BUS COMPANIES BEGINNING WITH THE LETTER “S”
BUS COMPANIES BEGINNING WITH THE LETTER “S”
(PLEASE NOTE: THE BADGES AND INFORMATION PRESENTED ON THIS SITE ARE PRESENTED FOR REFERENCE / EDUCATIONAL USE ONLY. WE DO NOT BUY, SELL OR TRADE TRANSIT BADGES! The purpose of this page is to share information about collecting transit badges. All photos and artwork displayed on this site are from personal collections and are used by permission of the owners, or are in the public domain. If requested, we credit badge photos to the owner. We gratefully welcome additional information and/or corrections, questions, comments, new badge entries and especially badge photos. Please don’t hesitate to contact us.)
S&C BUSES, INC. was a bus operator in the borough of Queens in New York City in 1933. It operated one bus route from Jamaica-Bayside West, which is now operated by the New York City Transit Authority and designated Q31.
S&F TRANSPORTATION was a bus operator in the borough of Queens in New York City. The company was originally organized as B&L Transportation. It operated the Q7 bus route before it was taken over by Green Bus Lines
S. M. T. EASTERN LIMITED / LTD. A Canadian bus line in business since 1937, S. M. T. was a New Brunswick company that held a permit from the New Brunswick Motor Carrier Board that entitled it to carry passengers from Saint Stephen, New Brunswick via Saint John to the Nova Scotia border. That being so, there is still not much info to be found. One researcher believes that the initials “S. M. T.” may have stood for “Scotia Motor Transport”. The company featured in a 1951 lawsuit brought by Mackenzie Coach Lines’ owner, Israel Winner, who operated a bus service between Nova Scotia and Boston, Massachusetts in the States. The matter was settled in the Supreme Court of Canada. In 1954 the company was operating 101 buses over 3773 route miles and K. C. Irving was the president. In 1995 the company acquired Acadien Lines Ltd. and Nova Charter Services Ltd. In March 2004, Acadien Lines joined with Quebec-based Groupe Orléans Express, allowing complete coverage of eastern Canada. The badge below is die-pressed and has one threaded post.
SACANDAGA VALLEY TRANSPORTATION COMPANY located in upstate New York, ran in the 1920s. It was still running in 1928. January to June, 1928
SACRAMENTO-BRODERICK-WESTGATE STAGE was operating out of West Sacramento, California in the late 1920s. Victoria Misetich was the owner.
SACRAMENTO-FAIR OAKS STAGE LINE was operating in the mid 1920s out of Fair Oaks, California. George R. Zurfluh was the registered contact.
SACRAMENTO-FOLSOM TRAVELERS’ STAGE was operating in the late 1920s from Folsom to Sacramento, California. R. O. Douglass was the owner. (This company maybe connected to TRAVELERS STAGE, which was operating in the late 1920s from Folsom to Sacramento, California.)
SACRAMENTO-JACKSON AUTO STAGE LINE was operating in the mid 1920s out of Santa Rosa, California. A. Dunham was the registered contact.
SACRAMENTO-PLYMOUTH STAGE was operating in the mid 1920s out of Sacramento, California. The registered contact was Talbot and Seeley.
SAFE BUS INC. The history of this company is cited from the Winston-Salem Journal for June 16, 2013: “In 1926, there were at least 22 black men operating 35 jitneys that provided transportation to African-American residents in Winston-Salem. R.J. Reynolds Tobacco Co. operated huge tobacco plant in the city’s downtown near black neighborhoods. The jitneys were small buses that carried passengers. ‘The business bred greed among those trying to pick up people to transport to work and it created some perilous moments for those using the service,’ according to the company’s history on the Winston-Salem Transit Authority’s website. ‘Each jitney owner had a designated area that he served,’ the company’s history said. ‘If someone else came along and picked up passengers standing on a corner usually covered by someone else, it made some dangerous confrontations between the jitney owners.’ Thirteen of the jitney owners contributed $100,000 to begin the Safe Bus Co. Inc. that served the black community during the Jim Crow segregation era in the city and throughout the South. The company was formed out of necessity. Safe Bus initially began with 35 buses, and it eventually expanded to 42 buses. The state of North Carolina granted a charter to the company on May 24, 1926, and its buses operated on the streets in the city’s eastern and northeastern sections. The fare was 5 cents, and most of its routes were short in populated areas. The company survived through decades until the Winston-Salem Transit Authority took it over in 1972.” An article in Wikipeida fills in more details: “In May 1955, Duke Power was released from its franchise to provide public transportation service in Winston-Salem, and a nonexclusive franchise was granted to Winston-Salem City Coach Lines, Inc., a subsidiary of City Coach Lines of Jacksonville, Florida. Safe Bus Company became the sole public transportation provider for Winston-Salem residents in 1968 when Winston-Salem experienced the loss of a transit system after City Coach Lines closed down and drove its buses out of town after a ten-month strike by its workers. The Winston-Salem Transit Authority was created as a result of the transit troubles. In November 1968, Safe Bus entered into a franchise agreement with the Winston-Salem Transit Authority under which Safe Bus assumed the responsibility of providing service in the areas formerly served by City Coach Lines.” When the Safe Bus Company failed in 1972 due to financial problems, a special referendum was passed by voters and, with the help of a federal grant, the city of Winston-Salem, North Carolina purchased the assets of the Safe Bus Company. Afterwards, the Winston-Salem Transportation Authority assumed transit operations. There are two known badges. The badge on the right was made by MAIER-LAVATY COMPANY CHICAGO and measures about 2 ½” tall.
SAFETY MOTOR COACH LINES was founded by Edwin Ekstrom, who was one of those who figure in the pedigree of the The Greyhound Corporation. (Ekstrom was an investor and participant in the Mesaba Transportation Company, which replaced the Hibbing Transportation Company, founded by Carl Eric Wickman, Ralph Bogan and other pioneers of The Greyhound Corporation. (Click here for a detailed history of Edwin Ekstrom and the early Greyhound company.)
In 1923 Ekstrom acquired a controlling interest in the Eastern Wisconsin Transportation Company, which ran between Madison and Fond du Lac, Wisconsin. In 1924 Carl Eric Wickman backed Edwin Ekstrom in founding the Safety Motor Coach Lines. His first two buses were Fageol Safety Coaches, which was the reason for Ekstrom’s choice of company names. They ran between Muskegon and Grand Rapids, Michigan, and, in the coming months, expanded into nearby Illinois and Indiana. It was Ekstrom who first used the name “Greyhound” which he painted on the sides of his gray Fageol Safety Coaches. This followed by his used of a running greyhound dog logo superimposed on a ring and the words “Greyhounds of the Highway”. (In time, the logo became part of the Greyhound Lines and was used by all Greyhound operating companies as late as the 1980s.) In October 1926 Ekstrom and partners, including Carl Eric Wickman, formed the Motor Transit Corporation, a holding company which acquired Safety Motor Coach Lines along with Interstate Stages, Inc., YellowaY of Michigan and Southwestern Michigan Motor Coach Co. All the newly-acquired companies were consolidated into Safety Motor Coach Lines. In 1930 the Motor Transit Corp. changed its name to The Greyhound Corporation, and Safety Motor Coach Lines was renamed Eastern Greyhound Lines of Michigan.
SAFETY TRANSIT LINE, INC. In 1928 permission was granted to the Safety Transit Line, operating from Raleigh, N.C. to Richmond, and back, to take on passengers at stops in between. Later the route was expanded to operate between Raleigh, North Carolina and Weldon and between Pranklinton and Rocky Mount by Louisburg, Spring Hope, N.C. and Nashville, Tennessee.
SAFEWAY COACH COMPANY, INC. was formed in 1933 to operate between Rocky Mount and Jacksonville, North Carolina through Kinston, North Carolina. George W. Springle was its president. The company was sold in 1940 to Carolina Coach Company.
SAFEWAY TRANSIT COMPANY operated streetcars in Wilmington, North Carolina in the 1930s. Streetcars were discontinued in 1940 and replaced by buses. In the 1940s the company was bought out by Samuel Jessup and son Claude A. Jessup, who owned a number of other transit companies and were a powerful force within the National Trailways Bus System. In 1954 the company operated 30 buses over 89 route miles. In 1967 Wilmington City Lines, Inc., a subsidiary of Continental Trailways, merged with the Jessup-owned Virginia Trailways and took over city bus service in Wilmington. Wilmington City Lines was in turn taken over in 1974 by Wilmington Transit Authority.
SAFEWAY TRANSPORT, INC. was a school bus company operating out of Brookfield, Wisconsin. In 1969 the company was operating a subsidiary, Muskego Transport Company. In the 1970s and 1980s the companies were owned by Miles M. Laubenheimer of Sun Prairie, Wisconsin. He sold the companies in 1983. The badge is die-pressed and has a single threaded post.
SAGINAW-PORT HURON BUS LINE was in operation in 1934 in Saginaw, Michigan. Its route was between Saginaw and Port Huron and was an official mail carrier for the U.S. Post Office. In the 1930s the company ran Ford buses, but had purchased new Flixible Clippers by the late 1940s. In 1956 the company was managed by Mervin C. Keaner and was running 5 buses.
ST. ANDREWS BAY TRANSPORTATION, INC. / BAY LINE TRAILWAYS This company’s history begins with the Atlanta & St. Andrews Bay Railway, or the Bay Line, as it was known locally, when it was incorporated on February 14, 1906, by A. B. Steele. The line ran between Dothan, Alabama and Panama City, Florida. By 1927 the railroad had 82 miles of track and eight miles of branch lines and sidings; by that time Minor C. Keith owned the railroad. That same year Harry P. Edwards was hired as vice president and general manager. Prior to his hiring, Edwards had experimented with converting buses to rail vehicles, i.e., replacing rubber tires with steel flanged wheels to run on rails. (Edwards obtained patents for this innovation and founded Edwards Railway Motor Company in Sanford, North Carolina. In 1922 the company began manufacturing steel bodied rail cars using internal combustion engines.) The Bay Line ran these type buses on their rails in November 1929. They measured 54-57 feet long and carried about 30 passengers, plus 25 feet allocated for baggage, and were dubbed as “doodlebugs” by the company’s passengers. “To improve service, the A&SAB also provided ‘free taxi service at Dothan and Panama City to take passengers to and from their trains and their hotels and home.’” According to Florida corporation records, St. Andrews Bay Transportation Company filed as a Domestic for Profit Corporation in the State of Florida on Tuesday, July 15, 1930. It was formed as a subsidiary of the Atlanta & St. Andrews Bay Railway, which ran buses and a truck line from Panama City to Marianna to Pensacola and through to Dothan. In 1931 the Atlanta & St. Andrews Bay Railway was sold to the St. Andrews Bay Holding Company, a subsidiary of the International Paper Company. Beginning in April 1941 the bus line became part of the National Trailways Bus System as Bay Line Trailways. (NOTE: there are two conflicting dates on this event: one is that the company joined Trailways in 1939, and the other in 1941.) In 1944 Georgia Stages, Inc. bought out St. Andrews Bay Transportation Company. (St. Andrews Bay Transportation Company had just bought out Lee’s Coach Line, which ran in Florida from Tallahassee to Panama City.) Jon Hobijn writes: “In 1946, Georgia Stages President Fred Mills changed the company name to Modern Coach Corporation, and from then on the company was known as Modern Trailways. . . . Modern Coach Corp. was acquired by Tamiami Trail Tours in 1956, extending Tamiami’s system main line to 825 miles stretching from Atlanta to Miami.”
ST. CLAIR COMPANY BUS LINE/ ST. CLAIR BUS COMPANY was established in 1921 and ran throughout Southern Illinois with several REO buses. The company was absorbed by the Belleville-St. Louis Coach Company in 1940.
ST. JOHN TRANSIT took over bus operations from City Transit Limited in 1979, serving Saint John, New Brunswick, Canada. The company is the largest public transit system in the province in terms of both mileage and passengers. Ridership on Saint John Transit’s system is about 2.5 million passengers per year and growing. The badge is a single threaded post type, with no manufacturer’s name.
ST. JOHN TRANSPORTATION COMPANY, owned by Roland St. John, was headquartered in Dayton, Ohio in 1974. It operated a transit service for students between Dayton and Wright Universty. It also operated other transit services, such as Hamilton City Lines in Hamilton, Ohio and the Terre Haute Transit Co. in Indiana.
St. Joseph Power & Light Company (MO) 1959
ST. LOUIS BUS COMPANY was formed in St. Louis, Missouri in 1924 as a subsidiary of the United Railway Company. It ran from Natural Bridge Avenue, between Klngshighway and the city limits. Immediately they were in dispute with the Peoples Motorbus Company for running “virtually identical routes”. The company was still running in the late 1940s.
ST. LOUIS COUNTY BUS COMPANY / ST. LOUIS COUNTY TRANSIT COMPANY was operating in the 1940s in St. Louis County, Missouri. It was headquartered in Wellston, Missouri. Arthur F. Bangert was the general manager. In 1940 it served 25,000 people daily. In 1946 the company was renamed St. Louis County Transit. It was acquired in 1963 by Bi-State Transit.
ST. LOUIS PUBLIC SERVICE COMPANY / ST. LOUIS PUBLIC SERVICE CITY TRANSIT In 1898 United Railways Company of St. Louis began operating streetcars in St. Louis, Missouri and ran until 1927. In 1927 St. Louis Public Service Company took over operations and ran until 1940 when the company was purchased by National City Lines. The company continued under the name St. Louis Public Service City Transit until 1963 when Bi-State Development Agency (BSDA) acquired all transit facilities in the City of St. Louis, St. Louis County, and the Illinois counties of St. Clair and Madison in order to operate them as a coordinated, single system. That year BSDA officially took over the operations and assets of the various transit facilities it purchased from the region’s 15 private firms. In 1966 streetcars were discontinued. The first badge, which is the older of the two, is die pressed with a single threaded post. The second badge measures 2 ¼” x 2 ½” with two threaded posts and is hallmarked Medal Arts Co. Rochester N.Y. Here’s an interesting link if you want more information: A concise history of ST. LOUIS TRANSIT ROUTES
ST. LOUIS, RED BUD & CHESTER MOTOR BUS & SERVICE CORPORATION / ST. LOUIS, RED BUD & CHESTER BUS LINE began operations in 1924 with a route from Waterloo to Chester, Illinois. In 1936 its timetable, which gave the company’s name as St. Louis, Red Bud & Chester Motor Bus & Service Corporation, advertised: “Through service between St. Louis, Mo., Dupo, Ill., Columbia, Ill., Waterloo, Ill., Red Bud, Ill., Chester, Ill. and Intermediate Points”. W.H. Burkhardt was the general manager. According to Chicago Transit and Railfan, the route was sold in 1940 to Gulf Transport Co., and in 1944 to Belleville-Red Bud Coach Co.
ST. PETERSBURG MUNICIPAL TRANSIT SYSTEM / MUNICIPAL TRANSIT This company began as St. Petersburg Municipal Railway in 1919 operating streetcars to Gulfport, Florida and 8 buses operating several routes throughout the St. Petersburg, Florida area. In 1949 the company discontinued streetcars and became the St. Petersburg Municipal Transit System, operating buses over the former streetcar routes. (It was known as Municipal Transit System.) In 1956 this city-owned and operated company ran 80 buses over 272 route miles and served St. Petersburg, Gulfport, Bay Pines and Pinellas Park. In 1970 the Central Pinellas Transit Authority (CPTA) was formed, serving the Clearwater area and northern Pinellas. In October 1984 the St. Petersburg Municipal Transit System and the Central Pinellas Transit Authority merged to create the Pinellas Suncoast Transit Authority. The badge has a single threaded post and was made by FIFTH AVENUE UNIFORM COMPANY 19 SO. WELLS CHICAGO.
SALEM-McMINNVILLE STAGE LINE was operating in 1923 from Salem to McMinnville, Oregon over a 31-mile route.
SALINAS TRANSIT COMPANY / SALINAS CITY LINES began operating in Salinas, California after Robb Transportation Company ceased operations in 1953. The company provided bus service to Salinas and the Alisal area in Monterey County. This privately-owned company held on longer than most private transit companies in the U.S., but finally ceased operations in 1976. The service was taken over by the city of Salinas, who then operated the Salinas Transit System. Monterey-Salinas Transit was formed in 1981 when the Salinas Transit System merged with Monterey Peninsula Transit.
SALT LAKE CITY LINES In 1925 Utah Light & Traction Company began providing streetcar and bus service in Salt Lake City, Utah. In 1944 the operations were taken over by National City Lines, which, true to form, abandoned streetcar service in place of buses. On February 27, 1946, the company received Public Utilities Commission approval to purchase the stock, equipment, and interests of the Airways Motor Coach Lines. Salt Lake City Lines ceased operations in 1968 and its routes were taken over by Utah Transit Authority on August 10, 1970. The badge was made by FIFTH AVENUE UNIFORM COMPANY 19 SO. WELLS CHICAGO and measures 2 ½” x 2 ½”. The service pin is made of sterling and marked B.B. Co.
San Antonio Transit System (TX) 1959
SAN BENITO-TRES PINOS STAGE LINE was operating in the mid 1920s out of San Benito, California. H.B. Leonard was the registered contact.
SAN BERNARDINO MOUNTAIN STAGE LINE was operating in 1913 into the early 1920s running from San Bernardino, California to a number of resorts in the San Bernardino Mountains. It was managed by Kirk R. Philips. In the early times the company was operating White trucks as buses. In 1914 the company had a ticket agreement with Pacific Electric Railroad. There is a mention of it in The Arrowhead Magazine: “a publication of the Salt Lake route”, which was “devoted almost entirely to the beauties of the San Bernardino mountains. The feature story is by C. A. Henderson, of the San Bernardino Mountain stage line. Mr. Henderson tells in his inimitable style of a complete trip around tho famous ‘101 Miles on the Rim of tha World,’ on one of the mountain stage trucks.” A 1920 newspaper article capitalized on this route: “The San Bernardino Mountain Stage Line is another spectacular route, including the famous ‘rim o the world’ drive and other points of surpassing scenic interest among mountains and lakes and forests.” The company was still operational in 1923.
SAN DIEGO SIGHT-SEEING COMPANY operated buses out of San Diego, California after being granted a certificate by the Railroad Commision on November 24, 1917. In 1918 it was operating out of the U.S. Grant Hotel lobby in San Diego. No further info.
SAN DIEGO-TECATE AUTO LINE / AUTO SERVICE was operating in the mid 1920s out Lemon Grove, California. Hubert Mills was the owner. J.H. Cottrell was the registered contact.
SAN DIEGO ELECTRIC RAILWAY, INC. was incorporated in 1891 by John D. Spreckels to operate streetcars in San Diego, California. In January 1892 the company purchased the San Diego Street Car Company, and in 1895 the company bought the operational franchises and properties of the Citizens Traction Company. The company put its first motor buses in operation in 1921. In 1946 the company began to phase out streetcar lines and replace them with buses. The company was sold on July 26, 1948 to Jesse Haugh’s Western Transit Company for $5.5 million. In 1948 the name was changed to the San Diego Transit System. That company was purchased by the City of San Diego in 1967 and survives today as the San Diego Metropolitan Transit System, or simply Metropolitan Transit System.
SAN DIEGO TRANSIT SYSTEM The San Diego Electric Railway Company, was founded in 1891 by John D. Spreckels. In 1949 the last rail service was discontinued, making San Diego the first major city in California to convert to an all-bus system. In 1948 Jesse Haugh purchased the system from Spreckels and renamed it the San Diego Transit System. The company was purchased by the City of San Diego in 1967 and survives today as the San Diego Metropolitan Transit System, or simply Metropolitan Transit System. (See the above entry for more details.) The badge measures 1¾” x 3 ½” and has a single threaded post.
SAN FRANCISCO MUNICIPAL RAILWAY / SF MUNI / MUNI is the public transit system for the city and county of San Francisco, California. Muni is short for the “Municipal” in “San Francisco Municipal Railway” and is not an acronym. The Muni metro is often called “the train” or “the streetcar.” Most San Francisco natives use ‘Muni’ when speaking about the system (Metro & buses) in general. Below is a cloth patch from the 1970s.
SAN FRANCISCO MUNICIPAL RAILWAY These badges were issued to Motormen and Conductors on the cable cars and street railway through 1930. Gary Hurn writes: “This exact style badge is on display at the San Francisco Cable Car Museum on Washington Street in San Francisco. . . . This badge was a creation by THE ALBERT S SAMUELS COMPANY JEWELERS (1920-1940 era) . . . SAMUELS had retail jewelry stores on Market St. and in the Fairmont Hotel on Knob Hill in San Francisco.. . . This is the real item as used by the Muni employee cable car operator / gripman.” If you want more info on these famous icons, the read Wikepedia‘s history of San Francisco’s cable cars. The badge measures approx. 2 ¾” x 1 ¾”.
SAN GABRIEL CANYON STAGE LINE was operating in the late 1920s out of Azusa, California. A. L. Meier and J. E. Williamson were the owners.
SAN GERONIMO-NICASIO STAGE was operating in Nicasio, California in the mid 1920s. James Rusconi was the registered contact.
SAN JACINTO BUS COMPANY In July 1911, Mark Logan, W. W. Lynch and N. A. Brown formed the company to serve their new development called San Jacinto Heights, which lay to the west of the business district of Amarillo, Texas. The company was taken over by the Amarillo Bus Company in 1946.
SAN JUAN CAPISTRANO STAGE LINE was operating in the mid 1920s out of San Juan Capistrano, California. H.V. Iredell was the registered contact.
SAN JUAN-SARGENT STAGE LINE was operating in the mid 1920s out of San Jaun, California. M.J. Regan was the registered contact.
SAN JOSE CITY LINES ran in Jose, California from 1939 until 1973. This is a sterling pin back safety award.
SAN LUCAS-LOCKWOOD STAGE LINE was operating in the mid 1920s out of Lockwood, California. James M. Pieratt was the registered contact.
SAN LUIS AVILA-PISMO PIONEER STAGES was operating in the mid 1920s out of San Luis Obispo, California. Antone Motto was the owner.
SAN LUIS OBISPO-AVILA AUTO SERVICE was operating out of San Luis Obispo, California in the mid 1920s.
SAN LUIS OBISPO-CAMBRIA STAGE was operating in the mid 1920s out of San Luis Obispo, California. D.S. Roz was the registered contact.
SAN LUIS OBISPO-SAN SIMEON STAGE LINE was operating in the mid 1920s out of San Luis Obispo, California. Ben Tonini was the registered contact.
SAN LUIS OBISPO-SIMMLER STAGE LINE was operating in the mid 1920s out of Pozo, California. V.M. Torres was the registered contact.
SAN MIGUEL-STONE CANYON AUTO STAGE was operating in the mid 1920s out of San Miguel, California. O. G. Williams was the registered contact.
SAN PASQUAL VALLEY STAGE & TRUCK LINE was operating in the mid 1920s out of Escondido, California. James Orr and J.W. Stoft were the registered contacts.
SAN QUENTIN STAGE COMPANY ran between Point Richmond and Point San Quentin, California and between San Rafael and San Quentin Prison in the late 1910s. In 1915 the company offices were located at Fifth and B Streets, Santa Rosa, California and Joseph Miller was the president of the company. It was still operating in the mid 1920s.
SAN RAFAEL BUS SERVICE was operating in the mid 1920s out of San Rafael, California. Emory E. Gilman was the registered contact.
SAN RAFAEL & SONOMA VALLEY AUTO STAGE LINE was operating out of San Rafael and Sonoma, California in 1919. J.A. Valente and F.C. Stuermer were the owners.
SANFORD BUS LINES, INC. was operating in the mid 1940s out of Sanford, North Carolina. Routes: from Sanford over U. S. 421 to the Cumnock community; from Sanford to Colon; from Sanford over U. S. 421 via Jonesboro to Seminole; from Jonesboro over N. C. 78 to Tramway; from Tramway over U. S. Highway 1 to Cameron; thence over an unnumbered highway to Carthage.
THE SANITARIUM-ST. HELENA STAGE was operating in the mid 1920s from the California Medical Missionary and Benevolent Society in Sanitarium, California, which is an unincorporated community in Napa County, California.
SANOT TRANSPORTATION COMPANY Having searched the Internet, newspapers.com and numerous reference books, I’ve yet to locate any mention of this company. Going by the design of the bus, it would seem date to the 1950s. Perhaps it’s an older salesman sample. Information welcome. The badge has two threaded posts ad appears to be nickel-plated brass.
SANTA ANA TRANSIT CORPORATION was one of several smaller bus companies that succeeded Pacific Electric Railway in Orange County, California. In the early 1960s it operated five bus routes in Orange County. There is almost no information on this company’s history. At some point in the early 1960s it became part of, or was succeeded by the American Transit Corporation and was combined with other small agencies to form the subsidiary South Coast Transit Corporation. (At the time American Transit Corporation owned some 31 other transit agencies.) On June 4 1963, South Coast Transit Corporation filed an application with the California Public Utilities Commission to increase fares; the application gives some insight into the operation at that time: “[South Coast Transit Corporation] is an intercity passenger bus and express service in Orange County between Santa Ana and Laguna Beach, a distance of about 23 miles, through intermediate cities or communities of Costa Mesa, Newport Beech, Balboa Island, and Corona del Mar, and also furnishes service between Santa Ana and Balboa.” (The application was denied on Feb. 18, 1964.) In August 1972 the company was part of a merger of various Orange County transit agencies, which formed the Orange County Transit District. In 1991 the Orange County Transit District was combined with seven separate Orange County agencies to create the Orange County Transportation Authority. The badge was made by GREENDUCK CO. CHICAGO; measures 3″ x 2½” and has two threaded posts. (Also see South Coast Transit.)
SANTA FE TRAIL SYSTEM / SANTA FE TRAIL TRANSPORTATION COMPANY The following excerpt is from Jon’s Trailways History Corner “Of the five founding members of the National Trailways Bus System, by far the largest member was Santa Fe Trail Transportation with a main line stretching from Chicago to Los Angeles, 2,240 miles, an operation in California stretching 529 miles from San Diego to San Francisco including 19 round trips a day between San Diego and L.A. and 14 round trips a day from L.A. to San Francisco, a 716 mile north-south line from Salt Lake City to Phoenix, 684 miles from Kansas City to Denver, and. . . . believe it or not, I still haven’t mentioned all the major routes. However that wasn’t the case in the early 20’s though, before the railroad had anything to do with it.
“In 1924, what would grow to be the Santa Fe System consisted of only a few short bus routes radiating out of Wichita, Kansas, operating with enlarged passenger cars. In order to survive and prosper, the companies all pulled together and pooled their resources as one company, Southern Kansas Stage Lines. Gradually, they began to prosper. Blue Bird Bus Lines from Wichita to Kansas City was purchased and in 1930, Kansas City to Tulsa was purchased from Rapid Auto Transit and from Wardway Lines came Tulsa to Muskogee, Ft. Smith, Fayetteville and Oklahoma City.
“In 1933, routes were extended east from Kansas City to Chicago and St. Louis when Blue Motor Coach was bought and Santa Fe Trail Stages acquisition extended the operation 1,459 miles west from Wichita to Los Angeles via Tucumcari and Albuquerque. Additional routes in Kansas and Nebraska and extending to Denver came from Cardinal Stage Lines.
“In 1935 the name of the company was changed from Southern Kansas Stage Lines to Santa Fe Trail Transportation Company and later that year the AT&SF Railroad bought an interest in the company, acquiring a portion of the stock, marking the first time the railroad had any involvement with the bus line.” The badge is a single threaded post type.
SANTA MARIA-GUADALUPE STAGE was operating in the mid 1920s out of Santa Maria, California. It ran to Santa Barbara. Harry Harper was the registered contact.
SANTA MONICA MOUNTAIN COACH COMPANY was operating in Los Angeles County, California in the mid 1920s. No further info.
SANTA MONICA MUNICIPAL BUS LINES / SANTA MONICA BIG BLUE BUS / SANTA MONICA’S BIG BLUE BUS (The following info is gleaned from the website of Santa Monica’s Big Blue Bus, the current public transit service in Santa Monica, California.) In the early 1900s, the Pacific Electric Railroad ran trolley lines between Downtown Los Angeles and neighboring cities. During a recession in 1914, a group of unemployed automobile owners began using their cars to compete with the railway in Santa Monica. These drivers charged riders five cents and were called “jitneys”, a common name at the time. In 1921, as the population of Santa Monica doubled, business boomed and the jitney drivers incorporated as Bay Cities Transit Company. In 1928, the City of Santa Monica launched its own bus line and over 16,000 passengers rode the new buses the first week. They chose a blue color scheme for their buses and called their service Santa Monica Municipal Bus Lines. By 1947 the regular bus rate was 10 cents, but costs kept rising and both the City of Santa Monica and the Bay Cities Transit lines were losing money. In 1950, Bay Cities Transit was bought out by Santa Monica Municipal Bus Lines, now commonly known as the Big Blue Bus. The agency’s name was officially changed to “Santa Monica’s Big Blue Bus” in 1999. There are probably several different badges out there; the badge pictured below is a pin back and marked on the back “H.S. Co. LA. CA.” It measures approx.: 2″ x 1 ½”.
SANTA ROSA-PETALUMA-SAUSALITO AUTO STAGE COMPANY was operating in the late 1910s out of Santa Rosa, California; W.H. Curtis was the general manager. In 1921-1922 the company was operating from offices in Santa Rosa and San Francisco, California. Its buses served Santa Rosa, Petaluma, Sausalito and San Francisco. The president and general manager was Joseph Miller.
SANTA YNEZ VALLEY EXPRESS & PASSENGER LINE was operating in the mid 1920s out of Solvang, California. The company also was an express freight line. Soren Sorensen was the registered contact.
SASKATOON TRANSIT SYSTEM had its beginning in 1913 when the Saskatoon Municipal Railway began operating a fleet of streetcars in the city of Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, Canada. In 1931 the first gas powered buses were put into operation. Six 36-passenger Brill trolley buses were put into service in an effort to modernize the transit system. In 1949 the Saskatoon Municipal Railway was renamed the Saskatoon Transit System. The last streetcars ran in 1951, leaving electric trolley buses to service the system. In 1959 12 diesel powered buses were purchased from Canadian Car Company. In 1962 these were supplemented with 4 GM coaches. By 1969 the system was operating 29 trolley coaches and 48 diesel buses. The last trolley ran in 1974. In 2013 the system celebrated 100 years of service. The badge has a single threaded post and a single pin post. It measures 3″ x 1⅞”.
SAUGUS TRANSIT See Service Bus Lines, Inc.
SAUSALITO-STINSON BEACH & BOLINAS STAGE LINES was operating in the mid 1920s out of Sausalito, California. W.H. Caltoft was the registered contact.
SAVANNAH ELECTRIC & POWER COMPANY succeeded Savannah Electric Company in 1921 operating streetcars in Savannah, Georgia and surrounding communities. The company ran until 1945, which is the year streetcars were discontinued. (At that time the company was running 18 streetcars over 18 miles of tracks.) In 1945 the Savannah Transit Company took over operations and began running buses. In 1946 the company ran 90 buses over 66 route miles. The badge pictured below is stamped “sterling” on the back; there are some badges made of nickel.
SAVANNAH TRANSIT AUTHORITY In July 1961, the Savannah Transit Authority (STA) was created by state legislation to take over for the privately-owned Savannah Transit Company. The badge has two threaded posts.
SAVANNAH TRANSIT COMPANY succeeded Savannah Electric & Power Company in 1945 operating streetcars and buses in Savannah, Georgia and surrounding communities of Thunderbolt and Garden City. In 1946 it was operating 90 buses over 66 route miles. In 1956 the company was operating 72 buses over 61 route miles. In July 1961, the Savannah Transit Authority (STA) was created by state legislation to take over for the privately-owned Savannah Transit Company. The badge is made of nickel and has two threaded posts.
Scarsdale Bus Company (NY) 1959
SCENIC AUTO STAGE was operating in the mid 1920s out of La Honda, California to San Mateo. R.W. Woodham, George J. Carr were the registered contacts.
SCENIC STAGE LINE was doing business in Illinois in 1953. It ran a passenger service in Illinois and out of state. It was bought 1970 by R.C. Smith Transportation and currently operates out of Chicago as a charter bus service. The badge has two threaded posts.
SCHAPPI BUS LINE, INC. ran in the late 1910s. The company was founded by brothers Henry Schappi and Ernest A. Schappi. In 1927 the company ran a route between Chicago, Illinois and Hammond, Indiana; another between Calumet City, Ill., and Hammond; and one from Calumet City through Hammond to East Chicago, Ind. Still running in the 1950s.
SCHENCK TRANSPORTATION CO., INC. was founded by Howard E. Schenck and was running in the early 1930s on Long Island, New York. In 1946 it was located at 372 Jericho Turnpike in Floral Park, Long Island, New York and was running 66 buses over 48 route miles on Long Island. In 1955 it was running 82 buses over 87 route miles.
SCHENECTADY TRANSPORTATION CORP. ran buses in Schenectady and Albany, New York from 1952 until 1970 when it was replaced by the Schenectady Transit System. In 1956 the corporation ran 60 buses over 78 route miles. The badge measures 2⅜” x 2⅝” and has two threaded posts.
Schneider Bus Line (Kansas City MO) 1959
SCHUMACHER BUS LINES was founded in 1916 in Timmins, Ontario (Canada). “Commuter bus services in the Timmins area were operated by John Dalton from about 1926. Another early company, Hamilton and Dwyer, operated an hourly service from Timmins to Schumacher with a fleet of two buses. The ancestry of those enterprises is carried on today under the banner of Schumacher Bus Lines Ltd, operating out of the Dwyer building on First Avenue, with school bus and bus charter services, and Dalton’s Bus Line Ltd, on Dalton Road, providing similar services. Timmins, in 1975, was the last of Northern Ontario’s five major cities to get public transit, which previously had been a privately run service subsidized by the city.” The badge measures 2½ ” x 2 ¾” , has two threaded posts and was made by SCULLY LTD MONTREAL.
SCHUPPERT BUS LINE was operating in the late 1910s out of Corydon, Indiana. In 1922 the line ran from Corydon to New Albany. In November 1944 the company was sold to the Beaird Firm; at that time it was operating 17 buses and serving southern Indiana.
SCOFIELD BUS LINE / SCHOFIELD BUS LINE There is some conflicting info about this company, starting with the difference in surname spelling. In early records the name is spelled “Schofield” and later it is “Scofield”. Schofield Bus Line was operating in the mid-1920s as an interstate bus line in Missouri. In August 1926 one of its Studebaker buses was involved in an accident with a team of mules, which the bus tried to pass on the highway. In 1929 there was a newspaper article about F. H. Scofield “who started a bus bus business years ago, which grew until it became one of the largest in Southeast Missouri” selling his business to the Missouri Pacific Railroad Company. After that date we find the same F. H. Scofield operating Scofield Bus Line out of Poplar Bluff, Missouri and who also owned and operated the Poplar Bluff City Lines, operating out of the same city. (In 1954 that company ran 10 buses over 626 city route miles, and 480 intercity route miles.) In 1939 the “Frisco Transportation Company a subsidiary of the St. Louis San Francisco, has applied to the Interstate Commerce Commission for authority to purchase the motor carrier operation of F. H. Scofield, doing business as the Scofield Bus Line, in Poplar Bluff, Mo.” Either that sale didn’t go through, or Mr. Scofield was retained as general manager after the sale. Either way, the company was still operating in the late 1950s.
SCOTT BAR-FORT JONES-YREKA STAGE LINE was operating in the mid 1920s out of Scott Bar, California. M.O. Payne was the registered contact.
SCOTT-NICKELS BUS COMPANY was founded in March 1940 and went out of business in 1958. It was headquartered in Williamson, West Virginia, and, in 1954, ran 21 buses, serving McVeigh and Stone in Ky., and Matewan, W.V. Catherine Nickels was president. As to the spelling, I found three newspaper accounts, all from the 1950s, which spell the name “Scott-Nichols” Bus Company. One was an article from Monroe, Louisiana for 1951 when 28 drivers went on strike over a driver being fired for not wearing a regulation uniform, which was mandated as a dress shirt and tie. (He wore a “sports shirt”.) Another was from Danville, Ky. back in 1946 and also involves striking drivers. The third is an obit for Charles West in South Williamson, W.V., who died at age 82 on April 26, 2011. He was a retired driver for the “Scott Nichols Bus Company”. However, the correct spelling is “Scott-Nickels Bus Company.” The badge is a single threaded post type made by FIFTH AVENUE UNIFORM COMPANY 19 SO. WELLS CHICAGO.
SCOTT STAGE COMPANY was operating in the mid 1920s out of Susanville, California. It ran to Lassen, California. It was owned by George S. Scott.
SCOTT STAGE COMPANY was operating in the 1930s from Rock Springs, Wyoming. It ran to and from Rock Springs to Pineville, Wyoming. The company was owned and operated by Walter Scott, who also owned Pinedale Cash Store.
SCOTT VALLEY AUTO STAGE was operating in the mid 1920s out of Yreka, California. George F. Hellmuth was the registered contact.
SCOTT’S AUTO STAGE was operating in 1916 out of Susanville, California. It was owned by George S. Scott and was still operating in the mid 1920s.
SCRANTON BUS COMPANY / SCRANTON TRANSIT COMPANY The Scranton Bus Company was a subsidiary of the Scranton Railway Company and was formed in 1924 to operate buses in Scranton, Pennsylvania. By 1931 the company was operating 31 buses. On August 7, 1934 the Public Service Commission approved the organization of the Scranton Transit Company as successor to the Scranton Railway Company, with Harry H. Dartt as president. The company ran the last streetcar on December 18, 1954. In 1972 it was succeeded by the County of Lackawanna Transit System.
SEALS COACH LINES was founded by Roy L. Seals (1895-1954) in the mid-late 1920s in Kingsport, Tennessee. The company started as a charter line, but by 1930 was running four daily intercity round trips to Appalachia and Johnson City. In 1927 Roy Seals was given a franchise to operate local bus service in Kingsport. A July 14, 1927, newspaper report gives some information on this: “Roy Seals, trading under the firm, name and style of ‘CITY TRANSPORTATION COMPANY,’ is hereby granted an exclusive franchise, not only as against any other person, firm, partnership or corporation, but as against the city itself, for the period of five years from the date of the final passage of this ordinance, to establish, maintain and operate motor street buses on, over, through and upon the city streets, and alleys (if necessary) of the City of Kingsport, Tennessee . . . Attest: J. W. Harrison Mayor.” By Seals Coach Lines had consolidated their intercity schedule with Daniel Boone Stages and Virginia-Lee Lines and was serving Johnson City, Kingsport, and Norton, Tennessee, and Middlesboro, Kentucky. There is no mention of the company after 1935, when was listed as delinquent in back taxes in the amount of $5.90. Moreover, Roy Seals is not mentioned in the 1946 MTD in connection with City Transportation Company.
SEASHORE TRANSPORTATION COMPANY began operations in 1925 in New Bern, North Carolina. In the 1920s it purchased routes from Washington-Oriental Bus Company; in 1939 it bought out Whitehurst Bus Line. By 1946 the company grew to service 17 North Carolina counties with 127 buses operating over 609 route miles. The company was still operating in the 1950s with reduced service. By 1956 it controlled City Transit Company, which operated out of New Bern with 6 buses over 30.5 route miles.
SEATTLE-RENTON STAGE LINE, INC. was operating in the early 1930s out of Seattle, Washington.
SEATTLE TRANSIT SYSTEM In 1902, voters in the City of West Seattle approved the first municipally-owned streetcar line in the United States. The streetcar line was later sold to private investors, but the City of Seattle assumed ownership of its own streetcar network in 1918 upon the purchase of Puget Sound Traction, Light, and Power Company‘s system. In 1936 the Seattle municipal railway system was operating 410 streetcars on 26 electric routes and three cable car lines with a total of 231 miles of track. The city also operates 60 gasoline-powered buses on 18 routes, but the entire system continues to operate at a loss. The Overlake Transit Service extended its routes to Medina, Bellevue and the south end of Lake Sammamish. In 1938 the financial situation of the municipal railway system is desperate and its employees are paid with nickels and dimes straight from the fare boxes. In 1939 North Coast Transportation Company shuts down Seattle-Everett interurban. Seattle secures a $10.2 million federal loan to pay off debts, replace streetcars and organize a new entity, the Seattle Transit System, under the management of independent Seattle Transportation Commission. The conversion to buses and trackless trolleys begins immediately and plans are made to purchase 235 trolley buses and 102 motor coaches. In 1941 the final streetcars run in Seattle. In 1973 the City’s public transportation system was absorbed into the Municipality of Metropolitan Seattle (METRO). (Info from King County Government About Metro. See Overlake Transit System and King County Metro for more information.)
There are two badges known for Seattle Transit System. One is made of die pressed metal and is stamped on the back “UNION MADE I.J.W.U.” and measures 2″ x 3¾” with two threaded posts. The other is made of celluloid.
SEATTLE METRO see King County Metro.
SEEING NEW YORK OBSERVATION COACHES was founded by Henry J. Mayham in New York City on June 15, 1902. They were New York City’s first sightseeing buses. By the time Mayham began his New York City business, he had already founded tour bus companies in Salt Lake City, Charleston, Los Angeles and Boston. The large buses hard-rubber tired buses could seat 44 people. There were two daily trips, covering 12 miles of Manhattan for $1.50. “Besides a driver for the bus, the company sent along a guard, an announcer with megaphone and a representative to see that everything went right. At first the buses were horse drawn, but with the growing popularity of motorized vehicles, the company soon abandoned horses and went to self-propelled vehicles.”
SELIGMAN BROTHERS BUS LINE operated out of Pine Bluff, Arkansas in 1922. The company ran a route from Pine Bluff to Altheimer, Arkansas.
SEMKE BUS LINE, INC. was founded in 1918. Its corporate name was Nicholas Semke, Inc., which may have been the name of its founder. The company operated out of Hampstead, Long Island, New York. In 1946 it operated 10 buses over 30 route miles, with R. William Semke as president and Fred Semke as treasurer. In 1954 the company was operating 17 buses over 44 route miles. It served the towns of Hempstead, Rockville Centre, Oceanside, Westbury and Baldwin, Long Island. In August 1970 the company, then owned by Alfred Krapata, halted service for lack of funds. Subsequently, the bankrupt company was taken over by Hempstead Bus Corporation, Schenck Transportation Company, Stage Coach Lines and Rockville Centre Bus Company. The badge is made of nickel-plated metal with one threaded post and measures 2¼” x 1¼”.
SEQUOIA NATIONAL PARK STAGE COMPANY was operating in the mid 1920s out of Lemon Cove, California. E. L. Askin was the general manager.
SERVICE BUS LINES, INC. Was operating in the 1920s out of Revere, Massachusetts. In 1946 the company was owned by Alfonso Reberto and operated 14 buses over 15 route miles. In 1972 the company took over Malden Bus Lines and Saugus Transit, which were operated as subsidiaries. In February 1975 the company’s routes were taken over by the Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority.
SERVICE COACH LINES, INC. / SERVICE COACH TRAILWAYS / SERVICE TRAILWAYS Service Coach Lines was founded in the 1930s by George T. Morris in Dublin, Georgia. Initially the company ran an east-west route from Macon to Savannah, Georgia and made a connection with Atlantic Greyhound. In 1946 the company was operating 35 buses. In 1948 the company joined the National Trailways Bus System as Service Coach Trailways. In 1956 the company was sold to Tamiami Trailways, Carolina Trailways and Virginia Trailways. Thereafter, the company ran between Augusta, Georgia and Jacksonville, Florida, Sylvania to Jacksonville, Waycross to Savanna, Georgia and Waycross to Brunswick, Georgia. Service Coach Trailways lasted until 1975.
SERVICE MOTOR BUS COMPANY, INC. was operated by Charles A. Orr and Samuel D. Gunn, and ran from the De Kalb Hotel, in De Kalb, Illinois beginning in October 1922. It operated over the Lincoln Highway between Dixon and DeKalb. In March 1927, the company’s officers filed for dissolution of corporation. (Note: the company was somehow connected to the Reo Motor Bus Company, Inc., which also operated out of DeKalb and whose manager was O. W. Orr. One of its incorporators was Charles A. Orr. The company was still in business in 1928.)
SEYMOUR-BEFORD BUS LINE was founded by C. E. Cummings in Norman Station, Indiana. The company was operational in the mid 1920s. In 1927 Cummings was advertising in a local paper offering to sell the company with equipment. Apparently he found no takers because in a July 14, 1939, local paper a new schedule was printed along with the notice that a new owner, Agnes Hildreth, who also owned the Checker Cab Company, had bought Seymour-Bedford Bus Line from C. E. Cummings. The company is not listed in the 1946 MTD.
Shafer Coach Lines (Pittsburgh PA) 1959
SHAFER’S BUS LINE / ROBERT T. SHAFER & SONS, INC. was founded in Johnson City, New York Robert T. Shafer, Sr. (1911-2001) in 1947 as a school bus company. In the mid 1950s Shafer was granted intrastate authority to operate passenger buses from Broome County to any point in New York State. In 1960 the company bought Endicott-West Endicott Bus Lines. In 1970 the company purchased Southern Tier Stanges, Inc. This purchased added intercity bus service from Binghamton to Owego, and Ithaca, new York and from Binghamton, New York to Montrose, Pennsylvania. Robert T. Shafer retired in 1979 leaving sons Robert T. Shafer, Jr., and Larry A. Shafer, Sr. in charge. The company is still family owned and operating as Shafer’s Tour & Charter out of Endicott, New York.
SHAFTER STAGE LINE was operating in the mid 1920s out of Shafter, California. E.M. Burner was the registered contact.
SHAKER HEIGHTS RAPID TRANSIT On September 6, 1944, the City of Shaker Heights (Ohio) took over the financially struggling Cleveland Interurban Railroad lines and began operating them as Shaker Heights Rapid Transit. In September 1979, the Greater Cleveland Regional Transit Authority adopted a new designation for the rapid transit lines. The old Cleveland Transit System became the Red Line and the Shaker Rapid Transit lines became the Green and Blue Lines.
S. & T. B. L. CO. / SHAMOKIN & TREVORTON BUS LINE COMPANY / SKAMOKIN-TREVORTON BUS LINE There not much information on this company, except that it was around in the late 1920s. One source says that the company succeeded the Shamokin & Edgewood Electric Railway Co. in Shamokin, Pennsylvania in 1928-1929. The company is mentioned in several newspaper ads in Skamokin, Pennsylvania in the 1930s until the late 1960s. There’s an ad in the September 1, 1932 edition of the Shamokin News-Dispatch: “Travel Information TRAVEL BY BUS For safety and economy. Shamokin – Trevorton Bus Line Co. All schedules listed inside front cover of the telephone directory.” There’s also a 1960 photograph of George Jones, Sr., who is identified as the co-owner of Shamokin-Trevorton Bus Line Company.
SHASTA TRANSIT COMPANY was operating in the early 1920s out of Union Stage Depot in Sacramento, California. At that time the company ran all the way to the Oregon border. W. M. Sanford was the registered contact. The company was acquired by Pickwick Stage System. In May 1930 the company was sold to Pacific Greyhound Lines, Inc.
SHEARER BUS LINE was operating in the early-mid 1920s, offering service to South Pittsburg, Tennessee near the Tennessee-Alabama border. The company was still operating in the mid 1930s. It is not listed any of the 1940s editions of the MTD.
SHELBY TRANSIT COMPANY, INC. began operating in the city of Shelby, North Carolina in 1939. Its routes: Streets of the City of Shelby; extension of East Marion Street, N. C. Highway No. 20 from city limits to Cleveland County Fairgrounds; Extension of West Marion Street from city limits to Dover and Ora Mills and to city limits at East Lee Street. In 1954 the company operated 10 buses over 20 route miles.
A. W. SHEPHERD BUS LINES / A. W. SHEPHERD TRAILWAYS / OZARK TRAILWAYS / OZARK TRAILS, INC. / MO-ARK TRAILS A. W. Shepherd Bus Lines was formed April 29, 1938 in Springfield, Missouri by A. W. Shepard, and ran between Springfield, Missouri and Fayetteville, Arkansas as well as Shreveport, Louisiana, Durant and Oklahoma City, Oklahoma and Dallas, Texas. The history of the company is a bit tangled, but piecing together parts from various editions of MTD and Russell’s, at some point the company joined the National Trailways Bus System and operated until 1946 as A. W. Shepherd Trailways. That year Shepherd changed the name to Ozark Trailways, and incorporated A. W. Shepherd Bus Lines as Ozark Trails, Inc. In March 1950 Shepherd sold Ozark Trails, Inc. to Des Moines Springfield & Southern Stages of Springfield, Missouri, and founded Mo-Ark Trails, which ran from Springfield, Missouri to Berryville, Arkansas. Mo-Ark Trails continued operations until 1967.
SHOALS TRANSIT, INC. was owned by American Transit Corporation, St. Louis. It ran service for Sheffield, Florence and Tuscumbia, Alabama in 1954.
SHOALS TRANSIT & TRANSIT HOLDINGS ran buses in Sheffield, Alabama in the 1940s. I’m not sure when the company started, but it was bought out by Shoals Transportation in 1946.
SHOALS TRANSPORTATION COMPANY bought out Burns Transportation Company and Shoals Transit & Transit Holdings in Sheffield, Alabama in 1946. In 1954 it was not listed in the MTD and had been replaced by Shoals Transit, Inc.
SHORE LINE MOTOR COACH COMPANY was formed in 1926 and was owned by the Gary Railways Company, which was part of Midland Utilities, which in turn, was a holding company controlled by Samuel Insull. The announcement is found in the April 26, 1926, edition of The Daily Reporter from Greenfield, Indiana: “MERGER OF TWENTY-FOUR BUS ROUTES IS APPROVED Approval of a merger of twenty-four bus routes in northern Indiana was given Saturday by the public service commission in an order authorizing the purchase of the routes by the Shore Line Motor Coach Co., from the Gary Railways Co., Farina’s Bus Line & Transportation Co. and B. P. Shearon.” (Gary Railways Co., Farina’s Bus Line and B. P. Shearon were all part of Samuel Insull’s interests.) Not long afterward the formation a significant portion of the company was sold, which is related in a Friday January 6, 1928, article in The Coloma Courier and the Benton Harbor Herald (Michigan), Motor Transit Corporation Takes Over Part of Shore Line Motor Coach Co. “The big yellow motor coaches of the Shore Line Motor Company will no longer operate through here. Business of the Shore Line Motor Coach Company, north of Benton Harbor, has been sold to the Motor Transit Corporation, which controls the Safety Motor Coach Company, which operates the Greyhound Lines. . . . The Southwestern Michigan Motor Coach Company, with the headquarters in Kalamazoo, which has been under the same general management as the Shore Line company, has also been sold to the Motor Transit Corporation. The Southwestern Michigan Motor Coach company was formerly the Carey & Leach Bus Lines, Inc. The company operates interstate coaches between Chicago and Detroit, and local service between Kalamazoo, Paw Paw, Lawrence, Hartford, Watervliet, Benton Harbor and St. Joseph, Kalamazoo and South Bend, and Kalamazoo and Sturgis.” Eventually what was left of Shore Line Motor Coach Co. was sold to Chicago & Calumet District Transit Co.
THE SHORT LINE of Rhode Island. The following information is quoted, in part, from the Massachusetts Regional Bus Study of June 2013: DPU CPCN Review: “The Short Line was originally chartered as the Newport & Bristol Ferry Railway Company in 1902. The name was changed to the Newport & Providence Railway in 1903. In 1904 the company opened a trolley line from Newport to Bristol Ferry, with connections to Providence via ferry to Bristol and from there via the New Haven Railroad. This route was advertised as the “Short Line” to Providence. In 1926, the Newport & Providence Railway replaced the trolley line between Newport and Bristol Ferry with a through bus route between Newport and Providence. About 1928, this company took over operation of bus service between Newport and Fall River that had replaced another trolley line in 1925. The Newport & Providence Railway Company was officially renamed the Short Line, Inc. about 1930. (During the 1930s, the Short Line name was also used by several other bus companies in the Northeast that were under the same ownership or otherwise affiliated with the Rhode Island company.) After World War II, George Sage of Newport bought the original Short Line company.” In 1970 the Short Line, Inc., and Interstate Busses Corp. were merged to become Bonanza Bus Lines. On February 1, 1971, the DPU formally reissued all of the Massachusetts CPCNs that were held by the Short Line to Bonanza. Two different badges are known (so far): one in nickel and one in brass; they measure approx 1½” x 1½” and are marked with a patent number.
THE SHORT LINE of CONNECTICUT, INC. I’ve found little background info on this company; it was affiliated and/or owned by the same The Short Line based in Rhode Island. The November 17, 1965, edition of the Bridgeport Post from Bridgeport, Connecticut reported a proposed sale: “PUC WEIGHS PROPOSAL TO SELL 2 BUS FIRMS HARTFORD (AP)-The State Public Utilities Commission has under advisement the proposed sale of two bus companies to Edward P. Hayes Jr. and John D. Hayes, both of Rocky Hill. There was no opposition to the sale of the Short Line of Connecticut and the HW Transit Co. of Meriden at a public hearing Tuesday. The purchase of Short Line would be made from John J. Wall. The purchase was said to involve assumption of the company’s liabilities.” There was no followup info on this proposed sale. However, the company was sold in 1971 to Gerald Katz, an officer David’s Bus Service Inc., of New Haven, and Russell Johanen of the Cross Country Coach Co. of Milford. The badge shown below may or may not belong to this company—or perhaps to one of the other companies. It is made of die-pressed brass and has two threaded posts. The badge was made by HOOKFAST PROVIDENCE R.I. (marked on thumbnuts).
THE SHORT LINE, INC. OF PENNSYLVANIA Was affiliated and/or owned by the same The Short Line based in Rhode Island; this company was headquartered in West Chester, Pennsylvania in 1956 and served West Chester, Downington, Coatsville, Chester, Kennett Square, Philadelpia, Wilmington, Delaware and Maryland. In 1956 it operated 46 buses over a 643 route miles.
THE SHORT WAY LINES, INC. was a suburban and interurban bus service that ran in Michigan, Ohio, Indiana, Kentucky and Illinois from the 1930s through the 1950s. It was based in Toledo, Ohio and in 1947 served Toledo, Ohio, Flint, Ann Arbor, Lansing, Grand Rapids, MI, Ft. Wayne, Muncie, Logansport, Gary, Hammond, Ind., Somerset, Ky. and Chicago, Illinois. According to the 1947 MTD it was “Successors to Interurban Transit Line, Inc.; Michigan-Ohio Bus Lines, Inc., Blue Bird Coach Lines, Inc. and The Short Way Lines, Inc.” It ran 109 buses over 1809 route miles in 1947. The first badge pictured below is an original company badge before it was merged with the above companies. It has two threaded posts and measures 2½” x 2½”; the second badge was issued after the merger of the above companies, was made by WHITEHEAD – HOAG CO. NEWARK N.J. and measures 1¾” x 2¼”. The third badge has two threaded posts, measures 2¼” in length and is marked MAIER-LAVATY COMPANY CHICAGO.
SHORTY’S BUS LINE Founded by W. H. McNeally, the company operated out of Dyersburg, Tennessee. In 1930 the company obtained a route between Fulton and Wickliffe, Kentucky from Smith Motor Company. In 1931 the company is mentioned in a Kentucky Court of Appeals document in relation to a contested route involving Gibbs Bus Line, a Tennessee company applying to run a service over the same route. According to one source the company operated until 1954.
S. T. CO / SHREVEPORT TRANSIT COMPANY According to the person selling this badge, it is from the Shreveport Transit Co, which ran buses in Shreveport, Louisiana from 1958-1974. It is hallmarked.
SHOUP BUSES, INC. See Middlebury Bus Lines.
SHUBAT BUS COMPANY was founded by Joseph Shubat (1888-1975) in the late 1920s and served Iron River, Stambaugh, Caspian, Gaston, Crystal Falls, Sagola and Iron Mountain, Michigan and Hibbing, Minnesota. The company was still in business in the 1980s.
SIDDEN BUS LINES / INDEPENDENT BUS LINES / TWIN CITY LINES Sidden Bus Lines was operating in Winston-Salem, North Carolina in the 1940s, doing business as Blue Eagle Bus Lines and as City Transit Lines under a franchise, transferred its operating rights on October 29, 1945, to “Sidden Bus Lines, a limited partnership with its principal place of business in Winston-Salem, which said partnership is composed of C. C. Sidden, General Partner, North Wilkesboro, N. C, M, Joyce Sidden, Limited Partner, North Wilkesboro, N. C, and J. Earl Sidden, Limited Partner, Winston-Salem, N. C, for sale and transfer to said Sidden Bus Lines of the operating rights as set out and described in said certificates Nos. 521 and 539, together with certain buses, real estate, and other properties for an agreed purchase price of $77,500, copies of which said sales agreement and limited partnership agreement of Sidden Bus Lines have been filed with the Commission . . . it further appearing that the said sales agreement includes properties and rights, other than the operating rights, of Independent Bus Lines.” Shortly after this transfer of ownership, this item appeared in the April 18, 1946, edition of the Statesville Record and Landmark in Statesville, North Carolina: “C. W. Caudle, of Winston-Salem and Moody White, of Statesville, are listed as co-owners of the Twin City Lines, Inc., company which received its corporation charter within the last week. The Twin City Lines, Inc. bought this week the Sidden Bus Lines of Winston-Salem.” In 1956 Twin City Lines was operating 8 buses over 116; C. W. Caudle was the general manager.
SIERRA NEVADA STAGES was operating in the mid 1920s out of Union Stage Depot in Sacramento, California. W. M. Sanford was president. (The company was owned by California Transit Company.) The company was still in operation into the 1930s.
SIERRA TRANSIT COMPANY, INC. was operating in the mid 1920s out of Union Station Depot in Sacramento, California. O.R. Spickard was the president.
N. P. SINNOTT AUTO LINE was operating in the mid 1920s out of Felton, California.
SIOUX CITY TRANSIT COMPANY, INC. / SIOUX CITY SERVICE COMPANY / SIOUX CITY LINES / SIOUX CITY LINES, INC. / SIOUX CITY TRANSIT SYSTEM The history of public transit in Sioux City, Iowa dates back to 1884 and the Sioux City Street Railway Company. Sioux City Service Company operated streetcars from 1909 until 1944 when it leased its operation to Sioux City Transit Company. The details of this change are noted on page 3 of the Thursday, November 30, 1944, edition of the Sioux City Journal in the article “TROLLEY LINES CHANGE HANDS:”
“The streetcar system which for many years has been operated by the Sioux City Service company, subsidiary of the Sioux City Service Gas and Electric company, at 12:01 o’clock Wednesday morning passed to the management of the Sioux City Transit company as a result of the sale of the system by the Sioux City Gas and Electric company to Morningside college, announced several weeks ago.
“The Sioux City Transit company will operate the system as lessee. It has opened offices on the fifth floor of the Security building, with the following officers in charge: C. T. Williams, president and general manager; G. A. Berryman, vice president and assistant general manager; Calvin Huntley, secretary, and Joe Weir, assistant secretary. All previously were connected with the Sioux City Service company or affiliated companies. . . . Tokens purchased from the old company would be accepted for rides on the lines of the new company.
“R. J. Sweet, secretary and treasurer of Morningside college, gave out the following statement . . . in the absence of Dr. E. A. Roadman, president of the college: ‘Morningside college now has completed the purchase of all the assets of the Sioux City Service company, and it has leased all the transportation assets to a new Iowa corporation known as the Sioux City Transit company.'”
Sioux City Transit Company was incorporated on November 9, 1944. In 1948 the company replaced the last trolley with a bus. The company also operated buses in South Sioux City, Nebraska. Sioux City Transit Company’s franchise was set to expire in 1951 and their renewal was challenged by the infamous National City Lines, which was gobbling up small bus operations all over the United States. National City lost their bid, but on October 18, 1953 the Sioux City Journal reported that National City Lines bought out Sioux City Transit Company, Inc. At the time the company was operating 77 buses.
The new company, Sioux City Lines, lasted until 1967 when it was reorganized as Sioux City Lines, Inc. In 1969 Sioux City Transit System was formed when the City of Sioux City purchased the failed Sioux City Lines, Inc. Currently SCTS is administered by the Assistant City Manager, who reports to the City Manager. The City Council approves recommendations on policy and budgets for the Assistant City Manager and the Transit Advisory Board. Currently, SCTS employs forty-two full-time and part-time positions. The badge shown below is for Sioux City Transit System, is nickel-plated metal with one threaded post and two pin posts. It measures approx. 3″ x 1 ½”.
SIOUX FALLS TRACTION SYSTEM was founded in Sioux Falls, South Dakota in 1907 by 70 year old Frank Mill, the former owner of the Des Moines Register. The first streetcars of the Sioux Falls Traction System ran on October 5, 1907. By the late 1920s the company was running a fleet of buses between Sioux City, Iowa and Sioux Falls, S.D. known as the Sioux Falls Traction System Bus Lines. In May of 1930 Interstate Transit Lines acquired the Sioux Falls Traction System Bus Lines.
When it acquired Sioux Falls Traction Bus Lines, Interstate Transit Lines already had been bought out by the Chicago & North Western Railroad and the Union Pacific Railroad, the two companies operating as “a single unit in the territory of the two railroads.” (Union Pacific Stages was formed in 1927 as a bus subsidiary of Union Pacific Railroad.) In 1943 the two bus companies, Interstate Transit Lines and Union Pacific Stages, began operating under the name Overland Greyhound Lines. On October 1, 1952, The Greyhound Corporation bought out Interstate Transit Lines and Union Pacific Stages for cash and stock. Both companies were liquidated and their assets were absorbed by Overland Greyhound Lines.
SIOUX LIMITED LINES / SIOUX LTD. LINES an interstate bus company that was owned by M. M. Liederbach, who owned and operated the Liederbach Bus Company, an intercity operation. Both companies were headquartered in Minneapolis, Minnesota. In 1937 the Sioux Limited Lines was advertising that they “. . . are now operating 29-passenger buses between Chicago and Minneapolis. The bus leaves Wagner’s Café, Neillsville, bound for Chicago at 12:09 mid-night. The cost is $4.65 for one-way trip or $8.45 for round trip. The Minneapolis bound bus, 5:50 a.m., $2.65 one-way trip or $4.70 round trip. Buses may be chartered for special occasions.” There is no info on when this line ceased operations, but in 1952 the Zephyr Lines acquired the Liederbach Bus Company.
SISSON-McCLOUD AUTO STAGE was operating in the mid 1920s out of Mt. Shasta, California. Mrs. M.K. Davis was the registered contact.
SKAGWAY ALASKA STREET CAR / SKAGUAY ALASKA STREET CAR was a tour bus operated in Skagway, Alaska by Martin Itjen (January 24, 1870 – December 3, 1942). Itjen designed, built, owned and operated the bus in the early 1900s. A surviving postcard says “The trick cub bear on the front of the car is the Traffic Manager.” The bus ran from the Pullen House Hotel in Skagway for a two hour tour for the price of 25 cents. According to an entry in Wikepedia, Itjen “. . . held many distinct titles, including that of miner, railroad employee, hotel operator, hack service, the town’s undertaker, Ford motor car dealer, and a tour guide. . . . Much of Skagway’s early history was saved from destruction because of his interest in the city. When business was slow he built a tour bus from an old Ford bus. Martin referred to it as a “streetcar.” He began giving tours of the goldrush town. By the 1930s he became Skagway’s premier tour agent. The most picturesque car carried a bear cub on the front, the bear growling and pointing to the right or left as the car turned. A small mannequin on the front was operated by foot pedal. He nodded his head, waved a flag, rang a bell, and puffed exhaust smoke through a cigarette. One of the buses had an effigy of Soapy Smith that at the pull of a handle, Martin would make Soapy salute walking pedestrians as he passed them. The buses toured the streets of Skagway and visited the Gold Rush Cemetery and other Skagway attractions. Martin’s tour was quite a show: He recited poetry, told stories, and related humorous anecdotes of Skagway during the gold rush.
In 1935, as a great publicity stunt, Martin took his ‘street car’ to Hollywood to promote Skagway tourism. He called on big screen starlet, Mae West, to ‘come up and visit him sometime.’ The pair was popular with newsmen and photographers. While in the movie capital, Martin attracted numerous screen queens to his side for photographs. Skagway had become a tourist stop, thanks to Martin.
In 1938 Martin published a book (First edition 1934) and an LP (long playing) record, entitled, The Story of the Tour on the Skagway, Alaska Street Car. Martin’s tours were theatrical productions, complete with motorized mechanical actors, poetry and humorous ancedotes, all relating to the colorful history of Skagway and its inhabitants.“
SKY LINE STAGES was operating a passenger motor vehicles between Eureka and Durango, Colorado in the late 1920s.
SMITH BUS LINE was operating out of Alpena, Michigan in the 1930s. It was founded by William Smith and ran between Alpena and Indian River. In the 1940s it added Gaylord, Michigan to its schedule. It is listed in the 1954 MTD, and there is a reference to a Smith Bus Line in Alpena in 2003.
SMITH MOTOR COACH COMPANY / DIXIE GREYHOUND LINES Dixie Greyhound Lines began in 1925 in Memphis, Tennessee as the Smith Motor Coach Company, when James Frederick Smith, a former truck salesman, received a used truck as a gift from his previous employer, John Fisher, who owned the Memphis Motor Company. Smith removed the truck body, built a 12-seat bus body instead on the chassis, and started driving the vehicle himself, first between Memphis and Rosemark, northeast of Millington, in the north end of Shelby County (of which Memphis is the seat), about 25 miles from downtown Memphis to the north-northeast on state road 14 (an alternate route to Brownsville), and soon also between Memphis and Bolivar, about 66 miles to the east on US highway 64, on the way to Chattanooga. By the end of his second year in business, Smith owned and ran 25 coaches; by the end of his third year, he had 60 and had greatly expanded his routes. In 1930 Smith Motor Coach Company became an interstate line, running to Paducah, Kentucky, Evansville, Indiana, and Saint Louis, Missouri; the next year the company ran into Birmingham, Alabama and Jackson, Mississippi. In 1931 The Greyhound Corporation bought a controlling interest in the Smith Motor Coach Company, renamed it as the Dixie Greyhound Lines, and appointed Frederick Smith as the president of the company. Later Fred Smith employed his brother, Earl William Smith, Sr., in the management of Dixie Greyhound Lines. In 1948 Fred Smith suddenly died, and Earl succeeded Fred as the president of Dixie. In October 1954 The Greyhound Corporation merged Dixie and a neighboring regional company, the Teche Greyhound Lines, based in New Orleans, Louisiana, into the Southeastern Greyhound Lines, which was based in Lexington, Kentucky. The three fleets of the three divisions became combined into a single fleet. Thus ended the Dixie Greyhound Lines. (Info from Wikipedia.)
SMITH’S AUTO STAGE LINE was operating in the mid 1920s out of Forks of Salmon, California (an unincorporated community in Siskiyou County). George W. and Ralph B. Smith were the owners/operators.
SMOKY MOUNTAIN STAGES, INC. was an intercity bus company operating in the early 1940s in Knoxville, Tennessee to Asheville and Charlotte, North Carolina, to Greenville, South Carolina to Atlanta, Georia and into the Great Smoky Mountains National Park in western North Carolina and eastern Tennessee. In 1946 the company operated 107 buses over 1,664 route miles.
SMOKY MOUNTAIN TOURS COMPANY operated in Asheville, North Carolina from the early 1930’s until 1970. The company ran tours into the Great Smoky Mountains National Park. On May 25, 1941, its operating commission was as follows: From Asheville to any of the following points: Chimney Rock, Mt. Pisgah, Mt. Mitchell, Little Switzerland, Blowing Rock, Mitchell Game Preserve, Biltmore Estate, Elk Mt. Scenic Highway, Wayah Blad, Franklin, Buck Creek, High Hampton, Highlands, Soco Gap and from points of scenic interest adjacent to Asheville under the following conditions: For scenic purposes only and not to pick up and discharge passengers en-route, nor charter buses where passenger transportation is the sole consideration.
SMOKY MOUNTAIN TRANSIT COMPANY, INC. operated in the 1940s inside the Great Smoky Mountains National Park in western North Carolina and eastern Tennessee. The Louisville & Nashville Railroad had an agreement with the Smoky Mountain Tours Company and the Smoky Mountain Transit Company in 1940 to carry passengers from their railhead into the Great Smoky Mountains National Park. (Note: there was a Great Smoky Mountain Transit Company, Inc. that operated in the same time frame as Smoky Mountain Transit Company. It operated between Knoxville, Sevierville and Gatlinburg, Tennessee and points in North Carolina.)
SNOHOMISH-SEATTLE-PACKARD STAGE LINE began operations on June 9, 1921, out of Seattle, Washinton to Snohomish. The owners were E.D. Grove, J.H. Bogue and A. Erickson. The company appears to have been short-lived.
Société de Transport de la Communauté Urbaine De Montréal (STCUM) / Société de transport de Montreal From 1861 to 1886, the Montreal City Passenger Railway Company operated a small network of horse-drawn trams in Montreal, Quebec, Canada. In 1886 the company changed its name to Montreal Street Railway Company. The first electric tram appeared in 1892. The company underwent another name change in 1893: the Montreal Island Beltline Railway. A year later, the network was fully electrified and in 1894. From 1910 to 1911 the company was renamed Montreal Public Service Corporation before changing again to Montreal Tramways Company. Buses began to be widely used starting in 1925. In 1937 the first trolley buses were used. In 1939, the company had 929 trams, 224 buses and 7 trolley buses, serving about 200 million passengers per year. The replacement of tram lines by buses began in 1951, when a law was passed by the provincial government transferred the overall management of transport in Montreal to a public organization, the Commission de transport de Montréal (CTM). The last tram was withdrawn from service in 1959.
The CTM became the Commission de transport de la communauté urbaine de Montréal (CTCUM) in January 1970, and in 1985, rebranded itself again by becoming the Société de Transport de la Communauté Urbaine De Montréal (STCUM). In 2002, at the time of the time of the merger of Montreal with other municipalities on the Island of Montreal, the Société de transport de Montreal was created, taking the place of the STCUM.
SOMERSET BUS COMPANY was founded in Newark, New Jersey in 1925 by Frank Noll. It continued as a family-run business until June 1982 when it was taken over by New Jersey Transit, the state-owned system. Its routes were from Union, Essex, Middlesex and Somerset Counties in New Jersey to New York City.
SONORA PASS AUTO LINE was operating in 1926 out of Bridgeport, California. M. C. McAlec and Dan Berg were the registered agents.
SOUTH CALERA STREET RAILWAY COMPANY ran in Calera, Alabama after 1891. No information.
South Carolina Electric & Gas Company (Columbia SC) 1959
SOUTH CENTRAL STAGES / SOUTH CENTRAL TRAILWAYS In the 1940s the company was owned and operated by Lon Massey out of Fort Scott, Kansas. In 1945 the company joined the National Trailways Bus System as South Central Trailways. By the early 1950s the company had been taken over by A. W. Shepherd and moved to Springfield, Missouri. A. W. Shepherd was the president and general manager and the company operated out of 529 W. McDaniel St. in Springfield, which was also the address of Mo-Ark Trails, which the MTD states that Shepherd owned, and South Central Stages controlled. (Shepherd’s wife, Mary R. Shepherd, served as the company’s secretary-treasurer.) South Central Stages dropped its membership in Trailways in 1954. In 1954 the company operated 4 buses over 320 route miles. In 1957 the company was sold to Smitty’s Bus Company.
SOUTH COAST TRANSIT / SOUTH COAST TRANSIT CORPORATION was formed before 1963 in Orange County, California and was “a wholly owned subsidiary of American Transit Corporation, a Missouri corporation, which was engaged in public transit operations in a number of states throughout the United States.” (At the time American Transit Corporation owned some 31 other transit agencies.) South Coast Transit was formed by its parent company after it purchased various Orange County transit agencies, which included Santa Ana Transit. On June 4 1963 South Coast Transit Corporation filed an application with the California Public Utilities Commission to increase fares; the application gives some insight into the operation at that time: “[South Coast Transit Corporation] is an intercity passenger bus and express service in Orange County between Santa Ana and Laguna Beach, a distance of about 23 miles, through intermediate cities or communities of Costa Mesa, Newport Beech, Balboa Island, and Corona del Mar, and also furnishes service between Santa Ana and Balboa.” (The application was denied on Feb. 18, 1964.) In August 1972 the company was part of a merger of various Orange County transit agencies, which formed the Orange County Transit District. In 1991, the Orange County Transit District was combined with seven separate Orange County agencies to create the Orange County Transportation Authority. The badge is unmarked but was likely made by GREENDUCK COMPANY after their relocation to Hernando, Mississippi in 1962. It measures 3″ x 2½” and has two threaded posts.
SOUTH END TRANSPORTATION, INC. was a privately owned intercity bus company running of Trout Creek, Michigan in the early 1970s. It is no longer in business.
SOUTH FORK-PETROLIO STAGE LINE was operating in the mid 1920s out of Petrolia, California. John C. Albree was the registered contract.
“S.H.C.B.B.O. ASSOCIATION” SOUTH HUDSON COUNTY BOULEVARD BUS OWNERS ASSOCIATION was formed on April 1st, 1922 by sixty-seven independent New Jersey bus owners and operators headquartered in Bayonne, N. J. The independent companies worked together as a single company offering local intercity, long distance and charter service. Their service area was between Veterans’ Square or Journal Square, Jersey City, New Jersey, the city of Bayonne, New Jersey and New York City. Over the coming years, the number of associate companies fluctuated. In 1945 the number was 100, but the following year the number was down to 43. Perhaps the reason for this drop in membership can be found in this report in the Courier-News from Bridgewater, New Jersey for October 20, 1945: “Bus Strike Looms In Jersey City Jersey City. A strike at mid night tonight by 100 members of the South Hudson County Boulevard Bus Drivers Association was threatened last night by Harold Kreiger, counsel for the drivers association. He estimated that the line, which operates 67 buses from Journal Sq., Jersey City, to First St., Bayonne, normally serves about 25,000 persons. The drivers are asking $57.50 for an eight and a half hour-day, six days a week, Kreiger said, as compared to their present pay of $51 for a ten-hour day, six days a week. Paid holidays, vacations and a changed working schedule are also demanded by the drivers, Kreiger said. Gus D. Aquilla. president of the South Hudson County Boulevard Bus Owners Association, had no comment last night on Kreiger’s demands.”
The 1956 MTD lists the 43 associated companies:
ACE BUS TRANSPORTATION CORP.
ATLANTIC BUS CO., INC.
B 11 BUS CO., INC.
B & M BUS CO., INC.
B 7 BUS CORP.
B 6 BUS CO., INC.
BEE EIGHT BUS CORP.
BEE FIVE BUS CORP.
CASPAR BUS CO., INC.
CHARLES DAHLSTROM BUS SERVICE JERSEY CITY
DOMENICO BUS SERVICE, INC.
DORBY BUS CO., INC.
DREYER & HEINEMANN BUS CO., INC.
DROGIN BUS CO.
DUCO BUS CO., INC.
EMPIRE BUS CO., INC.
F. D & D. S. BUS CO., INC.
FILIDA BUS CO., INC.
FRIEDMAN TRANSPORTATION CO.
MICHAEL & PETER GABRIAN
FLORIA BUS CO., INC.
HAJDUK BUS CO.
JOHN HYDUKE & ANTHONY C. SILEWSKY
J. R. M. BUS CO.
J. S. BUR CORP.
KOLWALSKY BUS SERVICE
LEAVEY BUS CORP. JERSEY CITY
LIBBY BUS CO., INC. WEST NEW YORK
M. S. BOULEVARD BUS CO., INC.
MOLMAR BUS TRANSPORTATION CORP.
MORRIS BUS CORP.
P. Z. BUS CO.
PAGE BUS CORP.
PENNISULA BUS CO.
PRIME BUS CO., INC.
PRINCE BUS CORP.
R. J. S. & A. L. Z. BUS CORP., CEDAR GROVE
DOMINICK RAIMONDO, INC., JERSEY CITY
RAMO BUS CORP.
SAFFRON BUS CORP., INC.
SILVER BUS CO.
TERRY BUS CO., INC.
WOODS & COSTA, INC.)
The S.H.C.B.B.O. ASSOCIATION was still in business in the early 2000s. Eventually its routes were taken over by Drogin Bus Company, which had been an Association member. After this company’s demise, the routes were taken over by The Red & Tan Lines.
As to the badges used by the Association, since the companies were independent it may be assumed that some used their own company badges with or without the Association’s badge; however, some may have worn only the S.H.C.B.B.O. ASSOCIATION badge. The S.H.C.B.B.O. ASSOCIATION badge shown here is made of die pressed brass with one threaded post, has a diameter of 1½” and the thumb nut is marked “THE VICTORY PATENTED”. The badge has a bright gold wash and is enameled. Given that it depicts a 1920s era bus, it is obvious that the badge pictured here is one of the original badges made when the Association was formed back in 1922. Since I’ve not seen any later Association badges, I don’t know if any were issued.
SOUTH JERSEY COACH LINES was an intercity bus company running out of Bridgeton, New Jersey. It filed for a trade name in the state of New Jersey on September 28, 1944. The company operated until 1959. In 1956 the company was operating 18 buses over 446 route miles, serving Atlantic City, Wildwood, New Jersey and Wilmington, Delaware. The first badge is made of nickel and has two threaded posts. The second badge is probably made of nickel-plated brass, is die pressed with a single threaded post and a pin post.
SOUTH LOS ANGELES TRANSPORTATION CO. ran in South Los Angeles and Compton in the 1950s. The badge has two threaded posts and measures 2½” x 2½.
SOUTH MIAMI COACH LINES connected Miami with South Miami and Coral Gables.
In 1960 the Dade County Commission passed an ordinance creating the Metropolitan Transit Authority (MTA) to unify the different transit operations into one countywide service. These companies included the South Miami Coach Lines. The badge has two threaded posts, and was made by FIFTH AVENUE UNIFORM COMPANY 19 SO. WELLS CHICAGO.
SOUTH PEKIN & PEKIN BUS & TRANSFER COMPANY was located in South Pekin, Illinois and operated before 1921 between South Pekin and Pekin. There’s not much info on the company; in 1923 it was taxed on $2,250 net assets.
SOUTH PLAINS MOTOR COACHES, INC. This company began operations in the early 1920s providing service between Lubbock, Sweetwater and Bledsoe, Texas. By 1928 the company was using the Lubbock Union Bus Terminal. In 1937 McMakin Motor Coaches bought out Red Star Coaches, Inc., and folded it’s service, which was thereafter known as McMakin Motor Coaches, Inc. By 1938 McMakin Motor Coaches Inc. had bought out South Plains Motor Coaches, Inc. and owner Charles C. McMakin was running both companies. That merger would lead to the founding of Texas, New Mexico and Oklahoma Coaches, Inc. (TNM&O) in 1939.
SOUTH SIDE MOTOR COACH COMPANY, INC. was given a charter in January 1926 to operate in Indianapolis and its suburb Beech Grove, Indiana. The company was founded and owned by Gilbert E. McFarland and Frank Stuck. They sold out for $22,500 to the Beech Grove Traction Company in 1929 and the bus company was incorporated that same year. The operation was sold in 1936 and was reorganized in 1937 as Beech Grove Transit Company. This company was sold in 1941 to Indianapolis Railways / People’s Motor Coach Company.
SOUTH SUBURBAN SAFEWAY LINES The South Suburban Motor Coach incorporated in 1927 and was formed to provide route service to Chicago’s south suburbs after the streetcar Chicago & Interurban Traction Co. failed. In 1933, after merging, the company reorganized and became the South Suburban Safeway Lines. In 1983, the company was sold to Chicago’s RTA. The badge measures approx. 2¼” x 2½” and has two threaded posts. It was made by FIFTH AVENUE UNIFORM COMPANY 19 SO. WELLS CHICAGO.
SOUTHEASTERN STAGES, INC. had its beginnings in the late 1920s when Alonzo Curtis “Lon” Shipman (1900-1989) and his brother Seldon Edgar Shipman (1896-1981) founded a bus company in Hendersonville, North Carolina. Seldon Shipman left the company in the late 1920s, after which Lon moved to Augusta, Georgia. There Lon Shipman took on a partner named Jake Hughes and together they renamed their business Southeastern Stages. By merging three smaller companies, they incorporated in 1933. The new company grew rapidly by working with other major carriers, such as Greyhound Lines. Today Southeastern Stages is still a family run business (Lon Shipman’s granddaughter’s husband is the president of the company), and operates between cities in Georgia, North Carolina and South Carolina only. It is an affiliate of Greyhound Lines, Inc., and is the provider for services sold through Greyhound.
The badge has two threaded posts, measures 2 ½” X 2 ½” and was made by MAIER-LAVATY COMPANY CHICAGO. If you will look at our Greyhound page, you’ll notice that the design is identical to the Type 1-c Greyhound Lines badge, which was also made by MAIER-LAVATY COMPANY CHICAGO. Without doubt this badge design reflects Southeastern Stages’ early Greyhound Lines association.
SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA RAPID TRANSIT DISTRICT (almost always referred to as RTD or rarely as SCRTD), was the successor to the original Metropolitan Transit Authority after it virtually went bankrupt. The RTD was created by an act of the California State Legislature in 1964, and took over all of the bus service operated by MTA on November 5, 1964. RTD was merged into the Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation Authority in 1993. There are two badges; the earliest is made of steel, measures 3″ x 2½” and has two threaded posts. The later badge is an oval pin-back button type with a plastic cover; it measures approx. 1½” x 1¼” and is marked on the back “B.B. CO. UNION MADE ROCH. N.Y.” and is marked on the rim: “BASTIAN BROS. CO. ROCHESTER N.Y.”
SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA STAGE COMPANY In 1916 this company was located at 643 South Spring Street, Los Angeles, California and operated between L.A. and San Diego. In March 1916 it opened offices in San Bernardino, California in preparation “to run a line of passenger automobiles between this city and Los Angeles.” The company was still operating in 1920 when a newspaper article mentioned it was operating “a fleet of almost a score of REO Speed Wagons . . . and eight of the cars had run over 100,000 miles each . . . two of them have gone over 300,000 miles and one is being extended to accommodate a twenty-passenger body in place of the original body for sixteen passengers.”
SOUTHERN COACH COMPANY was operating out of Greensboro, North Carolina in the mid 1920s. Authorized Operation: Greensboro to Charlotte, Highways Nos. 10 and 15. G. T. Elliott was the president in 1928. Carolina Coach Company bought out Southern Coach Company in 1929.
SOUTHERN COACH COMPANY This company was founded in 1942, and is still in business providing bus charter services. It is based in Durham, North Carolina. Southern Coach Company operates as a subsidiary of Coach America Group, Inc.
SOUTHERN COACH LINES In 1926 the Tennessee Electric Power Company (TEPCO), which ran Nashville, Tennessee’s, streetcars, formed a motor-coach subsidiary: the Tennessee Transportation Company. “Charter of Incorporation document for Tennessee Transportation Company, issued by Office of Secretary of State, State of Tennessee August 1926. . . . Indenture agreement between Tennessee Electric Power Company and Tennessee Transportation Company re: use of busses (‘motor propelled vehicles’) for public transportation for the City of Nashville, December 15, 1926.” When the Tennessee Valley Authority took over TEPCO in 1940, forcing its liquidation, capital provided by TEPCO and the Tennessee Transportation Company created a new corporation—the Nashville Coach Company—to provide city bus service. In a 1941 reorganization, Southern Coach Lines, Inc., was formed and took over the Nashville Coach Company, as well as the transit system in Chattanooga, which was operated by the Tennessee Electric Power Co. In 1953 the city-created Nashville Transit Authority inaugurated a new service: Nashville Transit Company. In 1973 the Metropolitan Government of Nashville and Davidson County applied for a federal grant for the purchase of the Nashville Transit Company. In September 1973, the transfer from private to public ownership was completed and the Metropolitan Transit Authority was officially chartered. A five member Board of Directors was formed to oversee the operation of the Metropolitan Transit Authority. The MTA entered into a contract with McDonald Transit Associates to provide advisory and management services for the public transit system. The badge measures 2¼” x 1¾” and has a single threaded post.
SOUTHERN KANSAS STAGE LINES / SKSL was formed on Nov. 26, 1924 by Aaron Greenleaf and Dan Sauder with two “worn” buses and a 7-passenger automobile. (Each owner drove one of the buses.) Its schedule in 1925 was from Wichita to Pratt, Wichita to Augusta, Wichita to Eureka, Eldorado to Winfield through Wichita, Wichita to Caldwell, and South Haven to Blackwell. In 1926 it was operating a total of 33 buses. By 1927 it had either absorbed or joined other bus lines and combined they were transporting 1200 passengers daily with 41 buses serving 50 towns in the area. By 1933 the company was operating 105 buses and transporting 30,000 passengers per month. The company also ran a freight trucking company with 90 trucks carrying 100,000 pounds of freight daily. In total in 1933 SKSL employed 400 persons. In 1935 the Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe Railway (AT&SF) purchased controlling interest in Southern Kansas Stage Lines for $5,000,000 and ran its buses to compliment rail passenger service. In 1938 the SKSL was absorbed into AT&SF’s newly formed subsidiary, Santa Fe Trail Transportation Company. In March 1948 the Santa Fe Trail Transportation Company was sold to Continental Trailways. The SKSL badge has two threaded posts, measures approx. 2¼” x 2¾” and was made by F.H. NOBLE & SON CHICAGO.
SOUTHERN PACIFIC MOTOR TRANSPORT COMPANY / SOUTHERN PACIFIC MOTOR TRANSPORTATION COMPANY was organized in April 1927 by Southern Pacific Railroad Company and operated motor coaches over interurban routes in Oregon. “On January 1, 1929, the Pacific Transportation Securities, Inc., was organized to consolidate SP’s motor bus operations with those of its principal competitors, the Pickwick and Greyhound corporations in the territory west of Salt Lake City and El Paso, and south of Portland. SP owns approximately a one-third interest in the consolidated company which took the name Pacific Greyhound Corp. on April 1, 1930, and that of Pacific Greyhound Lines on December 31,1936.” The company purchased all outstanding stock of California Parlor Car Tours Company for $75,000 in 1931. In May 1930 the company was sold to Pacific Greyhound Lines, Inc. (Info from Seventy-Five Years of Progress An Historical Sketch of the SOUTHERN PACIFIC 1869-1944 by Erle Heath.)
SOUTHERN PENNSYLVANIA BUS COMPANY On June 25, 1910, the Wilmington & Philadelphia Traction Company was incorporated in Delaware, with a subsidiary named Southern Pennsylvania Traction Company, which was formed to lease a number of transportation companies operating in southern Pennsylvania. On August 10, 1922 the Southern Pennsylvania Bus Company was incorporated to run a route from the city of Chester, Pennsylvania to the Delaware State Line, and between the city of Chester and Buckman Village. From Chicago Transit & Railfan: “In 1928, Wilmington & Philadelphia Traction Co. became a subsidiary of United Gas Improvement Co. By 1940, with the replacement of all electric railways with buses, the leased electric railway companies were dissolved. In 1941, Wilmington & Philadelphia Traction Co. was renamed Delaware Coach Co. In 1951, Delaware Coach Co. and [its] subsidiary Southern Pennsylvania Bus Co. became a separate new company from United Gas Improvement Co.” After a prolonged strike in 1960 by Southern Pennsylvania Bus Company employees, the Philadelphia Suburban Transportation Company, which used both its name and Red Arrow Lines, formed a subsidiary named Red Arrow Lines, Inc. This subsidiary purchased Southern Pennsylvania Bus Company and resumed bus service on June 30, 1960. In 1970 Philadelphia Suburban Transportation Company/Red Arrow Lines’ operations were taken over by the Southeastern Pennsylvania Transportation Authority. (See Red Arrow Lines, Inc. for more information.)
SOUTHERN PENNSYLVANIA TRACTION COMPANY See Southern Pennsylvania Bus Company.
SOUTHERN STAGES I’m not sure of this badge, but it came from Georgia and seems to fit Southern Stages of Macon, Georgia. The company was founded by Frank Wilkinson in the early 1930s. At some point Southern Stages joined the National Trailways System as Southern Trailways. Its main route was from Augusta, Georgia to Columbus via Macon. In 1947 the company was operating 29 buses over 660 route miles. In the mid 1950s Wilkinson bought Atlantic Trailways of Savannah from its founder A. Booker. The badge is nickel and measures 2⅜” x 2 ½” and has a single threaded post.
SOUTHERN STAGES INC. ran from 1949 until 1968. The company provided a strong bridge route from Columbus to Augusta for the “Dixieland Route” Trailways through bus service from Dallas TX to Raleigh NC. In April 1961 the ICC won a judgement against Southern Stages Inc. in a case involving enforcement of bus desegregation. The case involved a passenger in Georgia in the summer of 1960. They were fined $100. The badge measures 2⅝” X 2⅜” with two threaded posts.
Southern Tours (St Petersburg FL) 1959
SOUTHFORK-PETROLIA STAGE LINE was operating in the mid 1920s out of Petrolia, California. It ran to Humbolt.
THE SOUTHLAND LINES ran from late 1920s into the early 1930s, and was based in Ft. Worth, Tx. It ran a service from Indianapolis through Cincinnati to Louisville. The badge has a single threaded post.
SOUTHLAND TRANSPORTATION COMPANY was founded in 1925 by Harris A. Spearin and operated under contract with the Chesapeake & Ohio Railroad between Cincinnati, Ohio and Covington, Kentucky. The company’s founding was made possible by financial backing from Carl Wickman, the founder of Mesaba Transportation Company, which Wickman would later build into The Greyhound Corporation. Spearin was also the founder of the White Bus Lines, which was based in Duluth, Minnesota; in 1923 he sold that company to Wickman’s Mesaba Transportation Company. The January 28 1928, issue of Railway Age reported that the “Southland Transportation Company . . . has been merged with the Greyhound Lines, Inc.. H. A. Spearin, president of the Southland Transportation Company, has been appointed general manager of the Greyhound lines operating from Cincinnati.”
SOUTHWEST COACHES, INC. This company was operating in the late 1920s out of Wichita Falls, Texas. In 1939 it was serving Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, and Wichita Falls, Abilene and Sweetwater, Texas. The president and general manager was Robert Grozier, with Christine Grozier as secretary. The company is listed in the 1946 MTD, but not the 1950s editions.
SOUTHWESTERN MICHIGAN MOTOR COACH COMPANY According to a Friday January 6, 1928 article in The Coloma Courier and the Benton Harbor Herald (Michigan), Motor Transit Corporation Takes Over Part of Shore Line Motor Coach Co., the Southwestern Michigan Motor Coach Company was formerly the Carey & Leach Bus Lines, Inc., which had been operating since the teens in Illinois, Indiana and Michigan: “The big yellow motor coaches of the Shore Line Motor Company will no longer operate through here. Business of the Shore Line Motor Coach Company, north of Benton Harbor, has been sold to the Motor Transit Corporation, which controls the Safety Motor Coach Company, which operates the Greyhound Lines. . . . The Southwestern Michigan Motor Coach Company, with the headquarters in Kalamazoo, which has been under the same general management as the Shore Line company, has also been sold to the Motor Transit Corporation. The Southwestern Michigan Motor Coach company was formerly the Carey & Leach Bus Lines, Inc. The company operates interstate coaches between Chicago and Detroit, and local service between Kalamazoo, Paw Paw, Lawrence, Hartford, Watervliet, Benton Harbor and St. Joseph, Kalamazoo and South Bend, and Kalamazoo and Sturgis.“
The monthly magazine, Railway Age and Railway Review for January 1, 1928, to June 30, 1928, explains who actually owned Southwestern Michigan Motor Coach Company: “The Insull interests of Chicago, which own the Chicago, North Shore & Milwaukee, the Chicago, South Shore & South Bend, and the Chicago, Aurora & Elgin Railway Companies, in addition to a number of subsidiary motor coach companies supplementing and feeding the rail lines, have sold to the Motor Transit Management Company two of the motor coach subsidiaries, the Southwestern Michigan Motor Coach Company and the Northern Illinois Service Company. The two transferred companies have been operating the lines from Chicago to Davenport, Ia., and to Detroit, Mich., and Muskegon, as well as a number of local lines in northern Illinois and southwestern Michigan.“
In 1929 the Safety Motor Coach Lines (also a subsidiary of Motor Transit Corporation and which would, in 1930 become Eastern Greyhound Lines of Michigan), bought out the Southwestern Michigan Motor Coach Company.
SOUTHWESTERN MOTOR CARRIERS CORPORATION / SOUTHWESTERN STAGES, INC. / SOUTHWESTERN TRAILWAYS According to one webpage detailing the history of Trailways, Southwestern Trailways was formerly Southwestern Stages and operated from 1937-1947. In the 1946 edition of MTD, Southwestern Trailways, which is operating out of Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, is shown as part of Southwestern Stages, Inc. However, according to the Interstate Commerce Commission’s year end December 31, 1944 report, Southwestern Trailways was formerly Southwestern Motor Carriers Corporation. This report is backed by the Oklahoma Corporation Commission in a report dated 1938, and in a Court of Appeals for the Tenth Circuit Court that was brought before the U.S. Supreme Court dated December 13, 1948: “No. 370. Southwestern Motor Carriers Corporation d/b/a Southwestern Trailways.” There is yet another court case, this one in Texas, involving Southwestern Motor Carriers Corporation and the Brotherhood of Railroad Trainmen dated 1945: “Southwestern Motor Carriers Corp. is an Oklahoma corporation with its office and principal place of business in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma. Under the name of Southwestern Trailways it is engaged in transporting by motor vehicle persons, property, and United States mail between various termini in the States of Oklahoma and Texas.” There isn’t enough information on the Net to figure out this conundrum, but it would seem that Southwestern Motor Carriers and Southwestern Stages were one and the same company. In 1939 Southwestern Trailways was operating between Oklahoma City, Oklahoma and Altus. In the 1940s it was operating interstate in Oklahoma and Texas. According to one source it operated until 1947 when it was absorbed by Mid-Continent Trailways. The badge is made of nickle-plated brass, has enamel inlay and two threaded posts.
SOUTHWESTERN STAGES, INC. See Southwestern Motor Carriers Corporation.
SOUTHWESTERN TRANSPORTATION COMPANY In 1928 the St. Louis Southwestern Railroad, which was nicknamed “The Cotton Belt Route” or “Cotton Belt“, formed Southwestern Transportation Company as a bus subsidiary to connect smaller towns to its passenger train service to its railheads. The railroad and its subsidiary operated in northeast Texas to Arkansas and Missouri. The May 21, 1931, edition of the San Bernardino Sun, carried this story about the bus company: “Federal Jury Indicts Railway On 20 Illegal Rebate Charges MEMPHIS, Tenn., May 20. The St Louis Southwestern railroad, know as the “Cotton Belt” railroad, was indicted by a Federal grand Jury here today on 20 counts charging illegal rebates to shippers through the subsidiary Southwestern Transportation Co., the line’s motor bus division.” In 1933 Southland Greyhound Lines was merged with Southwestern Transportation Company and Western Greyhound Lines to form Southwestern Greyhound Lines, Inc. From 1933 to 1958 had partial ownership of Southwestern Greyhound Lines.
SPA TRANSIT bought Hot Springs Street Railway Company on July 1, 1966. The company ran buses in Hot Springs, Arkansas and was owned by William A. Lankford until January 1976 when Mr. Lankford returned the franchise to the city. (Mr. Lankford died in Hot Springs on November 20, 2001.)
SPEEDWAY AUTO BUS COMPANY began operating in Chicago, Illinois in 1921 serving Hines VA Medical Center. J. D. GALVIN was the president of the company. In October 1922 the company filed an application with the Illinois Commerce Commission of the State of Illinois for a Certificate of Convenience and Necessity to operate motor vehicles for the transportation of persons over the following routes, to wit: “Beginning at the intersection of Desplaines Avenue and the right of way of the Metropolitan Elevated Railroad Company and Chicago, Aurora & Elgin Railway Company in the Village of Forest Park, Cook County, Illinois, thence north on said Desplaines Avenue to Randolph Street, commonly called Washington Boulevard; thence west on said Randolph Street, commonly called Washington Boulevard, through the said Village of Forest Park, and continuing west on Washington Boulevard through the Village of River Forest in Cook County, Illinois, the Forest Preserve District in Cook County, Illinois, and through the Village of Maywood in Cook County, Illinois, to Fifth Avenue in said Village of Maywood, thence north on said Fifth Avenue to Lake Street in said Village of Maywood, thence west on said Lake Street through said Village of Maywood to its western limits, then through, the village of Melrose Park in Cook County, Illinois, to its western limits and west through Proviso Township to the western boundary line of said Cook County, then continuing west on said Lake Street in Kane Township in Du Page County, Illinois, to the Village of Elmhurst, Du Page County, Illinois, and continuing west on Lake Street in said Village of Elmhurst to York Street in said Village, thence south on said York Street to the station of the Chicago & Northwestern Railway in said Village of Elmhurst in Kane Township, Du Page County, Illinois. Also from the intersection of Fifth Avenue and Lake Street, in the Village of Maywood, in Cook County, Illinois, north on said Fifth Avenue to the northern limits of said Village of Maywood, thence continuing north on Fifth Avenue and the River Road in Melrose Park, in the Township of Proviso, in the County of Cook and State of Illinois, to the northern limits of the Village of Melrose Park, thence north on said River Road to the northern limits of said Township of Proviso, thence north on said River Road in the Township of Leyden to River Grove, thence continuing north on the said River Road to Grand Avenue in the Village of River Grove, thence west on Grand Avenue to the western limits of the said Village of River Grove, thence west on Grand Avenue in the Village of Franklin Park, to Rose Street in said Village of Franklin Park, thence north on said Rose Street to Main Street in said Village of Franklin Park in the Township of Leyden and the County of Cook. Also from the intersection of Fifth Avenue and Washington Boulevard in the Village of Maywood, County, Illinois, west on said Washington Boulevard to Seventeenth Avenue in said Village of Maywood, thence south on said Seventeenth Avenue to the right of way of the Chicago Aurora and Elgin Railway Company, all in said Village of Maywood. Also from the intersection of Washington Boulevard and Seventeenth Avenue north on Seventeenth Avenue in the Village of Maywood, Cook County, Illinois, to St. Charles Road, west on St. Charles Road to Nineteenth Avenue, north on Nineteenth Avenue to the northern limits of the said Village of Maywood, thence north on Broadway in the Village of Melrose Park, Cook County, Illinois, to Lake Street in said village.” In 1930 Speedway Auto Bus Company sold to Chicago & West Towns Railway Company.
SPEEDWAY TRANSPORT COMPANY There is almost nothing about this company on the Net, nor in any of the many books I have here on early bus companies. Judging from the style of badge, its safe to say the company was around in the 1930s. There was a lawsuit filed on October 12, 1935, Quaker Oil Co., Inc. vs. Speedway Transportation Co., Inc. apparently in Indianapolis, although the newspaper article doesn’t make that clear. But note that the company was named “Transportation” not “Transport.” There is a 1987 obituary for a man who worked for “Speedway Transport Co.”, but judging by his age his employment would have been in the 1960s, and there are no listings for this company in any of the transit books from that time. It may have been a trucking company that also ran (maybe briefly) a bus service, which a number of trucking companies did in the early days. Also, there was a Speedway Transport Company in Kenya, which as a British Colony, used English in their daily business. This company was around at least in the 1940s and 1950s.
SPENCER-MARTINSVILLE MOTOR LINE was operating in Spencer, Indiana in the mid 1920s.
SPOKANE CITY LINES succeeded Spokane United Railways in 1945 and ran until 1968 when the city took over operations. The badge has two threaded posts, measures 2½” x 2½” and was made by GREENDUCK CO. CHI.
SPOKANE-PORTLAND & SEATTLE TRANSPORTATION COMPANY / S.-P. & S. TRANSPORTATION CO. was operating in the 1920s and was a subsidiary of the Spokane-Portland & Seattle Railway. Its route extended from Portland, Oregon to Astoria, Oregon, which was a distance of 105 miles; it ran 14 round trips a day and operated 33 White motor coaches and 2 Cadillac automobiles. (The White chassis were fitted with bodies built in the S. P. & S. Railway’s shops. See Railway Age for September 22, 1928.) In May 1942 the company was acquired by Oregon Motor Stages, Inc.
SPOON BROTHERS STAGE LINES was owned by Ira Spoon, and was based in Clifton, Arizona in the 1950s. It ran 3 buses over 330 route miles.
SMTD SPRINGFIELD MASS TRANSIT DISTRICT “Springfield Mass Transit District (Illinois); changed its name in 2016 dropping ‘Springfield’ from its title and replacing it with ‘Sangamon.’ The district’s acronym, SMTD, won’t change. Board chairman Brian Brewer, who proposed the name change, said the new title of ‘Sangamon Mass Transit District’ more accurately reflects services the district provides, which now extend beyond the city.” The badge is made of plastic, has two threaded posts and measures about 2⅜”.
SPRINGFIELD STREET RAILWAY COMPANY / SPRINGFIELD ST. RY. CO. was a Springfield, Massachusetts streetcar and bus company that ran from 1868 until 1974. In 1924 the company was running over 199 route miles with 409 electric passenger cars and 4 motor passenger autobuses. The company discontinued streetcar service in 1940 and in 1946 operated 202 buses over 293 route miles. In 1974 the Pioneer Valley Transit Authority (PVTA) was created and is based in Springfield, Massachusetts; it serves Hampden, Hampshire, and Franklin counties. The Springfield Area Transit Company (SATCo) operates the southern portion of PVTA’s service area, servicing Hampden County. There are several known different badges for Springfield Street Railway Company; the badge drawing reproduced here looks like it dates to the early part of the 20th century. It is pin backed, measures 1¾” x 1½” and is hallmarked.
Springfield Transportation Company (IL) 1959
SPRINGFIELD We need help here identifying which Springfield company belongs to this badge! The collector who corresponded with me thinks it’s Springfield, Illinois. But some have identified it as Springfield, MA. The badge measures 2¼” x 2½ “, has two threaded posts and is marked MAIER-LAVATY COMPANY CHICAGO.
SPRINGWELLS MOTOR BUS COMPANY There’s not much information about this company. It was operating in the 1920s in Michigan, and was operated by the Detroit United Railways. It was taken over by Eastern Michigan Motor Buses, Inc. in 1928.
STAFFORD MOTOR COMPANY was operating in Saginaw, Michigan in the 1930s.
STAGE COACH LINES The Checker Bus Corp. was reorganized into Stage Coach Lines in the 1960’s and ran on Long Island, New York. It acquired Mid-Island Transit, and eventually would be acquired by Bee Line, Inc., which in turn was acquired in 1973 by the Metropolitan Suburban Bus Authority operating as MTA Long Island Bus.
TROY H. STAIR BUS LINE was a company operating out of Rolla, Missouri and owned by Troy H. Stair. It began business on December 11, 1946, operating a route between Rolla and West Plains, Missouri. The company was out of business by 1979.
STAMPER COACH SHORE BUS TRANS. CO. INC. No information on the Net about this one. The badge measures a little over 1½” and has a single threaded posts.
STAR AUTO STAGE ASSOCIATION was organized on October 26, 1916 with its office in Sacramento, California. On May 1, 1917, it had between 50 and 60 independent bus company members. In 1920 Wesley Elgin “Buck” Travis (1870-1952) bought out the association’s then fifty-four members, combining the companies and incorporating as the Star Auto Company, which he later renamed California Transit Company. With that many companies under one roof, Travis’ company became the largest transit corporation in the state of California. The next chapter was noted in the December 6, 1924 edition of the Madera Tribune, which announced the impending merger of John C. Walling’s Valley Transit Company with Travis’ California Transit Company: “A deal involving approximately a half million dollars whereby the Valley Transit company of Fresno will be sold outright to W. E. Travis, president and general manager of the California Transit company of Oakland, is under way and will probably be completed early next week, it became known yesterday. . . . The deal is pending between stockholders of the Valley Transit company and W. K. Travis of the California Transit company for the controlling interest in the Valley Transit company. . . . the merged companies will make what is believed to be the largest stage company in the world doing an annual business of approximately one and one half million dollars and operating about 150 stages in the San Francisco, Sacramento. Fresno and Stockton districts.” In October 1928 Travis turned over all his bus interests (by this time they included the American Motor Transportation Company and its subsidiary, Pioneer Yelloway Stages) to Motor Transit Corporation, which would soon be renamed The Greyhound Corporation, in exchange for sizable stock interests in the company. (Greyhound’s predecessor Motor Transit is not to be confused with the Los Angeles suburban bus operation known as Motor Transit, which was not part of this deal, but which would soon become part of Pacific Greyhound Lines, Inc.) Skipping over a lot of history, by the mid-1930s Pacific Greyhound Lines was operational, with The Greyhound Corporation, the Pickwick Corporation and the Southern Pacific Company each owning one-third interests. For his part Wesley Travis was appointed to a somewhat minor position on the board of Pacific Greyhound. However, in 1932-1933, Travis led something of coup and took control of Pacific Greyhound Lines and remained in control as president and chairman of the board until his death in 1952.
STAR BUS LINE The only company that seems to match this badge is the Star Bus Line operating in Oak Grove, Louisana in 1946; C. A. Franklin was the owner. It was not listed in the 1950s MTD. The badge is made of metal and enamel and has two threaded posts.
STAR BUS LINES, INC. ran in Nassau County, New York in the 1940s, operating a suburban service around Bellmore, New York. The company became Mid-Island Transit in 1966, which later was acquired by Stage Coach Lines, which would be acquired by Bee-Line, Inc. The badge has no makers’ mark, measures 2½” x 2⅜”, and has two threaded posts.
STATEN ISLAND COACH COMPANY was formed in 1925 as a subsidiary of Richmond Light & Railroad Co. to operate buses in place of streetcars in the borough of Richmond in New York City. However, buses did not replace Richmond’s streetcar until 1933-34. In 1937, the Staten Island Coach Co. took over the Tompkins Bus Co., which had been operating routes in Richmond. In 1946, the Staten Island Coach Co. went bankrupt, and the Isle Transportation Co., a company organized by a group of Staten Island Coach Co. employees, began operating the buses in the borough of Richmond in New York City.
STATESVILLE MOTOR COACH COMPANY, INC. was running in December 1937 from Statesville, North Carolina. It ran in conjunction with Atlantic Greyhound Corporation between Statesville and Troutman. In 1956 the company ran 8 buses over 50 route miles, and Moody White was the owner and president. The company was still operating in 1970.
STATESVILLE-SALISBURY COACH COMPANY, INC. was operating out of Statesville, North Carolina in the mid-1920s. Authorized Operation: Salisbury to Statesville, Highway No. 10. In the 1930s the company was headquartered in Charlotte, North Carolina. In March 1938 the company filed for dissolution, which was granted on the 23rd of the March.
STATESVILLE-TAYLORSVILLE-LENOIR BUS LINE was operating in the mid 1920s out of Taylorsville, North Carolina. It ran from Statesville to Lenoir via Taylorsville, Highways Nos. 18 and 75. The company was owned by Lee Meadlock. Apprently this company went out of business in 1929: “Franchise Certicate No. 175, issued to Lee Meadlock operating as the Statesville-Taylorsville-Lenoir Bus Line, having expired on August 9, 1929, and the operation thereunder having been unsatisfactory, the Commission, in its direction, Orders, That Franchise No. 175 shall not be renewed. This order shall be effective from and after October 1, 1929. By order of the Commission: R. O. Self, This 17th day of September, 1929.”
STAUNTON-LIVINGSTON MOTOR TRANSPORTATION COMPANY, INC. was organized in May 1919 and ran an intercity route between Staunton in Macoupin County and Livingston in Madison County, Illinois. At that time the company hauled both freight and passengers using motor trucks. The company was still in business in the 1940s and 1966 and Harold Schuette was president. (The company is not listed in the 1940s editions of the MTD.) In 1956 the company was operating 4 buses serving Staunton, Livingston and E. Alton, Illinois.
STAVROS BROTHERS STAGE LINE was operating in the mid 1920s out of Merced, California. Chris E. Stavros was the owner/operator.
STEEL’S STAGE LINE was operating in 1923 from Vernonia to Holton, Oregon over 15-mile route.
STEINWAY TRANSIT CORPORATION/ STEINWAY RAILWAY COMPANY / STEINWAY OMNIBUS CORPORATION / STEINWAY LINES The Steinway Railway Company had its beginning in northwestern Queens in 1892, through the merger of the Rikers Avenue and Sanford Point Railroad and Steinway and Hunters Point Railroad. The company was acquired by New York and Queens County Railway (NY&QC) in 1896. That was the year that NY&QC became the largest trolley line in Queens when it consolidated four previous streetcar operators: Flushing and College Point Electric Railway, Long Island City and Newtown Railway, Newtown Railway, and Steinway Railway Company. On February 19, 1926, NY&QC established a bus division called the Queens-Nassau Transit Lines.
When NY&QC faced bankruptcy in 1922, it sold Steinway Railway Company to the Third Avenue Railway System, which allowed the company to operate under its own name. In 1938 the company was bought by the Queensboro Bridge Railway Company, which set up a subsidiary under Steinway Omnibus Company, and converted its lines from streetcars to buses. Queens-Nassau Transit Lines was renamed Queens Transit Corporation in 1957, and Steinway Omnibus became Steinway Transit in 1959. The two companies merged in 1986 to form the Queens/Steinway Transit Corporation.
On February 27, 2005, the MTA Bus Company took over the operations of the Queens Surface routes, part of the city’s takeover of all the remaining privately operated bus routes. The badge is made of nickel with a brass insert. It measures approx. 1¾” x 2 ¼” and has a pin back.
STERLING CITY-CHESTER AUTO STAGE was operating in the mid 1920s out of Chico, California. A.A. Johnson was the registered contact and the company ran from the Hotel Butte in Chico.
STEVENS STAGE LINES replaced McDowell-Lafferty Stage Lines in January 1969 after Elmer and Sandra Stevens bought the business from Frank and Maxine McDowell. The company continued offering tour buses and charter service, as well as some local service in Port Townsend, Washington. In 1980, after receiving a federal grant, the Transportation Benefit Authority (PTBA) of Jefferson County was formed and began offering bus service. This was made possible by contracting with Stevens Stage Lines for buses and drivers. The following year voters approved a sales tax to fund the service, which was the beginning of Jefferson Transit. Stevens Stage Lines continued supplying buses and drivers to the new agency. In August 1981 Jefferson Transit bought Stevens Stage Lines and thus the two agencies legally merged.
STEVINSON-TURLOCK AUTO STAGE COMPANY was operating in the mid 1920s out of Stevinson, California. G.H. Blount was the registered contact.
A. S. STILL & SON AUTO BUS LINE was founded in Sayville, New York in June 1917 by Alanson Sanford “Lance” Still. He ran a bus between Sayville and Patchogue, which is less than 5 miles away. “In April 1920, Islip Town awarded him one of its new franchises for the Patchogue to West Sayville route with limited service continuing to Carleton Avenue, East Islip in morning and afternoon; in January 1921, Still extended his service from Sayville to West Sayville hourly and to East Islip twice daily, connecting there with Swezey Bus Lines to Babylon.” In July 1926, Frank Gordon, owner of Blue & White Bus Company, bought out the bus company. Still later went to work for the Utility Line as the Patchogue manager. He died April 8, 1942 at age 78. The February 18, 1923 edition of The Brookly Daily Eagle from Brooklyn, New York gives a bit more insight: “Patchogue, L.I. Feb. 17 The mystery surrounding the failure of Alanson Still, operator of a bus line between here and West Sayville, to serve the injunction which he took out on Wednesday to restrain Ferlazzo Brothers [FERLAZZO’S BUS LINE, INC.] from operating their rival bus line was cleared today with the arrest of three of the Ferlazzo drivers . . . on the ground that they were driving busses on a line for which no franchise had been obtained. A week ago Still’s franchise was renewed but the Ferlazzo Brothers failed to obtain their renewal. Still charges a 15 cent fare while his rivals charge only 5.”
STIMSON TRANSIT COMPANY was operating in the mid 1920s out of Huntington Park, California. James B. Stimson was the owner/operator.
STOCKTON CITY LINES, INC. In 1939 Stockton Electric Railway, in Stockton, California, was sold to the infamous National City Lines, and the name was changed to Stockton City Lines. (See the entry for this company on this webpage for more information.) as was their custom, the company immediately discontinued operating streetcars and put buses in their place. The company ran until 1965 when it was taken over by Stockton Metropolitan Transit District. The badge measures 2½” x 2½” and was made by FIFTH AVENUE UNIFORM COMPANY 19 SO. WELLS CHICAGO. (Note: some badges are not marked on the back!)
STOCKTON & ANGELS STAGE LINE was operating in the mid 1920s out of Angels Camp, California. Angels Camp, also known as City of Angels and formerly Angel’s Camp, is the only incorporated city in Calaveras County, California. Turner Lillie was the owner/operator.
STOCKTON-CLEMENTS AUTO STAGE was operating in the mid 1920s out of Clements, California. D.G. Anderson was the registered contact.
STOCKTON-JACKSON AUTO STAGE LINE / STOCKTON-JACKSON STAGE LINE was operating in the mid 1920s out of Jackson, California. John Smalley was the registered contact.
STOCKTON-HOLT AUTO LINE was operating out of Stockton, California in the mid 1920s. The registered contacts were Colberg and Colberg.
STOCKTON-HOLT STAGE COMPANY was operating in 1918-1919 out of Stockton, California. This is all that is known of the company.
STONY CREEK BUS COMPANY operated in the late 1920s Stoney Creek, Tennessee.
STORM KING STAGE CORPORATION An excerpt from the October 1922 edition of Bus Transportation tells the story of this company’s founding: “On Sept. 31, ten minutes after the Storm King Highway was declared open, the Storm King Stage Corporation started operation of a fleet of new buses, each carrying sixty persons. . . . This road eliminated 11 miles from the old bus route from Newburgh to West Point and Highland Falls, N.Y. . . . William J. Duffy, Highland Falls, N.Y., heads the Storm King Stage Corporation.” The National Taxicab and Motorbus Journal for October, 1922 gives a bit more background: “The Storm King Stage Corporation, Newburgh, has been formed with a capitalization of $15,000, to take over the franchise granted last January to William J. Duffy to operate a motorbus service between Newburgh and Bear Mountain Park, via Cornwall.”
At some point the company’s ownership changed hands. By the early 1950s it was owned by Julius Dubrin, whose daughter Gloria married West Point U.S. Military Academy graduate Jerome “Jerry” Brisman in 1952. Some 15 years later the Brismans took over Storm King Stage Corp. An April 30, 2007, article, BRISMAN TO BE HONORED BY CITIZENS FOUNDATION, published in Cornwall and Cornwall on Hudson, relates: “After 15 years of being on the road, and with four young children to raise, Jerry and Gloria returned to Orange County and eventually took over her father’s bus company. The Brismans turned the company into the public school bus line for Highland Falls, then Cornwall and finally in 1977 they saw the potential for a whole new line of business. ‘The Military Academy was celebrating it sesquiecentennial,’ Jerry recalls, ‘and they asked us to do a one-day tour. It was so successful that they asked us to continue and that led to the creation of West Point Tours.’” They renamed the company West Point Tours, Inc., which today operates out of Vails Gate, NY. (Note: this information is at odds with West Point Tours’ webpage: “May 19, 2017 – West Point Tours was established in 1947 — an outgrowth of the Storm King Stage Corporation, which was founded in 1928.” However, since I cite an interview with Jerry Brisman about the founding of West Point Tours in 1977, it seems that the West Point Tour webpage’s information is incorrect. Also, Storm King Stage Corp. was clearly founded in 1922, not 1928.)
Meet a Storm King Stage Company driver: Charles Kimball Robinson, born in Greenwich, New York on July 6, 1903, and died in 1971. Charles was employed as stage/bus driver for the Storm King Stage Company. His route was the Storm King Highway to the US Military Academy at West Point and to Highland Falls. During his years of driving, Charles received awards from the National Safety Council for safe driving, and in 1940 received a medal for driving safe 15,000 miles; he later received an award for driving more than 250,000 miles in 8 years without an accident.
STUDEBAKER BUS LINES, INC. operated out of Seymour, Indiana in the 1920s. It was still in business in 1930.
STUDIO BUS LINE started in 1913 running a bus line from Hollywood to Culver City in Los Angeles County, California. The company was bought out by the newly-formed Asbury Bus Lines in 1939.
STUDIO STAGE LINE was operating in the mid 1920s out of Pasadena, California.
SUBURBAN AUTO COACH CO. was a bus company that served the northwest suburbs of Chicago. In July 1925 began running a service between Arlington Height and Des Plaines, Illinois. In the late 1920s the White Line Motor Bus Co., Suburban Auto Coach Co. and Federal Transportation Co. merged to form United Motor Coach Co.
SUBURBAN BUS LINES began operations during World War II in Greensboro, North Carolina and High Point, North Carolina and was owned by H. F. Moore. It ran from the intersection of N. C. Highway No. 301 near High Point over N. C. Highway No. 68 to Friendship, N.C. In 1953 H. F. Moore and Wallace A. Kennedy took over Duke Power Company‘s bus systems in High Point and Salisbury (which included Suburban Bus Lines) and formed the Consolidated Bus Lines. Suburban Bus Lines continued operating but under control of Consolidated Bus Lines. In 1956 the company was running 6 buses in High Point. As to a badge, see the entries below.
SUBURBAN BUS LINES There are several possibilities for this badge, including the previous entry. There was a company by this name operating out of Camden, New Jersey in the 1950s-1960s. It connected Philadelphia and Camden with Erlton, Bloomfield Park, Marlton-Medford, Medford Lakes, Vincentown, Maple Shade, Green Tree, Lumberton. There was another company operating out of Albuquerque, New Mexico in the 1940s. It was a subsidiary of Albuquerque Bus Company and served the city of Albuquerque and Sandoval: “[D]uring the 1950’s, Suburban Bus Lines replaced Armijo Bus Co. and Isleta Bus Line, which had been under common ownership, and which ceased operations. Additional information on these Albuquerque area operations is available in the July-September 1997 issue of the magazine ‘Motor Coach Age‘.” (Info from Chicago Transit & Railfan website.) There are several badges, although I’ve no hint to which company they belong. The first badge is die stamped, chrome-plated brass, measures approx. 2¾” with no makers mark and a single threaded post. (The thumb nut is marked “Hookfast.”) The second badge is chrome-plated brass, measures 2½” x 2⅜”, has a single threaded posts, and was made by FIFTH AVENUE UNIFORM COMPANY 19 SO. WELLS CHICAGO. The third badge is made of brass, is nickel-plated and has two threaded posts. It measures 2½” x 2¾”.
SUBURBAN TRANSIT was operating from LaPorte, Indiana in the 1940s and 1950s. It was a suburban and intercity company and served LaPorte, Michigan City, Kingsbury Ordinance Plant, Kingsford Heights; it ran 7 buses over 24 route miles and was owned by Leon C. Skalicky. The badge has two threaded posts.
SUBURBAN TRANSIT COMPANY There are several companies with this name; one is Suburban Transit Company, Inc. of Columbia, South Carolina, which was running in the 1950s. The other was running in the 1960s in Oak Lawn, Illinois. The owner was Jim Petinis, who bought the company from the original owner, Mike Sklom. However, to date I’ve not discovered the name of the company when Mr. Sklom owned it. The one and just about only mention of the company appears in 1967 when it was hit hard by a tornado that ripped through Oak Lawn. Suburban Transit Company, which was located near 95th Street and Menard Avenue, saw extensive damage: “Many of their buses, each weighing around ten tons, were ripped open by the high winds while others were thrown hundreds of feet from their original location.” There is a photograph of a number of the company’s buses piled up in the Oak Lawn Community High School baseball field, which was located behind the bus company garage. The company reported extensive losses, including 19 buses valued at $35,000 each when it applied for a $700,000 loan to replace their losses.
SUBURBAN TRANSIT LINES, INC. operated out of Anderson, South Carolina in the mid 1940s. In 1945-46 the company was granted a certificate of operation in North Carolina and gave a Winston-Salem Post Office box as a mailing address. The routes were from Winston-Salem to Bethania via Liberty Street and Patterson Avenue to Grant Avenue to intersection of Highway No. 52-A, to New Old Town School Road to the Bethania Road; thence over Bethania Road to destination. The company also ran a freight line. By looking the badge, which as a Trailways design, it would appear that the company had some connection to Trailways. The badge has two threaded posts and was made by HOOKFAST PROVIDENCE R.I.
SUFFOLK BUS CORPORATION began service in 1946 and served Bay Shore, Brentwood, West Brentwood, Central Islip, Islip, and Babylon, New York. It continues today under contract with Suffolk County Transit.
SULLIVAN’S AUTO STAGE LINE was operating in the mid 1920s out Willows, California. It was owned by D. O. Sullivan.
SUMPTER STAGE LINE was operating in 1923 from Baker to Sumpter, Oregon over a 33-mile route.
SUN VALLEY BUS LINES, INC. / SUN VALLEY TRAILWAYS One source offers that this company was started in 1947; however, there is a professional photo of one of its buses that is dated June 9, 1945. It’s listed in the 1946 MTD as located in Phoenix, Arizona, L. A. Tanner president. The following is an account of a 1947 trip on one of Sun Valley’s coaches: “In these years, the entire area was very remote. The principal highway was narrow, two-lane and unpaved, not dissimilar to the poorer sections of today’s Control Road west of Tonto Village. The trip from Phoenix was a full day and sometimes longer. In 1947, R-C staff members were transported from Phoenix to Camp Geronimo via bus provided by Sun Valley Bus Lines. The bus had wooden spoke wheels and the bus top was canvas. The trip started at Scout Headquarters at 8:00 AM; lunched at Sun Flower and arrived at Camp Geronimo at 4:00 PM.” There is a notice in the Tucson Daily Citizen, from Tucson, Arizon December 19, 1947: “. . . application of the American Bus Lines, Inc. and the Sun Valley Bus lines to expand their operations. . . . Sun Valley [Bus] wants to broaden its operations to include New Mexico and Texas.” The company was a Trailways affiliate from 1949-1954, as was American Bus Lines. In 1977 this company was listed as a subsidiary of The Greyhound Corporation. The company was still operating in 2009, but is now listed as out of business. There are two badges. The first badge is an older nickle-plated exmaple with enameling and has two threaded posts. The second badge has the word “Inc.” included in the title, is made of nickle-plated metal and his two threaded posts. The third badge is a later gold-colored example of the second badge.
SUN VALLEY STAGES COMPANY was a Twin Falls, Idaho bus charter service as well as a regular carrier running between Twin Falls and Boise, Idaho. A June 19, 1948, Salt Lake Tribune classified ad stated that the company was for sale, had seven buses, operated 450 route miles and had been in business for 17 years, meaning it was founded in 1932. At that time the company was owned by J. L. Schwinn. The company was still in business in April 1965.
SUNNY SOUTH LINES was the trade name of a service owned by Detroit and Cincinnati Coach Lines, which ran a service between Detroit and Cincinnati. The company was founded by Walter Nisun, and according to the August 20, 1929 edition of the Battle Creek Enquirer from Battle Creek, Michigan (page 22), the company began running “. . . baggage bus service between Detroit and Cincinnati and Detroit and Chicago. The company will operate 12 buses.” One webpage says it was sold it to the Motor Transit Corporation in 1928. MTC would be renamed The Greyhound Corporation. According to the 1928-29 edition of WILLIAMS’ Cincinnati Directory, the company was named SUNNY SOUTH AND GREYHOUND LINES.
SUNRISE COACH LINES was founded in 1946: “Headquartered in Greenport the company is a sister company to Sunrise Busses, Inc that operates School Buses for the local school district. Sunrise Coach also operated Coach buses that went form the North Fork of Long Island to Manhattan. Their Coach Lines were brought out by Hampton Jitney in 2006.”
SUNSHINE BUS LINES, INC. See Sunshine Trailways for a history of this company.
SUPER SERVICE COACH There’s nothing on the Net about this company. The badge has one threaded post and one pin post.
SUPERIOR BUS COMPANY was “granted a certificate of convenience and necessity by the Commission on October 4, 1920, for the operating of a motor bus line between the cities of O’Fallon and Belleville and the village of Shiloh . . . ” by the Illinois Public Utilities Commission. By 1922 it was operating between Belleville and O’Fallon via Shiloh, between Belleville and Scott Field, (the government flying school,) and between Belleville and Mascoutah, Illinois. By 1925 the company was operating interstate service to St. Louis, Missouri. According to one source the company ceased operations in 1931. When rival Community Motor Bus Company was granted a certificate of convenience and necessity to operate motor buses between Belleville and Nashville, Illinois in 1924, it was contested by Superior Bus Company. After two court appeals, in February 1926 the Illinois Supreme Court finally found in favor of the Superior Bus Company. (In 1923 Community Motor Bus Company had been founded by a former manager and stockholder of Superior Bus Company.)
SURFACE TRANSIT, INCORPORATED operated buses in Manhattan and the Bronx from 1956 to 1962. It succeeded Surface Transportation Corporation, but was in fact a new company, being a subsidiary of Fifth Avenue Coach Lines, Incorporated, which was a 1956 renaming of the former New York City Omnibus Corporation. All of the routes of Fifth Avenue Coach Lines, Inc. and its subsidiary Surface Transit, Inc. were taken over in 1962 by the Manhattan and Bronx Surface Transit Operating Authority.
SURFACE TRANSPORTATION SYSTEM / STS (Surface Transportation Corporation) was formed in 1924 as a subsidiary of the Third Avenue Railway System (TARS). As buses gradually replaced streetcars in the 1940’s TARS operated buses in Manhattan and the Bronx. The Surface Transportation Corporation was dissolved as a corporation in 1956 when the Third Avenue Railway System was sold to New York City Omnibus Corporation. The badge measures 2½” x 2 ⅝ “, is die pressed and has two threaded posts. (Note: there is a smaller version of this badge that is smaller that only has the employee number and no room for the employee’s position, i.e., “OPERATOR” or “SUPERVISOR”.)
SUSANVILLE-BIEBER STAGE LINE was operating in the mid 1920s out of Susanville, California. David S. Mitchell was the registered contact and Douglas Duggan was the manager.
SUSANVILLE-KLAMATH FALLS STAGE / SUSANVILLE-DOYLE LINE David S. Mitchell owned this company, which (according to one source) was “operating illegally” in 1921-1922. The company was in business in 1929 operating out of Susanville, California.
SUSANVILLE-WENDEL STAGE was operating out of Susanville, California in the mid 1920s. George B. Lang was the registered contact.
SUTHERLAND’S TIJUANA STAGES Fred Sutherland and Mariana Gear’s application, No. 3387 dated January 30, 1918, to transport passengers between San Diego, California and Calexico was denied by the California Public Utilities Commission. Nevertheless, at some point it was granted permission and was operational in 1918 through the at least the early 1940s between San Diego, California and Tijuana, Mexico. During Prohibition the company did a booming business transporting people over the infamous “Road to Hell” to Tijuana’s bars—even traveling as far as Hussong’s Cantina in Ensenada. The company’s buses left San Diego at 10 a.m., 2 p.m., and 6 p.m. The company had 34 smaller vehicles that went south more often during the day. The last bus left Tijuana at midnight. There is a surviving photo of the company headquarters in San Diego preserved by the San Diego History Center.
SWALLOW LINES SEE ILLINI SWALLOW LINES (This badge measures 2¼” and has a single threaded post. The company ties into Illini Swallow Lines.)
SWAN QUARTER-BELHAVEN MOTOR BUS LINE was operating in mid 1920s. It ran from Swan Quarter, North Carolina to Belhaven on Highway 91.
SWEZEY’S BUS LINE, INC. From the Sayville Library’s history of Sayville, Long Island, New York: “Frederick R. Swezey [brother-in-law of Frank Gordon, owner of Blue &White Bus Line, Inc.] had been operating a bus line between Babylon and East Islip [Long Island, New York] since about1920. In April 1929 (possibly because of the apparent demise of Blue & White), he applied for a franchise for the East Islip/eastern boundary of Islip Town or Blue Point/Patchogue route. . . . Swezey received approval from Town of Brookhaven but not Islip.” Frederick Swezey died on June 1, 1921 leaving his bus company to son Hermon Elliot Swezey (born 1888, died 1966). More info can be found in these minutes of a meeting of the Town Board of the Town of Riverhead, dated Wednesday, September 30,1931 at 2 P.M.: “An application from the Utility Lines, Inc., requesting the Town Board to consent to the transfer of the franchise, granted to the Swezey’s Bus Line,Inc. on December 12,1928, to the Utility Lines, Inc., was presented. Mr.Swezey of Swezey’s Bus Line, Inc., addressed the Board advising that he was to discontinue his bus line and would suggest that the Board consent to the transfer of the franchise granted him to the Utility Lines,Inc. On motion duly made, seconded and carried it was resolved that this Board hereby consents to the transfer of the franchise, granted December 12,1928 to the Swezey’s Bus Line, to the Utility Lines, Inc.” According to one notice, the Swezey Bus Line, Inc. still survives as the Hermon E. Swezey Bus Company, which is a school bus operation.
SYRACUSE & EASTERN TRANSIT CORPORATION From Atwood’s Catalogue of US & Canadian Transportation Tokens: “Syracuse & Eastern Railroad was incorporated in April, 1923, as successor to the Syracuse & Suburban Railroad, which had been sold at foreclosure proceedings. Syracuse & Eastern Bus Lines was a subsidiary, and ultimately the name was changed to Syracuse & Eastern Transit Corp.” The bus operation ran in the 1930s and issued tokens under Syracuse & Eastern Bus Lines, Inc. In 1946 it ran 6 buses over 3. 2 route miles. It was still operating in 1956.
SYRACUSE & OSWEGO MOTOR LINES was operating in Syracuse, New York state in the 1940s-1950s. In 1946 it ran 68 route miles with 24 buses. The badge measures 2¾”.
SYRACUSE TRANSIT COMPANY / SYRACUSE TRANSIT CORPORATION Information from Wikepedia and other sources: New York State Railways was a subsidiary of the New York Central Railroad that controlled several large city streetcar and electric interurban systems in upstate New York. It included the city transit lines in Rochester, Syracuse, Utica, Oneida and Rome, plus various interurban lines connecting those cities. In 1905 the New York Central took control of the Rochester Railway Company, the Rochester & Eastern Rapid Railway and the Rochester & Sodus Bay Railway, and the Mohawk Valley Company was formed by the railroad to manage these new acquisitions. New York State Railways was formed in 1909 when the properties controlled by the Mohawk Valley Company were merged. In 1912 it added the Rochester and Suburban Railway, the Syracuse Rapid Transit Railway, the Oneida Railway, and the Utica & Mohawk Valley Railway.
In 1928 the New York Central sold the New York State Railways and the following year it entered receivership. The New York State Railways emerged from receivership in 1934, and gradually the remaining core city lines were sold as separate operations. The Rochester Lines were reorganized as the Rochester Transit Corporation on August 2, 1938. The Syracuse Lines were reorganized on November 22, 1939, as the privately-owned Syracuse Transit Corporation / Company with Benjamin E. Tilton as president (Tilton has been previously appointed as a trustee of the New York State Railways while it was in bankruptcy proceedings). This company inherited 27 transit routes serving the city and suburbs of Syracuse, seven of which were streetcar lines. By 1941, all lines had been converted to bus operation. In 1946 Syracuse Transit Company operated 260 buses over 132 route miles, and Benjamin Tilton was still running the company. On December 23, 1969, the company increased bus fares to 30¢. By 1972 the Syracuse Transit Corporation was bankrupt and its transit franchises were purchased by the public Central New York Regional Transportation Authority, which continued their operation as CNY Centro.
BUS COMPANIES BEGINNING WITH THE LETTER “T”
T (MASSACHUSETTS BAY TRANSPORTATION AUTHORITY abbreviated MBTA and known colloquially as The T) is the public agency responsible for operating most public transportation services in Greater Boston, Massachusetts. Earlier modes of public transportation in Boston were independently owned and operated; many were first folded into a single agency with the formation of the Metropolitan Transit Authority (MTA) in 1947. The MTA was replaced in 1964 with the present-day MBTA, which was established as an individual department within the Commonwealth of Massachusetts before becoming a division of the Massachusetts Department of Transportation (MassDOT) in 2009.The badge measures 2½” x 3″ and was made by BASTIAN BROS CO ROCHESTER NY.
T. C. T. It is impossible to place this badge without addition information, i.e., provenance. Judging by the design of the badge, it is likely from the 1940s. That would potentially place the badge with the following companies: Traverse City Transit Lines, Inc. Traverse City, Michigan; Tri City Transit, Aberdeen, Washington; Tri City Transportation Co., Leaksville, N. C.; Tri City Transportation Co., Mound City , Illinois; Triple Cities Traction Co., Binghamton, N.Y.; Twin Cities Transit, Yuba City, California; Twin City Transporation Co., Marinette, Wisconsin and Twin City Transportation Co., Menominee, Michigan. There could be others. Hopefully someone will be able to help out on this badge. It is made of nickel-plated brass and has 2 threaded posts. No makers mark.
TACOMA BUS COMPANY See BREMERTON – TACOMA STAGES, INC.
TACOMA MUNICIPAL BELT LINE was operating in the 1940s from 1171 E. Taylor Way in Tacoma, Washington. It was a local city-owned bus company that operated 30 buses over 35 route miles. The general manager was C. A. Erdahl, Commissioner of Dept. of Public Utilities, City Hall, Tacoma.
TACOMA STREET CAR COMPANY According to The Atwood-Coffee Catalogue, this company was part of the Tacoma Railway & Power Company. That company was incorporated in 1899. It abandoned streetcars and cable cars on June 11, 1938, in favor of buses. On April 6, 1941, the name was changed to Tacoma Transit Company, hence the similarities in the two company badges. The badge measures 4″ in length.
TACOMA SUBURBAN LINES, INC. was incorporated in May 1957. Need more info.
TACOMA TRANSIT COMPANY succeeded the Tacoma Railway & Power Co. in 1941 and ran until 1961 when it was replaced by the Tacoma Transit System. In 1946 the company ran 125 buses over 96 route miles. The company was succeeded by the Tacoma Transit System in 1961. The badge has a single threaded post and some are marked Sebastian Bros. while others have the company’s logo.
TACOMA TRANSIT SYSTEM succeeded the Tacoma Transit Company in 1961 and ran until 1980, when it was replaced by Pierce Transit.
TAYLOR & BARR BUS LINE was operating in the mid 1920s out of Seven Mile Ford, Virginia. The company ran between West Jefferson to Virginia State Line, destination Chilhowie, Va., via Grassy Creek, Grumpier and Healing Springs.
TAMPA CITY LINES was a privately owned franchised, began service in Tampa, Florida in 1942. It provided service within the city and to surrounding areas, including Progress Village, MacDill Air Base, Port Tampa, Temple Terrace, and the University of South Florida. The company officially went out of business in April 1971 when the Tampa City Council approved the company’s surrender of its franchise. At that time the City of Tampa took over bus service in the city. The current service is provided by the Hillsborough Area Regional Transit Authority. The badge here was once chrome plated, but most of the plating has worn away and the brass is showing through. It measures approx. 2½” x 2½”.
TANNER MOTOR LIVERY COMPANY / TANNER MOTOR TOURS, LTD. / TANNER MOTOR TOURS SIGHTSEEING / TANNER TOURS / THE GREY LINE The history of this company is a bit tangled. It started as Tanner Livery, a horse and buggy enterprise in Pasadena, California in 1906 by C. C. Tanner and his wife. In 1912 Tanner reorganized as C. C. Tanner Auto Service. At some point it became Tanner Motor Livery Company. This excerpt is from the April 6, 1929, Aviation magazine: “The Tanner Motor Livery operates 20 deluxe parlor cars over eight regular scenic routes, and 200 limousines with chauffeurs who drive those customers who seek a more exclusive mode of sightseeing. Two of the parlor car routes include. Clover Field, Santa Monica, in their itinerary. In 1930 Tanner Motor Livery was given permission from the California Railraod Commission to acquire the stock of the Gray Line, Inc. and Gray Line Motor Tours Company. Tanner operated the companies as separate units, but under join management. On February 11, 1935, The Gray Line Motor Tours Company was incorporated by C. C. Tanner as a Gray Line franchise.
There are likely earlier badges than those pictured below. The below badges measure approx. 3″ x 1¾”; there are three versions: an early one made of brass with a safety pin back, a painted version with a long pin and later one with two threaded posts.
TASSAJARA HOT SPRINGS STAGE was operating in 1910 out of Salinas, California and was still operating in the mid 1920s. The registered contacts were named Vanderhurst and Duda.
TECHE TRANSFER COMPANY, INC. / TECHE LINES (pronounced as “tesh”) This company had its origin with the Teche Transfer Company, which was incorporated in Louisiana in April 1920 to operate buses between Jeanerette and New Iberia (a distance of about 10 miles in the region west of New Orleans and Baton Rouge and southeast of Lafayette). In 1929 the Teche Transfer Company was renamed the Teche Lines, and in 1934 it became the Teche-Greyhound Lines, after the company became affiliated with The Greyhound Corporation. In 1954 the company, along with the Dixie Greyhound Lines, was merged into Southeastern Greyhound Lines.
TELLURIDE TRANSFER COMPANY was operating an autobus line in 1925 in Telluride, Colorado. Walter M. Taylor and C. F. Loebnitz were the owners.
TENNESSEE COACH COMPANY The history of this company is long and involves a man named Onnie Bruce “O.B.” Baskette, who began his public transit career back in the 1910s by driving a bus for the Cleveland-Akron Bus Company, and then driving for the Cleveland-Elyria-Toledo Bus Company. In 1928 Baskett and Al Kraemer incorporated the Tennessee Coach Company, bought the Southern Motor Coach Company and White Arrow Coach Lines and merged the two, along with Baskett’s own Safety Coach Company, into the new Tennessee Coach Company. The company, based in Knoxville, Tennessee, was in operation until 1976, when it became merged into the Continental Tennessee Lines. (On December 1, 1928, Southern Motor Coach and White Arrow Coach sold their Knoxville franchise to the new Tennessee Coach Company for the sum of $197,000. On August 28, 1953, Tennessee Coach Company sold out to Tennessee Trailways, Inc. On August 29, 1960, Tennessee Coach Company, headquartered in Knoxville, was sold for $2,400,000 to three other Trailways affiliates: Virginia Stage Lines a.k.a. Virginia Trailways, Smoky Mountain Stages a.k.a. Smoky Mountain Trailways and Continental Tennessee Lines. The three companies changed the name of Tennessee Coach Company to Tennessee Trailways, Inc.) The Tennessee Coach Company badge has two threaded posts.
TENNESSEE TRANSIT COMPANY, INC. was operating in 1915 in Nashville, Tennessee. I was still operating in 1928 as an interstate company running between Johnson City, Tennessee and Asheville, North Carolina. W. J. Dixon was the president.
TERMINAL ISLAND TRANSIT COMPANY was operating in the late 1920s. Peter Drake was the owner/operator. It ran from Los Angeles, California to Terminal Island. (Terminal Island is a largely artificial island located in Los Angeles County, California, between the neighborhood of San Pedro in the city of Los Angeles, and the city of Long Beach.) The company was still operating in 1954. It ran 15 buses over 16 route miles and Peter Drake was listed as both owner and operator.
TERMINAL MOTOR BUS COMPANY was granted a certificate to operate a motor bus line between St. Paul, Minnesota and Durand, Wisconsin in December 1927. The company was owned by Charks Calderwood and R.R. Perkins, who had been operating local buses since July 1926 from St. Paul to Highwood, Red Rock and St. Paul Park.
TERRE HAUTE CITY LINES took over operations from Public Service Company of Indiana (Midland United Co.) in 1939 providing service to Terre Haute, Indiana.
TERRE HAUTE, INDIANAPOLIS & EASTERN TRACTION COMPANY was founded in 1907 in Indianapolis, Indiana as a consolidation of several interurban street railway companies. By the mid 1920s Indiana Motor Transit Company was formed as a bus subsidiary. Wikipedia notes: “The THI&E was the second-largest interurban system in Indiana, operating just over 400 miles (640 km) of interurban lines as well as streetcar service in several western Indiana cities. It operated branches out of Indianapolis west to Terre Haute and Brazil, to the university town of Lafayette, and east to Richmond. It stretched nearly from the eastern to the western boundaries of the state.” After entering into receivership in 1930, the Terre Haute, Indianapolis & Eastern Traction Company was sold at auction on June 23, 1931, to Indiana Railroad; Indiana Motor Transit Company continued as a subsidiary of the new company.
TERRE HAUTE TRANSIT COMPANY, INC. was a privately-owned company that took over transit operations from Terre Haute City Lines in 1955 providing service to Terre Haute, Indiana. It went out of business in 1964. (September 1, 1964, The Terre Haute Tribune, Vol. CXL— No. 93: “BUS SERVICE CONTINUE Mayor Calls Meeting to Present Plan From all appearances a sister firm of the Terre Haute Transit Co., will be contracted to provide mass public transportation on a temporary basis here after Sept. 14. Mayor Ralph Tucker announced Tuesday that the St John Transportation Co., of Dayton, Ohio, submitted two proposals for leasing buses to the city and both were considerably lower than the costs quoted by the only other bidder. Roland St. John, who is president of the firm, also heads the Dayton Western Motors, Inc., of Dayton, which is the parent company of the Terre Haute Transit Co. Terre Haute Transit informed city officials in June that it was discontinuing service here because of heavy financial losses in the local public transportation operation.“
TERWILLIGER BOULEVARD STAGES was operating in 1923 from Portland to West Portland, Oregon.
TEXAS ELECTRIC BUS LINES took over operations of passenger service in 1948 from Texas Electric Railway running a route between Dallas and Waco, Texas. The company lasted until 1979. The badge has a single threaded post, measures 1¾” x 2¼” and is die pressed brass.
TEXAS MOTOR COACHES, INC. was founded in September 1927 in Dallas, Texas. In 1939 it was running an intercity route from Dallas to Ft. Worth. In 1946 it was operating 33 buses over 66 route miles and still operating between Dallas and Ft. Worth. In 1970 it was running 66 daily scheduled bus runs to and from Dallas and Fort Worth. The badge is made of metal (probably by GREENDUCK CO. CHICAGO), measures 2¼″ x 2½” and has two threaded posts.
T.N.M. & O. COACHES, INC. / TEXAS, NEW MEXICO & OKLAHOMA COACHES, INC. The history of this company starts with McMakin Motor Coaches, which was founded in the 1930s by Charles C. McMakin in Lubbock, Texas. The company served Clovis, Earth, Plainview, Vernon and Lubbock, Texas. In 1937 McMakin bought out Red Star Coaches, Inc. and folded it’s service into McMakin Motor Coaches, which was thereafter known as McMakin Motor Coaches, Inc. By 1938 McMakin had bought out South Plains Motor Coaches, Inc. and was running both companies. That merger would lead to the founding of Texas, New Mexico and Oklahoma Coaches, Inc. (TNM&O) in 1939. (Information from LUBBOCK TRANSIT CENTER by Robert John Charpenteir, Architecture Division of the College of Enginering, Texas Tech University, 1980.) That year the Russell’s Guide listed McMakin Motor Coaches, Inc. and TNM&O Coaches, Inc., as one and the same company. Interestingly, Charles McMakin isn’t mentioned in the company’s operations, while C. M. Owens, who was the former general manager of Red Star Coaches, Inc., which Charles C. McMakin had bought out in 1937, was listed as the traffic manager for TNM&O Coaches. In 1946 the company was operating 50 buses over 1743 route miles, with C. M. Owens serving as secretary-treasurer and public relations director. In 1980 the following info was printed in a report about the company: “TNM&O is for all practical purposes, a subsidiary operation of Greyhound Lines, Inc. Greyhound owns 59% of the company stock and Trailways Systems owns another 39%. There are five members on the board of directors, two from Greyhound and two from Trailways while Bob Greenhill, the President and General Manager of the Company is the fifth member of the Board.” The company is still in business with one coach. There are three different badges: the first badge, which has an eagle design; two newer badges, the first being featuring an old style bus in red, and the other featuring a Greyhound bus in red, white & blue, which would indicate that this company once was a carrier for Greyhound Corp. The older badge has a single threaded post and measures 3″ x 2½”. Both of the newer badges have two threaded posts.
THAMES VALLEY TRANSIT, INC NORWICH-NEW LONDON, CT. Opened 1892 as New London Horse Railway Co., renamed 1893. Sold 1904 to Consolidated Railway, renamed 1907 to Connecticut Co. Leased 1913-1920 to to Shore Line Electric Railway Co. Last streetcars replaced with buses in 1934. Connecticut Co. continued to operate buses until 1961, when division was sold to Thames Valley Transit, Inc. The badge is a pin back.
THE $4.00 LINE PORTLAND – SEATTLE (See listing under Four Dollar Line.)
THIRD AVENUE SYSTEM was established in 1852 in New York City as a streetcar company. It operated lines in Manhattan, the Bronx, and Westchester County, with its main line along Manhattan’s Third Avenue. In 1942 the Third Avenue System changed its name to Third Avenue Transit Corporation, reflecting the eventual conversion to all-bus operations. There are two known badge designs; the early badge is at the top; the later badge is on the bottom and is die pressed with two slots for mounting on a cap (some badges are marked AM. RY. G.CO. N.Y.) and measures 5⅜” x 2″.
Third Avenue Railway Co., New York City, N. Y.
W. T. THOMAS BUS LINE began operations in 1915 by W. T. Thomas and ran a route from Chattanooga,Tennessee to Atlanta, Georgia. In December 1946 the company was bought out by Tom M. Lambert and George T. Morris who changed the company name to Georgia-Tennessee Coaches, Inc. (This company would eventually become Tennessee Trailways, Inc.)
THREE STATES BUS COMPANY was operating in the Bristol, Tennessee – Middlesboro, Kentucky between 1955-1960. The badge is nickel-plated with enamel and has two threaded posts.
THUMB BUS COMPANY was operating out of Saginaw, Michigan. It served Michigan’s Thumb Area, which includes the counties of Huron, Sanilac and Tuscola, and is outlined by Saginaw Bay on its west shoreline and Lake Huron on its east shoreline. The company was mentioned in a 1925 newspaper article. According to one source it was still operating in the 1930s.
A.E. THYM STAGE LINE was operating in the mid 1920s out of Mokelumne Hill, California. A.E. Thym was the owner/operator.
TOLEDO-FT. WAYNE BUS LINE COMPANY was operating in the mid-late 1920s out of Defiance, Ohio. In January 1928 it filed an application with the Public Utilities Commission of the State of Ohio for a change in its application. Clyde D. Eager was the manager in 1930. In May 1939 the company moved their headquarters to the Crosby Hotel in Defiance.
TOM DALTON BUS LINE was running out of Chattanooga, Tennessee after 1916, serving Chickamauga, Georgia; by April 1920, the company expanded service to Lafayette, Chickamauga and Estelle, Georgia. By October 1921 Tom Dalton Bus Line had expanded its operations into Dayton and Soddy, Tennessee, as well as Lafayette and Davis Cross Roads in Georgia, with expanded service to Lafayette and Chickamauga, Georgia. The company was still operating on April 20, 1924, when it introduced two new Reo-built coaches, which were dubbed “Blue Gooses”.
TOM-A-HAWK TRANSIT, INC. ran buses in Aurora, Illinois from 1968 until 1971 and succeeded Aurora City Lines, which ran from 1940 until 1968. After the company ceased operations, it was succeeded by the city-owned Aurora Transit System.
TOMPKINS BUS CORPORATION / TOMPKINS BUS COMPANY, INC. This corporation was formed in 1925 as the American Travel Corporation and was awarded 18 bus routes in 1927 on Staten Island, New York. It was allowed to charge 10 cents, which was double the citywide five cent fare charged by other boroughs. Its president was M.T. Gordon, Jr. It was taken over by Staten Island Coach Company in 1937.
TONTO BASIN BUS LINES was based in Mesa, Arizona in the 1940 and 1950s. It was an intercity company serving Phoenix to Winslow.
TOPEKA RAILWAY COMPANY, INC. was the consolidated company formed by the union of the Topeka City Railway Company and Topeka Rapid Transit Railroad Company (formed in 1887) in Topeka, Kansas. In 1892 the company changed from a horse car line to electric. The company ran until 1926 when it was taken over by Kansas Power & Light Company. In 1937 streetcar service was discontinued. In 1945 the company was running 52 buses over approx. 33 route miles. It was succeeded by the Topeka Transportation Company, Inc. In 1947. In 1956 the company was running 64 buses. It lasted until 1973 when the Topeka Metropolitan Transit Authority was created. The badge below is for Topeka Rapid Transit Railroad Company and is made of nickel.
TOPEKA RAPID TRANSIT RAILWAY COMPANY / TOPEKA RAPID TRANSIT RAILROAD COMPANY From what I can determine, these two companies are one and the same. It was formed in 1887 in Topeka, Kansas and operated a horse-drawn streetcar system. The following year the company electrified its streetcars. By the early 1890s it was in receivership under the control of H. C. Spear and C.C. Baker; it was finally released from this condition in 1892. The badge here is made of nickel and was made by GRIMM ENGRAVING CO ST. LOUIS, MO. and measures 2¼”x2½”.
TOPEKA TRANSPORTATION COMPANY, INC. succeeded the Kansas Power & Light Company, Inc. in 1947 operating public transit in Topeka, Kansas. In 1956 the company was running 64 buses. It lasted until 1973 when the Topeka Metropolitan Transit Authority was created.
TORONTO TRANSIT COMMISSION / TTC is the public transport agency that operates bus, subway, streetcar, and paratransit services in Toronto, the capital of the province of Ontario in Canada. It is the oldest and largest of the urban transit service providers in the Greater Toronto Area, established as the Toronto Transportation Commission in 1921. The TTC owns and operates four rapid transit lines with 75 stations, over 149 bus routes, and 11 streetcar lines. There are three style badges. The first is an early style made of heavy brass; it features an employee number and has two threaded posts. The second badge is a die-pressed type measures 3¾” x 1½ ” and has a single threaded post. The third is a shield type badge that measures 2″x2¼”.
TOWNS BUS LINE I found the following on the Net: “Commonwealth of Virginia. Department of the State Corporation Commission. In the Matter of Application of J. A. Towns, Operating as Towns Bus Line, for a Certificate of Public Convenience and Necessity. Harrisonburg to Bridgewater. October 28, 1924. The Virginia Law Register New Series, Vol. 10, No. 7 (Nov., 1924), pp. 498-502.” There is another entry showing a route in Winchester-Roanoke, West Virginia. The badge is a single threaded post type, is hallmarked on back and measures 2½” x 2½”.
TOWNSEND TRANSIT was founded in Port Townsend, Washington by Horace J. “Jack” Carroll in October 1949 and ran city routes until January 1951. The company operated two buses and ordered 5,000 Townsend Transit tokens from Meyer Wenthe of Chicago. The company failed due to low ridership. Several transit badges were made by H. J. Carroll for his bus company, however the badge shown here is a modern creation, is made of polished nickel and has a single threaded post.
TRACKLESS TRANSIT COMPANY was formed in 1922, operating crosstown route 94 to Bloomfield, New Jersey. In 1957, Trackless Transit Co. acquired route 144 (now NJT route 71) from Newark Caldwell Bus Line, and in 1969 acquired route 64 (now New Jersey Transit route 97) from from East Orange Transit Co.
TRACTION MOTOR TRANSIT COMPANY, INC. The January 1, 1925, issue of the Alexandria Times-Tribune from Alexandria, Indiana, carried this notice: “The Traction Motor Transit Co. has been incorporated by officials of the I.U.T. Co. [Indiana Union Traction Company] to operated motor busses as feeders for the traction lines. The only busses now being operated by the company are at Fort Benjamin Harrison, but others may be put into service at various points later.” In the February 23, 1925, edition of the Kokomo Tribune, the company ran this ad: “Busses will start from and unload all passengers at the Union Traction Company of Indiana Stations; Tickets on sale at all traction stations served by bus lines; Interurban tickets on which baggage may be checked will be accepted for passage on busses when presented.”
Trafford Coach Lines (Pittsburgh PA) 1959
TRANS-BRIDGE LINES, INC. A history of the company can be found on their website: “Trans-Bridge Lines, Inc. was founded in 1941 by A. J. Ferraro and other members of his family. The company operated local transit service as well as charters and tour excursions from Port Colden, New Jersey to Easton, Pennsylvania, serving Washington and Phillipsburg, New Jersey and eventually Allentown, Pennsylvania. Ferraro founded his Phillipsburg-based lines when he took over the New Jersey Interurban Coach Company [on September 5, 1941]. In 1923, this company had purchased a trolley company, The Northampton, Easton, and Washington Traction Company, which was established in 1906. New Jersey Interurban eventually replaced its trolley cars with coaches which first operated on February 7, 1925. A. J. Ferraro had many years of experience in the bus business, beginning in 1915. He was a driver, manager, consultant, partner and owner of various bus companies in New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania and Washington, D.C.
In 1981, Trans-Bridge Lines and Tri-City Coach Lines, an additional family owned charter coach company based in Bethlehem, merged and moved to a new facility in Bethlehem’s Lehigh Valley Industrial Park. . . . Over the years, the business grew to include daily service to New York City, Atlantic City and Newark and JFK Airports. After the acquisition of West Hunterdon Transit Company in 1991 and Jim Thorpe Transportation (Lehigh Valley Motorcoach) in 1997, the service area now covers the entire Lehigh Valley, New Hope, Doylestown, and Quakertown, Pennsylvania; Clinton, Flemington and Lambertville, New Jersey regions.
An affiliate company, Trans-Bridge Tours, Inc., started in 1969 as Holiday Tours, conducts retail tours through the United States and Canada. . . . Another affiliate company is Delaware River Coach Lines, Inc., operates local transit service between Easton and Phillipsburg. This company began operations in 1943.” The badge has a single threaded post and measures approx. 2 ½” x 2 ⅛”
TA TRANSIT AUTHORITY In March 1953, the New York Board of Transportation was abolished, and was replaced by the New York City Transit Authority (NYCTA). The New York City Transit Authority (also known as NYCTA, The TA or simply Transit, and branded as MTA New York City Transit) is a public authority in the U.S. state of New York that operates public transportation in New York City. Part of the Metropolitan Transportation Authority, the busiest and largest transit system in North America, the NYCTA has a daily ridership of 7 million trips (over 2 billion annually). The badge is die pressed, has a single threaded post an measures 2½” x 2½”; it is a fairly common badge.
TRANSIT AUTHORITY OF RIVER CITY (TARC) is the major public transportation provider for the Louisville, Kentucky metro area, which includes parts of Southern Indiana. TARC is publicly funded and absorbed various earlier private mass transit companies in Louisville, the largest of which was the Louisville Transit Company. The transit authority was created in 1971 after 1970 legislation authorized city and county governments to operate mass-transit systems using local funding. Before this time the Louisville Transit Company had been operating transit lines in Louisville, converted from electric trolleys to diesel buses in the late 1940s, changing its name from the Louisville Railway Company in 1947. (Info from Wikipedia.) The badge has no maker’s mark, has a hinged locking clasp pin and measures approx. 1¾” by 2 ½”.
TRANSIT COACH BUS LINES, INC. was operating 15 buses in 1933 in Queens, New York City, New York. One of the company owners, who acted as secretary treasurer, was Samuel Pearlman. In November 1934 the company had applied to the city for a franchise for the Merrick Road-Rosedale route, but the application was held up because Pearlman, along with Hyman Schorenstein and Aaron Jacoby, were accused of fraudulently diverting funds from the Brownsville Bus Line, which they controlled. The city was concerned that some of the missing funds may have “found their way into the Transit Coach Company.”
THE TRANSPORT COMPANY / THE MILWAUKEE ELECTRIC RAILWAY & LIGHT COMPANY / TMER&L / THE MILWAUKEE ELECTRIC RAILWAY & TRANSPORT COMPANY / TMERT The history of this company is complicated, to say the least. It’s hard to untangle all the different entities and the whens & wheres, but essentially it all started in 1890 when Henry Villard formed the North American Company (NAC) as a holding company. His goal was to create an electric utility empire in Milwaukee. The first step in that goal was The Milwaukee Street Railway Company, which had been organized in 1890 and had purchased, at various times between that date and 1893, the property of the following companies: Milwaukee City Railroad Company, Cream City Railway Company, West Side Railroad Company, Milwaukee and Whitefish Bay Railway Company, Edison Electric Illuminating Company, Badger Electric Illuminating Company and Milwaukee Electric Light Company.
In 1896, the Milwaukee Street Railway Co. was reorganized as The Milwaukee Electric Railway & Light Company. (TMER&L; The Milwaukee Light, Heat & Traction Company was incorporated on December 21, 1896, to build and operate interurban lines as a subsidiary of The Milwaukee Electric Railway & Light Company. This company held title to the traction, lighting and heating properties situated outside of the City of Milwaukee. ) The Milwaukee Electric Railway & Light Company supplied the city with both electric power and mass transit until 1938, when it divided into the Wisconsin Electric Power Co. and the Milwaukee Electric Railway & Transportation Co. (Locally known as the Electric Company and the Transport Company, or TMERT. In 1922 The Milwaukee Electric Railway & Light Company created another subsidiary, Wisconsin Motor Bus Lines, to provide motor bus service between Milwaukee and West Bend. (See the history of that company under transit companies beginning with “W”.) In 1952 the Transport Company was sold and became The Milwaukee & Suburban Transport Corp., which ran until 1975.)
In 1945 TMERT sold most of its lines to Kenosha Motor Coach Lines (KMCL), which has, in itself, a tangled history. One of those was the Hales Corners line. On August 27, 1948, Northland Greyhound acquired all KMCL stock. After claiming a loss of $20,000 per month, Greyhound sold the Hales Corners line. The new company was the Milwaukee Rapid Transit & Speedrail Company. In his 1961 book, The Interurban, historian William D. Middleton writes: “TMER&L’s Waukesha and Hales Corners routes . . . were operated briefly by two bus companies before becoming the Milwaukee Rapid Transit & Speedrail Company in 1949. The Speedrail effort to rebuild the property into a profitable concern ended ignominiously with a disastrous wreck in 1950, bankruptcy, and final abandonment in 1951.”
The last streetcar in Milwaukee (and Wisconsin) operated on Wells Street on March 2, 1958. On July 1, 1975, Milwaukee County acquired ownership of the transit system. It contracted Milwaukee Transport Services, Inc. (MTS) to handle the newly named Milwaukee County Transit System (MCTS) bus operation.
Regarding badges, many of the companies listed above issued their own transit badges. In some cases both bus drivers and streetcar/trolley operators used the same badges. The below badge measures approx. 3½” x 2″ and some badges are marked BASTIAN BROS CO ROCHESTER NY.
TRANSPORT OF NEW JERSEY (TNJ) See Public Service Transportation.
TRANSPORTATION CLUB CORP. This is one of those mystery companies. Nothing turns up in a Google search. Hopefully someone can provide some information on this company and badge. The badge is a standard size made by HOOKFAST PROVIDENCE R. I. (marked only on the thumb nut “HOOKFAST REG. U.S.A.”)
TRAVELERS BUS LINES, INC. was incorporated October 9, 1931. On December 30, 1932 the company obtained a franchise contract for one year from the City of New York for Route Q-10, Lefferts Boulevard, Queens, 3.4 miles. A Certificate of Public Convenience and Necessity for the duration of the franchise was granted by the Transit Commission and became effective March 17, 1933. The company ran 10 passenger buses in 1934.
TRAVELERS STAGE was operating in the mid 1920s from Folsom, California to Sacramento. (This company maybe connected to SACRAMENTO-FOLSOM TRAVELERS’ STAGE was operating in the late 1920s from Folsom to Sacramento, California.)
TRES PINOS – NEW IDRIA STAGE LINE was operating in the late 1920s out of Tres Pinos, California. A. G. Fruits was the owner / operator.
TRIANGLE BUS COMPANY was founded in 1930 in Manhattan, New York City. In 1935, it took over the Houston Street-Avenue C bus route (now Manhattan and Bronx Surface Transit Operating Authority route M21) from the Hamilton Bus Company. In 1940, it was taken over by the New York City Omnibus Company.
TRIBORO COACH CORPORATION was a bus company in New York City, in Queens and express routes to Manhattan. Salvatore Fornatora began operating buses in Queens in April 1919 as the Woodside-Astoria Transportation Company. In 1931 the company changed its name to Triboro Coach Corporation, which was legally incorporated on April 10, 1931. In 1946 the company found itself in financial difficulties, and Fornatora sold the company to the owners of Green Bus Lines, John Succa and William Cooper. On February 2, 2006, the operations of Triboro Coach were taken over by the Metropolitan Transportation Authority (MTA) under the MTA Bus Company brand, the final part of the city’s takeover of all the remaining subsidized privately operated bus routes. The badge has a single threaded post and on pin post.
TRI-CITY LINES was the Iowa-Illinois Gas & Electric Co., which took over transit operations from the Tri-City Railway Co in 1941. Known as the Tri-City Lines because it served the cities of Davenport, Iowa, Rock Island and Moline, Illinois, it ceased operations in 1950. It was succeeded by the Rock Island-Moline City Lines in Illinois and the Davenport City Lines in Iowa. The badge measures 2″ x 1½” and was made by WHITEHEAD – HOAG NEWARK NEW JERSEY.
TRI-CITY TRANSIT COMPANY was operating in the mid 1920s as an intercity company serving Vanalia to Effingham, Illinois.
TRI-CITY TRANSIT, INC. headquartered in East Massillon, Ohio. From a Status of Transit in Ohio a 1974 book printed by the Ohio Dept. of Transportation: “This carrier provides intercity service between the cities of Massillon, Canton, and Louisville. It also offers a small area of intra-urban service to those areas not served by the local Massillon service. Eighteen weekday round trips and 12 Saturday round trips are provided.” For sure the company was around in the 1950s and 1960s. The badge is a single threaded post type, and was made by HOOKFAST PROVIDENCE R. I. (no markings on badge, but it is marked on the thumb nut.)
TRI-CITY TRANSPORTATION COMPANY was founded by Joseph C. Gilley and his son, Dewey C. Gilley, Sr. in Leaksville, North Carolina in ca. 1930.
TRI-CITY TRANSPORTATION COMPANY, INC. was operating between Neenah-Menasha-Appleton, Wisconsin in 1922. By 1939 it was an intercity company that ran into Cairo, Illinois.
TRI-MET DISTRICT ORE was founded 1969 after the demise of Rose City Transit in Portland, Oregon. A detailed history of the Tri-Met can be found here:
There are two different badges; they have one threaded post and one pin post and measure 2½” x 1½”.
TRI-STATE BUS LINES, INC. / TRI-STATE TRAILWAYS According to Chicago Transit & Railfan’s website, Tri-State Bus Lines was a National Trailways Bus System member from 1948-1949. The only Tri-State Bus Lines listed in the MTD editions I have here is for 1954 and is located in Aberdeen, South Dakota. It had 4 buses and operated over 450 route miles. It served Aberdeen, Watertown, Fargo, Morris, Montevideo, Madison, Mitchell and Sisseton, South Dakota.
TRI-STATE TRANSIT COMPANY was founded in East Liverpool, Ohio by John R. Campbell Donald Barnes in the early 1950s. The company maintained routes to Chester and Newell. In 1955 the company bought out Valley Motor Transit Company, which was also based in East Liverpool, Ohio. Campbell later bought out Barnes’ interest in Tri-State, and the company grew to include bus operations to Midland and Wellsville and the city’s hill routes. In the mid 1960s Tri-State bought out rival bus company, Inter-City Transit Company, and merged its operations into the company. The company went out of business in April 1977.
TRI-STATE TRANSIT COMPANY / TRI-STATE TRAILWAYS In 1922 Caddo Transfer & Warehouse Company formed a bus company in Shreveport, Louisiana. In 1923 the company was renamed Tri-State Transit Company. In 1938 the company joined National Trailways as Tri-State Trailways. In 1945 the company was merged with Interurban Transportation Co. / Interurban Trailways, based in Alexandria, and Bordelon Lines, Inc. / Bordelon Trailways, which was based in New Orleans. The new firm, named Southern Bus Lines, used the brand name of Southern Trailways and was headed by Morgan W. Walker: “In 1949 the Transcontinental Bus System (using the brand name, trade name, or service name of the Continental Trailways) bought the relatively new (recently consolidated) Southern Bus Lines (the Southern Trailways) and renamed it as the Continental Southern Lines.” (Info from Dr. D. B. “Doc” Rushing’s Bluehounds and Redhounds the History of Greyhound and Trailways.)
TROLLEY COMPANY I find a company on the Net that was founded in 2009 in Hendersonville, North Carolina. I’m not sure if this is the right company. The badge seems a lot older than that. The badge has a single threaded post and one pin post.
TROMBLY MOTOR COACH This is what I found on the Net: “Trombly Motor Coach Service, Inc. is engaged in providing school bus transportation. This firm was established in 1952 and incorporated in 1971 in Massachusetts. It employs 80 people. Transportation Service in Dracut, Massachusetts.
TROPICAL COACH LINE This company had some connection to Greyhound, as this excerpt from a 1960 court filing shows: “TROPICAL COACH LINE, INC., a Corporation, and the Greyhound Corporation, Southeastern Greyhound Lines Division, Petitioners, v. Jerry W. CARTER, Wilbur C. King and Edwin L. Mason, As Members of and Constituting the Florida Railroad and Public Utilities Commission, Respondents. Supreme Court of Florida. June 22, 1960.” The badge is marked W&H Co., has a single threaded post and measures approx. 2″ by 2 ½ “.
TROY AUTO-CAR COMPANY, INC. started bus operations in June 1915 to operated on Fifth Avenue in Troy, New York. Among others, it was founded by William Schupp, who served as president, and Jean Schupp, who served as vice-president. Orville E. Bosca served as director for the first three years. It was during that time when the company was embroiled in a legal dispute with the United Traction Company, the local streetcar company. UTC didn’t want the competition, although Troy Auto-Car Company was not operating anywhere near UTC’s routes. In the end Troy Auto-Car Company was allowed to keep their operation.
TRUCKEE-SIERRAVILLE AUTO LINE was operating in the mid 1920s out of Truckee County, California. Joe Mattos was the registered contact.
TRUCKEE-TAHOE CITY STAGE LINE was operating in the mid 1920s out of Truckee County, California. James McIver, Jr. was the registered contact.
TUALATIN VALLEY BUSSES / TUALATIN VALLEY BUSES, INC. was formed in 1953, but had effectively already been operating since the 1930s, as a division or subsidiary of Portland Stages, under the name Tualatin Valley Stages. In 1953, its routes served Beaverton, Cedar Mill, Garden Home, Tigard and Tualatin, among other places. By the end of the decade its service reached Hillsboro and Forest Grove, and also extended as far as McMinnville, in Yamhill County. Service to McMinnville and Forest Grove was introduced when Greyhound received PUC permission to abandon its (intercity-type) service on those routes, in 1959.
Tualatin Valley Stages/Buses also provided school bus service under contract with school districts in Washington County,[as did Portland Stages for some schools in suburban parts of Multnomah County. (Info from Wikepedia, article “Blue Bus Lines.”) The badge is die-pressed, has a single threaded post and a pin post, and is nickel plated.
TUCKASEEGEE BUS LINE was operating in the mid 1920s out of Sylva, North Carolina, running from Sylva to Rich Mountain. Herman Martin was the owner. There is some interesting insight into this obscure company from the North Carolina Corporation Commission: “IN RE CERTAIN CITIZENS OF JACKSON COUNTY V. TUCKASEEGEE BUS LINE. Order. ‘Because of continued complaint on the part of several citizens of Jackson County against the operation of the Tuckaseegee Bus Line, and more particularly against certain practices of the owners of said line, the complaint was set down for hearing on July 15, 1927, in the Court House in Sylva, North Carolina. In addition to charges of misconduct on the part of operators and drivers, the principal complaint was against the operation of the bus line’s busses between East LaPort and Rich Mountain by Caney Fork. . . . Claims and Complaints 109: As to the charges of personal conduct of persons owning the property right in the operation, no evidence was offered of such recent violations, except in the case of Earl Wood, who was arrested by a policeman and found to have a small quantity of whisky in a pint bottle in his pocket. There was no evidence of possession for sale, or otherwise, except for personal use. There was no evidence that he was under the influence of it and the case had not been tried in the Recorder’s Court at the time this hearing was held. He was not on a bus at the time he was arrested and there was no evidence that he was even driving a bus that day, the day before, or the day after. The charges of personal conduct against other parties who had from time to time driven for the owners of this line, or were at that time driving for them, was of such nature that it could not be held against the Tuckaseegee Bus Line. . . . The information obtained at the hearing is of such nature that it puts the Commission on notice that there is room for improvement, and this will be required when it is practicable to do do ; therefore, it is Ordered, That the case be dismissed. By order of the Commission, R. O. Self, This 1st day of October, 1927.’”
TULSA CITY LINES Public transportation began in Tulsa, Oklahoma in 1905 when Tulsa Street Railway Company began operating streetcars. The company was sold in 1926 to United Services Company, which discontinued streetcar operations two years later. The company filed bankruptcy in 1935. National City Lines took over Tulsa’s bus service as Tulsa City Lines, and operated until 1957 when Missouri, Kansas & Oklahoma Lines took over. In August 1968 the Metropolitan Tulsa Transit Authority / Tulsa Transit was formed by the City of Tulsa. The badge is nickle-plated with two threaded posts, measures approx. 3″ x 2″ and was made by GREENDUCK CO. CHICAGO.
TURNER MOTOR COACH SERVICE John W. Turner dba as Turner Motor Coach Service in May 1961 in Fitchburg, Massachusetts. In the March 24, 1967, edition of the Fitchburg Sentinel, from Fitchburg, Massachusetts: “Turner Motor Coach Service Has Had Charter Service Since 1929 And Still Leads In Nationwide Tours: This year, as they have done for 38 years, the Turner Motor Coach Service will conduct all-expense tours anywhere in the United States, Canada or Mexico.” There are two badges. The older badge (pictured at top) has a single threaded post. The newer badge has two threaded posts and was made by HOOKFAST PROVIDENCE R.I.
TURNEY BUS COMPANY was operating in Tennessee in 1928.
TUSCALOOSA TRANSIT COMPANY On 12 April 1965, the Tuscaloosa Transit Company was born out of the Civil Rights Movement when it replaced Druid City Transit in Tuscaloosa, Alabama. Obtaining a city franchise, the company put three small buses into service and hired one black diver. The company’s routes were similar to those run by the old Druid City Transit Co. I’m not sure when the company closed down, but an item in the Thursday, July 31, 1969, edition of The Tuscaloosa News gives some insight: Tuscaloosa city commissioners were informed that J.E. Hollingsworth, a bus driver involved in an arrest incident involving two black female passengers, which led the Tuscaloosa Citizens for Action (TCAC) committee’s demand his firing, has resigned. Boyd Wilson, owner of Tuscaloosa Transit, told the TCAC he would not fire or suspend the the driver because Hollingsworth had acted according to procedure and called the police to deal with a disturbance on his bus. The TCAC instigated a boycott, which in turn shut down the transit company. Even after Hollingsworth’s resignation, Mr. Wilson said he might decide to close down his transit company for good. I’ve yet to find how this played out, but a new transit system, the Tuscaloosa Transit Authority, or TTA, took over transit operations in 1971. (See Druid City Transit for more details.)
TUSTIN-SANTA ANA STAGE LINE was operating in the mid 1920s out Tustin, California. S. Scott Prather was the owner.
TUSTIN STAGE LINE was operating in the 1919 in Tustin, California.
TWILIGHT BUS LINE of Rhinebeck, New York, was incorporated in 1917 by Arthur J. Abendschein, M.H. Abendschein and M.M. Abenschein. The Saturday, September 17, 1921, edition of the Rhinebeck Gazette, in Rhinebeck, New York, reported that Arthur J. Abendschein, president of the Twilight Bus Line, Inc. had asked the village board for a bus franchise to operate his buses on the streets of the village. In the 1940s the company was serving Poughkeepsie, Red Hook and Rhinebeck, Hyde Park. In 1954 the company was running 6 buses over 48 route miles from its offices in Red Hook, New York. The July 20, 1961, edition of the Poughkeepsie Journal from Poughkeepsie, New York announced that the “Public Service commission today authorized Empire Bus Lines Inc., of Poughkeepsie to purchase the equipment and property of Twilight Bus Line Inc, Red Hook, for $37,0OO and to acquire the rights held by the latter for operation of omnibus routes between Red Hook and Poughkeepsie and Hyde Park and Poughkeepsie. Empire proposes to continue the present service of Twilight and at the same fares. The sale results from a desire of the present owners of Twilight to withdraw from the transportation business. Empire now operates intrastate service within Poughkeepsie and between it and the State line at Patterson.” One of the company’s early drivers was Howard Snyder of Red Hook. Mr. Snyder died at age 90 on Monday, November 21, 2005.
TWIN CITY LINES / SIDDEN BUS LINES / INDEPENDENT BUS LINES Sidden Bus Lines was operating in Winston-Salem, North Carolina in the 1940s, doing business as Blue Eagle Bus Lines and as City Transit Lines under a franchise, transferred its operating rights on October 29, 1945, to “Sidden Bus Lines, a limited partnership with its principal place of business in Winston-Salem, which said partnership is composed of C. C. Sidden, General Partner, North Wilkesboro, N. C, M, Joyce Sidden, Limited Partner, North Wilkesboro, N. C, and J. Earl Sidden, Limited Partner, Winston-Salem, N. C, for sale and transfer to said Sidden Bus Lines of the operating rights as set out and described in said certificates Nos. 521 and 539, together with certain buses, real estate, and other properties for an agreed purchase price of $77,500, copies of which said sales agreement and limited partnership agreement of Sidden Bus Lines have been filed with the Commission . . . it further appearing that the said sales agreement includes properties and rights, other than the operating rights, of Independent Bus Lines.” Shortly after this transfer of ownership, this item appeared in the April 18, 1946, edition of the Statesville Record and Landmark in Statesville, North Carolina: “C. W. Caudle, of Winston-Salem and Moody White, of Statesville, are listed as co-owners of the Twin City Lines, Inc., company which received its corporation charter within the last week. The Twin City Lines, Inc. bought this week the Sidden Bus Lines of Winston-Salem.” In 1956 Twin City Lines was operating 8 buses over 116; C. W. Caudle was the general manager.
TWIN CITY LINES In 1962 this company bought out the Twin City Rapid Transit Company, which had been operating in Minneapolis-St. Paul, Minnesota. In 1970 the company became the publically owned Metropolitan Transit Commission.
TWIN CITY MOTOR BUS COMPANY was operating in St. Paul, Minnesota in the 1920s. It was bought out by the Twin City Rapid Transit Company in 1924. The company continued operating under its own name. In 1946 it was operating 161 buses over 150 route miles.
TWIN CITY MOTOR COACH INC. succeeded Twin City Railway in Benton Harbor, Michigan, and ran buses from 1935 until 1974.
TWIN CITY TRANSIT Public transit services in Lock Rock, Arkansas go back to City Electric Street Railway (1885-1901) and then to the Little Rock Railway & Electric Company, which ran from 1901 until 1925. This company was then taken over by the Arkansas Power & Light Company, which ran streetcars. It formed a subsidiary called Capital Transportation, which ran from 1935 until 1950 when it was sold to a group of local investors. From 1952 until 1956 Capital Transit Company ran buses in Little Rock. On February 28, 1956, the city governments of Little Rock and North Little Rock awarded a bus franchise to Citizens Coach Company. This company went under in 1962 and was succeeded by Twin City Transit (a subsidiary of the St. John Transportation Company) on September 25, 1962. It ran 77 buses and 31 trolley over approx. 158 route miles. This company ran until 1972 when it was taken over by Central Arkansas Transit Authority. In 2015 Rock Region Metropolitan Transit Authority (Rock Region Metro) took over public transit in Little Rock, North Little Rock, Cammack Village, Maumelle, Sherwood, and Jacksonville, Arkansas.
TWIN CITY TRANSIT COMPANY an intercity bus line that served Helena and West Helena, Arkansas. There is a record of the company in 1949, however, since it isn’t listed in the MTD for 1946, it must have been founded between those two dates. The company is listed in the 1952, 1956 editions of MTD as running 10 buses over 20 route miles.
TWIN CITY RAPID TRANSIT COMPANY was formed in 1892 in Minneapolis-St. Paul, Minnesota when the Minneapolis Street Railway and the St. Paul City Railway Company merged. In the 1920s the company acquired several local bus companies, which had been competing for service. In 1924 it acquired the Twin City Motor Bus Company; in 1925 it bought the Minneapolis-St. Paul Motor Bus Company followed by the American Automobile Transportation Company in 1926. In 1946 the company was operating 704 streetcars over 444 route miles. (It operated 161 buses under the name Twin City Motor Bus Company.) The company was sold to Twin City Lines in 1962, and in 1970 this company became the publically owned Metropolitan Transit Commission.
TWIN CITY TRANSIT CO., INC. offered passenger service between Aberdeen and Hoquiam, Washington and was founded on December 23, 1920 by Walter Oalusba and Walter L. Coldiron. In 1923 its general manager was C. R. Wilkins, who went to manage the Oregon Motor Stages in Eugene, Oregon in 1945. On December 12, 1921, Earl Hulbert of Aberdeen, bought Walter L. Coldiron’s half interest in the company. The company was still running in the early 1940s.
TWIN CITIES TRANSPORTATION COMPANY, INC. was founded in September 1927 in Albany, New York. It is mentioned in the September 30, 1927, edition of the Brooklyn Daily Eagle from Brooklyn, New York. No further information.
BUS COMPANIES BEGINNING WITH THE LETTER “U”
UNION AUTO DEPOT Charles Robbins applied to the Colorado Public Utility Commission to run a taxi and passenger bus service between Estes Park, Colorado and adjacent points. the certificate was granted on February 23, 1928. No further info.
UNION BUS LINES, INC. / UNION TRAILWAYS According to his January 7, 1959, obituary, Joseph Harris “Joe” Amberson (born 1894) started the Union Bus Lines in 1919 running between San Antonio and Medina Lake, Texas.was operating in 1927 between San Antonio and Kerrville, Texas. In 1946 the company ran 85 buses over 1510 route miles and served Rio Grande Valley, Corpus Christi, Hamilton, Texas. In 1949 the company joined the National Trailways Bus System. According to a newspaper account published in the March 5, 1953, edition of the Alice Daily Echo from Alice, Texas, Joe Amberson sold the company in 1952 to M. E. Hylton. However, according to his obituary, Amberson sold his company to Continental Trailways. (I’ll get back to that a bit later.) The 1953 article explained that Amberson offered to re-buy Union Bus Lines for 25% more than Hylton had paid for the company. The reason behind Amberson’s desire to repurchase his old bus company was that he had applied to the State Railroad Commission for a new bus route service between Brownsville and San Antonio, Texas and various other Texas communities. At the time of Amberson’s offer, Union Bus Lines’ drivers and mechanics had been out on strike for some three months. (In the 1953 Russell’s Guide the company was listed as Union Trailways.) In 1956 the company, which included Union Trailways, was operating 24 buses over 1,000 route miles and was headquartered in McAllen, Texas with M. E. Hylton as president and general manager. Since Joe Amberson’s obituary stated he sold the company to Continental Trailways, and that sale took place in 1956, we may reasonably assume that Amerberson did in fact repurchase his old company from Hylton and Hylton stayed on as president and general manager. In 1964 the company acquired Winter Garden Bus Line, which had been incorporated in 1926. By 1978 it was operating under the trade name Trailways Texas.
UNION CITY & RICHMOND BUS LINE was operating in 1931 in Union City, Indiana.
UNION PACIFIC STAGE COMPANY, INC. was a subsidiary of Union Pacific Railroad—one of four bus companies operated by UP. (The others were Utah Parks Company, Union Pacific Stages, Inc. and Interstate Transit Lines.) The company was organized in 1927 to operate a bus line to Death Valley, California and incorporated in both Nevada and Utah. The company’s September 30, 1951, timetable showed the following bus routes: East Los Angeles and Glendale, by way of Pasadena; East Los Angeles and San Pedro, by way of Long Beach; East Los Angeles and Anaheim, by way of Whittier. It also operated a single bus route between Las Vegas and Hoover Dam, and one bus route between Denver and Cheyenne. The first badge is a single threaded post type with two pins on the wing edges; it measures 2¾” x 1¼” and is marked “Entenmann Los Angeles 15″; the second badge was issued in the 1950s, has a single threaded post, is hallmarked and measures 2″x2⅛”. (NOTE: there are older badges.)
UNION PACIFIC STAGES, INC. was formed in 1927 by Union Pacific Railroad to operate buses between Pendleton, Oregon and Walla Walla, Washington. (The company was one of four bus companies subsidiaries operated by UP. The others were Utah Parks Company, Union Pacific Stage Company, Inc. and Interstate Transit Lines.) In April-May 1929 the company expanded by buying the interests of several bus operators of routes along the Boise-Spokane corridor in eastern Washington and Oregon, and western Idaho, including Blue Mountain Transportation Company and Interstate Coach Company. By the end of 1929 the company ran over 200 buses that operated parallel to UP’s rail lines from Omaha to the West Coast. Union Pacific Stages also began operating a route between The Dalles and Bend, Oregon. The direct competitor for most of these routes, including Portland to Pendleton, was Columbia Gorge Motor Coach Company, owned by Motor Transit Corporation of Chicago, the parent company of Greyhound Lines. (“Buses of the Union Pacific,” Motor Coach Age, March-April 1991,) In 1932 Union Pacific Stages purchased the routes of the bankrupt Pickwick-Greyhound Lines, Inc. between Denver and Salt Lake City, and from SLC to Los Angeles. In 1943 The Greyhound Corporation bought a “substantial minority interest” in Union Pacific Stages and Interstate Transit Lines, which was owned by Union Pacific Railroad. From December 23, 1943 both Interstate Transit Lines and Union Pacific Stages were known as Overland Greyhound Lines. In 1956 Overland Greyhound Lines, Inc., was consolidated into Northland Greyhound Lines, which in turn, was consolidated in 1957 into the Central Division of The Greyhound Corporation. (For more information see a history of Union Pacific Stages.)
The badge pictured here is thought to be a Union Pacific Stages example. The badge has a single threaded post.
UNION STREET RAILWAY COMPANY ran in New Bedford, Massachusetts from 1887 until 1974. The badge is a single threaded post type.
UNION TRANSFER COMPANY was formed in 1924 and based in Nashville, Tennessee. The company was bought in 1930 by Consolidated Coach Company, which took over the company’s routes connecting Nashville with Knoxville, Chattanooga, Hopkinsville (in Kentucky), and Florence and Birmingham (both in Alabama), plus a link between Knoxville and Chattanooga (both in East Tennessee). (Consolidated Coach Lines would one day become Southeastern Greyhound Lines.)
UNION TRANSPORTATION COMPANY I’m not sure, but I believe this was part of the Tulsa-Sapulpa Union Railway out of Oklahoma. A company named Union Transportation Co. replaced the railroad passenger service and ran buses until 1959. The badge was made by FIFTH AVENUE UNIFORM COMPAMY 19 SO. WELLS CHICAGO and measures approx. 2⅛” x 1¾”.
UNITED MOTOR BUS COMPANY was operating in 1923 from Portland to Vancouver, Oregon over a 5-mile route.
UNITED MOTOR COACH CO. was a bus company that ran in the northwest suburbs of Chicago. In the 1927 the White Line Motor Bus Co., Suburban Auto Coach Co. and Federal Transportation Co. merged to form United Motor Coach Co. In 1930, United Motor Coach acquired Des Plaines Motor Coach Line. In 1946 it ran 43 buses over 151 route miles. In 1975 United Motor Coach became the publicly owned Nortran (North Suburban Mass Transit District), and in 1991 became Pace Northwest Division. The badge measures approx. 2⅜” x 2½” and was made by FIFTH AVENUE UNIFORM COMPANY – 19 SO. WELLS CHICAGO.
UNITED RAILROAD OF SAN FRANCISCO From Wikipedia: “The Market Street Railway Company was a commercial streetcar and bus operator in San Francisco. The company was named after the famous Market Street of that city, which formed the core of its transportation network. Over the years, the company was also known as the Market Street Railroad Company, the Market Street Cable Railway Company and the United Railroads of San Francisco.” This company dates back to 1857 and was using the name “United Railroad” after the turn of the 20th century. The badge is made of nickel, has a pin fastener and measures 2⅝” x 2¼”. (Click here for the article in Wikipedia.)
UNITED STAGE COMPANY This is an early bus line carrying freight and passengers in the Sacramento, California area in the 1910s. The co-partners were Louis E. Smith and George Zurfluh and Gino Antichi. The company’s auto-buses were listed as a Pope-Hartford automobile; Pierce-Arrow automobile; Studebaker automobile and a 1915 Cadillac. The company was denied their 1919 application to operated a line between Sacramento and Lake Tahoe, California. In 1919 the company was operating a depot in the Ohio House in Placerville, California. There is June 1920 mention of a United Stage Company running between Kingman, Arizona and Needles, California. (I can find no connection between this company and the United Stage Company running in the 1880s as a subsidiary of the famous Wells Fargo Express.)
United Traction Company (Albany NY) 1959
UNITED TRAILS, INC. See Lishman Coach Lines, Ltd.
UNITED TRANSIT COMPANY The history of this Rhode Island company goes back well over a century. However, I’ll shorten it here by starting when the Union Railroad became the Rhode Island Company in 1902. Four years later the New Haven Railroad acquired the company. This company was reorganized in 1921 as the United Electric Railways, which oversaw the transit system’s daily operations in the state of Rhode Island. In 1926, the New England Power Company purchased the United Electric Railroad and a holding company, the Rhode Island Service Company, took over the operations of the transit system. Nineteen fifty-one saw the “reinvention” of the company as the United Transit Company. That year the system carried over 100 million passengers. By 1955, diesel and gasoline buses had replaced the trackless trolley. In 1964 the Rhode Island General Assembly created the Rhode Island Public Transit Authority, ending the privatization of the transit system. Rhode Island Public Transit Authority began operations on July 1, 1966. The badge is nickle-plated with a single threaded post and dates from the 1950s. (NOTE: unsure if the badge shown here is for this company or the company below.)
UNITED TRANSIT COMPANY was operating in the 1920s between Missoula to Polson, Montana. In December 1931 the company was given a certificate of operation to replace Missoula Street Railway’s streetcars in Missoula. The first day of operation was on January 25, 1932. In the 1940s the company was operated by the Intermountain Transportation Company out of Anaconda, Montana with 10 buses over 42 route miles. According to the The Atwood-Coffee Catalogue of United States and Canadian Transportation Tokens, the company went out of business in 1951, however Chicago Transit & Railfan‘s website gives the date as 1960; the company isn’t listed in the 1954 or 1956 MTD. (See the company above for possible badge.)
UNIVERSAL AUTO BUS SERVICE CORPORATION was running in Nassau Co. N. Y. in 1954 serving the Great Neck area.
UNIVERSAL STAGE LINE was operating in the mid early 1920s from Universal City, California. (Universal City is an unincorporated area within the San Fernando Valley region of Los Angeles County, California.)
UNIVERSITY AUTO LINE was operating in the mid 1920s out of Riverside, California. James Borden was the registered contact.
UTAH PARKS COMPANY was a subsidiary of Union Pacific Railroad. (The company was one of four bus subsidiaries formed and operated by the UP. The others were UNION PACIFIC STAGES, INC., Union Pacific Stage Company, Inc. and Interstate Transit Lines.) The company owned and operated restaurants, lodging, and bus tours in Bryce Canyon and Zion National Parks, the north rim of Grand Canyon National Park, and Cedar Breaks National Monument. The Utah Parks Company was incorporated in 1923. In 1931 the company operated sixty-five buses linking the railhead at Cedar City, Utah, to several nearby national parks. Unable to find a buyer for its subsidiary, Union Pacific donated the Utah Parks tour operation and facilities to the National Park Service in 1972. (Click this link for more information on Utah Parks Company.)
UTAH TRANSIT AUTHORITY / UTA Information from Wikipedia and Deseret News: The Utah Transit Authority (UTA) is a special service district responsible for providing public transportation throughout the Wasatch Front of Utah, which includes the metropolitan areas of Ogden, Park City, Provo, Salt Lake City and Tooele. It operates fixed route buses, flex route buses, express buses, ski buses, three light rail lines in Salt Lake County (TRAX), a streetcar line in Salt Lake City (the S-Line), and a commuter rail train (FrontRunner) from Ogden through Salt Lake City to Provo. UTA is headquartered in Salt Lake City with operations and garages in locations throughout the Wasatch Front, including Ogden, Midvale and Orem. Light rail vehicles are stored and maintained at yards at locations in South Salt Lake and Midvale. UTA’s commuter rail equipment is stored and serviced at a facility in Salt Lake City.
The Utah Transit Authority traces its roots to 1953 when several bus companies united to form the organization. Ironically, among the constitutive companies of the UTA was National City Lines, which bought out and decommissioned the trolleys from the Utah Light and Traction Company in the 1940s. The Traction company operated electric trolleys in Salt Lake City neighborhoods like the Avenues. . . . In 1969, the Utah State Legislature passed the Utah Public Transit District Act, which allows individual communities to address transportation needs by forming local transit districts. UTA was subsequently founded on March 3, 1970, when the cities of Sandy, Salt Lake City, and Murray voted to form a transit district. The Utah Transit Authority took over the former Salt Lake City Lines on Aug. 10 of that year. Service was extended to Weber and Davis counties in 1973 and to Utah County in 1985. Today, the UTA’s service area is over 1,400 square miles and covers seven counties: Box Elder, Davis, Salt Lake, Summit, Tooele, Utah, and Weber. (See SALT LAKE CITY LINES for more information.)
There is a badge for the company, which is made of metal, measures 2 ½” x 2″ and has one threaded post and one pin post.
UTICA-OLD FORGE TRANSPORTATION COMPANY was running in Utica, New York in 1921. It is listed in the 1956 MTD as operating as an intercity company running one bus. The February 17, 1962, edition of the Wellsville Daily Reporter from Wellsville, New York, notes that company had been granted a request to cease operations.
UTICA-ROME BUS COMPANY, INC. This company began in Utica, New York in the 1940s; however, the exact details are a bit muddled. In the 1940s George E. K. Marsh began a bus service to transport passengers for the Clinton Central School district and workers traveling to the Rome Air Base. This company was Marsh Charter Service. If we believe a 1985 newspaper article, Marsh also founded the Utica-Rome Bus Company at that time. (We will come back to this later.) This fact is muddled by another history that relates that: “Further growth came in the 1960s, when George and Kay Marsh purchased the Utica-Rome Bus Company and moved it to Clinton, NY. At that time, they began operating retail tours charters, and the Utica-Rome bus route. By this time, Marsh Charter Service was merged into Utica-Rome Bus Company.” The history of the Birnie Bus Service, Inc. adds more confusion when it states that “In 1964 Martin K. Birnie and George Marsh became partners. They purchased Utica-Rome Bus Company and continued to expand their charter and tour operations. In 1973, Mr. Birnie sold his share of the company to Mr. Marsh.” The 1985 newspaper article, mentioned above, is from the Herkimer Evening Telegraph from Herkimer, New York: “George T. Marsh owns and operates the Utica-Rome Bus Company and has done so since 1976, when his mother and father retired from the business. George K. Marsh and Kay Marsh had operated the Utica-Rome Bus Company as well as the Marsh Charter Service since the early 1940’s.” However, the 1954 MTD shows that the company, which was operating 5 buses, was managed by Michael D’Alessandro, who was also running the company in 1958. So, those are the details and I leave it there. In 1985 the company served “Rome, Stanwix Heights, Oriskany, Whitesboro, Yorkville, and Utica, where it made connections with Greyhound, Adirondack and Pine Hill Trailways, and Amtrak, plus Chenango Valley Bus Lines.”
UTILITY LINES, INC., started running in 1926-1927 and ran on Long Island, N. Y. It is mentioned in a 1931 meeting of the Town of Riverhead, New York city council when it was granted permission to take over a bus franchise of the Swezey’s Bus Line, Inc. In 1946 it was running out of Rockville Centre between Patchogue West to Freeport along Merrick Road. It ran 9 buses along 90 route miles. It was a subsidiary of Bee Line, Inc. and (in 1946) was operated by Bee Line, Inc.’s board of directors. The company was merged into the Metropolitan Suburban Bus Authority in 1973.
BUS COMPANIES BEGINNING WITH THE LETTER “V”
V.T.C. See VALLEY TRANSIT COMPANY, INC. and VERMONT TRANSIT COMPANY.
VALLEJO-BENICIA STAGE LINE was operating in California in 1923.
VALLEJO BUS COMPANY was operating in the mid 1920s out of Vallejo, California. H.W. Lowell was the owner.
VALLEY BUS CO. served Reading & Sharonville, Ohio. It’s listed in the 1928-29 edition of WILLIAMS’ Cincinnati Directory. In 1932 it was operating a route between Dayton, German-town and Middletown, Ohio.
VALLEY COACH LINES, INC. was founded in Flushing, Michigan by Fred A. Russell, who owned and operated Fred A. Russell Bus Line. About the time World War II started, Russell bought the Flint-Caro-Sebewaing Bus Line and several other bus line routes, and combined these with his Fred A. Russell Bus Line; he renamed the company Valley Coach Lines. By 1946 the company was running 6 buses over 125 route miles. Valley Coach Lines was incorporated in 1949 in Flushing, Michigan. In 1966 the company reached the two million miles mark accident free. Around 1983-1984 Valley Coach Lines, Inc. was sold to Stanley Cupp, who owned and operated Cupp’s Schoolway Lines and Delta Bus Company. Cupp also purchased Mercury Bus Lines of Bay City, and combined it with Valley Coach Lines to become Michigan Trailways, serving an area that covered Ohio and north to Mackinaw City. A note on badges: There is a badge from the 1960s that is marked “Valley Coach Lines” that is made of nickel-plated metal with blue enameling.
VALLEY COACH, INC. was a family-owned suburban bus service in the 1940s and 1950s operating in Augusta, Georgia. In 1954 it ran 21 buses over 46 route miles. E. L. Douglas was the president and his wife (Mrs. E. L. Douglas) was the vice president. The badge is nickel-plated, die pressed, single threaded post and measures approx. 2½” x 2⅜”.
VALLEY & COAST TRANSIT COMPANY was operating in the mid 1920s out of San Luis Obispo, California. E. L. McConnell was the owner.
VALLEY MOTOR TRANSIT COMPANY In 1914 Charles A. “C.A.” Smith bought the Steubenville, East Liverpool & Beaver Valley Traction Company headquartered in East Liverpool, Ohio. In 1939 Smith discontinued streetcars and replaced them with buses, renaming his business the Valley Motor Transit Company. Smith sold the 46-bus operation in December 1955 to John R. Camppell, owner of Tri-State Transit Company. The badge shown below may or may not be the correct badge. It looks a little new for the age of this company. It features two threaded posts and is made of chrome-plated metal.
THE VALLEY PUBLIC SERVICE CO. is found running in or around Logan, Ohio and Circleville, Ohio in the 1930s and 1940s. Need more info.
VALLEY TRANSIT COMPANY See Star Auto Stage Association
V.T.C. VALLEY TRANSIT COMPANY, INC. was operating buses between Fort Garland, Colo., and Taos, New Mexico in the 1940s. In the 1990s the company was headquartered in McAllen, TX, and was advertised as a full-service bus company serving South Central Texas and Northern Mexico with intercity, charter, tour and transit operations and Package Express service. Greyhound Lines, Inc. , acquired Valley Transit Company, Inc. on Sept. 4, 1997. The badge is nickel-plated brass and has one threaded post.
VALLEY TRANSIT COMPANY, INC. NOTE: This company has the same name as the above company. There appears to be a connection, but I’ve yet to research the background. Hopefully, a reader will fill in the gaps. In the 1950s Valley Transit Company, Inc. operated out of Harlingen, Texas with 51 buses over 264 route miles. It also operated a city service in McAllen, Texas. I’m not sure if it is the same Valley Transit Company Inc. that is currently located in Wharton, Texas operating a rural bus transportation business. As of 2019, it is listed as employing three people.
VALLEY TRANSIT COMPANY, INC. Another company with this name operating out of Uxbridge Massachusetts in 1954-1956 with 7 buses over 18 route miles. The badge below is thought to belong to this company; it is made of nickel and has two threaded posts.
VALLEY TRANSIT LINES, was a California corporation running in the 1950s in Southern California. It ran between Monrovia, El Monte, Temple City, Alhambra, Monterey Park, and Downey, and intermediate points. In June 1959 the company asked the California Public Utilities Commission to allow it to abandon these routes, and serve only Hollywood Park Race Track, Santa Anita Race Track and Los Alamitos Race Track.
VALLEY TRANSIT LINES / VALLEY TRANSIT TRAILWAYS There’s little info on this company. In 1939 it was based in Alamosa, Colorado with E. R. Williams president. The company served Alamosa, Ft. Garland, Walsenburg, Colorado and Taos, New Mexico. The company became a member of the National Trailways Bus System in 1943. In 1946 the company operated out of A-1 Automotive Service in Taos, New Mexico and ran 2 buses over 81 route miles. Wess Clark was the president, general manager, treasurer, purchasing agent and general superintendent. Interestingly, transportation tycoon Aaron Greenleaf was the vice president. (Aaron Greenleaf owned 91% of Eastern Trailways, had a controlling interest in Northern Trailways and was a partner in Safeway Trails, Inc. / Safeway Trailways.) The company was still operating in 1962.
VALLEY TRANSPORTATION COMPANY ran in Douglas, Arizona in the 1950s. There is little information on this company, except that it was a member of the Arizona Bus Association. This excerpt from the Oct. 1, 1952, edition of the Arizona Republic names the company along with others in the newly-formed association: “Arizona Bus Association, composed of all passenger bus line companies operating in the state, was formed in Phoenix. Bus lines represented in the association include: American, White Mountain Passenger Lines, Citizens’ Auto Stages of Nogales, Sun Valley, Metropolitan and City of Phoenix bus lines, Bapchule Bus Line of Chandler, Continental Trailways, Tonto Basin Bus Line of Mesa, Nava-Hopi Tours of Flagstaff, Yuma Bus Co., Yuma; Spoon Brothers Stage Line, Clifton; Valley Transportation Co., Douglas; Tanner Motor Tours, Tucson; Arizona Motor Tours, Phoenix; Globe-Miami Stages and Consolidated.”
VALLEY SPRINGS SHEEP RANCH-SAN ANDREAS STAGE was operating in the mid 1920s out of San Andreas, California. Fred Winkler was the owner.
VALLEY STAGE LINE running in 1917 in Sant Ana, California. See Crown Coach Line.
VAN GALDER BUS COMPANY, INC. The company was legally incorporated in 1947 as Sam Van Galder, Inc. in Janesville, Wisconsin and ran charter buses. There’s not much info to be found on the company; it is not listed in the 1940s-1950s MTD. It was family owned until 1999 when it was sold to the Stagecoach Group, who operated the company as a subsidiary of Coach USA. The group retained Stephen Van Galder as president. Currently, the company operates school buses for the Janesville School district. It also operates tour and charter buses and “. . . daily airport shuttles, Amtrak Thruway service to downtown Chicago, and the only intercity service on the I-39/90 corridor. The company has bus terminals in Janesville and Rockford. It picks up curbside in Madison on Langdon Street and at the Dutch Mill Park and Ride and has two pick-ups in Rockford, one on Walton Street for O’Hare customers and one on N. Lyford Street for downtown Chicago and Midway customers.” The badge is made of metal with nickel plating and has two threaded posts. Given the design of the bus, it appears to be from the 1940-1950s.
VANDALIA BUS LINES, INC. was incorporated in 1932 and acquired a route between St. Louis, Missouri and Vandalia, Illinois from the Blue Goose Motor Coach Company, which was a subsidiary of East St. Louis & Suburban Railway Company. Its original routes included East St. Louis, Fairmount City and Collinsville running five charter buses by the late 1930s. K. M. Stout and Amos Bonham owned the company in 1945 and were operating out of Collinsville, Illinois. (Stout and Bonham also owned the Collinsville Bus & Equipment Company.) In 1975 Leon Streif purchased the company. In 2007 the company was operating 65 buses throughout the US and was operating out of Caseyville, Illinois. It is still in operation as a charter bus company in the St. Louis, Missouri area.
VANCOUVER BUS CO. Not much history here. A private company that ran buses in Vancouver, Washington prior to 1969 and was succeeded by the City of Vancouver Transit. The badge has a single threaded post and was made by the FIFTH AVENUE UNIFORM COMPANY 19 SO. WELLS CHICAGO.
VANCOUVER PORTLAND BUS CO. CHARTER provided the only bus service between Portland and Vancouver, Washington. It was a private company that remained in operation until the end of 1976.
VARSITY BUS, INC. The following was posted on the Net on June 1, 1967: “Varsity Bus, Inc. is the largest private school bus operator in New York, and has the distinction of being the largest school bus operation in the world. Located in Brooklyn, Varsity is one of eight private school bus operators on contract to New York City’s board of education to transport about 100,000 children to the city schools. Varsity takes these children back and forth between home and school in its 974 buses … a complicated job considering the bumper-to-bumper traffic in New York City. . . . Varsity employs 937 full time and 65 part time school bus drivers. All drivers are given a ten-day training program. . . . Majority of the buses in the fleet of 974 units are 60-passenger buses. These account for 783 units; 19 are 66-passenger buses; 35 are 48-passenger units; 52 are lift buses and 85 units are station wagons.“
VENTURA-OXNARD-SANTA PAULA & OJAI STAGE was operating in the 1920s out of Ojai, California. H.M. Hunt was the registered contact.
VERAMOUNT & GENESSE AUTO LINE was operating in the mid 1920s out of Taylorsville, California. J.H. Taresh was the registered contact.
VERDUGO HILLS TRANSPORTATION COMPANY was established in the earily 1920s and ran from Los Angeles to Sunland, California which paralleled much of the Glendale & Montrose Railway Company’s main line. The company was “superseded” by Motor Transit Company. W. C. Dunlap was the president.
VERMILLION MOTOR BUS COMPANY was owned and operated by Edward R. Ots out of Amherst, New York in 1922. Its original route was from Buffalo to Lockport via Bowmansville.
V.T.C. / VERMONT TRANSIT COMPANY / VERMONT TRANSIT LINES On February 16, 1926, William S. Appleyard founded the Burlington Rapid Transit Company, in Burlington, Vermont. On July 23, 1929, Fred A. Jewett sold his company, Yellow Bus Line, which ran from Burlington to Barre, to Bill Appleyard, Charles Black and Jack Goss. The story of that founding is told in this excerpt from an article in the June 1945 edition of The Vermonter (Vol. 50, No. 6): “The Story of Vermont Transit” by Charles O. Little, Montpelier, VT: “When Bill Appleyard, automobile agency owner, couldn’t market a bus he was expected to sell some 20 years ago, he ended by taking it himself. A 21-passenger affair, looking like a school bus, it was the paternal grandfather of the Vermont Transit system, deployed all over the state . . . The Transit company was an outgrowth of a Burlington venture which had its beginning in 1926. At that time the ancient Burlington Traction Company, an electric trolley system operating under the still older Burlington and Winooski Horse Car Company charter, was getting a taste of competition from Appleyard’s new bus. The owner had a certificate to operate around the ‘Country Club loop’ and his motorized threat to electrics was tagged the Burlington Rapid Transit company, a nomenclature to which the Interborough Rapid Transit of New York had contributed. In short, Appleyard applied for more routes, sold his auto agency and finally bought out the traction company in 1929. The Burlington Rapid Transit with 20 busses is still run side by side with the Vermont Transit it begot. There was no sorrow in the Queen City on August 4, 1929, though it was the day when the last trolley cars were all scrapped at once with funeral obsequies, and a fleet of busses was installed. From noon until 3:30 o’clock that day all trolleys in the city, wearing black crepe bows of mourning, took no fares, and at the latter hour the electric current was shut off. . . . Soon thereafter, Vermont Transit was born with purchase of the Yellow Bus line from Burlington to Barre, owned by Fred A. Jewett.“
Over the coming years, Burlington Rapid Transit / Burlington Transit Company expanded its service statewide, north to Canada, east to Maine and south to New York. The company later changed its name to Vermont Transit Company, often referred to as Vermont Transit Lines, or simply VTL. By the time the company was sold in 1975-76 to Greyhound Lines, its routes covered much of New England. Greyhound continued using the Vermont Transit Bus Company name until 2008, when the name was replaced by Greyhound’ company name and logo. (There is a detailed history of this company by Sylvia Nichols Allen titled The People Will Be Served, A History of the Vermont Transit Bus Company. As to the sale of the company to Greyhound, there are two conflicting accounts. Wikipedia, article “Vermont Transit Lines”, gives the date as 1975; but according to the magazine Wheel Tracks—The Official Monthly Publication of Vermont Automobile Enthusiast by The Vermont Antique Automobile Society—April 2012, article “The Vermont Transit Bus company”, the sale date was 1993. Click here for a detailed history of this company.) The badge measures approx. 1⅛ ” x 1⅔” with one threaded post and one pin post.
VICTORIA COACH LINE, INC. was an intercity company operating in the 1920s between Boston, Massachusetts and New York City on an inland route via Hartford. Charles L. Silverman was the president, and the company issued stock in 1927. In the early 1930s, the company (along with the Berkshire Motor Coach Lines) was bought out by the New England Transportation Company, Inc., which was subsidiary of New York, New Haven & Hartford Railroad Company. In 1937 The Greyhound Corporation formed the New England Greyhound Lines to take over three routes of the New England Transportation Company and its two subsidiaries – the Berkshire Motor Coach Lines and the Victoria Coach Lines – plus the Quaker Stages Company and the Old Colony Coach Lines, two independent unrelated firms. After the acquisition all these bus companies ceased to exist.
VICTORVILLE STAGE LINE was operating in the mid 1920s in Victorville, California. Carl Hodge was the registered contact.
VIRGINIA CAROLINA COACH CO Between 1940 and 1942 this company was a member of the Trailways System. It was known as the Virginia-Carolina Trailways. The badge has a single threaded post, measures 2 ¼” x 2″ and was made by FIFTH AVENUE UNIFORM COMPANY 19 SO. WELLS CHICAGO.
VIRGINIA DARE TRANSPORTATION COMPANY, INC. was operating in 1943 from Manteo to Elizabeth City, North Carolina; later it ran a through service between Manteo and Charlotte. Earl Randolph Quidley of Manteo was the co-owner, manager and driver. By 1954 it was operating into Norfolk, Virginia with 8 buses over 225 route mile. R. E. Parrish was the president. One source says the company ceased operations around 1987.
VIRGINIA STAGE LINES, INC. / VIRGINIA TRAILWAYS Virginia Stage Lines was incorporated in 1925. In 1926 Samuel A. Jessup, of Charlottesville, Virginia, bought the the company and helped it grow into a 385-employee business with routes across most of Virginia and into North Carolina and Washington, D.C. By 1936 the company operated lines west on State Route 55 to Front Royal, west on U.S. Route 211 to Luray, southwest to Charlottesville via U.S. Route 29, and south to Richmond via U.S. Route 1 and State Route 2. Virginia Stage Lines joined the National Trailways Bus System in 1938. In the mid 1940s Samuel Jessup and son Claude A. Jessup bought the city transit companies in Roanoke, and Lynchburg, Virginia and Wilmington, North Carolina. They were Roanoke Railway & Electric Company and its holding company, Consolidated Electric & Gas Company, in Roanoke, Virginia; Safety Motor Transit Company, also under Consolidated Electric & Gas Company; Safeway Transit Company, which served Wilmington, North Carolina; and eventually they controlled Safeway Trails, Inc., which joined Trailways in 1938 as Safeway Trailways. By the 1940s Claude A. Jessup became president and general manager of Virginia Stage Lines. The Jessups also owned and controlled Lynchburg Transit Company, an interstate transit company which ran 48 buses over 125 route miles. This agency was connected to Jessup’s Virginia Trailways, which accounts for the company badge displaying the Trailways logo. In 1960 Virginia Stage Lines/Virginia Trailways, Smoky Mountain Lines/Smoky Mountain Trailways and Continental Tennessee Lines (a Trailways affiliate) formed Tennessee Trailways, Inc. specifically to buy out Tennessee Coach Company. (Tennessee Coach Company operated under its company name until 1976.) In March 1964 Virginia Stage Lines, Inc., headquartered in Charlottesville, Virginia, merged with Transcontinental Bus System—both companies being affiliated with National Trailways Bus System.
In 1957 George M. Winn, who at the time was a regional manager for Trailways; his boss was Claude A. Jessup. That year Winn borrowed money from Jessup and bought a used 1942 Trailways bus and go into business for himself. In March 1958 Winn Bus Lines started business out of Richmond, Virginia. In 1966 George M. Winn bought out Virginia’s oldest bus company, Virginia Stage Lines, whose president at the time was his old boss and financial backer, Claude A. Jessup. Virginia Stage Lines was absorbed into Winn Bus Lines, and, although the name is no longer in use, Winn’s advertises that it is the “oldest continually operated bus company in the Commonwealth of Virginia and holds that distinction to this day.”
VIRGINIA TRANSIT COMPANY, INC. Virginia Railway & Power Company took over streetcar operations in Richmond, Virginia in 1909 from Virginia Passenger & Power Company. In 1911 the company took over streetcar operation in Norfolk, Virginia from Norfolk & Portsmouth Traction Company. Virginia Electric & Power Company (VEPCO) took over streetcars operations in both cities in 1925. In 1940 Virginia Electric & Power Company merged with the Virginia Public Service Company, more than doubling VEPCO’s service area and making it one of the largest U.S. electric utilities. After the Securities and Exchange Commission sued VEPCO’s owner, Engineers Public Service, in 1944, the company was directed to confine its activities to the electricity business. Thereafter, it divested itself of everything but VEPCO, which meant selling off its Richmond and Norfolk, Virginia transit systems. These two systems became the Virginia Transit Company. In 1945 Virginia Transit Company became part of the United Transit Company. American Transportation Enterprises, Inc. acquires controlling interest in United Transit Company in 1962. On April 12, 1973, federal, state and local funds were used to purchase the assets of the Virginia Transit Company and a new public service company was set up, Greater Richmond Transit Company, which was wholly owned by the City of Richmond.
VIRGINIA & TRUCKEE TRANSIT COMPANY was operating out of Reno, Nevada’s Union Stage Depot in 1940.
VOLLMER BUS LINE was formed by Charles H. Vollmer in Amsterdam, New York in 1927 by city franchise. The new company served in the Park Hill section of town, alongside the Fonda, Johnstown & Gloversville Railroad (F.J.&G.), which ran streetcars. When Charles Vollmer died on July 24, 1944, and his widow, Katherine Mason Vollmer took control of the company. An article, “Focus on History: Amsterdam bus lines compete”, in the December 4, 2010, The Daily Gazette, from Schenectady, New York, recalls: “A Utica-based company, Mohawk Valley Transit, absorbed both Vollmer and F.J. &G.’s bus operations in 1956. The newspaper account noted it was the first time in 30 years that local public transportation would be provided by one company. The head of Vollmer, now Katherine Vollmer Sann of Albany, said her company had lost $47,000 from 1951 to 1956. Mohawk Valley Transit’s April 1956 takeover of Vollmer was seen as a surprise. The Utica firm, headed by Wallace Sweet, had started managing F.J. &G.’s bus runs in an expected move two months earlier. Sweet’s company also operated Central New York Coach Lines. Vollmer’s superintendent for nine years, Benjamin Bartholomew, stayed on as Mohawk Valley Transit’s manager in Amsterdam, Johnstown and Gloversville. Before coming to Amsterdam, Bartholomew had worked for the Greyhound bus line.” In a February 7, 1970, a company spokesman announced that Mohawk Valley Transit could no longer meet it financial obligations: “. . . plagued by declining numbers of riders and aged vehicles, [the spokesman] has told city officials that [the company] can’t afford to pay its insurance.” Shortly thereafter, Mohawk Valley Transit folded.
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