cornhill Boston” and has one threaded post. The newer badge, on the right has two threaded posts. NOTE that the newer badge reads “BOUTIN BUS LINES” (no apostrophe “s”). I am assuming this is the same company, since both badges came from the same source. However, there was a Boutin Bus Lines, Inc. based in Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada. It was founded in 2005 by Gerry Boutin and ceased business in 2011. The badge on the right is too old to have been issued by this company. (Judging by the bus design and badge style, my guess is that it dates from the late 1940s or early 1950s.)
BOWEN MOTOR COACH COMPANY had its beginnings in 1927 as Lone Star Bus Line (running in Texas) and Old Spanish Trail Bus Line (operating in New Mexico). These companies were founded by two brothers, one of whom was Texas bus pioneer R. C.Bowen. (R. C. Bowen and Guy J. Shields organized state bus operators into the Texas Bus Owners Association on March 24, 1928.) Their enterprises were consolidated in 1937 into Bowen Motor Coach Company, which was based in Ft. Worth, Texas. Over the coming years the company became one of the two largest passenger carriers in Texas, the other being Southwestern Greyhound Lines. Bowen Motor Coaches joined National Trailways in 1938 as Bowen Trailways. In 1943 Bowen Motor Coaches was sold to Maurice E. Moore, who was the president of Arkansas Motor Coaches, Ltd., Inc. Trailways historian, Jon Hobijn, writes: “In 1943 the Bowen Brothers had a unique problem. They were the sole owners of Bowen Motor Coaches, a cash rich company to the tune of $40 million dollars. The brothers had never taken big salaries and they wanted to take this cash out of their company. Trouble was, Bowen Motor Coaches was a corporation and, in the eyes of the law, a legal entity, In short, their accountant informed them that they were liable for taxes exceeding 30% of the $40 million. The only solution, he told them, was to sell the company. Thus, in 1943, Maurice E. Moore from Arkansas Motor Coaches purchased Bowen Motor Coaches for the sum of $42 million dollars cash. Two million from Moore and the other $40 million, cash from Bowen Motor Coaches, the Brother’s own money.” Jack Rhodes, in his article “Busing Industry” (written for the Texas State Historical Association), writes: “After the end of the war, M. E. Moore founded the Continental Bus System, with corporate headquarters in Dallas, on December 12, 1945. In 1946 all of the franchises of pioneer operator R. C. Bowen were consolidated into Lone Star Coaches and then merged into the new Continental Bus system. On December 9, 1947, all of the Moore and Bowen interests formed the nucleus of the new Transcontinental Bus System (Continental Trailways), with national operations headquartered in Dallas.” And so, in 1945 Bowen Motor Coaches and Bowen Trailways were consolidated (along with Tri-State Transit Co.) into Continental Bus System, becoming the first company to operate under name Continental Trailways. (See Arkansas Motor Coaches, Ltd., Inc. for a detailed examination of M. E. Moore’s connection to Arkansas Motor Coaches.)
BOWMAN DAM STAGE was operating in the mid 1920s out of Auburn, California. The contacts were named Jones, Jones and Rupley.
BOYCE BUS LINE was operating in the early 1950s. The owner was John R. Boyce, who ran 15 city buses in Massena, New York, and intercity buses to Ogdensburg and Potsdam, New York. The company was still operating in the late 1950s.
BOYD & MATTLY STAGE COMPANY / BOYD STAGE COMPANY was running out of Union Depot in Bakersfield, California in 1924-1927. Walter Boyd and Gottlieb Mattly were the owners / operators.
BOYD STAGE LINE was operating in the San Francisco Bay, California area in 1922. In May 1930 the company was sold to Pacific Greyhound Lines, Inc.
BRADLEY-BRYSON STAGE LINE was owned and operated by Clyde S. Dayton. It was operating in 1924 out of Pleyto, California.
BRANCH BUS CORPORATION was founded in 1949. In 1973 it was absorbed into Long Island Bus, which “is somewhat a part of the New York Metropolitan Transportation Authority for bus service throughout Nassau County and some stops along the western border of Suffolk County, and the eastern border of Queens on Long Island, New York. Long Island Bus provides convenient service to people who live or work in nearly 100 Long Island communities who board on buses and arrive at their destinations safely and comfortably.”
BRANDYWINE TRANSIT COMPANY was incorporated on February 11, 1925 in Coatesville, Pennsylvania as a subsidiary of Reading Street Railway. It served Ephrata, Reading, Christiana, Coatesville, West Chester and intermediate points. The company went out of business in 1958. The badge is an older type made of nickel-plated brass with the state seal of Pennsylvania in the center; it has a single threaded post with one threaded post and measures approx. 2″.
BRECKSVILLE ROAD TRANSIT Brecksville, Ohio. Formed in 1971, it is a family owned charter service. Measures 3½”; single threaded post.
BREMEN-SOUTH BEND MOTOR BUS COMPANY, INC. The earliest mention for this company is in 1925, at which time it was running out of Bremen, Indiana. There is a mention of the company in the January 3, 1929 edition of the Bremen Enquirer from Bremen, Indiana: “The Bremen-South Bend Motor Bus Co., announces the addition to the regular daily service between Bremen and South Bend of a Parlor Car Bus for the convenience of the working people. The Bus is scheduled to start Monday, January 7th, leaving Bremen at 5:50 A. M. sharp, Wyatt 6:05 A. M., Mishawaka 6:30 A. M. arrives in South Bend at 6:45 A. M. Twelve Ride Ticket Books will be available at a great saving for the daily rider. $4.50 a book, with a 30 day limit. These tickets will be accepted on the 3:00, 5:45 and 7:10 P. M. Busses leaving South Bend Station. The 7:10 P. M. Bus out of South Bend can be changed to the majorities’ convenience. Suggestions will be gladly accepted.” The last mention I find of this company is in 1930.
BREMERTON – TACOMA STAGES, INC. / CASCADE TRAILWAYS On May 12, 1922, the State of Washington Department of Transportation issued a certificate of Public Convenience and Necessity to Hubert B. Secor to furnish passenger, express and freight service between Gig Harbor and Tacoma. This certificate was transferred to “Henry Kaffenberger and H. B. Secor d/b/a Gig Harbor-Tacoma Transportation Co. on September 8, 1922.” There followed another certificate transfer to Hubert B. Secor on February 16, 1923 “of passenger and express service only, operating from Gig Harbor and Tacoma.” Secor’s first bus was from White Motor Company, followed by a Pierce-Arrow bus/auto. Secor hired two drivers, Roscoe Savage and Roy Clark. On February 1, 1931, the certificate of Public Convenience and Necessity was transferred to Joseph Lyons, owner of the Tacoma Bus Company. At some point in the 1930s Lyons changed the company name to Bremerton-Tacoma Stages and incorporated. (It is listed in the 1939 Russell’s National Motor Coach Guide as Bremerton-Tacoma Stages, Inc., with J. H. Lyons as president and general manager.) By 1946 Thomas Myers was running the company and was serving Bremerton, Port Orchard, Gig Harbor, Tacoma Olympia and Shelton; it ran 22 buses over 38 route miles. According to Jon Hobijn, in July 1960 the company was purchased by Elwood Arneson, and joined National Trailways as Cascade Trailways in 1972. Jon Hobijn, goes on to note that Arneson sold the company in 1978 to Tom Harmon and Roger Peck. However, according to Washington state records, the company was incorporated on February 21, 1951 with Paul Holt Harmon and wife, June M. Harmon, as registered agents; its address was 15011 47th Ave. E., Tacoma, Washington and its dissolution date is September 18, 2000. Paul and June Harmon were also the registered agents/owners of Pacific National Line, Inc. (December 3, 1968), Chinook Transportation Corporation (Nov. 06, 1968) and the Tacoma Suburban Lines, Inc. (May 7, 1957). If we accept Jon Hobijn’s account, the date of 1951 must have been a re-incorporation of the company. However, the Sunday, March 3, 2002 edition of the Seattle Times printed an article about Mr. Arneson’s death, in which his history in the transportation industry was outlined: “Elwood Arneson, 86, Husky fan, founder of Evergreen Trailways. . . . Mr. Arneson’s parents started a local bus company, the North Bend Stage Lines, in 1919. The family operated the company for 21 years, when it became part of the National Trailways bus system. Mr. Arneson then started Evergreen Trailways, selling his interest in 1951.” Although it is noted that Mr. Arneson drove his last bus when he was aged 79, there is no mention of Bremerton-Tacoma Stages, nor Cascade Trailways in the article. To add complications, there is Paul Holt Harmon’s lengthy obituary from Mountain View Funeral Home, published on November 29, 2002 in Tacoma, Washington. According to the obituary, Harmon, who was 73, was one of those featured in a book, Washington Diversity in the Pacific Northwest. Here is a portion of that obituary mentioning Harmon’s entry into the public transportation industry: “It all began in 1949, when young Paul Harmon became a night shift driver at what was then Tacoma Suburban Lines. Harmon acquired the Tacoma Suburban Lines along with three other companies from 1974 to 1978, and became a member carrier in the National Trailways Bus System. . . . Today, Harmon is the chief executive officer of Cascade Trailways.” The obit notes that Paul Harmon retired in 1994 after selling Cascade Trailways to Holland America Lines. Undoubtedly the three “other companies” purchased were the Pacific National Lines, Inc., Chinook Transportation Corporation and Bremerton-Tacoma Stages, Inc. Okay; so I leave it to the reader to untangle the somewhat conflicting information. According to one source Bremerton-Tacoma Stages, Inc. operated until 1987, and, as noted above, Cascade Trailways lasted until 1994.
BREVARD BUS LINE was operating in the mid 1920s out of Asheville, North Carolina.
BRIARWOOD BUS CO., INC. ran in 1933 in Queens, New York City on Briarwood Road.
BRIDGE TRANSIT COMPANY operated six buses between downtown Louisville and both Jeffersonville and Clarksville beginning in 1929. It closed down in 1972 and Home Transit of New Albany, Indiana picked up the Jeffersonville and Clarksville routes.
BRIDGEPORT BODIE & MONO LAKE STAGE ROUTE was running in 1924 in Bridgeport, California. J.T. McAlee was the owner/operator.
BRIDGEPORT & WATERBURY PASSENGER SERVICE, INC. started in business operating a taxi service named Bridgeport & Waterbury Taxi Service. At some point in the mid-late 1910s, it started operating buses between Bridgeport and Waterbury, Connecticut and was doing so by the early 1920s.
BRIDGEVILLE-RUTH STAGE LINE ran out of Bridgeville, California in 1924. It served Bridgeville and Ruth, California.
BCE B.C. ELECTRIC RAILWAY CO. / BRITISH COLUMBIA ELECTRIC RAILWAY (BCER) was an historic railway which operated in southwestern British Columbia, Canada. Originally the parent company, and later a division, of BC Electric, the BCER assumed control of existing streetcar and interurban lines in southwestern British Columbia in 1897, and operated the electric railway systems in the region until the last interurban service was discontinued in 1958. The older badge measures approx. 1.3″ x 2″ and is a pin back. The newer badge is die pressed, measures approx.: 2½” x 2¼” with two threaded posts, and has two mounting loops.
B. C. MOTOR TRANSPORTATION LTD. / BRITISH COLUMBIA MOTOR TRANSPORTATION LIMITED This company was formed in December 1925 as a subsidiary of the B.C. Electric Railway. As a result of the competition the B.C. Motor Transportation Ltd., acquired financial control of the Green Stages Ltd., and as of July 1, 1926 the services became the Pacific Stage Lines (PSL). The badge is 2″ tall by 1-3/4″ wide. Nickel plated brass, with two threaded posts. The badge measures 2″ x 1 ¾” wide.
CITY OF BROCKTON TRANSIT / BROCKTON AREA TRANSIT These two companies are of fairly recent origins and serve the Brockton, Massachusetts area, which includes Abington, Avon, Bridgewater, East Bridgewater, Easton, Stoughton, Canton, West Bridgewater and Whitman. According to the company’s current website, the previous service was offered by Union Street Railway Company, until a protracted labor strike prompted the city to buy the routes and buses in September 1973. One year later, this system was reorganized as Brockton Area Transit to secure state funding. The 1950s editions of the MTD list Eastern Massachusetts Street Railway Company providing bus service to Brockton and the communities listed above. That company operated 695 buses over 711 route miles in 1954. There are two badges for this company. The first badge, which is likely rare since that company operated for only one year; it is nickel-plated metal with two threaded posts. The second badge is nickel-plated metal and has a pin and clasp back.
BROOKLYN BUS CORPORATION was a bus operator in the borough of Brooklyn, New York. It was organized as a subsidiary by the Brooklyn-Manhattan Transit Corporation to operate their franchised bus lines. It ran in the 1940s and 1950s. Ultimately the company’s routes, along with all other BMT operations, were taken over by the New York City Board of Transportation. The badge measures 2″ x 2 ½”; and has a single threaded post.
B.R.T. CO. / BROOKLYN RAPID TRANSIT COMPANY This is a rather rare badge, as the BRT only existed from 1896 until 1919 when they went bankrupt. In 1923, the company restructured and was renamed the Brooklyn-Manhattan Transit Corporation. This badge was made by the Whitehead and Hoag Co., Newark, NJ. It measures 1″ x 2¼” and has two threaded posts.
BROOKLYN & QUEENS TRANSIT CORPORATION was a subsidiary of the Brooklyn-Manhattan Transit Corporation and operated streetcars in Brooklyn and Queens, New York City. It was created in 1929 and its operations were transferred to the New York City Board of Transportation in 1940, and to the New York City Transit Authority in 1956.
BROOKS BUS LINE, INC. / BROOKS TRAILWAYS BUS LINE Brooks Bus Line was a interstate bus company founded by J. Polk Brooks in Paducah, Kentucky in the 1920s. (The following information is from “Brooks Bus Line: The Long Commute from Paducah to Opportunity in Detroit“, by Matt Markgraf, July 1, 2016) While working in Detroit in the late 1920s, J. P. Brooks noticed “a lot of people coming from western Kentucky to work. . . . In 1929, he bought a car and started driving seven of his friends. It was a 24-hour drive; they’d leave on Sunday, work for a week and come home for the weekend.” In 1934 Brooks bought a bus and operated out of a station at 5th and Monroe Streets in Paducah. “It was a rough ride on the bus. While the trip was eventually reduced to 11 hours, the bus had no air conditioning and no bathrooms. Brooks’ daughter-in-law wrote a book about the line and remarks about the western Kentucky connections in Detroit: the grocery store there where they’d get picked up was run by someone from the region. . . . In 1940, the company was hired by the TVA to transport workers building the dams. Charter business took off. . . . April 26, 1980 was the last bus up to Detroit. There were three passengers on the final ride back home. . . . By the 1990s, they sold to another bus company.” In 1942 Brooks Bus Line joined the National Trailways Bus System and was known as Brooks Trailways Bus Line. The company ceased its affilation with Trailways in 1959. In 1960 the company was incorporated in Paducah, Kentucky by J. Polk Brooks.
BROWARD COUNTY MASS TRANSIT was based in Fort Lauderdale, Broward Co., Florida. The badge has two threaded posts.
BROWN AUTO STAGE COMPANY ran a 33 mile route from Klamath Falls to Chiloquin, Oregon in 1923.
BROWN’S STAGE ran a 19.6 mile route from The Dalles to Durfur, Oregon and a 49 mile route from The Dalles to Grass Valley in 1923.
BROWNELL BROTHERS, INC. “Tuesday July 3, 1928: The Saratoga City Council granted to Clayton and Frank Brownell, operating as the Brownell Brothers, a franchise to operate a bus line from Mechanicville to Saratoga Springs, by way of Ballston Spa.” Apparently in the early 1930s the Brownell brothers changed the name of their company to L.B.K. LINES, INC. This company was advertising in January 12, 1933 as being formerly the Brownell Brothers, Incorporated, and a 1953 newspaper article indicated that the Brownell brothers still controlled the L.B.K. Lines. The line ran between Troy, Waterford, Mechanicville, Stillwater, Schuylerville, Bound Lake, Ballston and Albany, New York. The company was still running in the 1950s.
BRUSH HILL TRANSPORTATION COMPANY / BRUSH HILL TOURS Brush Hill Transportation Company started operating from Mattapan, Massachusetts to Milton, Massachusetts in 1925. In 1946 the company was controlled by Warwick Coach Lines and was operating 24 buses over 49 route miles. Its office was located Malden, Massachusetts and it served the towns of Milton and West Canton. Charles W. Warwick was the president. In 1954 George A. Anzuoni, Sr., who had founded Service Bus Lines in 1920, acquired Brush Hill Transportation Company, which had become bankrupt. He appointed his son, Lawrence A. Anzuoni, Sr., as manager. At the time, the company offered transportation to those employed by the large estates on Brush Hill Road in Milton, Massachusetts and also provided transit service on two commuter lines. The company began operating charter bus service under the name Brush Hill Tours. In the early 1990s it was awarded the Gray Line Sightseeing Franchise for the Boston and Cape Cod area. The company is still in business.
BUCKEYE STAGES, INC. / BUCKEYE STAGES SYSTEM Buckeye Stages was founded in Columbus, Ohio in August 1920. In 1926 Ralph W. Sanborn, a Cleveland, Ohio lawyer, moved Columbus, Ohio and incorporated Buckeye Stages, of which he served as president. (Sanborn was connected to the management of a number of early Ohio bus companies in the 1930s.) In 1930 Buckeye Stages, Inc.’s company offices were located at 514 West Rich Street, with a bus terminal on Town Street. Their fleet of 60 buses operated between Cincinnati and Cleveland with some 150 employees. “Buckeye Stages, Inc., is conceded to be one of the largest and best equipped bus companies in the state of Ohio. During 1924-25 Mr. Sanborn was president of the Ohio Motor Bus Association, and during 1926 held the office of president of the National Motor Bus Association.” (Opha Moore, History of Franklin County, Ohio, Historical Publishing Company, Topeka – Indianapolis 1930.) By 1937 the company was operating 100 coaches over 1,300 route miles in Ohio. The company is not listed in the 1939 Russell’s Guide, nor the early editions of the MTD. It is listed in the 1956 MTD as running 12 buses over 293 route miles and was operating out of Fostoria, Ohio.
BUFFALO & AKRON TRANSIT COMPANY In 1927 this company was running and intercity bus service between Buffalo, New York and Akron, New York.
BUFFALO TRANSIT COMPANY, INC. was founded by in 1924 by William H. Pennsyres and ran a route from downtown Buffalo through to Cheektowaga, Clarence, ending in the Town of Akron, New York. The company incorporated in 1927, and added routes to Depew, Lancaster, Alden, Darien, Alexander and Attica. In 1931 the company acquired the Erie County Motor Coach Lines, which added more routes. In 1946 the company acquired the Hamburg Bus Company, again adding more routes. William Pennsyres sold the company in 1943 to Jerry G. Campbell, who worked as a salesman for Yellow Coach manufacturing division of General Motors. By 1946 the company was operating 93 buses and was controlling Erie County Motor Coach Lines, Inc., Red Bus Line, Inc. and Hamburg Railway Company. In 1961, the Niagara Frontier Transit System purchased the company and folded its routes into their own. The badge is made of nickel-plated metal, measures 2″ x 2⅝”, and has two threaded posts with no maker’s mark.
BUFFO & CONIGLIO AUTO STAGE LINE was running in the early 1920s out of Pittsburg, California. It was owned and operated by G. Buffo and H. Coniglio. The business was still functional in 1929.
BURKE SANITARIUM AUTO BUS was operating in 1924 out of Burke, California. John W. Wilson was the owner/operator.
BURKE TRANSIT COMPANY was operating in the mid 1940s out of Morgantown, North Carolina. It ran from Morgantown to Salem.
BURLINGTON CITY LINES The history of this company starts in Burlington, Iowa with the Burlington Street Railway Company in 1874. This company was succeeded by the Union Street Railway Company in 1878; then came Burlington Railway & Light Company in 1895 with electric streetcars. People’s Gas & Electric Company took over in 1901 and was succeeded in 1912 by Burlington Railway & Light Company. United Utilities Corporation took over in 1921 followed by Iowa Southern Utilities Company in 1924. In 1929 streetcars were discontinued in Burlington. In 1941 National City Lines took over bus service in Burlington as Burlington City Lines. This company was succeeded in 1958 by Burlington Transit Lines. There are two varieties of badges for this company. The older badge has raised and recessed lettering, has two threaded posts, was made by GREENDUCK CO. CHICAGO and measures approx. 3″ x 2″. The later version is identical except that the lettering is flush with the badge’s smooth surface. It is not marked on the reverse, but was probably made by Greenduck.
BURLINGTON RAPID TRANSIT / BURLINGTON TRANSIT COMPANY See VERMONT TRANSIT COMPANY.
BURLINGTON TRANSPORTATION COMPANY, was formed in 1929 as a bus subsidiary of Chicago Burlington & Quincy Railroad. Among other purchases, it bought Cannon Ball Coach Line. The company joined Trailways in 1936 as Burlington Trailways, was sold to American Bus Lines in 1946, and finally to Transcontinental Bus System / Continental Trailways in 1953. (For more details see Burlington Trailways.)
BURNS STAGE LINES The information on this company comes from a period photograph showing two company buses parked on an unidentified city street, presumably somewhere in Washington state. The first bus, dating from the late 1920s, reads “BURNS STAGE LINES” and lists the cities served painted on the sides, which are Spokane, Moscow, Lewiston, Troy and Bovill, Washington. The second bus is newer and looks to be from the mid-1930s. It too has the same destinations painted on its side. There is no information on the Net, research libraries in Washington, nor any of the books in my library about this company.
BURNS TRANSPORTATION LINES I’m not sure of this company, but it may be the same as Burns Transportation Company, which ran buses in Sheffield, Florence , Muscle Shoals and Tuscumbia, Alabama in the 1940s. It was bought out by Shoals Transportation in 1946, which also bought Shoals Transit & Transit Holdings. The badge is from the right era as Burns Transportation Company.
BUS TRANSPORTATION COMPANY The Denver Tramway Company ran bus lines as subsidiaries until 1933, to avoid complicating their franchise agreements with the city of Denver, Colorado. The subsidiaries operated under revocable permits issued by the city. The first subsidiary was the Englewood & Fort Logan Bus Company, which connected the end of streetcar Rt. 3 in Englewood with the Veterans Administration facilities at Fort Logan. The second was the Fitzsimons Bus & Taxi Company, which connected Fitzsimons Army Hospital with downtown Denver along Colfax, 17th, and 18th Avenues. It was purchased by the Tramway Company in 1929 and operated as a subsidiary until it was dissolved in 1943. A third subsidiary, Bus Transportation Company, was formed by the Denver Tramway Company in 1927. It was absorbed into the Tramway Company in 1933.
BUS COMPANIES BEGINNING WITH THE LETTER “C”
CBS LINES, INC. started service in July 1989 in Coram, Suffolk County, New York on Long Island. The company used the yard of the old Coram Bus Service. The Company was owned by George Semke, who use to own Harran Transportation Co, Inc., and Harran Shuttle Corp. It ran buses under a contract with Suffolk Transit. In 2011 CBS Lines was outbid by Suffolk Bus Corp for their routes, as a result after 22 years of service CBS Lines stop operating for Suffolk Transit on December 31, 2011. The company closed down in Jan. 2013.
C.C.C. LINES See Consolidated Coach Corporation.
C.& T. COACH COMPANY was operating in 1942 in North Carolina. The company was owned by E.O. Woodie.
CTA See Chicago Transit Authority.
CTC No information on this badge. The seller says it’s a “Chicago Transit City” badge. The first badge measures 2½” X 2½”. The second badge measures 2½” x 2¼” with a maker’s mark BLACKINTON. Judging the badges below to be from the 1940s, some of the transit companies with the initials “CTC” that were operating in 1946, include:
Calvetti Transportation Co., Inc. Hurley, Wisc.
Canyon Transportation Company, Helena, Mont.
Cape Transit Corporation, Cape Girardeau, Mo.
Capital Transit Co, Frankfort, My.
Capital Transit Co., Washington, D.C.
Capital Transportation Co. Little Rock, Ark.
Charleston Transit Co., Charleston, W. Va.
Cheshire Transportation Co., Keene, N. H.
Chicago Tunnel Co., Chicago, Ill
Clinton Transportation Company, Paterson, N.J.
Club Transportation Co., Yonkers, N.Y.
Colonial Transit Co., Inc., Fredericksburg, Va.
Community Transit Co., Helena, Mont
Conestoga Traction Company, Lancaster, Pa.
Cook Transit Corp. Evansville, Ind.
Co-operative Transit Co., Wheeling, W. Va.
County Transportation Co., Inc. port Chester, N.Y.
Crescent Transit Co., Inc. Fairfield, Ala.
Cross Transit Corp. Kokomo, Ind.
CALIFORNIA HOT SPRINGS STAGES was operating in the early 1930s out of California Hot Springs, California. F. A. Minaker was the owner.
CALIFORNIA NEVADA STAGES, INC. was operating in the early 1930s out of the Union Stage Depot in Sacramento, California. Beverly Gibson was the president and general manager.
CALIFORNIA PARLOR CAR TOURS COMPANY, INC. This company was operating in San Francisco, California in 1924. R. C. Smith, President; J. A. Boyd, Secretary; F. R. Smalley, General Manager. The company had some kind of connection to Greyhound Lines, which is shown by this notice in the February 1931 issue of Railway Age: In 1931 “George J. Loftus was appointed department of tours manager for Pacific Greyhound Lines, Inc., Pacific Greyhound Lines of Texas, Inc. and California Parlor Car Tours Company.” The company isn’t listed in the MTD from the 1940s or 1950s, nor in Russell’s National Motor Coach Guide for 1939. However, a California Parlor Car Tours Company was incorporated in November 1963 in San Francisco and had a connection to Greyhound, which is shown by this mention in the New York Times, October 2, 1964: “Greyhound became a holding company last December, when it transferred its bus operations to a subsidiary, the California Parlor Car Tours Company, which operates buses over more than 101,000 miles of routes.” Based on the Greyhound connection, one might assume that the latter company is one and the same as the 1924 company.
CALIFORNIA TRANSIT COMPANY See Star Auto Stage Association
CALISTOGA-CLEAR LAKE STAGE LINE ran in 1924 in Calistoga, California. William Spiers, operator. In May 1930 the company was sold to Pacific Greyhound Lines, Inc.
CALLOWAY’S ETNA-YREKA STAGE LINE was operating in the mid 1920s out of Etna, California. H.F. Calloway was the owner/operator.
CALUMET MOTOR COACH COMPANY, INC. Harold E. Miner obtained a franchise in 1924 to operate a bus line in Hammond, Indiana. Miner incorporated under the name Calumet Motor Coach Company. It was forcefully bought out by Samuel Unsell’s Shore Line Motor Coach Company, which, in the end, caused financial ruin for Harold E. Miner.
CAMAS STAGE COMPANY ran a route from Portland, Oregon to Longview, Washington in 1923.
CAMBRIDGE & SOUTHERN TRANSIT was an Ohio transit company during the 1940s. In the April 28, 1948 edition of the Cincinnati Enquirer reported that thirteen drivers strike stopping “bus service here [Cambridge, Ohio] and in six surrounding villages . . .” The badge measures 2 ½ ” x 2 ½ ” with a single threaded post; it was made by “FIFTH AVENUE UNIFORM CO. 19 SO. WELLS CHICAGO”.
CAMEL CITY COACH COMPANY was founded in Winston-Salem, North Carolina and was named “Camel” for the nickname of its hometown, due to the Camel cigarettes made there: “On this date: January 19, 1926. Six yellow coaches and 150 highway miles were purchased and operation of the Camel City Coach Company was begun, making three round trips to Charlotte and two to Martinsville. John Lash Gilmer purchased the lone bus line in Winston-Salem in December 1925, and organized the Camel City Lines, which grew from six lines to 25 in the first year of operation. It eventually merged with the Atlantic Greyhound Lines. Mr. Gilmer was elected a vice-president and general sales manager for the company.“
In 1931 Arthur M. Hill (who bought the White Transportation Company and the Huntington-Charleston Motor Bus Company and combined them as the Midland Trail Transit Company in July 1924, and who formed the Blue & Gray Company in 1927 to buy his Midland Trail Transit Company) and John Lash Gilmer (who owned Camel City Coach Company) and some other investors, organized Atlantic Greyhound Lines. In December 1929 Hill and Gilmer combined their routes and companies by creating a holding company named National Highway Transport. In 1929 Arthur Hill, John Gilmer and Guy Huguelet (of the Consolidated Coach Corporation, based in Lexington, Kentucky, which in 1936 became renamed as the Southeastern Greyhound Lines), organized another bus company, based in Roanoke, Virginia named as the Old Dominion Stages. In 1932 Hill and Gilmer bought Huguelet’s interest in Old Dominion Stages and merged the company into Atlantic Greyhound. By 1934 Atlantic Greyhound’s main East Coast route was from Washington, D. C., to Jacksonville, Florida via Richmond, Raleigh, Wilmington, Charleston and Savannah. By 1937 The Greyhound Corporation owned a controlling interest in Atlantic Greyhound Lines. By 1957 the corporation owned Atlantic Greyhound lock, stock and barrel. Doc Rushing writes: “[In] November 1960, in another round of consolidation, Greyhound merged the Atlantic GL with – not into but rather with – the Southeastern GL, based in Lexington, Kentucky, a neighboring regional company – thereby forming the Southern Division of The Greyhound Corporation, called also the Southern [Greyhound Lines], the third of four huge new divisions (along with Central, Eastern, and Western). Thus ended the Atlantic GL and the Southeastern GL, and thus began the Southern [Greyhound Lines]”
CAMERON BUS LINE ran between Cameron to Lake Charles, Louisiana. In 1925 it was running a regular route from Taylor to Rockdale, Louisiana.
CAMP ELWELL STAGE ran in 1924 in Blairsden, California. W.F. Drew, operator.
CAMP NELSON AUTO STAGE LINE ran in 1924 in Porterville, California. R. Holloway was the owner/operator.
CAMPO-SECO-VALLEY SPRINGS STAGE LINE was running in 1928 in Camp Seco, California. Edward Maher was the owner/operator.
CANADIAN AMERICAN COACHES, LTD. / CANADIAN AMERICAN TRAILWAYS In 1925 F. Cyril Cooper formed Windsor-Chatham Coaches, which operated out of Windsor, Ontario, Canada. When London was added to the route, the name was changed to Windsor-Chatham-London Coaches. On May 28, 1930 Cooper founded Canadian American Coaches Ltd., which operated to Detroit, Michigan, Windsor, Ontario, Chatham, London, Ingersoll, Woodstock, Paris, Brantford, Hamilton, St. Catharines, Niagara Falls and Buffalo, New York. The company operated from the Union Bus Terminal in Windsor, Ontario. In 1934 the company began using the motto “The Bulldog Line” on its buses. In June 1936, Canadian American Coaches Ltd. joined the National Trailways System and changed their name to Canadian American Trailways Ltd. By September 1938, the company was operating 16 buses. On December 30, 1939, Canadian American Trailways and routes, along with Windsor-Chatham-London Coaches, were sold to Toronto Greyhound Lines, Ltd. for $140,000. (Toronto Greyhound Lines, was owned by Gray Coach from Toronto.)
CANNON BALL COACH LINES was an intercity bus company running between Aurora and Yorkville, Illinois. It was incorporated in 1924, and was acquired by Burlington Transportation Company (later Burlington Trailways), which was formed as a subsidiary of Chicago Burlington & Quincy Railroad. The company was part of an ad campaign selling a motor oil in 1927 This ad appeared in a number of newspapers on September 21, 1927: “Mr. L. W. Cameron, Mgr. — Gentlemen: We would like to have you know juat how we feel about IsoVis after using it for four months. We are now using IsoVis Oils in our Model W, Reo Motors, and IsoVis Lubricants for chassis lubrication. After exhaustive comparative tests we have come to the conclusion that IsoVis is as perfect an oil as is found on the market today. We believe that we were as skeptical as the average bus operator in adopting a new oil. We had heard the usual condemnation of a new and untried product, and naturally were very cautious in trying IsoVis. We are SOLD on IsoVia. Very sincerely, Cannon Ball Coach Line, Inc. Bertha M. Orr, President.“
CANNON BALL STAGE LINES / CANNON BALL TRAILWAYS / CANNON BALL, INC. Cannon Ball Stage Lines was operating in the 1930s out of Durango, Colorado. In the late 1930s R. B. Stone was general manager and his buses served Gallup and Shiprock, New Mexio, Durango and Dolores, Colorado. The company joined the National Trailways Bus System in 1944 and stayed in that affiliation until 1954. In 1946 the company ran 14 buses over 562 route miles. By that time it was owned by partners L. E Clark, who was general manager, and R. C. Hine, who served as traffic manager. According to one source the Trailways portion of the company sold out to Maurice E. Moore, who absorbed it into his Transcontinental Trailways in 1954. In 1955 Cannon Ball Stage Lines moved operations to Albuquerque, New Mexico, changed its name to Cannon Ball, Inc., and was running 3 buses over 48 route miles. It ceased operations in 1959.
CANNON BALL TRANSPORTATION COMPANY There’s little info on this company. It was mentioned in a court case from the Ohio Supreme Court (vs Ohio Valley Bus Company) dated December 1, 1924: “Since March 17, 1924, the Cannon Ball Transportation Company has been operating a motor transportation service under certificate of convenience and necessity No. 633, granted by the Public Utilities Commission of Ohio, over a regular route, a part of which extends from the city of Ironton, Ohio, to the Ohio river, in the direction of Huntington, W. Va.” It was again mention in another court case from Kentucky dated 1931 against Red Diamond Bus Line Company: “About April 1, 1928, the Cannon Ball Transportation Company applied to the commissioner of motor transportation for a certificate of public convenience and necessity to operate a motor bus line between Portsmouth, Ohio, and Ashland, Ky., via South Portsmouth, Fulton, and Greenup, Ky., for the purpose of transporting interstate passengers between Portsmouth, Ohio, and Ashland, Ky., and intrastate passengers between South Portsmouth, Ky., and Ashland, Ky. The granting of the certificate was protested by the Red Diamond Bus Line Company and the Blue Ribbon Bus Line Company, and their owners, who were operating a motor bus service between Ashland and Greenup under a permit theretofore granted by the commissioner.”
The company was also mentioned in the June 1929 issue of the ELECTRIC RAILWAY JOURNAL: “People’s Necessity Outweighs Traction Loss in Ohio. The Scioto Valley Railway & Power Company has lost its long-time fight to prevent the Cannonball Transportation Company from extending its bus line from Chillicothe, Ohio, to Columbus. By way of Portsmouth the bus company operates a line from Ironton to Chillicothe. In a majority opinion, the State Public Utilities Commission held that the necessity of the people of southern Ohio to have a direct method of transportation into Columbus outweighed the fact that the electric railway company would lose money if the Cannonball’s request were granted. The opinion restricts the Cannonball to service over state route 104 from Chillicothe to Columbus, and Cannonball buses must not carry Chillicothe and Circleville passengers, but only through-passengers both ways out of Columbus. The opinion left open the way for the railway, which sought to operate supplemental bus service itself, to amend its own application and protest so that it may be able to operate buses over state route 23 from Chillicothe to Columbus.”
CANTON & BLUE HILL BUS LINE, INC. In 1922 the company replaced interurban railway service, which had been operated by Blue Hill Street Railway since 1899. The route operated from Mattapan transit terminal via Canton into Stoughton. The company was incorporated on February 16, 1944. In the 1940s it was acquired by Hudson Bus Lines and operated as a subsidiary. In 1954 the company was located in Stoughton and served Canton, Stoughton, Norwood and Boston with 9 buses over 41 route miles. The company was dissolved on December 31, 1990.
CANTON CITY LINES, INC. succeeded the Canton Traction Company in 1940. It was a subsidiary of National City Lines and operated in Canton, Ohio from 1940 until 1971 when public transportation was taken over by the Canton Regional Transit Authority. The badge was made by Greenduck Co., Chicago, and measures 2 ½” with two threaded posts.
CAPE FEAR BUS COMPANY was operating in the mid 1920s in Lumberton, North Carolina. It ran between Lunberton, Fayetteville, Franklin and Sylva.
CAPITOL BUS COMPANY, INC. / CAPITOL TRAILWAYS The company’s history begins in Pennsylvania with Joseph L. Maguire back in the mid 1930s. When he lost his job, Maguire began working for the state highway department in Harrisburg, some 55 miles from his home in Pottsville, Pennsylvania. Before long he was transporting others to Harrisburg for work, which was the beginning of the future bus company. With his brother John as a partner, Maguire was granted permission to operate a 12 passenger stretch auto, and began operations on July 6, 1936. By 1943 Capitol Bus Company was carrying over 6,000 passengers a day and operating service 24 hours a day; that same year the company headquarters were moved from Pottsville to Harrisburg. In 1947, Capitol Bus Company acquired two companies: Gettysburg-& Harrisburg Transportation and Adams Transit Company. The brothers incorporated in 1948 and that same year joined the National Trailways Bus System. In 1956 Capitol Bus Company / Capitol Trailways was operating 30 buses over 464 route miles. The November 11, 1959 edition of the Kingston Daily Freeman from Kingston, New York offers more insight into the company: “The State Public Service Commission approved today the sale of the L. D. Dickinson Motor Coach Lines of Owego for $15,000 to the Capitol Bus, Co. Inc., of Harrisburg. Pa. The transaction, however, hinges on approval by the Interstate Commerce Commission of Dickinson turning over its interstate operating rights to Capitol for an additional $20,000. . . . The PSC said the Dickinson line had been operated since early this year by the estate of its founder. The heirs no longer want to stay in the business, the PSC said.” A December 31, 2008 newspaper article offers recent history: “Capitol Trailways sale approved: The U.S. Bankruptcy Court in Harrisburg has approved the sale of the parent company of Capitol Bus Co., known as Capitol Trailways, to a Kutztown firm. Carl R. Bieber Inc. is buying the assets of the Harrisburg-based bus and charter company for $2.65 million.” The company was absorbed into Bieber Tourways / Bieber Transportation Group.
CAPITAL MOTOR COACH TRANSIT COMPANY was formed in 1921 as an intercity company to fill a 30-mile gap in rail service between Louisville and the Bluegrass section of Kentucky. It ran from Shelbyville, Ky. 30 miles east of Louisville, and Frankfort, which is 60 mileseast of Louisville.
CAPITAL SERVICE LINES, INC. This company began with a merger in 1967 between Center Service Bus Lines and Capital Stage Lines. The original routes were Columbus-Norfolk, Nebraska and Lincoln-Columbus, Nebraska. The company operated until 1976. The badge is chrome and has two threaded posts.
CAPITAL TRANSIT COMPANY was created in Washington, D.C. on December 1, 1933 through the merger of Capital Traction Company, Washington Rapid Transit and the Washington Railway & Electric Company. In January 1955 the Capital Transit Company consisted of 750 buses and 450 streetcars. In 1956 Capital Transit Company, which was owned by Lewis E. Wolfson, had its franchise revoked by the U.S. Congress. The company was purchased on August 15, 1956, for $13.5 million by O. Roy Chalk, who renamed the company DC Transit System. Chalk had explicit instructions to switch to buses. The system was dismantled in the early 1960s and the last streetcar ran on January 28, 1962. On January 14, 1973, Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority purchased DC Transit and the Washington, Virginia and Maryland Coach Company, (followed on February 4 by the purchase of AB&W Transit Company and WMA Transit Company) unifying all the bus companies in D.C.
There are four badges shown here: first is an older badge made of aluminum by Whitehead and Hoag Co., Newark, NJ.j, measures 2 ⅝ x 2½ and mounts through the holes on either end. The other three are later badges made of plastic and are pin backs.
CAPITAL TRANSIT, INC. In 1956 this company ran buses in Concord, New Hampshire. It succeeded the Boston & Maine Transportation Company. The badge is die pressed nickel, measures 2 ¼” in diameter with a single threaded post and one pin post.
CAPITAL TRANSIT succeeded Trenton Transit Co. in 1959 and ran buses in Trenton, N.J. until 1969 when Mercer County Metro took over.
CAPITAL TRANSIT Transit services in Lock Rock, Arkansas go back to City Electric Street Railway (1885-1901) and then to the Little Rock Railway & Electric Company, which ran from 1901 until 1925. This company was then taken over by the Arkansas Power & Light Company, which ran streetcars. It formed a subsidiary called Capital Transportation, which ran from 1935 until 1950 when it was sold to a group of local investors. From 1952 until 1956 Capital Transit Company ran buses in Little Rock. On February 28, 1956 the city governments of Little Rock and North Little Rock awarded a bus franchise to Citizens Coach Company. This company went under in 1962 and was succeeded by Twin City Transit on September 25, 1962. This company ran until 1972 when it was taken over by Central Arkansas Transit Authority. In 2015 Rock Region Metropolitan Transit Authority (Rock Region Metro) took over public transit in Little Rock, North Little Rock, Cammack Village, Maumelle, Sherwood, and Jacksonville, Arkansas.
CAPITAL TRANSPORTATION Transit services in Lock Rock, Arkansas go back to City Electric Street Railway (1885-1901) and then to the Little Rock Railway & Electric Company, which ran from 1901 until 1925. This company was then taken over by the Arkansas Power & Light Company, which ran streetcars. It formed a subsidiary called Capital Transportation, which ran from 1935 until 1950 when it was sold to a group of local investors. From 1952 until 1956 Capital Transit Company ran buses in Little Rock. On February 28, 1956 the city governments of Little Rock and North Little Rock awarded a bus franchise to Citizens Coach Company. This company went under in 1962 and was succeeded by Twin City Transit on September 25, 1962. This company ran until 1972 when it was taken over by Central Arkansas Transit Authority. In 2015 Rock Region Metropolitan Transit Authority (Rock Region Metro) took over public transit in Little Rock, North Little Rock, Cammack Village, Maumelle, Sherwood, and Jacksonville, Arkansas.
CAPWOOD TRANSPORTATION CORPORATION ran in 1933 in the Bronx, New York City.
CARBONDALE-HARRISBURG COACH LINES, INC. was founded by Earl Throckmorton in 1937 when he acquired a bus route between Carbondale and Harrisburg, Illinois from Dixie Greyhound Lines. Starting out with two buses, the company had expanded to employee 55 workers and served 120 cities by the time it was sold to the Peoria Bus Co. in 1955.
CARDINAL BUSES, INC. See Middlebury Bus Line.
CAREY & LEACH BUS LINES, INC. was incorporated in Indiana and was running buses in the mid-to late teens into the 1920s. At some point in the year 1927, the corporation was sold to the Insull interests of Chicago, which owned the Chicago, North Shore & Milwaukee Railroad, the Chicago, South Shore & South Bend Railroad, and the Chicago, Aurora & Elgin Railway Companies, in addition to a number of subsidiary motor coach companies supplementing and feeding the rail lines. (The “Insull interests“ refers to the business interests of Samuel Insull, 1959-1938, who was based in Chicago and had accumulated a vast fortune in the 1920s, principally from the acquisition of public utilities and railroads, which he purchased through his various companies.) When Carey & Leach Bus Lines was sold, the name was changed to Southwestern Michigan Motor Coach Company. In 1928 that company was sold to the Motor Transit Corporation, which, in 1930, changed its name to The Greyhound Corporation. (See the entry for Southwestern Michigan Motor Coach Company for more detailed information.)
CARMEL-MONTEREY STAGE ran in 1924 in Carmel, California. C. Goold, operator.
CAROLINA COACH COMPANY, INC. was incorporated on November 25, 1925 when the owners bought five bus companies—Carolina Motor Coach Company, Safety Coach Lines, Southern Transit Company, Safety Transit Lines and Golden Star Bus Lines. In 1929 the company bought out Southern Coach Company. The company joined Trailways on May 1, 1940 as the Carolina Trailways; in 1997 the company became a wholly owned subsidiary of Greyhound Lines, Inc. (Click here for a detailed history of Carolina Coach Company.) The badge is made of brass and is a single threaded post.
CAROLINA MOTOR BUS LINES was operating out of Anderson, South Carolina in the late 1930s. In the late 1920s there was a bus company named Inter-Carolina Motor Bus Company operating along the same routes, which may be the same company. It ran from South Carolina to North Carolina. Carolina Motor Bus Lines was sold to Carolina Stages / Carolina Scenic Coach Lines in 1946, which had become became part of the National Trailways Bus System in 1938 as Carolina Scenic Trailways. (All these companies were owned by McDuff Turner; see Carolina Scenic Coach Lines for more information.)
CAROLINA SCENIC COACH LINES / CAROLINA STAGES / CAROLINA SCENIC TRAILWAYS These companies were based in Spartanburg, South Carolina and were owned by McDuff Turner (1875-1964). The information is sketchy, but at some point McDuff Turner formed a partnership with his son, Hamish Turner, Sr., and daughters Martha Beth Turner Jackson and Nita Turner Scott. During the 1940s all worked in the company—McDuff Turner as president, Hamish Turner as general manager, Martha as secretary, and Nita as treasurer. In 1946 the company bought Carolina Motor Bus Lines and was operating 70 buses over 591 route miles. It served Asheville, Hendersonville, Spartanburg, Union, Columbia, Shelby, Greenwood, Marion, Augusta, Newberry and Greenville, South Carolina. By 1956 the company was operating 65 buses over 1,366 route miles. Carolina Scenic Coach Lines joined the National Trailways Bus System in 1938 as Carolina Scenic Trailways. According to one source it was sold in 1973 to Continental Trailways. (See Carolina Scenic Trailways for a badge photo.)
CARPENTER BUS LINE, INC. was founded by Fred W. Carpenter in Black River, New York in the late 1910s and ran into the 1920s.
CARROLLTON-CINCINNATI BUS LINE ran in Covington, Warsaw and Ghent, Kentucky in the 1920s-1930s.
CARTER VALLEY BUS LINE According to a 1946 Kingston, Tennessee Rotary Club publication, this company ran 3 buses in the 1940s and served Kingston along Bloomingdale Road and the city of Rock Springs, Tennessee.
CASCADA-HUNTINGTON LAKE STAGE COMPANY ran in 1924 out of Los Angeles, California. D.A. Munger, general manager.
CASCADE MOUNTAIN STAGE LINE The only information about this company is that it is mentioned in the State of Washington Fifteenth Biennial Report of the Secretary of State for October 1, 1916, September 30, 1918; it served the Washington region noted in the company title, and that it was bought out by North Bend Stage Line in 1925.
CASEYVILLE BUS LINES, INC. / CASEYVILLE BUS LINE According to the 1984 edition of The Atwood-Coffee Catalogue, this company was operating in 1938, when it issued fare tokens in the name of “Caseyville Bus.” (As noted below, this information was based on a 1966 report by Richard Montague of Cahokia, Illinois.) However, the first evidence I have found of this company is in a December 19, 1941, notice printed in the Edwardsville Intelligencer from Edwardsville, Illinois, noting that Oliver Anderson, President of the Caseyville Bus Line, Inc., had applied to the Illinois Commerce Commission for “a Certificate of Convenience and Necessity to operate as a motor carrier for the transportation of passengers for hire between Collinsville, Illinois; Caseyville, Illinois; French Village, Illinois, Edgemont, East St. Louis, Illinois, and Washington Park, Illinois.” The 1946 Mass Transit Directory provides this info: “Caseyville Bus Line, Inc. Local serving Caseyville, Collinsville, E. St. Louis, Belleville. Buses 5, route miles 27.” The 1956 MTD entry reads: “Caseyville Bus Line, Inc. Fourth and Morris Sts. City service in Caseyville and surrounding area.” By the 1950s the company was owned by Industrial Bus Lines, Inc., an intercity company servicing E. St. Louis, Cahokia, Fairview, O’Fallon, Illinois and St. Louis, Missouri. In 1956 the two companies ran 11 buses over 27 route miles, with Oliver C. Anderson servicing as president. (Anderson also owned and operated the Central and Southern Trucking.) By 1960 the company was operating 35 buses over 30 route miles. Caseyville Bus Lines, Inc., was taken over by Bi-State Transit of St. Louis in 1963.
A note on Caseyville Bus Lines fare tokens: The March 1966 issue of The Fare Box, which is the monthly newsletters of the American Vecturist Association, had this to say about the Caseyville fare tokens: “The Caseyville token was found by Richard Montague of Cahokia, Ill ., which is only a few miles from Caseyville. Mr . Montague tells us that the token was first issued in 1938, and that only 500 of them were struck. When the company stopped using tokens they collected and destroyed all that they could find, and very few of them survived. About 5 years ago the Caseyville Bus line was taken over by Bi-State Transit. Caseyville is a small suburb of East St. Louis. We list the token at $1.00, because it is a comparatively recent issue. However, should no more of them turn up, the value would be expected to be in the census category.” The 1982 edition of The Atwood-Coffee Catalogue list the value of this token at $100. The most recent edition gives a value of $250.
The badge is die-pressed brass with one threaded post and one pin post. It measures approx. 2¾” x 2⅝”.
CASSADAY AUTO LINE / R.S. CASSADAY AUTO LINE was operating in the mid 1920s out of Blairsden, California. R. S. Cassaday was the owner / operator.
CATSKILL ELECTRIC RAILWAY COMPANY began running in Catskill, New York on December 14, 1900 from Catskill Point to Jefferson for a distance of two miles. In 1910 it was reorganized as the Catskill Traction Company. The company stopped running in the Summer of 1917 and filed it’s last report on October 31st.
CAYUGA OMNI-BUS CORPORATION was a city bus line in Auburn, New York in the late 1920s. It also ran an intercity service, receiving a certificate of operation in May 1931 from the Public Service Commission of New York to operate a bus line between Marcellus and Syracuse, New York. At that time the company was already operating routes in Auburn and the Town of Owasco, New York. Their company motto was “Intelligent Transportation.” In 1945 the company was serving Skaneateles, New York. In 1943 the company issued bus tokens. The Tuesday, January 3, 1950 edition of the Citizen Advertiser, from Auburn, New York, gives the details in the next chapter of Cayuga Omni-Bus Corporation’s history: “A fleet of red and cream colored buses, owned by the Auburn Bus Company, composed of Shaw and Ben Benderly, went into action New Year’s Day and the switch from the service rendered by the Cayuga Omnibus Corporation to the new one was performed without a hitch. The Benderly brothers, who took over the franchise with a 10-year agreement for city operation, expressed pleasure at the fine way the Auburn passengers and officials have co-operated. The Auburn Bus Company has a fleet of 18 buses in operation and the Arm announced that more than 25 of the drivers of the Cayuga Omnibus Corporation have been absorbed in the change. The new bus firm houses its fleet in its recently acquired property, known as the Green Street Garage. The Cayuga Omnibus Corporation still maintains its service between Auburn and Syracuse. The Inter-urban line was not affected by the change in city operators.”
As noted in the article, the Cayuga Omni-Bus Corporation’s rural routes were unaffected by the sale of their city operation. However, by 1952 that situation had changed. In a newspaper article dated Saturday April 25, 1953 the company’s president, Harold J. Drescher, was interviewed about his request with the Public Service Commission that he be allowed to discontinue two rural bus routes, which would dissolve the company. (They were interurban service between Auburn and via Skaneateles and between Syracuse and via Onondaga Hill.) The March 12, 1954 edition of the Syracuse Post-Standard from Syracuse, New York carried this notice: “Last May the Cayuga Omnibus Co., which had operated the lines for 24 years, filed a petition with the commission asking for an order permitting it to go out of business on the ground that it was losing money.” That petition was granted in April 1954 and it sparked a bid from other companies for the abandoned routes. One of those companies was the Auburn Bus Company, which had already taken over Auburn’s city bus service by brothers Shaw and Ben Benderly. The PSC denied the petition, after which the Benderlys appealed. In March 1954 a rehearing was denied by the PSC. The other company was the Onondaga Coach Co., which applied for a permanent certificate of consent to operate the interurban bus lines between Auburn and Syracuse and Marcellus and Syracuse. (The Onondaga Coach Co. had been operating the lines on a temporary certificate since November 1, 1954.) After 1959 the Auburn Transit Corporation was providing bus service to the city of Auburn, New York.
CECIL COACH LINE or sometime R. J. CECIL COACH LINE, was running out of Muncie, Indiana in 1926.
CECIL TRANSIT was a local bus service located in Perryville, Maryland and operated by Cecil County, Maryland.
CEDAR RAPIDS CITY LINES was a subsidiary of National City Lines, and succeeded Iowa Electric Light & Power Company in 1937 providing service in Cedar Rapids, Iowa. It ran buses until 1967. The badge measures 2 ½”x 2 ½” with two threaded posts; not marked but probably made by Greenduck Co., Chicago.
CELYER BROTHERS BUS LINE COMPANY There’s no info on this company other than it was operating in 1928 in Tennessee.
CENTRAL ARKANSAS TRANSIT Transit services in Lock Rock, Arkansas go back to City Electric Street Railway (1885-1901) and then to the Little Rock Railway & Electric Company, which ran from 1901 until 1925. This company was then taken over by the Arkansas Power & Light Company, which ran streetcars. It formed a subsidiary called Capital Transportation, which ran from 1935 until 1950 when it was sold to a group of local investors. From 1952 until 1956 Capital Transit Company ran buses in Little Rock. On February 28, 1956 the city governments of Little Rock and North Little Rock awarded a bus franchise to Citizens Coach Company. This company went under in 1962 and was succeeded by Twin City Transit on September 25, 1962. This company ran until 1972 when it was taken over by Central Arkansas Transit Authority. In 2015 Rock Region Metropolitan Transit Authority (Rock Region Metro) took over public transit in Little Rock, North Little Rock, Cammack Village, Maumelle, Sherwood, and Jacksonville, Arkansas. The badge measures approx. 2 ½”, die pressed and a single threaded post.
CENTRAL AVENUE BUS LINE / CENTRAL AVE BUS LINE There’s not much info on this company other than it was owned by Otto F. Beutke and was operating before 1920 in Phoenix, Arizona. On September 12, 1920 Otto F. Beutke applied for a certificate of convenience and necessity to operate a stage line between Sherman Street and Indian School Road, serving the central business section of Phoenix, Arizona. The application was denied because the Phoenix Street Railway Company was operating a route that was within three blocks of the proposed bus line. The company was still operating in 1930, but is not mentioned in any edition of the MTD in the 1940s. (This company is not to be confused with the Central Avenue Bus Line that was operating in Upion City and Jersey City, New Jersey in the 1960s.) The badge is die-pressed, made of brass, measures 2 3/8″ x 2″, has one threaded post and is marked AMERICAN RY. SUPPLY CO.
CENTRAL BUS COMPANY operated out of Lincolnton to Cherryville, North Carlonia in the 1940s.
CENTRAL BUS LINES / CENTRAL TRAILWAYS Editor’s note: some of the early Trailways members had very tangled histories, and oft times hard to work out. Central Trailways is one of these: Based in Cookeville, Tennessee, in 1935 Cookeville Coach Company was renamed Central Bus Lines. Based in Cookeville, the company was owned and operated by H. J. Utter and Don D. Utter. With Interstate Commerce Commission approval, in August 1947 Central Bus Lines took over the routes and operations of Consolidated Bus Lines, Inc., and the combined operations formed Central Trailways. (Consolidated Bus Lines had been founded in 1938 in Smithville, Tennessee.*) In 1947 the company served Chattanooga, Crossville, Jamestown, Nashville, Cookeville, Lebanon, McMinnville, Tullahoma, Celina and Gallatin, Tennessee with 60 buses over 722 route miles. In 1953 Continental Southern Lines bought Crescent Stages / Crescent Trailways, and renamed the companies Continental Crescent Lines; on March 1, 1954, with Tennessee Utilities Commission approval, Continental Southern Lines acquired Central Trailways and renamed it Continental Tennessee Lines, Inc., which continued as a Trailways member company. Dr. D.B. “Doc” Rushing writes: “In 1960 the Tennessee Coach Company [was] sold to a new firm (created specifically to buy the TCC), named as the Tennessee Trailways, Inc., owned in three equal shares by three other Trailways member companies. The investors were the Virginia Stage Lines (the Virginia Trailways), the Smoky Mountain Stages (the Smoky Mountain Trailways), and the Continental Tennessee Lines (which ran in part between Nashville and Knoxville along US-70N via Lebanon, Carthage, Cookeville, Crossville, and Rockwood). That last company [Continental Tennessee Lines, Inc.] was in turn a wholly owned subsidiary of the Continental Southern Lines, based in Alexandria, Louisiana. The two latter firms were members of the Transcontinental Bus System, which used the trade name of the Continental Trailways.” (*Chicago Transit & Railfan confuses this Consolidated with Consolidated Bus Lines “formed 1926 by J. E. Craft”.)
CENTRAL GATEWAY CO. No information on this badge.
CENTRAL ILLINOIS BUS COMPANY was headquartered in Springfield, Illinois and began operating in August 1928. It operated a route between Springfield, Riverton, Dawson, Buffalo,Lanesville, Illiopolis,Niantic, Harristown, Decatur, Antioch, Casner, La Place, Lintner, Hume, Metcalf, Chrisman and the Illinois-Indiana state line. In 1930 the company added a route between Danville and Decatur, Illinois. During the 1930’s the company acquired Tri-State Bus Company.
CENTRAL MICHIGAN MOTOR COACH LINES / CENTRAL MICHIGAN BUS LINES First of all, I’m not sure if these two companies are one and the same. On July 23, 1926 Central Michigan Motor Coach Line was advertising a route between Muskegon and Freemont Mt. Pleasant: “Bus Leaves Hotels Bennett and Park Daily 6:30 a. m., 1:00 p. m.. Central Standard Time. FOR SPECIAL TRIPS SEE DRIVER”. The company was again mentioned in July 1930 in a newspaper ad. There is no further mention of the company after 1930. However, Central Michigan Bus Lines was running in the 1940s between Saginaw, Merrill, Hemlock, Breckinridge, St. Louis, Alma, Edmore, Greenville and Howard City, Michigan. This company was located in Alma, Michigan and ran 4 buses over 40 route miles. In the November 23, 1951 edition of the Traverse City Record-Eagle from Traverse City, Michigan, there is this note of the company’s end: “(UP) – Orval Hyatt, owner of the Wolverine Bus Lines of Muskegon and Hesperia, has purchased the Central Michigan Bus Lines of Alma and requested the Michigan Public Service commission for an extension from Alma to Muskegon.” The company was still operating under the name “Central Michigan Bus Lines” in the 1954 edition of the MTD. It is not listed in the 1956 edition.
CENTRAL MOTOR BUS LINE ran a 72-mile route from Salem to Eugene, Oregon in 1923.
CENTRAL OF GEORGIA MOTOR TRANSPORT COMPANY was running in the late 1920s as a subsidiary bus line of Central of Georgia Railroad Company: “Railway Age, Vol. 92, No. 26 June 1932 ‘We operate buses in the name of the Central of Georgia Motor Transport Company, which is a corporation owned by the Central of Georgia,’ says H.D. Pollard, president and general manager.’” The subsidiary is not mentioned in the 1939 Russell’s Guide. However, in 1951 Central of Georgia Railroad founded a trucking firm to handled some of its shipping loads—giving it the name Central of Georgia Motor Transport Company.
CENTRAL SWALLOW COACH LINES began operating buses as early as 1935, east of Indianapolis to Dunreith and New Castle, replacing the THI&E railway line which had been abandoned in 1932. Now part of the IndyGo Washington route. The badge has a single threaded post, and was made by the FIFTH AVENUE UNIFORM COMPANY 19 SO. WELLS CHICAGO .
CENTRAL TRANSIT COMPANY was operating out of Stockton, California in the mid 1920s. The owners’ name was Colberg.
CHAMPAIGN-URBANA CITY LINES was owned by National City Lines, which bought out Illinois Power & Light Company and replaced their streetcars with buses. Beginning in 1936, Champaign-Urbana City Lines provided transit to Champaign-Urbana, Illinois metro area. The company ran bus until 1965-1966, when it sold the system to Westover Transit Management Corporation. The new owners, keeping the same name, ran until 1971. The Champaign-Urbana Mass Transit District began operation on August 2, 1971. (Go to Champaign Urbana Mass Transit District History for more information.)
CHAMPLAIN COACH LINES, INC. / CHAMPLAIN-FRONTIER COACH LINES “Soon after [John D.] Hertz acquired control of Fifth Avenue Coach in 1924, its operations were extended, through new subsidiaries, into other states and Canada. In 1926, Gray Line Motor Tours, which operated sightseeing buses in the City and to outside points such as Bear Mountain, was acquired; in 1929 Frontier Coach Lines was organized in Massachusetts to operate a line between Boston and Montreal and sightseeing buses in Boston; and in the same year Champlain Coach Lines, a New York corporation, was organized to operate a line between New York and Montreal.” (Swaine, Robert T. 2007. The Cravath Firm and Its Predecessors 1819-1947. New Jersey: The Lawbook Exchange, Ltd.) Another of Hertz’s partners in this venture was Canada’s Provincial Transport Company, which took care of the Canadian side of business. In 1930 the company charged $18 for a round trip, or $10 one way, and served various towns in New York, Vermont, New Jersey and Quebec, Canada. Since the company was under the same ownership as the Frontier Coach Lines, Inc., it was often advertised as the Champlain-Frontier Coach Lines and indeed the two companies issued joint bus schedules. In the 1930s and 1940s the company’s president and director was Frederick T. Wood, who was also a director and VP of Madison Avenue Coach Company, Inc.; director and vice-chairman of the Board of the New York City Omnibus Corporation; a director and chairman of the Board of the Fifth Avenue Coach Company; a director and president of the Champlain Coach Lines; president of Frontier Coach Lines, Inc. Champlain Coach Lines was taken over by Central Greyhound Lines of New York in 1942—which was merged into Eastern Greyhound Lines in 1955.
CHAPIN & SADLER Not much information here. I found an obit for Clarence E. “Bud” Rose (1924 – 2015) who worked for the Chapin & Sadler Fuel and Bus Company, located in Montague Center, MA, stating he was an oil delivery and school bus driver. The badge has a single threaded post.
CHARLEROI COACH LINES This company appears to have been founded in ca. 1959-1960, since I can find no mention of it in the 1950s editions of the MTD. In November 1959 it is mentioned in an advertisement in the Charleroi Daily Mail from Charleroi, Pennsylvania naming John A. Shultz as owner/operator. (Charleroi is about 21 miles south of Pittsburgh.) The company operated a service along Route 71 between Charleroi and Cokeburg. The firm’s slogan was, “Why Fuss Take Schultz’s Bus.” It was still in business in 1968, when a newspaper items noted that the owner might be closing down his company due to ill health and no money to upgrade equipment. The badge is nickel-plated metal with two threaded posts.
CHARLESTON TRANSIT COMPANY The history of this company begins in Charleston, West Virginia with the Charleston Interurban Railroad Company, which took over streetcar service from Kanawha Valley Traction Company in 1923. At a the 1935 receiver’s sale for the bankrupt Charleston Interurban Railroad Company, Charleston Transit Company acquired the property. On June 29, 1939 the new company converted the entire streetcar operation to buses. The company lasted until 1971 when it was sold to the current Kanawha Valley Regional Transportation Authority. There are three badge designs. The first, which may be the earliest, is made if nickel-plated brass with enamel has two threaded posts on either end at the top, and measures 2″ x 2⅛”; the other two badges differ slightly in design with one fancy and one plain. The fancy badge design, which is earlier, has flower wreath around the bottom and has no maker’s mark. The plain badge design was made by Maier Lavaty Co. Chicago. They measure approx. 1¾” diameter with a single threaded post.
CHARLESTOWN BUS LINES connecting Jeffersonville and Charlestown, Indiana, with Louisville, Ky. Went out of business in 1943.
CHARLOTTE CITY COACH LINES, INC. / CITY COACH LINES, INC. / CITY COACH took over the public transportation in Charlotte, North Carolina, in 1955 from Duke Power Company. (That company had discontinued streetcars in Charlotte in 1938 and in 1946 was running 93 buses over 152 route miles. After Charlotte City Coach Lines took over operations in Charolotte, the company still operated in Durham, Greensboro, N.C., Anderson and Spartanburg, S.C.) Although Charlotte City Coach Lines operated buses in Charlotte, it was controlled by City Coach Lines. In 1956 Charlotte City Coach Lines operated 115 buses over 205 route miles The company operated until 1976 when the Charlotte Department of Transportation took over and operated buses as Charlotte Transit, which was in existence from 1976 to 1999. The below badge is made of nickel-plated brass, measures 2¼” x 2″ and has two threaded posts.
CHARLOTTE-CONCORD BUS LINE, INC. was operating in the early and mid 1920s out of Charlotte, North Carolina. L. B. Cress was the president. There is this entry from North Carolina Corporation Commission: “Under the Commission’s Order of March 14, 1925, six applications were filed for service on the line between Charlotte, N. C, and Greensboro, N. C, namely: Kirk’s Auto Bus Service. Piedmont Stage Line, Inc. Charlotte-Concord Bus Line. Dixie Motor Coach Line, Inc. Blue Star Bus Line. The Royal Blue Transportation Co., Inc. The Commission called the carriers to a conference on April 3, 1925, for the purpose of separating the operation of the equipment on time schedules primarily to prevent racing and controversy between the drivers. . . . These carriers have been operating with keen competition and little was known as to the financial results of their operation, therefore, without attempting to ascertain the adequacy of the service the Commission made twenty-six temporary daily schedules, thirty minutes apart, allocated as follows:
Kirk’s Auto Bus Service, eight round trips; Piedmont Stage Line, Inc., seven round trips Charlotte-Concord Bus Line, three round trips; Dixie Motor Coach, Inc., four round trips; White Bus Line, one round trip Blue Star Bus Line, two round trips; Royal Blue Transportation Co., Inc., two round trips.”
CHATTANOOGA-DAYTON BUS LINE began operating on July 29, 1916 between Dayton, Decatur and Lupton City, Tennessee. J. Alfred Williams was the owner. By 1929 Frank S. Wingate was the company’s owner. (Wingate bought Air Line Coaches’ operations in 1930.)
CHATTANOOGA-DECATUR BUS LINE was operating in the late 1920s out of Chattanooga, Tennessee. As the name says, it served Chattanooga and Decatur, Tennessee.
CHATTANOOGA-HUNTSVILLE BUS LINE In the early 1930s this company was operating over U.S. Highway 72 running from Chattanooga, Tennessee to Huntsville, Alabama. On April 11, 1933, the Tennessee Railroad & Public Utilities Commission approved the sale of the Chattanooga-Huntsville Bus Line to Cumberland Coach Company. Cumberland only operated the service until May 23, 1934, at which time it was sold to Capital Motor Lines of Montgomery, Alabama. (Info from David Steinburg’s Chattanooga transit history, which you may access in our “Links” page.)
CHATTANOOGA-LAKE WINNEPASAUKAH BUS LINE was operating in the late 1920s out of Chattanooga, Tennessee. As the name says, it served Chattanooga and Lake Winnepasaukah, Tennessee.
CHATTANOOGA-LOOKOUT MOUNTAIN BUS LINE was operating in the late 1920s out of Chattanooga, Tennessee. As the name says, it served Chattanooga and Lookout Mountain, Tennessee.
CHATTANOOGA-NASHVILLE BUS COMPANY was operating in the 1920s between Nashville and Chattanooga, Tennessee.
CHATTANOOGA-SOUTH PITTSBURG & HUNTSVILLE BUS COMPANY was operating in the late 1920s out of Chattanooga, Tennessee. As the name says, it served Chattanooga, South Pittsburg, and Huntsville, Tennessee.
CHAUDOIN BUS LINES This company’s history begins with two brothers, Albert Lee (1904-1979) and Robert Guthrie Chaudoin (19043-1982), who, in 1935, founded Chaudoin Bus Lines in Louisville, Kentucky. In the 1930s the company served Louisville, Central City and Paducah, Kentucky. By the early 1940s their buses served New Castle, Carrollton and Paducah via Shepherdsville, Kentucky. A November 27, 1943 Louisville, Kentucky newspaper article announced that Chaudoin Bus Lines was sold to “the Bankers National Investment Corporation for $225,000. It was transferred to a new corporation known as the Kentucky Bus Lines, Inc. The property was owned by A. L. Chaudoin and R. G. Chaudoin, brothers who operated an intrastate line from Louisville. Running 13 buses to New Castle, Carrollton and Paducah via Shepherdsville.” Kentucky Bus Lines joined the National Trailways Bus System in 1952 and remained until 1954. In 1972 the Louisville Transit Company acquired the company’s routes.
JOHN CHEAP STAGE LINE ran in 1924 in Oxnard, California. John Cheap, owner/operator.
CHECKER BUS CORPORATION ran on Long Island, New York in the 1960s. It was reorganized into Stage Coach Lines sometime in the 1960s, and that company was acquired by BEE LINE, INC. In 1973 all of Bee Line, Inc.’s operations were taken over by the Metropolitan Suburban Bus Authority (operating as MTA Long Island Bus) in 1973.
CHECKERWAY CHARTER COACH COMPANY was a charter bus service in – Milwaukee, Wisconsin. Interestingly, the bus emblem on the badge features a Greyhound bus, which indicates a Greyhound Lines connection.
CHENANGO VALLEY TRANSIT LINES This company was operating in the 1940s out of Binghampton, New York and served Binghamton, Norwich, Hamilton and Utica. In 1956 Austin F. Robbins was owner and president of the company and operated 10 buses over 161 route miles. In 1978 Robbins was still the owner of the company. The badge is made of nickel-plated metal and has two threaded posts.
CHEROKEE MOTOR COACH COMPANY, INC. was incorporated in 1928 by the Levan brothers of Chattanooga, Tennessee. (By 1940 J. B. Levan and Florence Levan owned the compnay.) They ran a route to Manchester, Monteagle and Tullahoma, Tennessee and Huntsville, Alabama. In 1949 the company was sold to Southeastern Greyhound Lines. The badge measures 2¼” x 2″ single threaded post, made by FIFTH AVENUE UNIFORM CO IN CHICAGO.
CHERRY TRANSIT COMPANY was founded in 1933 in Green Bay, Wisconsin. The May 24, 1933 edition of the Green Bay Press-Gazette from Green Bay, Wisconsin carried the story of the company’s founding: “In the matter of the application of Cherry Transit Company for a certificate to operate motor vehicles as an auto transportation company for the carrying passengers between Green Bay, Algoma and Sturgeon Bay. NOTICE OF HEARING AND ORDER FOR PUBLICATION Notice is hereby given that the Public Service Commission of Wisconsin will hold a public hearing upon the above entitled application on May 31, 1933 to be held in the city of Madison, Wisconsin, at 10:00 o’clock in the forenoon said day, at which time and place persons present desiring to he heard thereon will be given an opportunity to present such evidence and arguments as may bear upon the question of whether public interest requires the issuance of a certificate to Cherry Transit Company for the carriage of passengers between the points named …” In 1956 the company was running 8 buses over 96 route miles. In 1962 the company was merged with two other bus companies (Green Bay Wausau Lines and Wisconsin Michigan Transit Lines) to form Wisconsin-Michigan Coaches, Inc.
CHICAGO AURORA & ELGIN RAILROAD (CA&E), “known colloquially as the ‘Roarin’ Elgin’ or the ‘Great Third Rail’, was an interurban railroad that operated passenger and freight service on its line between Chicago and Aurora, Batavia, Geneva, St. Charles, and Elgin, Illinois. The railroad also operated a small branch to Mt. Carmel Cemetery in Hillside and owned a branch line to Westchester.” “Utilities magnate Samuel Insull gained control of the CA&E in 1926. Insull and his corporate interests had already taken over and improved the properties of the North Shore and South Shore Lines. Insull’s plans to make similar improvements to the CA&E were scrapped as the result of the Great Depression. With the collapse of his utilities empire, Insull was forced to sell his interest in the CA&E, and the railroad was once again bankrupt by 1932. The line connecting West Chicago with Geneva and St. Charles was abandoned in 1937. Wounded by the increased use of automobiles after World War II, the CA&E abruptly ended passenger service in 1957. Freight service was suspended in 1959, and the railroad was officially abandoned in 1961. Most of the right-of-way has since been converted to the Illinois Prairie Path rail trail.” (Information from Wikipedia.) (Samuel Insull, 1959-1938, was based in Chicago and accumulated a vast fortune in the 1920s, principally from the acquisition of public utilities and railroads, which he purchased through his various companies.)
CHICAGO & CALUMET DISTRICT TRANSIT CO. INC. also, CHICAGO & CALUMET DIST.–TRANS. CO. SHORELINE There is an older and newer badge for this company, which ran from 1931 until 1971, providing local bus service in the Hammond and Whiting and East Chicago. The earlier badge measures 1 ½ ” in diameter and is a pin back. The later badge has one threaded post, measures just under 2″ x ½” tall, and was made by FIFTH AVENUE UNIFORM COMPANY, 19 SO. WELLS, CHICAGO.
CHICAGO & JOLIET TRANSPORTATION COMPANY was formed in 1922 by the Chicago & Joliet Electric Railway Company to operate buses. Both companies ceased operations in July 1934 and their routes and equipment sold off.
CHICAGO & KANSAS CITY FREIGHT & LINES COMPANY Many early bus companies began as a combination of freight and passenger service. Often, their “buses” were a flatbed truck where some benches were set up among the freight when passengers were riding. This company was one of those businesses, although it seems to have been primarily a freight trucking company based in Kansas City, Missouri. There is little surviving info: a badge, which dates to the 1910s-1920s, and a single 1937 newspaper item and a truck photo. The July 30,1937 edition of the Bucklin Herald, from Bucklin, Missouri reported “A Chicago and Kansas City Freight line truck was hi-jacked of five five-gallon buckets of paint at about one o’clock this morning three miles east of Bucklin on U.S. Highway 36, according to the state patrol. As the truck was going up a hill, a man jumped on the running board and forced the driver to drive down a side road. Here the occupants of the truck, Herbert and Herman Wallers and Al Markam all of Kansas City were tied up and blindfolded. The paint was then stolen from the truck.” The badge is made of die-pressed brass, measures approx. 2¾” x 2¾”, is marked “Joe” and had at least one threaded post. (Note: the badge has a hole drilled in the center to replace a missing post with a screw.)
CHICAGO MOTOR BUS COMPANY was incorporated in Egewater, Illinois in December 1913 and secured a franchise on June 19, 1916 from the Lincoln Park Board, to have exclusive rights to operate buses through Lincoln Park, and began operations on its first route March 25, 1917. (Info from LeRoy Blommaert.) The company merged with Chicago Stage Company and Depot Motor Bus Lines in 1923 to form the Chicago Motor Coach Company. This new company was owned by John D. Hertz, who had founded the famed Yellow Cab Company. The following year Hertz merged Chicago Motor Coach and his Fifth Avenue Motor Coach Corporation of New York City, creating the Omnibus Corp. In 1952 Chicago Motor Coach’s operations were taken over by the Chicago Transit Authority (CTA), the city’s public mass-transit enterprise. (For more info on this company’s history see: Before The CTA, City Buses Were Double Deckers You Could Hail )
CHICAGO MOTOR COACH COMPANY There are two differing stories about this company’s founding. One is found on Wikipedia, which offers that “John D. Hertz founded the Chicago Motor Coach Company in 1917 to run bus transport services in Chicago.” The other states that the Chicago Motor Coach Company was formed in 1923 by John D. Hertz after a merger of three motorbus carriers, Chicago Motor Bus Co., the Chicago Stage Co., and the Depot Motor Bus Lines. In 1924 Hertz merged Chicago Motor Coach and the Fifth Avenue Motor Coach Corp. of New York City, creating the Omnibus Corp. In 1952, when it owned nearly 600 buses, Chicago Motor Coach’s operations were taken over by the Chicago Transit Authority (CTA), the city’s public mass-transit enterprise. Supporting documentation seems to show that the latter account is correct. (See the above entry for Chicago Motor Bus Company.) The first badge is die pressed brass, convex shaped with two loops and measures 2 ¾” x 2″. The second badge is for an inspector, is die pressed and nickel plated with two fasteners.
CHICAGO NORTH SHORE & MILWAUKEE RAILROAD “NORTH SHORE LINE” was formed in 1916 by famed industrialist Samuel Insull when he acquired the Chicago & Milwaukee Electric Railway Company. (Samuel Insull, 1959-1938, was based in Chicago and accumulated a vast fortune in the 1920s, principally from the acquisition of public utilities and railroads, which he purchased through his various companies.) The line served the northern Chicago metropolitan area, and southeastern Wisconsin. The North Shore Line provided electric freight and passenger service between the Chicago Loop and downtown Milwaukee. In 1947 the company purchased Racine Motor Coach Lines, Inc. and operated 50 buses over 23.6 route miles in Racine, Wisconsin. During the 1950s the company was in decline; finally, on January 22, 1963, the company ceased operations and its lines were abandoned.
CHICAGO RAPID TRANSIT COMPANY / CRT From the Encyclopedia of Chicago: “The Chicago Rapid Transit Co., which was led by Chicago utilities titan Samuel Insull, was created in 1924 after a formal merger among the lines associated in the Chicago Elevated Railways. During the 1920s, Chicago Rapid Transit employed about 5,000 men and 600 women and had annual revenues of roughly $20 million. In 1932, during the Great Depression, the company entered bankruptcy. In [October] 1947 it was taken over by the new Chicago Transit Authority (CTA), a public entity that became the new owner of the city’s famous ‘L.’” From Wikepedia: “The CRT was an amalgamation of several elevated railroad operators, each of which operated service in a particular section of the city. These predecessors include: Chicago and South Side Rapid Transit Railroad (providing service starting in 1892), Lake Street Elevated Railroad (providing service starting in 1893), Metropolitan West Side Elevated Railroad (providing service starting in 1895), Northwestern Elevated Railroad (providing service starting in 1900). The badge is made of stainless steel with solid copper numerals, measures 3″ x 1¼” and was made by GREENDUCK CO. CHICAGO.
CHICAGO SOUTH SHORE & SOUTH BEND RAILROAD (CSS) / SOUTH SHORE LINE is owned by the Anacostia Rail Holdings Company. “The South Shore Line is the last remaining of the once numerous electric interurban trains in the United States. The South Shore began in 1901 as the Chicago and Indiana Air Line Railway, a streetcar route between East Chicago and Indiana Harbor. Reorganized as the Chicago, Lake Shore and South Bend Railway in 1904, by 1908 its route had reached South Bend, Indiana via Michigan City, Indiana. The company leased the Kensington and Eastern Railroad, an Illinois Central Railroad subsidiary, to gain access to Chicago. Passenger service between South Bend and Chicago began in 1909. . . . Samuel Insull acquired the bankrupt Lake Shore in 1925 and reorganized it as the Chicago South Shore and South Bend Railroad, which it remains today.” (Quoted from Wikepedia.) (Samuel Insull, 1959-1938, was based in Chicago and accumulated a vast fortune in the 1920s, principally from the acquisition of public utilities and railroads, which he purchased through his various companies.)
CHICAGO SURFACE LINES The Chicago Surface Lines (CSL) was the operator of the street railway system of Chicago, Illinois, from the years 1913 to 1947. The firm is a predecessor of today’s publicly owned Chicago Transit Authority. The below badge is marked HEEREN BROS CO W.C. PATENTED PITTSBURG PA, two clips fasteners.
CHICAGO SURFACE LINES Three later badges: the first badge is die pressed with two threaded posts and measures approx. 3″ x 2″. The second badge is die pressed, measures 2 ¼” x 2 ½” with two threaded posts. A later badge was made of plastic and measured 3″ x 1 ⅞”.
CHICAGO TRANSIT AUTHORITY / CTA is the operator of mass transit in Chicago, Illinois and some of its surrounding suburbs, including the trains of the Chicago “L” and CTA bus service. “The CTA is an Illinois independent governmental agency that started operations on October 1, 1947 upon the purchase and combination of the transportation assets of the Chicago Rapid Transit Company and the Chicago Surface Lines streetcar system. In 1952, CTA purchased the assets of the Chicago Motor Coach Company, which was under the control of Yellow Cab Company founder John D. Hertz, resulting in a fully unified system. Today, the CTA is one of the three service boards financially supported by the Regional Transportation Authority.” (Source: Wikipedia.) There are a number of different badges issued by the CTA. The first shown here is die pressed, with two threaded posts and made by BASTIAN BROS CO ROCHESTER NY and measures approx. 4″x 3½”.
Below: this badge is made of nickel, is die pressed and has two threaded posts with no makers mark.
Below: this badge is made of brass, has two threaded posts and measures 3¾” in length.
Below: this badge is made of nickel, is die pressed, measures approx. 2″x2⅞”and has two threaded posts.
Below: this badge is made of plastic and measures 3½” x 2″.
CHICO-BUTTE CITY-PRINCETON STAGE ran in 1924 in Chico, California.
CHICO de SABLE STAGE LINE ran in 1924 out of Chico, California. W.A. Bailey was the owner/operator.
CHICO-HAMILTON STAGE was founded in Chico, California by “Gasoline” Jack Houk prior to 1914. Houk ran several different stage lines, including Chico-Hamilton Stage and Chico-Westwood Stage running mostly larger automobiles, such as a seven-passenger Studebaker, which he used on the Chico-Westwood Stage line. In 1924 the line was operating out of the Union Stage Depot in Chico, California. F.B. Smith was the manager. (There are some very nice photos of these early stage lines on the Net!)
CHICO-PARADISE-STERLING CITY STAGE COMPANY ran in 1924 inn Chico, California. Ira E. Thatcher, owner; A.A. Johnson, manager.
CHICO-RED BLUFF AUTO STAGE ran in 1924 in Chico, California. M. Bernardo, operator.
CHICO-WESTWOOD STAGE (see Chico-Hamilton Stage) In 1913 a round trip ticket was $11 and a one way ticket $6.
CHICO-WILLOWS STAGE (see Chico-Hamilton Stage.)
CHILCOOT-DOWNIEVILLE STAGE LINE was running in 1924 out of Chilcoot, California. Frank Word and William Spaletta, Jr. were the owners/operators.
CHILDREN’S BUS SERVICE INC. (CBS) of Brooklyn, New York. CBS, established by a number of smaller operators in 1919 in an effort to gain long term contracts with the New York City Board of Education encompassing service in the five boroughs. It remained the mainstay until the summer of 1965 when overwhelming financial burdens forced the company out of business. Die pressed, single threaded post, measures 2 ½” X 1¾”.
CHINESE-GROVELAND STAGE LINE was operating in the mid 1920s out of Big Oak Flat, California. Ernest Caplinger was the registered contact.
CHEYENNE MOUNTAIN COMPANY ran an “automobile bus” sightseeing service between Colorado Springs and points in the Pikes Peak Region in 1928.
CIENEGA AUTO STAGE LINE ran in 1924 in Hollister, California. A.H. Elliott, owner
CINCINNATI BUS CO. in 1928 was serving New Richmond, Columbia, California, Coney Island (Cincinnati), Brokamp, Seven Mile, Nine Mile and Blairville, Ohio.
CINCINNATI, FRANKLIN AND MONROE BUS LINE (operated by the King Brothers) ran in the Cincinnati, Ohio area in 1928 from Government Square to Broadway, to Reading Rd., to Reading, West Chester, Monroe and Franklin.
CINCINNATI-HAMILTON BUS CO. was running in the Cincinnati, Ohio area in the 1920s and 1930s. It served Avondale, Bond Hill, Carthage, Hartwell, Wyoming, Glendale, Springdale, Stockton and Hamilton.
CINCINNATI INTERURBAN CO. The company was in business in the late 1800s, early 1900s. The badge is hallmarked “GREG C. WRIGHT & SONS 12 & 114 LONGWORTH ST CINCINNATI” It has a pin back and measures 2″ W x 2″.
CINCINNATI & LAKE ERIE BUS COMPANY / CINCINNATI & LAKE ERIE TRANSPORTATION COMPANY According to one source, this company was founded in 1922 as Dayton & Columbus Transportation, which was a subsidiary of the Indiana Columbus & Eastern Traction Company. The company was renamed the Cincinnati & Lake Erie Bus Company in 1930 after the formation of the Cincinnati & Lake Erie Railroad. The company is mentioned in the August 10, 1932 edition of The Piqua Daily Call from Piqua, Ohio: “According to on announcement made public yesterday by O. E, Howland, receiver for the Dayton & Troy Electric Railway company, the Common Pleas Court of Montgomery County has authorized the suspension of interurban railway operations over its entire route . . . in order that there will bo no inconvenience or interruption in service to Dayton and Troy passengers, the Commission has ordered the Cincinnati & Lake Erie Bus Company to operate motor conch service over the route of the Dayton & Troy, such service beginning Thursday, August 11 . . . The Cincinnati & Lake Erie Bus Company will operate on practically the same schedule as the Dayton & Troy. Comfortable, large coaches with a seating capacity of 33 will be operated.” In 1939 the bus company was renamed the Cincinnati & Lake Erie Transportation Company when Cincinnati & Lake Erie Railroad railway discontinued rail service. From 1940 through 1944 the company was a member of the National Trailways Bus System as Cincinnati & Lake Erie Trailways. In 1949, Great Lakes Greyhound Lines of Indiana acquired Cincinnati & Lake Erie Transportation Company.
CINCINNATI-LOUISVILLE LINES There’s really no information on this company other than it ran buses into Detroit, Michigan to the Greyhound Bus Depot in the late 1930s.
C.N.&C.RY. / CINCINNATI NEWPORT & COVINGTON RAILWAY (Known as the Green Line) ran streetcars and later buses in Covington/Newport, Kentucky connecting to Cincinnati, Ohio. We get insight into this company from Moody’s Manual of Investments: American and Foreign, edited by John Sherman Porter – 1922 – Corporations: “Cincinnati, Newport & Covington Railway Company incorporated July 16, 1892 under Ohio laws. Owns entire capital stock of the South Covington & Cincinnati Street Ry., the Cincinnati, West Covington & Ludlow Street Ry., and the Newport Electric Street Ry. The South Covington & Cincinnati Street Ry. leases the Cincinnati, Covington & Rosedale St. Ry., the Cincinnati, West Covington & Ludlow St. Ry., Newport Electric Str. Ry., and the Covington & Latonia Ry. Co. It also owns the entire captical stock and operates the Cincinnati, Covington & Erlanger Street Ry. . . . The lines all connect Cincinnati with Newport, Covington, Dayton, Clifton, Fort Mitchell, South Gate, Latonia Race Track, Bellevue, Ludlow, Latonia, Bromley and Fort Tomas, embracing 66 miles of track.”
In 1907 the C. N. & C. RY. became a subsidiary of the Columbia Gas & Electric Company. (“Columbia Gas & Electric Company incorporated Sept. 10, 1906 in West Virginia, leased for 45 years—with option to renew for another 45 years—from April 1, 1907 the properties of the Cincinnati, Newport & Covington Light & Traction Co., Cincinnati, Newport & Covington Ry., South Covington & Cincinnati Street Railway and Union Light, Heat & Power.“)
The C. N. & C. RY. first operated buses in 1936. After the Ohio River Great Flood of 1937 the company was able to acquire most of the independent bus companies in the region. The only holdouts were Dixie Traction Co., Cold Spring Bus Co., and Black Diamond Stages. All three companies are mentioned in this February 9, 1937 edition of The Cincinnati Enquirer from Cincinnati, Ohio: “Improved bus service to North Fort Thomas Avenue and Highland Avenue in Fort Thomas was promised last night by P. G. Vondersmith, General Manager of the Cincinnati, Newport, and Covington Railway Company, and F. W. Dempsey, General Manager of the Dixie Traction Company, at a meeting of the Board of Council and several hundred interested citizens at the Fort Thomas City Building. The meeting was called by Mayor L. L. Ross to obtain improved bus service in the two sections of the city. E. J. and W. J. Murphy of the Black Diamond Stages, which operates from Ross to Cincinnati through Fort Thomas, and Paul Schwerling, President of the Cold Springs Bus Company, which operates buses from Cold Springs to Cincinnati by way of Fort Thomas, attended.” (The C.N.&C. RY. purchased the Dixie Traction Company in 1939, and ran it as a subsidiary. On July 25, 1940 the Dixie Traction Company purchased the Cold Springs Bus Company, thus both became part of the C.N.&C. RY. On February 14, 1940 the C.N. & C. RY. purchased Black Diamond Stages.)
The C.N. & C. RY. was sold to Allen & Company in 1944. The company ran it’s last streetcar on July 2, 1950. The Cincinnati Newport & Covington Railway Co. was renamed Cincinnati Newport & Covington Transportation Company in 1956. This company last until 1972.
THE CINCINNATI STREET RAILWAY COMPANY / CINCINNATI TRANSIT COMPANY This company was formed in 1880 after a consolidation/purchase of most all the street railroad properties in Cincinnati, Ohio. (This included the Cincinnati Street Railroad Company, which was a horsecar line that started operating on September 14, 1859. (See the entry for The Cincinnati Traction Company.) Conversion from streetcars to trolley buses & buses began in 1936, with the last streetcar ride in 1951. After the last streetcars ran, the name was changed in 1952 to Cincinnati Transit Company. The first badge pictured has no maker’s mark and is die-pressed with one threaded post. You will notice it also features a bus as well as a streetcar. The second badge pictured was made by Whitehead & Hoag Co. Newark N.J. (some later badges are marked W&H CO.) of brass/nickel, measures 2″ x 2½” with one threaded post and one pin post. (Note: some badges have a nickel finish, some have a brass finish.)
THE CINCINNATI TRACTION COMPANY By 1896 The Cincinnati Street Railway Company owned most all of the street railroad properties in Cincinnati, Ohio, which was accomplished by consolidation or purchase. (The only parts not consolidated were the lines in northern Kentucky, and the Vine Street line north of the zoo.) On February 21, 1901 The Cincinnati Street Railway leased all of its property to the newly-formed The Cincinnati Traction Company: “When The Cincinnati Traction Company was organized the Constitution of Ohio provided for stockholders’ double liability, and those who were instrumental in organizing The Cincinnati Traction Company and leasing the property of The Cincinnati Street Railway Company did not care to organize a company that would be subject to this provision. It was finally agreed that a company with a capitalization of $2,000,000. should be organized under the Ohio laws to take the lease . . . This resulted in the organization of the Union Traction Company of New Jersey, which acquired ownership of 19,989 shares of the capital stock of The Cincinnati Traction Company out of a total of 20,000 shares.” After a change in the law, in 1905 The Ohio Traction Company was organized under the laws of Ohio and took over the Union Traction Company of New Jersey and thus assumed control of The Cincinnati Traction Company. At this time W. Kelsey Schoepf was the president. The company also owned and operated a large car building operation, the Cincinnati Car Company, which was incorporated in 1902. At some point The Cincinnati Street Railway Company took over streetcar operations in Cincinnati, which continued until 1952 when streetcars were scraped. (See the previous entry.)
CITIZENS AUTO STAGE COMPANY, INC. was in business in 1916 in Tucson, Arizona. Allan B. Jaynes was listed as the contact, although his position is not stated. The June 25, 1921 edition of the Arizona Republic from Phoenix, Arizona, gives some company history: “The corporation commission yesterday granted the Marmon Short Line, which operates between Nogales and Tucson, permission to sell its rights and equipment to the Citizens Auto Stage company. The Citizens Auto Stage company also was authorized to operate between Tucson and Twin Buttes.” In the mid 1920s Frank Davies was listed as the owner and operating out of Nevada City, California. On March 21, 1942 the company was allowed to purchase “certain operating rights of Arizona Express, Inc., approved and authorized, subject to condition. H. A. Dalton and Beryl E. Wilson for applicant.” In 1946 the company was headquartered in Tuscon, Arizona running 4 buses between Tucson and Nogales over 67 route miles with Tom Morgan as president, and H. A. Dalton as general manager. It is mentioned in the October 23, 1947 edition of the Tucson Daily Citizen from Tucson, Arizona: “Determination Of Rights Citizens Auto Stage company petition for determination of whether its rights between Tucson and Nogales include picking up and letting off passengers inside Nogales, and if not for an Â·mended certificate permitting this service. Tom Morgan, doing business as the Nogales-Blsbee Stage company petition for determination of whether It can pick up and let off passengers inside Nogales, and if not for an amended certificate permitting the service. The latter two’are in conflict.” In 1956 it was operating 15 buses over 134 route miles. (The company also owned Nogales-Bisbee Stage Company, which was located at the same address with the same manager and staff.)
Citizens Auto Stage Company was carrying passengers in the 1960s-1970; it is still operating today, although it is now a freight trucking company: “Longevity in Tucson – What’s the secret to success?” Inside Tucson Business June 27, 2014 “Four moving and freight companies that opened between 1907 and 1926 – Citizens Transfer & Storage, Citizens Auto Stage Company, Horizon Moving Systems and Ralph’s Transfer – are still hitting the road.”
CITIZENS AUTO STAGE COMPANY was running in 1924 in Nevada City, California. Frank Davies was the owner/operator. The company was still operating on February 27, 1934 when it was mentioned in a court case.
CITIZENS COACH COMPANY Transit services in Lock Rock, Arkansas go back to City Electric Street Railway (1885-1901) and then to the Little Rock Railway & Electric Company, which ran from 1901 until 1925. This company was then taken over by the Arkansas Power & Light Company, which ran streetcars. It formed a subsidiary called Capital Transportation, which ran from 1935 until 1950 when it was sold to a group of local investors. From 1952 until 1956 Capital Transit Company ran buses in Little Rock. Citizens Coach Company was formed on February 28, 1956 as a compromise between local government officials in Little Rock and North Little Rock and national union leaders of the Amalgamated Association of Street, Electric Railway, and Motor Coach Employees of America. This company went under in 1962 and was succeeded by Twin City Transit (a subsidiary of the St. John Transportation Company) on September 25, 1962. This company ran until 1972 when it was taken over by Central Arkansas Transit Authority. In 2015 Rock Region Metropolitan Transit Authority (Rock Region Metro) took over public transit in Little Rock, North Little Rock, Cammack Village, Maumelle, Sherwood, and Jacksonville, Arkansas.
CITIZENS MOTOR COACH CO. INC. ALTON, ILL In 1936 this company assumed operation of local buses in Alton, Illinois. Their badges were personalized with the name of the operator. The badge is a die pressed, single threaded post.
CITIZENS TRACTION COMPANY ran in Oil City, Pennsylvania from 1902 until 1946. It succeeded Franklin Electric Street Railway and ran streetcars until 1928, and afterwards, buses.
CITIES TRANSIT ran buses in Bradenton and Sarasota, Florida (the Sarasota metropolitan area). It ran from 1945 until 1976.
CITY BUS COMPANY / CITY BUS COMPANY, INC. This is one of those bus company names for which it is all but impossible to connect with a transit badge. Without some provenance attached to the badge, such as the original owner and the company he/she drove for, it is anyone’s guess as to the badge’s origin. Between 1936 and 1956, the various editions of the MTD lists the following companies named City Bus Company (some of these companies have no info recorded other than the name and the city/town in which it was located):
CITY BUS COMPANY Gulf Port, Mississippi was operating in 1936.
CITY BUS COMPANY Kokomo, Indiana In 1940 this company was operating 14 buses over 30 route miles, and was controlled by Cross Transit Corp.
CITY BUS COMPANY Hendersonvlle, North Carolina. This company was operated in the 1940s by John L. Ley in the town of Hendersonville.
CITY BUS COMPANY Huntington, Ind. No info other than it was operating in 1946.
CITY BUS COMPANY Dyersburg, Tenn was operating 4 buses over 25 route miles in 1946.
CITY BUS COMPANY Ponca City, Oklahoma. No info other than it was operating in 1954.
CITY BUS COMPANY South Haven Michigan. Was operating 1 bus over 10 route miles in 1954.
CITY BUS COMPANY Bismarck, North Dakota was owned by Ross A. Carman and Oscar J. Nybakken in 1954.
CITY BUS COMPANY Oklahoma City, Oklahoma was operating 155 buses over 118 route miles in 1954.
CITY BUS COMPANY Abingdon, Virginia. W. B. Henry was the general manager in 1954.
CITY BUS COMPANY Pittsburg, Kansas. Charlie Jones was the owner operating 7 buses in 1954.
CITY BUS COMPANY Eufaula, Alabama. Cecil Poss was the owner, operating 2 buses over 13 route miles in 1956.
CITY BUS COMPANY, Inc. Pikeville, Kentucky. L. H. Childers was the general manager operating 4 buses over 40 route miles in 1956.
CITY BUS COMPANY San Angelo, Texas was operating 21 buses over 77 route miles in 1956.
The badge shown here is a typical generic style with one threaded post and made by THE C. H. HANSON CO. CHICAGO (marked on the thumb nut).
CITY BUS COMPANY The Oklahoma Railway Company operated streetcars in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma from 1904 until 1946. In November 1946 the intercity Oklahoma Transportation Company bought the assets and took over the management of the bankrupt Oklahoma Railway Company, which was running 125 buses over 162 route miles. The owners and management of the Oklahoma Transportation Company then formed the City Bus Company to assume city operations in Oklahoma City and to become the holding company for both businesses. Streetcars were discontinued in 1946. The Central Oklahoma Transportation and Parking Authority was established on February 1, 1966 by the Oklahoma City Council to replace City Bus Company after the company announced it would discontinue city service. Their fleet of 18 buses were leased to the new company, which was named Central Oklahoma Transportation and Parking Authority (COTPA). In 1975 the company was renamed to MassTrans. In 1992 it was renamed METRO Transit, and 2013 was renamed EMBARK. In 1977 Oklahoma Transportation Company was absorbed by Mid-Continent Coaches and Southwest Coaches. The badge here is made of nickel with no type of securing device on the back.
CITY BUS LINE was running in Clinton, Indiana in 1926.
CITY BUS LINES Glenn E. Watson owned Transit Investment Company of Columbia, Missouri, which operated six city bus companies in the 1940s, 1950s and 1960s: Sedalia City Bus Lines, Inc., in Sedalia, Missouri; Jefferson City Lines, Inc., in Jefferson City, Missouri; Columbia City Bus Lines, Inc., in Columbia, Missouri; Inter City Bus Lines, Inc., in Mission, Kansas; Owensboro City Bus Lines, Inc., in Owensboro, Kentucky; and Elm City Bus Lines, Inc., in Jacksonville, Illinois. Watson used the same fare tokens and badges for most of these companies that were simply marked “CITY BUS LINES,” thereby saving the expense of having separate tokens and badges made. See the companies mentioned above for more information. The badge is made of brass and enamel, measures 2″ and has a single threaded post.
CITY BUS LINES, INC. operated out of Hickory, North Carolina in the 1940s with several routes. From Hickory, N. C. to Conover, N. C. to Millersville; thence to Taylorsville and return the same route, a distance of approximately 34 miles each way. From the City of Hickory to Hildebran. From Hickory to Brookford. The badge measures 2½” x 2″ and was made by FIFTH AVENUE UNIFORM CO. 19 SO. WELLS CHICAGO.
CITY COACH LINES See Charlotte City Coach Lines, Inc.
CITY OF EUCLID TRANSIT SYSTEM is a municipally owned system that has been in continual operation since 1935. Being a suburb of Cleveland, Ohio, it has buses that connect to that system.
THE CITY RAILWAY COMPANY On Oct 15 1894 City Railway Company of Dayton, Ohio was formed from the Dayton Street Rail Road, Fifth Street Railway, Green Line Railway, and the Red Line. In 1946 the company was running 55 electric passenger cars over 28 route miles along with 45 trolley buses over 29 route miles and 11 gas-powered buses over 23 route miles. The last streetcar line operating in Dayton, was City Railway Company’s route 1-Third Street, which was converted to trolley buses on September 28, 1947. In 1952 the company was running 6 buses over 122 route miles, and 164 trolley buses over 71 route miles. On November 1, 1955 City Railway Company merged with Dayton & Xenia Railway Company, forming City Transit Company. In 1972 City Transit Company became the publicly owned Miami Valley Regional Transit Authority, which, in 2003, was renamed Greater Dayton Regional Transit Authority. (For more history, see the listings under The Oakwood Street Railway Company, People’s Railway Company/People’s Transit Company and Dayton & Xenia Railway Company.) The badge measures approx. 2″ x 1¼” and has a single pin back.
CITY RAPID TRANSIT COMPANY ran in Newark, Ohio from 1926 until 1964. It succeeded Southern Ohio Public Service Company, which had ran for one year and succeeded the Columbus Newark & Zanesville Electric Railway (1904-1925). On February 24, 1964 The Times Recorder from Zanesville, Ohio reported: “City Rapid Transit Company has moved to discontinue its franchise and sell its facilities, including the buses. The situation at Newark parallels that which arose in Zanesville two years ago.” After the company closed, City Rapid Transit Lines took over bus operations in Newark.
CITY TRANSFER was a city bus service in Port Townsend, Washington, which was owned and operated by Sam McGee. Founded in the 1890s as a taxi/jitney service, it ran its first bus from downtown Port Townsend to Fort Worden (now a state park) on Monday morning, January 18, 1915. This was the first bus service in Port Townsend. McGee sold the bus service to his employee John J. Lafferty in 1918. Lafferty renamed the business J.J. Lafferty Stage Lines / Lafferty Stage Line.
CITY TRANSFER COMPANY was running in Vincennes, Indiana in 1926.
THE CITY TRANSIT COMPANY “Dayton at one time had five street railway companies, but mergers over the years have resulted in one company. The present City Transit Company was formed in 1955 through a merger of the City Railway Company (incorporated in 1893) and the Dayton & Xenia Railway. City Transit took over the Oakwood Street Railway and Dayton Suburban Lines in 1956, consolidating all major transit companies into a single operation.” (Article “Whatever Happened To The Clean, Quiet Trolley Coach?” Ohio Brass Company’s Transit Observer Spring Issue 1970, vol 42 no. 1) In 1972 City Transit Company became the publicly owned Miami Valley Regional Transit Authority, which, in 2003, was renamed Greater Dayton Regional Transit Authority. (For more history, see the listings under The Oakwood Street Railway Company, People’s Railway Company/People’s Transit Company and Dayton & Xenia Railway Company. The badge shown below has one single threaded post and measures 2 ¾” x 1⅝”.
CITY TRANSIT COMPANY, INC. There are numerous “City Transit Company, Inc.” companies in US transit history. What that means for the transit badge collector is that it’s nearly impossible to attribute a “City Transit Company” badge to the correct transit company. The only sure way is to have some kind of insight as to the origins of the badge, i.e., it’s original owner and the company he/she drove for. Below are some companies doing business under this name:In New York City in 1921 Austen P. Fox was granted a franchise to operate his City Transit Company, Inc. as a city-wide 5¢ bus service.
There was a City Transit Company, Inc. operating in Logansport, Indiana in the 1930s. In November of 1933 it was granted a fare increase from 5¢ to 7¢.
CITY TRANSIT COMPANY was operating in the mid 1920s out of Modesto, California. J. A. Turgeon was the registered contact.
In the 1946 edition of MTD, under the listing for CITY TRANSIT COMPANY, INC., we find companies by this name operating in Ft. Mill, SC; Kingsport, TN and Logansport, IN; In the 1956 edition of MTD we find this company name in Bainbridge, GA; Jonesboro, AR., Elkin, NC; High Point, NC; New Bern, NC; Dayton, Ohio; Camden, SC; Buckhannon, W.; Gainsville, FL; Mason City, Iowa; Big Springs, TX and Bedford, VA;
CITY TRANSIT COMPANY operated out of New Bern, North Carolina and in 1956 ran 6 buses over 30.5 route miles. It was controlled by Seashore Transportation Company.
CITY TRANSIT, INC. The company was granted a twenty-year franchise to run a regular bus service in the city of Pomona, California on September 2, 1924. It has the distinction of being the first bus company in the state of California to supplant streetcar service with bus service. (Pacific Electric Railway had ceased operations in Pomona that same year.) The company was owned/operated by Joseph K. Hawkins. Apparently the twenty year franchise didn’t survive more than two years; by 1926 only Motor Transit Company was listed as serving Pomona, California.
CITY TRANSIT SYSTEM took over from Council Bluffs Transit Company in 1957 running until 1971.
CITY TRANSPORTATION COMPANY was founded in 1927 by Roy L. Seals (1895-1954) in Kingsport, Tennessee when he was given a franchise to operate local bus service in Kingsport. A July 14, 1927 newspaper report gives some information on this: “Roy Seals, trading under the firm, name and style of ‘CITY TRANSPORTATION COMPANY,’ is hereby granted an exclusive franchise, not only as against any other person, firm, partnership or corporation, but as against the city itself, for the period of five years from the date of the final passage of this ordinance, to establish, maintain and operate motor street buses on, over, through and upon the city streets, and alleys (if necessary) of the City of Kingsport, Tennessee . . . Attest: J. W. Harrison Mayor.” (Roy Seals was also the founder, owner and operator of Seals Coach Lines, which was an intercity bus company operating out of Kingsport, Tennessee.) In 1942 the company operated 29 buses and carried some 325,000 passengers each month, covering streets and avenues in the city proper and into the suburbs to Hall’s Cross Roads, Church Hill and Surgoinsville. Roy Seals is not mentioned in the 1946 MTD in connection with City Transportation Company. At that time the company was operating 36 buses over 222 route miles, with M. E. Dishner serving as general manager. In 1956 it operated 18 buses over 165 route miles. (Note: the date of this company’s founding differs from that offered in the Kingston Rotary Club’s 1937 / 1946 publication, “Kingsport, the planned industrial city“, which gives background material on the town’s businesses. That publication lists 1942 as the date that the company began operations. However, numerous Kingsport newspaper accounts from the 1920s-1930 and 1940s proves a different date.) The badge is nickel-plated brass and has one threaded post.
CLALLAM TRANSIT SYSTEM The Clallam County Public Transportation Benefit Area (PTBA) was formed on July 24, 1979. CTS began operations in October of 1980. The agency started service with a fleet of twelve 22-passenger vehicles operating on ten routes. The three municipalities within the service area (Forks, Port Angeles, and Sequim, Washington) and Clallam County, Washington. In Sequim it connects to Jefferson Transit, which serves Jefferson County. Pin back, metal, paper and mylar.
CLARK’S SACRAMENTO-PLYMOUTH AUTO STAGE LINE ran in 1924 in Sacramento, California. S. E. Clark was the owner/operator.
CLEARWATER TRANSIT ran buses in Clearwater, Florida from 1959 until 1973. It was taken over by the Central Pinellas Transit Authority in 1973. In 1984 (CPTA) merged with the ST. PETERSBURG MUNICIPAL TRANSIT SYSTEM to create the Pinellas Suncoast Transit Authority.
CLEVELAND-AKRON BUS COMPANY was co-founded in 1919 by a Cleveland lawyer named Clark McConnell, who also helped found two other companies—Cleveland-Ashtabula-Conneaut Bus Company, and the Cleveland-Elyria-Toledo Bus Company. A charter member of the Northern Ohio Motor Stage Owner’s Association, the company ran between Cleveland and Akron, Ohio.
CLEVELAND-ASHTABULA-CONNEAUT BUS COMPANY was co-founded in 1923 by a Cleveland lawyer named Clark McConnell; the line ran about 71 miles from Cleveland to Conneaut (both in Ohio), reaching to the east-northeast on the way toward Erie, Pennsylvania, and Buffalo, New York. McConnell also helped to found the Cleveland-Akron Bus Company and the Cleveland-Elyria-Toledo Bus Company.
CLEVELAND-ELYRIA-TOLEDO BUS COMPANY was co-founded in 1919 by a Cleveland lawyer named Clark McConnell, who also helped found two other companies—Cleveland-Ashtabula-Conneaut Bus Company, and the Cleveland-Akron Bus Company. Despite its name, this company did not serve Toledo, but ran only between Cleveland and Norwalk, Ohio, which was beyond Elyria but short of Toledo. It was a charter member of the Northern Ohio Motor Stage Owner’s Association.
C. I. R. R. CO. RAPID TRANSIT was Cleveland [Ohio] Interurban Railroad (CIRR) and initially was operated by the Cleveland Railway, which operated the streetcar line on Fairmount Boulevard. The company became Shaker Rapid Transit and then was absorbed by Cleveland RTA.
CLEVELAND-LORAIN BUS COMPANY There’s little info on this company. It is mentioned in the January 1922 edition of the National Taxicab and Motorbus Journal (Dowst Brothers Company, Chicago, Ill.): “The Northern Ohio Motor Stage Owner’s Association was formed to co-operate with all municipalities through which busses pass and has stood for law enforcement, careful driving and safety of its patrons. It also keeps busses in perfect condition at all times. The lines vie with one another in the matter of courtesy and comfort of passengers. Officers of the association and their business connections are: Ralph W. Sanborn, president, Sanborn, Rich & McConnell, attorneys and secretary-treasure Cleveland-Akron Bus Company; F.H. Greiger, vice president, Cleveland-Youngstown Bus Company; M.A. Stein, treasurer, Service Motor Transport Company; C.H. Prelan, secretary. Trustees include the above and H.A. Hall, Cleveland-Elyria Auto Service Company; H.H. Moore, Cleveland-Akron Bus Company; H.G. Kraus, Cleveland Ashtabula Bus Company; W.H. Dunn, Cleveland-Lorain Bus Company.”
CLEVELAND-MAHONING VALLEY COACH LINE, INC. was operating in 1926 in Ohio. That’s the year when the company sought permission from the public utilities commission to “issue interchangeable milage books” with five other bus companies: the companies were the Cleveland-Ashtabula-Conneaut Bus Co., Cleveland-Elyria-Toledo Bus Co., Warren-Salem Bus Co., Pennsylvania-Ohio Coach Lines Co., and the Akron-Youngstown Bus Co. By 1931 the company had been bought out by Penn-Ohio Coach Lines, as noted in the February 4, 1931 edition of the New Castle News from New Castle, Pennsylvania: “Permission has been granted to the Penn-Ohio Coach lines formerly known as the Cleveland-Mahoning Valley Coach company to’ purchase certificates.“
CLEVELAND-PITTSBURGH MOTOR STAGES, INC. ran out of Cleveland, Ohio in the 1920s as an interstate company operating between Cleveland and Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. The earliest mention of the company is in 1922 and the latest I’ve found was 1929.
CLEVELAND TRANSIT SYSTEM Bus service began in Cleveland, Ohio in 1925 when the Motor Coach Division of Cleveland Railway started running a bus in the downtown loop. On April 28, 1942 Cleveland Transit System was formed by the city of Cleveland under the direction of a three-man commission and succeeded Cleveland Railroad Company, which had operated since 1910. Streetcar service was discontinued in 1954; thereafter the company operated only buses and trolley buses. By 1974 the company was losing millions operating a fleet of 706 buses and 116 rapid cars, which covered some 22 million vehicle miles annually. On December 30, 1974 the Cuyahoga County Commissioners and the Cleveland City Council established the Greater Cleveland Regional Transit Authority, more commonly known as RTA. The badge is made of nickel with two threaded posts on the tips.
CLEVELAND-WARREN-YOUNGSTOWN STAGE COMPANY, INC. ran in Ohio in the early 1920s. As its name says, it connected the cities of Cleveland, Warren and Youngstown. This company’s president was Ralph W. Sanborn, who founded, or was connected to a number of early bus companies.
CLOVERDALE-ELK NAVARRO STAGE ran in 1924 in Cloverdale, California. The registered contacts were Ledford and Hulbert.
CLOVERDALE GEYSER STAGE ran in 1924 in Cloverdale, California. Natalie Bacci was the registered contact.
CLYDE PASSENGER EXPRESS was founded in 1914 in Miami, Florida. It ran some 32 mile southward to Homestead, Florida. In 1919 it was merged with White Star Auto Line and the two were renamed Florida Motor Transportation Company.
COALINGA-PASO ROBLES AUTO STAGE ran in 1924 out of Coalinga, California. Beni J. Byles was the operator.
COAST AUTO LINES ran a 20-mile route from Marshfield to Coquille, Oregon in 1923. The company also served Myrtle Point, Roseburg and Brookings.
COAST CITIES COACHES, INC. began operations in 1931 as a successor to Coast Cities Railway Company, which ceased operations in 1931. The company was an intercity service headquartered in Neptune City, New Jersey and serviced the Jersey Shore coastal region of New Jersey. (Geographically, this area encompasses about 141 miles of oceanfront in Middlesex, Monmouth, Ocean, Atlantic, and Cape May counties.) In 1946 the company operated 77 buses over 196 route miles. At some point in the early 1940s the company’s owners bought out Pillion & Shibla Bus Company, which also operated out of Neptune City. (This company continued operating under its own name with the management team of Coast Cities Coaches overseeing its operations.) In 1969 the company applied to discontinue its operations, but the application was denied by the Public Utilities Commission, which forced it to take subsidies. Ten years later the company was in dire financial trouble. In November 1979 it closed down operations, which is noted in this November 14, 1979 edition of the Asbury Park Press from Asbury Park, New Jersey: “Financially-troubled Coast Cities Coaches Inc. is going out of business this week, but a substitute carrier will continue to provide daily bus service for 2,000 riders in 16 Shore area communities. The state Commuter Operating Agency, as part of a plan to allow Coast Cities to cease operations, terminated its $530,000-a-year subsidy contract with the carrier yesterday. The plan permits Monmouth Bus Lines Inc. a newly-created subsidiary of the Middlesex Bus Company, East Brunswick Township, to assume control of Coast Cities seven bus routes in Monmouth and Ocean counties. The new company will also gain possession of 12 state-owned buses leased to Coast Cities for $1 a year. No service disruption, fare changes or schedule revisions are anticipated under the changeover, according to an assistant commissioner in the state Department of Transportation.” Monmouth Bus Lines Inc. ceased operations in 1992 and bus service was operated under contract for New Jersey Transit by Connex/TCT Transit.
COAST LINE STAGES, INC. was operating in the mid 1920s out of Fort Bragg, California. W.W. Allen and J. Olinsky were the registered contacts.
COASTAL COACHES, INC. The beginning of the company was announced in The Galveston Daily News, from Galveston, Texas in their Thursday, April 24, 1930: “COASTAL COACHES, Inc. Announce a New Motor Coach Service PORT ARTHUR TO GALVESTON Beginning FRIDAY, April 25th Motor Bus Service Port Arthur to Galveston by way of the Point Bolivar-Galveston. Ferry will be inaugurated with three busses a day each way.” The owner’s name is provided in The Galveston Daily News‘ November 9, 1986 edition in a column titled “Looking Back 50 Years Ago”: “Controlling interest in Coastal Coaches, Inc., which operated bus service between here and Beaumont and Port Arthur, has been sold to G. W. Hyde of Cleburne and W. F. Fite of Henderson, according to an announcement of A. L. Burge, who established the service here in April, 1930.” So, the company was founded in Galveston, Texas by A. L. Burge in 1930, who sold it in 1986 to George W. Hyde and W. F. Fite. The November 8, 1936 edition of the Galveston Daily News, gives some more details: “Mr. Hyde, new president of [Coastal Coaches, Inc.], was formerly president and general manager of Airline Motor Coaches, which maintains service in East Texas between Houston and Shreveport, between Nacogdoches, Henderson and Shreveport and between Henderson and Tyler. He still has an interest in that company.” In 1946 Coastal Coaches, Inc. still was operating out of Galveston, with 8 buses over 130 route miles, W. P. Fite was general manager. In 1960 the company was sold to Texas Bus Lines, which is still operational in the charter bus business.
COASTAL STAGES, INC. / COASTAL TRAILWAYS Coastal Stages was listed in the 1946 MTD headquartered in Florala, Alamba. The owner was J. E. Cannon and general manager was John H. Peach, Jr. The company was registered as a corporation in Montgomery, Alabama on December 17, 1949 to transport passengers and freight. The incorporators were Homa C. Cathern (1910-1971), Nina Cauthen and Raymond Srygley, who was the husband of Myrtice Cauthen, Homa’s sister. In the 1954 MTD Homa C. Cauthen was listed as president, and J. E. Cannon was vice president and general manager. The company served Brantley, Florala and Montgomery, Alamba and Panama City, Florida. The company joined the National Trailways Bus System in 1957 as Coastal Trailways and remained until 1966: “In 1964, [Maurice E.] Moore reached agreement to purchase the bulk of the Trailways carriers operating on the east coast, however final approval from the ICC and DOJ wouldn’t come until 1966.” The companies involved in Moore’s purchased included Coastal Stages, Inc.
COASTSIDE TRANSPORTATION COMPANY was operating in the mid 1910s out of San Francisco, California as both a freight and passenger service. The following is a brief history of the company, which came from a post on the Net: “I Asked Railroad Historian John Schmale Posted on March 6, 2009 by June Morrall: Where did the Auto Stage pick passengers up on the Coastside? The Ocean Shore Auto Stage company’s route was from Tunitas, in San Mateo County, to Swanton in Santa Cruz County. The franchise for the route was granted to them by the State Railroad Commission to connect the railheads and bridge the 26 mile ‘Gap.’ The buses (two 12- passenger ‘Stanley Steamer Mountain Wagons’ with convertible tops) ran to San Francisco only when the Ocean Shore Railroad was shut down by mud slides and washouts, which was fairly often. When the two Steamers operated to San Francisco and towns other than their assigned route they were really in violation of their franchise. However, the Railroad Commission looked the other way. Beginning in about 1914 several auto jitney and bus lines began competing with the Ocean Shore Railroad including the ‘Coastside Transportation Company’ and the ‘Red Star Stage Line’ which operated along the coast in San Mateo County. They used conventional gas-powered vehicles and served Moss Beach, Marine View, Salada, Vallemar, Rockaway, San Pedro, Montara, Half Moon Bay, and other towns. The Coastside Transportation Company had its northern terminal in San Francisco. The Red Star line traveled along Market Street in San Francisco and went as far as Pescadero.” In 1925 the company contacts were Edward Seretto, L. A. Mattei and E. Michel. By November 1933 the company had filed bankruptcy and was out of business, however a company by the same name was doing business out of Santa Cruz in 1936.
C. D’A. & S.RY. (COEUR D’ALENE & SPOKANE RAILWAY) The Coeur d’Alene & Spokane Railway Company was started in 1902 by lumberman F.A. Blackwell and banker William Dollar and planned an electric interurban railay btween the two growing towns. On December 28, 1903 the first electric line train arrived in Coeur d’Alene and was greeted by hundreds of people. Made of aluminum by American Ry. Supply Company, New York; measures 3 ¼” x 1 ⅛”.
COLD SPRINGS BUS COMPANY was formed in 1931 running a four mile route between Cold Springs, Ky. and Ft. Mitchell, Ky. The company is mentioned in this February 9, 1937 edition of The Cincinnati Enquirer from Cincinnati, Ohio: ·”Improved bus service to North Fort Thomas Avenue and Highland Avenue in Fort Thomas was promised last night by P. G. Vondersmith, General Manager of the Cincinnati, Newport, and Covington Railway Company, and F. W. Dempsey, General Manager of the Dixie Traction Company, at a meeting of the Board of Council and several hundred interested citizens at the Fort Thomas City Building. The meeting was called by Mayor L. L. Ross to obtain improved bus service in the two sections of the city. E. J. and W. J. Murphy of the Black Diamond Stages, which operates from Ross to Cincinnati through Fort Thomas, and Paul Schwerling, President of the Cold Springs Bus Company, which operates buses from Cold Springs to Cincinnati by way of Fort Thomas, attended.” The Cold Springs Bus Company was bought out by the Dixie Traction Company on July 25, 1940.
COLBURN MOTOR TOURS TRAILWAYS / COLBURN MOTOR TOURS, INC. There’s little info on this company. It was around in ca. 1940, since there was a 4-page booklet written about it that year. By then it was a member of the National Trailways Bus System, and served the Pike’s Peak Region of Colorado. In 1955 Colburn Motor Tours, Inc. bought a new Flxible bus for its operation and was headquartered in Colorado Springs, Colorado. It is not listed in any of the MTD editions or Russell’s Guides I have here. The company did issue a Trailways badge.
COLEMAN MOTOR LINES / R. S. COLEMAN BUS COMPANY The history of this company starts in the 1910s or early 1920s. The R. S. Coleman Bus Company was advertising its schedule in September 1921 in the Thomasville Daily Times from Thomasville, Georgia: Leaves Tifton at 8:15 a.m., Omega, Crossland, Norman Park, Moultrie, Murphy, Coolidge and arrives in Thomasville at 12 noon. On September 30, 1930 the company, which was then known as Coleman Motor Lines, was granted a certificate by the Florida Railroad Commission to carry “passengers, mail and express by motor vehicle between Tallahassee, East Point and Apalachicola over Road No. 10.” In July 1935 R. S. Coleman appeared before the Florida Railroad Commission requesting that the aforementioned certificate be transferred to Lee Coach Lines, which was then running a route between Marianne and Apalachicola and Panama City, Florida. The request was approved. In October 1935 R. S. Coleman again appeared before the Florida Railroad Commission. At that time it was noted that Coleman “operates the Coleman Motor Lines between Tallahassee and the Florida-Georgia State Line over Road No. 10. This line also operates to Thomasvllle, Georgia, and from Thomasville, Georgia, to Dothan, Alabama, and from Dothan. Alabama, to Tifton, Georgia, and thence to Waycross, Georgia.” Coleman wanted a certificate to operate between Marianna to the Georgia-Florida state line. The request was denied. Coleman Motor Lines is not listed in the 1936 Russell’s Sectional Bus Guide for Georgia-Florida, however, Lee Coach Lines’ schedule is listed. Jon Hobijn, in his Trailways history, writes “In 1939, Georgia Stages [,Inc.] purchased Coleman Motor Lines whose principle route ran from Dothan, Alabama to Waycross, GA via Bainbridge and Valdosta. . . . After the purchase, R. S. Coleman became Georgia Stages’ traffic manager.”
COLFAX-FOREST HILL STAGE LINE ran in 1924 in Forest Hill, California. M.C. Langstaff, operator.
COLONIAL ATLANTIC-PACIFIC STAGES See Cornhusker Stage Lines.
COLONIAL COACH LINES, LTD. was incorporated on January 7, 1928 running buses between Renfrew, Ottawa, Morrisburg and Kingston, Ontario, Canada. In 1930 the company was purchased by the Provincial Transport Company (la Compagnie de Transport-Provincial), which had been incorporated in November 1928 and acquired 31 bus lines in the Montreal area in June 1929. Colonial continued operating under its own name and expanded during the 1930s and 1940s, acquiring many other operators, including the Kingston City Coach Company, Toronto–Montreal Road Coach Line, the J. Gill Bus Line, Collacutt Coach Lines, Kawartha Lakes Coach Lines and Pony Bus Lines Ltd. In 1946 the company operated 27 buses over 582 route miles and was operating out of Ottawa. In 1969, after 40 years of operation, all of Provincial Transport Enterprises’ subsidiaries were unified under the Voyageur name. At the same time, Colonial Coach Lines was renamed Voyageur Colonial, Ltd. Since 1998 Voyageur Colonial Bus Lines has been owned by Greyhound, and the Voyageur brand has essentially disappeared as Greyhound has renewed its fleet. (Information from Wikipedia.) The badge pictured here is from the late 1920s, or early 1930s, is made of brass and enamel, marked “Scully Montreal”, has two threaded posts, and measures 2 ⅝” X 2 ⅜”.
COLONIAL STAGE COMPANY / COLONIAL SHORT LINE SYSTEM was one of the nation’s first transcontinental bus lines. It was organized in Cincinnati in 1926. One researcher believes this company was started after buying out Baker Bus Line. That this company was indeed a transcontinental bus line is borne out in this newspaper item from the Wilmington News-Journal from Wilmington, Ohio, dated November 1, 1929: “STARTS LONG TRIP ON BUS Edward E. Pope, Thursday at 11 P.M., started on a journey of nearly 3,000 miles, all of which will be traveled on busses of the Colonial Stage Company. Mr. Pope, a former resident of this city, now residing in Seattle, Wash., has been visiting his father, William Pope, here, for several days. He purchased his bus ticket at the local station of the bus company, the White House Restaurant. The bus fare paid by Mr. Pope was $71.65.” (Keep in mind that in 1929 roads in America were still somewhat primitive—especially in the western states, where they were still essentially wagon trials. Coupled with the onset of winter, Mr. Pope’s journey would have been one of peril!)
COLORADO MOTOR WAY, INC. ran in 1927 in Colorado.
COLORADO SPRINGS SIGHTSEEING COMPANY operated a passenger bus line from Colorado Springs, Colorado to various places in the state. It ran thirty routes in 1927-1928.
COLTHARP BUS LINES was founded by Oliver Coltharp in Kansas City, Missouri. In 1946 the company served the KC suburbs of Fairway, Southridge Mission, Prairie Village.
COLUMBIA BUS LINE, INC. There’s no info on this company other than it was operating in 1928 in Tennessee.
COLUMBIA & CENTERVILLE BUS LINE There’s no info on this company other than it was operating in 1928 in Tennessee.
COLUMBIA CITY BUS LINES, INC. was founded by Floyd Estelle Watson (1884-1950) in the 1930s. Watson also founded the Transit Investment Company, which acted as a holding company for his various business ventures. The officers of the holding company were Watson, his wife Cecil Fern Page Watson (1890-1994) and their son, Floyd Estelle Watson (Feb. 17, 1909-Feb. 15, 1974). In 1949 Transit Investment Company included Inter City Lines, Inc. in Mission, Kansas, Columbus City Bus Lines, Inc. and Elm City Bus Lines, Inc. in Jacksonville, Illinois. (See the Kansas City Times from Kansas City Missouri, December 7, 1949, pp. 1-2. The company remained active until the mid 1960s.) After the death of his father, Glenn E. Watson took over the running of the company. He expanded to add Sedalia City Bus Lines, Inc., in Sedalia, Missouri, Jefferson City Lines, Inc. in Jefferson City, Missouri, and Owensboro City Bus Lines, Inc., in Owensboro, Kentucky.
The company used copper tokens marked “City Bus Lines,” which worked for both Watson’s Columbia and Owensboro companies, with his patrons being none the wiser! (See The Atwood-Coffee Catalogue of United States and Canadian Transportation Tokens, Vol. 2, p. 216.)
In August 1947 Watson revealed the company had operated at a net loss of $2,353 for the year and requested a fare hike from 5 cents to 10 cents per ride, or 7 tokens for 50 cents.
On February 7, 1965 Watson sold Columbia City Bus Lines, which had been operating at a substantial loss. The badge is marked “City Bus Lines,” has a single threaded post, measures 2″ and is made of brass and enamel. The design was used in most of Watson’s bus companies as a cost-cutting measure. cap badge used by Glenn Watson in most of his bus companies.
COLUMBIA GORGE MOTOR COACH COMPANY, INC. was incorporated in 1926 and owned by Motor Transit Corporation, which was then the parent company of Greyhound Lines. Its service was confined to the Boise-Spokane corridor and from The Dalles to Bend, Oregon. Its competitor was Union Pacific Stages, which had acquired a foothold in the region by buying out several bus companies, including Blue Mountain Transportation Company and Interstate Coach Company. In 1932 Columbia Gorge Motor Coach Company was dissolved and Mt. Hood Stages, Inc. took over their routes.
COLUMBIA PACIFIC NITE COACH CORPORATION This company starts with Charles F. Wren (1885-1944), who was a principle owner of Pickwick Motor Coach Works. In 1932 the coach works filed bankruptcy and Wren created a new company—the Columbia Pacific Nite Coach Corporation, running a bus line from Los Angeles to Chicago through Salt Lake City, Utah. However, in less than three years time this company filed bankruptcy and the route was taken over by the Burlington Line on December 24, 1934. Not to be defeated, that same year Charles Wren founded All American Bus Lines, which was incorporated in September of 1935 in Delaware, although the company’s operations were located at 506 S. Wabash Ave., Chicago, Illinois. Wren died in 1944; in 1946 the company was reorganized and renamed American Buslines. Shorly after, it joined the Trailways System, where it was known as American Trailways. In 1953 the company was sold to Transcontinental Bus System/Continental Trailways.
COLUMBIA RAILWAY GAS & ELECTRIC CO Ran in Columbia, South Carolina from 1905 until 1925. Two threaded posts, measures 2 ½” x 2 ¼”.
COLUMBIA STAGE LINE ran in 1924 in Columbia, California. George M. Trask, operator.
COLUMBIA STAGES was operating a 126-mile route from Portland to Hood River, Oregon in 1923. It also served Seaside, Oregon.
COLUMBUS-CELINA COACH LINES / COLUMBUS-CELINA COACH COMPANY Frank A. Cluff entered the transportation field in 1922 as a mechanic’s helper with the Columbus & Zanesville Transportation Company, in Columbus, Ohio. Four years later he went to work with the Buckeye Stages, Inc. In 1937 Cluff and another mechanic bought three buses and started the Columbus – Celina Coach Company. Within a few years Frank Cluff was the sole owner of the company. The line operated a route between Columbus and Celina and served Kenton, Marysville and Bellefontaine, Ohio. In later years it ran a suburban route outside of Columbus “with routes west to General Motors Ternstedt plant and southeast to Lockbourne Air Force Base.” Frank Cluff also owned and operated Columbus – Marysville Bus Company. In 1946 the Columbus-Celina Coach Company ran 16 buses over 145 route miles. After Frank Cluff’s death in May 1950, both the Columbus-Celina Coach Company and Columbus-Marysville Bus Company were operated by his Frank Cluff’s wife, Hazel Cluff and son, John Cluff, who acted as general manager. In 1956 the company operated 35 buses over 172 route miles. In 1967 was merged into Columbus Suburban Coach Lines. In 1970, this line was sold to Lincoln Village Transit Company, which (according to Chicago Transit & Railfan), in July 1970, finally sold the line to Central Ohio Transit Authority / Columbus Transit Company.
COLUMBUS-MARYSVILLE BUS LINE was founded in 1922 by Grant E. Herriott (1867-1929) and operated between Columbus and Marysville, Ohio. In May 1929 Herriott shot himself at his home in Plain City, Ohio due to declining health. (According the May 29, 1929 newspaper account, “Taking an automatic pistol yesterday, [Herriott] placed the gun to his head and pulled the trigger.” The company continued to operate with Fred E. Davis (1896-1950) as owner and president. In 1946 the company operated 5 buses. Sometime after this date Frank A. Cluff, who already owned and operated Columbus-Celina Coach Company, bought the company but kept the two businesses separate. (Frank Cluff died in May 1950, one month after the death of Fred E. Davis.) In 1956 Hazel Cluff, Frank’s widow, was the president of the company. In 1965 the route was sold to Lake Shore System, which ceased operations in 1974. (See Columbus-Celina Coach Company for more information.)
COLUMBUS TRANSIT COMPANY was formed in 1949 from the Columbus & Southern Ohio Electric Co., to operate a transit system in Columbus, Ohio. The company was absorbed in 1971 when it became the publicly owned Central Ohio Transit Authority. The first badge pictured below is made of nickel plated brass and is obviously was designed after the old company’s hat badges; the second badge is obviously a newer design with a pin/clasp; the third badge would seem to be the newest, and measures 3 ½” x 1 ½” and has two threaded posts with a small logo on the back.
COLUMN-GRIMES AUTO STAGE ran in 1924 in Colusa, California. W.A. Gilett, operator.
COMMUNITY BUS LINES, INC. was operating as a city bus line in Waterville, Maine in the 1940s—1960s. It was still operating in 1968. It operated 12 buses over 16 route miles. The president and general manager was A. T. Duplessie. The badge was made by Fifth Avenue Uniform Company, Chicago, is made of brass and enamel with one threaded post.
COMMUNITY MOTOR BUS COMPANY, INC. was incorporated in Illinois on November 1, 1923 by the former manager of the Superior Bus Company, who left that company in October 1923. The company operated between Belleville and Nashville, Illinois. When the Community Motor Bus Company was granted a certificate of convenience and necessity to operate motor buses between Belleville and Nashville, Illinois in 1924, it was contested by rival company Superior Bus Company. After two court appeals, in February 1926 the Illinois Supreme Court finally found in favor of the Superior Bus Company.
COMPREHENSIVE OMNIBUS CORPORATION ran service in Manhattan, New York City. It was an affiliate of East Side Omnibus Corporation, organized in 1933. It operated three routes, all crosstown, two of which were taken over from Green Bus Lines when GBL was given franchises in Queens. “Comprehensive and East Side Omnibus were coordinated in their transfer policy with New York City Omnibus Co., all three companies exchanging transfers among their routes, even though Comprehensive and East Side were entirely independent in ownership from NYCO. Both Comprehensive and East Side went bankrupt in 1948, and their routes were taken over by New York City, operated by the Board of Transportation (which later became a State operation, the New York City Transit Authority).“
CONCORD-AVON STAGE LINE / CONCORD TRANSIT COMPANY ran in 1924 in Concord, California. W.V. Hogan, operator.
CONCOURSE BUS LINES, INC. was incorporated in 1921 by Major Emit Leindorf, deputy police commissioner in charge of motor transport under Mayor Hylan, in the Bronx, New York City. The company operated on the Grand Concourse as part of Hylan’s “emergency bus lines”. The Third Avenue Railway obtained an injunction against the operation on early March 1923. The Concourse service was one of only two of Hylan’s lines unaffected by a July 1923 injunction, since they had franchises, but were discontinued by September 1924 due to the failure of the five-cent fare to pay the costs. The franchises were reassigned to the Fifth Avenue Coach Company, which began operating the routes on October 11, 1924, for ten cents.
CONESTOGA TRANSPORTATION CO. Conestoga Traction Company, later Conestoga Transportation Company, was an American regional interurban trolley that operated seven routes 1899 to 1946 radiating spoke-like from Lancaster, Pennsylvania to numerous neighboring farm villages and towns. It ran side-of-road trolleys through Amish farm country to Coatesville, Strasburg/Quarryville, Pequea, Columbia/Marietta, Elizabethtown, Manheim/Lititz, and Ephrata/Adamstown/Terre Hill. Conestoga Traction abandoned most of its lines in 1932. The Lancaster-Ephrata line was still running in 1946 having been ordered by the Federal Government to do so because of World War II transportation needs. After 1931 the company was called Conestoga Transportation Company and ran until 1976. Two badges are shown below.
THE CONNECTICUT COMPANY was the primary electric street railway company in the state of Connecticut, operating both city and rural trolleys and freight service. It was controlled by the New York, New Haven & Hartford Railroad (New Haven), which also controlled most steam railroads in the state. After 1936, when one of its major leases was dissolved, it continued operating streetcars and, increasingly, buses in certain Connecticut cities until 1976, when its assets were purchased by the state government. There are four known badges. An early version that is blue with white lettering, or some are white with black lettering; they are similar in design to the later versions. It was made by N. BROS. CO. PITTSBURGH, PA. and measures 4 ¼” x 2″ The next two are almost identical: the older one has mounting holes on either side of the badge to affix it to a hat. The newer badges have two threaded posts. The newer badge, which is pictured below, measures 3⅝” x 1⅝” and was made by Shephard and Company, Newark, NJ. The second badge below is nickel-plated brass, has a singled threaded post and a pin post, and is marked on the reverse “MAIER-LAVATY QUALITY BUILT UNIFROMS CHICAGO”
CONOVER-NEWTON BUS LINE was operating out of Newton, North Carolina in the mid 1940s. It ran between Conover and Newton over U. S. Highway 321.
CONSOLIDATED BUS LINE, INC. was founded in Smithville, Tennessee in 1938. It operated to Nashville via Whitwell in Sequatchie Valley, McMinnville and Smithville, Tennessee. With Interstate Commerce Commission approval, in August 1947 Central Bus Lines took over the routes and operations of Consolidated Bus Lines, and the combined operations formed Central Trailways. In 1947 the company served Chattanooga, Crossville, Jamestown, Nashville, Cookeville, Lebanon, McMinnville, Tullahoma, Celina and Gallatin, Tennessee with 60 buses over 722 route miles. In 1953 Continental Southern Lines bought Crescent Stages / Crescent Trailways, and renamed the companies Continental Crescent Lines; on March 1, 1954, with Tennessee Utilities Commission approval, Continental Southern Lines acquired Central Trailways and renamed it Continental Tennessee Lines, Inc., which continued as a Trailways member company. Dr. D.B. “Doc” Rushing writes: “In 1960 the Tennessee Coach Company [was] sold to a new firm (created specifically to buy the TCC), named as the Tennessee Trailways, Inc., owned in three equal shares by three other Trailways member companies. The investors were the Virginia Stage Lines (the Virginia Trailways), the Smoky Mountain Stages (the Smoky Mountain Trailways), and the Continental Tennessee Lines (which ran in part between Nashville and Knoxville along US-70N via Lebanon, Carthage, Cookeville, Crossville, and Rockwood). That last company [Continental Tennessee Lines, Inc.] was in turn a wholly owned subsidiary of the Continental Southern Lines, based in Alexandria, Louisiana. The two latter firms were members of the Transcontinental Bus System, which used the trade name of the Continental Trailways.” *Chicago Transit & Railfan confuses this Consolidated with Consolidated Bus Lines “formed 1926 by J. E. Craft”.
CONSOLIDATED BUS LINE, INC. / CONSOLIDATED TRAILWAYS was founded by James Elliott “Jack” Craft, a native of Breathitt County, Kentucky. “Craft migrated to the coalfields of West Virginia to find work in the mines. After working long enough to repay the coal company his transportation expenses, he worked at different locations throughout the southern coalfields. It was in McDowell County that he fell in love with the great invention of that time, the automobile. Capitalizing on that interest, he started by driving coal company executives on their rounds and in 1921 established a Welch taxi service with a single Model-T Ford. After this proved profitable, he expanded into providing bus service to various coalfield towns. As his business grew Craft acquired other small bus lines, establishing Consolidated in January 1934. Consolidated Bus Lines, with offices in Bluefield, served southern West Virginia, eastern Kentucky, and southwestern Virginia during the middle part of the 20th century. Consolidated provided an essential service to the busy coalfields, and later became part of a national bus line. Its 1,200-mile system extended from Huntington to Roanoke, Virginia, and provided service to cities and towns such as Charleston, L